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MAY 29.

LESSON XXII.

1881.

Sunday after Ascension. Luke xix. 11-27.

THE SUBJECT.—THE PARABLE OF THE POUNDS.

THE KEY-NOTE." BUT WHEN THE COM [ 18. And the second came, saying, Lord, thy FORTER IS COME, WHOM I WILL SEND UNTO ; pound hath gained five pounds. YOU FROM THE FATAER, EVEN THE SPIRIT 19. And he said likewise to him, Be thou also OF TRUTH, WHICH PROCEEDETH FROM THE over five cities. FATHER, HE SHALL TESTIFY OF ME.”

20. And another came saying, Lord, Behold, John xy. 26. here is thy pound, wbich I have kept laid up

in a napkin: 11. And as they heard these things, he added 21. For I feared thee, because thou art an and spake a parable, because he was nigh to austere man : thou takest up that thou layedst Jerusalem, and because they thought that the not down, and reapest that thou didst not kingdom of God should immediately appear. sow.

12. He said therefore. A certain nobleman 22. And he saith unto him, Out of thine own went into a far country to receive for himself a mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked servant. kingdom, and to return.

Thou knewest that I was an austere man, tak13. And he called his ten servants, and de- ! ing up that I laid not down, and reaping that livered them ten pounds, and said unto them, ! I did not sow: Occupy till I come.

23. Wherefore then gavest not thou my mo14. But his citizens hated him, and sent a mes. ney into the bank, that at my coming I might sage after him, saying, We will not have this have required mine own with usury ? man to reign over us.

24. And he said unto them that stood by, 15. And it came to pass, that when he was · Take from him the pound, and give it to him returned, having received the kingdom, then that hath ten pounds. be commanded these servants to be called unto 25. (And they said unto him, Lord, he hath him, to whom he bad given the money, that ten pounds.) he might know how much every man had 26. For I say unto you, That unto every one gained by trading.

which hath shall be given ; and from him that '16. Tõen came the first, saying, Lord, thy hath not, even that he hath shall be taken pound hath gained ten pounds.

away from him. 17. And he said unto him, Well, thou good 27. But those mine enemies, which would not servant: because thou hast been faithful in a that I should reiga over them, bring hither, very little, have thou authority over ten cities. i and slay them before me.

QUESTIONS.

What Lord's Day is this? What promise did anything? How did he present his pound ? our Lord leave His disciples ?

What is a napkin (sweut-cloth) generally used VERSE 11. What thought had Christ's dis for? Gen. iii. 19. Had he, then, been a toiling ciples concerning His kingdom ?

servant ? 12. Why did Christ utter the Parable of the 21. How does he speak of his Lord ? Is Pounds? What other parable is like it? Matt. || Christ a righteous judge? Do some of His serxxv. 14-30. What is the main difference? | vants count Him a hard master How do His Who is this nobleman in the spiritual sense ? good servants regard Him ? When did Christ go into a far country? Why? * VERSES 22-23. Did his lord excuse him ?

13. Who are the len servants! What is each Will Christ? What does the nobleman call (e's Pound?

him? Wherein lay his wickedness? What 11. Who are His fellow citizens ? How were ought he to have done with his pound, if he they affected towards Him? Did the Jews ever I knew not how to invest it safely himself? To uttr such a message?

whom should weak and timid souls ally them15. Did Christ receive His kingdom, notwith selves in Christ's kingdom, in order to increase standing their opposition? When was Christ's their gifts of grace? return to the Jews ? When are His servants VERSE 24. What was done with this pound ? judged ?

To whom was it given ? 16. What had one servant made of his / 25. What did some say? Were these, likely, pound? Who may he represent among Christ's some of the other seven servants? If so, of follwers ? Matt. v. 48; xix. 21.

what were they probably afraid ? 17. What reward had he? How are we to 26. Does the lord heed their interruption ? understand this ? Matt. xix. 28-29.

What rule does He now lay down ? May we VERSES 18-19. Whom does the second ser. | in fer from this, that the most faithful will be vant typity among Christ's followers? Do you most abundantly blessed ? How will every sernotice a proportion between the pound and its vant of Christ be rewarded ? increase ? Also, betwcen their rewards ? What What general admonition do we learn from mav we learn from this fact ?

this Parable? Matt. vii. 14; xvi. 24; Phil. ii. VERSE 20. Had the third servant gained | 12; Rom. viii. 15; Heb. xii. 18, 22, 24.

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REMARKS: — The parable of the The Gospel is portrayed here, which our Pound and the parable of the Talents Lord's followers are to enjoy and use, (Matt. xxv. 14-30) are very much until He appears in death, or the last alike. The main difference lies in the judgment. fact, that the Talents vary in number- VERSE 14. But his citizens hated him. Unto one he gave five talents, to another As this nobleman was unpopular among two, and to another one; to every man his countrymen, so was Christ with the according to his several ability. The Jews, His own people. They sent a Pound, however, was the same for all. message, or declared their intention, not This is at once plain, when we remem- to have him to reign over themselves. ber, that the former parable was in. This is the very thought which the Jews tended for the apostles, who were sever- uttered. ally endowed with gifts in various mea VERSE 15. But having received the sures; whilst the latter is designed for kingdom, notwithstanding the opposithe Christian, for whom the Lord allots tion, he ordered His servants to report His Pound-alike to all.

on His return. In part, this account NOTES. VERSE 11. As they heard was made for the Jewish pation, when these things, which He had just declared God destroyed them. Again it repeats in the house of Zaccheus, the publican, itself in the hour of death, in a measure. concerning His mission into the world, The final judgment completes it. on His way to Jerusalem (vs. 1-10). VERSE 16. The first servant called His disciples imagined He would take had a good account to render, as he advantage of the festival, when vast had increased his pound to ten pounds. crowds of Jews were assembled in the This typifies the saints, who develop capital, to proclaim Himself the Mes towards a perfect Christian character. siab, and then the kingdom of God Matt. 5: 48; 19: 21. should immediately appear.

VERSE 17. Ten cities. Although this VERSE 12. He said, therefore, that is, was literally done to servants, good and to disabuse their minds from such a wise, it is an image of the great reward spell. Here we have the cause or rea- awaiting such holy men of God, in the son for this parrative given. A noble- heavenly world. See Matt. 19: 28, 29. man is one born of high ancestry, and VERSES 18, 19. The second servant well circumstanced. Such were very had multiplied his treasure five fold. wealthy in the East. Our Lord, is This may well be considered as the type meant under this character. He went of the average Christian. Our Lord abroad, in order to establish himself as means evidently to impress this imporking over a certain district within his tant truth; that as Christians differ in territory, and return again. The as- fidelity, in zeal, in labor, so will they cension of Christ is here indicated, who differ in the amount of their spiritual enthroned Himself in Heaven, and gains. Remember, the aim of Christ is will come again, to judge mankind. not now, to teach that according as we

VERSE 13. He called his ten servants. have received will it be expected from The number ten is symbolical of fulness us. That truth He brings out into a and completion. We can never countblazing light, when He speaks of the beyond it, without employing the same talents. Here, we cannot too often re. digits again. Thus we take the number peat, it is a pound for each. Surely, for all Christ's servants-Christians, one then, He would tell us, that he who inand all. These are represented as creases the common capital most largely stewards or householders over the Lord's has the largest reward. goods, gifts and graces during His ab- VERSE 20. And another came. He sence. It was a rule in the East, in had not lost his pound; but neither case such servants proved faithful and had he ircreased it. Not baving workdiligent, to entrust them with more, by ed, toiled, or sweated, he did not need and by. Ten pounds were distributed his napkin (pocket-handkerchief), for among ten servants—a pound to each. its proper use, and therefore wrapped This coin was the Mina, and valued at his money in it. It well describes tho £4. 18. 3d., according to some. With idle man in the Lord's vineyard (Gen. it they were to trade until his return.3: 19.)

VERSE 21. I feared Thee. So says minding the interruption, said what the the soul that serves God coldly and law of his realm is— Unto every one heartlessly, merely to escape damnation, which hath (gained) shall be given (enas it were, A hard Master does he con- trusted more); and from him that hath sider the Lord, who complains of the not (gained), even that (original grace, burden and the yoke every day. He which) he hath shall be taken away from knows not what it is to serve the Lord him! A warning for all followers of with gladness. Our Lord is not ad- Christ. dressing those who waste His goods like VERSE 27. His enemies, the Jews, the prodigal; nor those who run into perished. So will it be with all, at the His debt ten thousand talents, like the end of the world. unmerciful servant; but to those who See Matt. 7: 14; 16; 24; Phil. 11: hive, bury, or let their Gospel grace lie 12; Rom. 8: 15; Heb. 12: 18, 22, 24. dead! Because the law of God is strict, they fear to undertake its observance, or make the attempt, lest they vow and « The Little White-Haired Mother." pay not, and thus render their lot still more sad. There is a show of humility in their excuse, which God, however, Immediately after taking the oath of will not tolerate.

office at his inauguration President GarVERSES 22, 23. Thou wicked servant, field turned to his old white-headed said his lord; and so says our Lord. It mother at his side and kissed her. This is always wicked to excuse ourselves by little incident touched the heart of the accusing others--especially to cast the whole nation. When her son James blame on God. Out of thine own mouth was a child she was left a poor widow, will I judge thee. Let it be granted and toiled as few mothers toil to raise that I am a strict Master, requiring a and e lucate him. And now he gives life that issues from a pure heart, after her a cozy home in the White House, my perfect law, and for miue own glory, and continues to love her with all the still then, for that very reason, oughtest warmth of his childhood. This forms thou to have been concerned for my rights the subject of the following poem:and interests. And if thou didst not | With sudden praise a mighty voice trust thyself in investing the pound, Sweeps all the Continent; there was a way even for thee. Where- Helpless before the people's choice, fore then gavest not thou my money into

| The statesmen's wills have bent; the bank. (or monev-changer Chris. / It honors first, before all other,

A patient “ little white-haired mother." tians of weak and timid nature are here taught to ally and subject themselves to the strong and active, in whose wake

The day has come: the hour draws near;

Looks on the listening land; and light they may increase their faith

Whom brings this Ruler, peer with peer, and grace. Then the gift dies not out, who stays him, hand in hand ? but grows a usury, or increases by being Honored by him, above all other, put to using.

He brings his " little white-haired mother." VERSE 21. Take from him the pound. Because he had shown himself unwill

The glittering embassies of kings ing to employ it to his and his lord's

| Are standing in their state; interest. So the gift of Grace will be their tributes rank as lesser things; withdrawn from the unworthy. Give it. They and their kingdoms wait, to him who hath ten pounds. The angels

While, reverently, before all other,

The Ruler greets his " white-haired mother." arə meant here by them that stood by.

VERSE 25 Low, he hath ten pounds already, said certain ones. Perhaps Ah, States may grow, and men may gain, these were of the other seven, who now. And power and riches swift increase ; felt the jeopardy of their own state, and

The brunt of every country's strain,

Its fight for purity and peace, desired to redeem themselves-as though Comes through its husbands, daughterz, brothe lord would transfer his treasures

thers, without regard to fitness.

At last on patient white-haired mothers." VERSE 26. But the Lord, without

H. H. in New York Tribune.

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Editorial Notes.

emphatic untiring demand of Swa

nee River: “ Give us Swanee River," The article in the April number of

" pshaw, give us Swanee River.'” the GUARDIAN, entitled ' A Slight Dif

Certain we are, that not only we, but at

| least four-fifths, probably pine tenths of ficulty," was taken from The Christian

that audience agreed wiih bis taste, and Intelligencer.We endeavor to give

heartily wished if only the singers would due credit for selections made from

I give us the well known plantation song. other publications, and regret that it

Some may have thought that our was in this case inadvertently omitted.

friend showed a great want of good The GUARDIAN has repeatedly fared

taste, if not of good breeding. Whereas similarly at the hands of our exchanges.

he represented the average musical culWe sometimes find a certain article of

ture of that crowd, and was honest and ours floating through a succession of

| humble enough in that public way, to other papers uncredited. The one that

own that a simple negro song was to first omiis the credit is to blame for all

bim more pleasing than the so-called the succeeding omissions. And with

| master pieces of the great composers. him, as in our own case, the offence may

Tay | Theodore Thomas, in an excellentlyhave been unintentional. In this con

written paper in the March Scribner, nection it affords us pleasure to express

after discussing some of the bad methods our high appreciation of " The Christian

of musical culture in this country, says: Intelligencer.As a Christian journal,

:1“ I was once asked by a gentleman what in sentiment, style, and general tone,

he ought to do to make his cbildren we question whether it bas a superior

| musical. He perhaps expected me to in this country.

advise him to send the girls to Italy to

study vocalization, and to set the boys We once had the pleasure of being to practicing the violin so many hours present at a so-called “first Class Con- a day, and studying harmony. I told cert.” The large ball was crowded, and him to form for them a singing-class the skillful singers were cheered with under the care of a good teacher, that repeated rounds of applause. Their se- they might learn to use their vocal vrlections were mostly classical, such as gans, to form a good tone, and to read few among the large audience could music; after they became old enough to fully appreciate. Of course all were in let thein join a choral society, where, duty bound to be highly pleased, and to for two hours once a week, they could let on, at least, that they thoroughly assist in singing good music; and, above appreciated that kind of music. Now all, to afford them every opportunity of it happened that these same singers had, hearing good music of every kind. This in the same place, on a former occasion, gentleman knew nothing of music, but sung among other pieces, “Swanee thought the advice 'sounded like comRiver," which of course every body en- mon sense.'” joyed very much. Sitting near an intelligent elderly friend at the latter con- The late Dr. Thomas Gutbrie of cert, we were greatly amused at his Scotland was noted as the founder and persistent vigorous calls for “Swanee friend of ragged Schools, in which poor River.” Above the roaring applause of neglected children were rescued from a the audience could be heard bis I lite of sin. He says that his interest in

this cause was first awakened by a he visited the police office of the city. picture which he one day happened to | He says: “ After visi ing a number see in the little town of Anstrutber. “It of cells, I remember looking down from represented a cobbler's room; he was a gallery upon an open space, where there himself, spectacles on nose, an old five or six human beings were stretched shoe between his knees; that massive on the stove pavement buried in slumforehead and firm mouth indicating ber, and right before the stove, its ruddy great determination of character, and light shining full on his face, lay a poor from beneath his bushy eyebrows be-child, who attracted my especial attennevolence gleamed out on a group of tion. He was miserably clad; he seemed poor children, some sitting, some about eight years old ; he had the sweetstanding, but all busy at their lessons est face I ever saw; his bed was the pavearound him." The inscription below ment, his pillow a brick, and as he lay the picture stated how this cobbler, calm in sleep, forgetful of all his sor“ John Pounds, in Portsmouth, had row, he might have served for a picture taken pity on the ragged children, whom of injured innocence. His story was ministers and magistrates, ladies and sad, not singular. He knew neither gentlemen, were leaving to run wild father por mother, brothers nor friends, and go to ruin on their streets ; how like in the wide world ; his only friends were a good shepherd he had gone forth to the police, his only home their office. gather in these outcasts, how he had | How he lived they did not know; but trained them up in virtue and know there he was at night; the stone by the ledge, and how, looking for no fame, no stove was a better bed than the steps of recompense from man, he, single- a cold stair. I could not get that boy handed, while earning his daily bread out of my head or heart for days and by the sweat of his face, had, ere he nights together. I have often regretted died, rescued from ruin and saved to that some effort was not made to save society no fewer than five hundred him. Before now, launched on the sea ebildren.”

of human passions, and exposed to a "I confess that I felt humbled. I thousand temptations, he has, too probafelt ashamed of myself. I well remem- bly, become a melancholy wreck; left ber saying to my companion, in the en-by a society, more criminal than he, to thusiasm of the moment, and in my become a criminal, and then punished calmer and cooler hours, I have seen no for his fate, not bis fault." reason for unsaying it, “That man is an honor to humanity. “He has deserved the tallest monument ever raised on STREETS are designed for traveling, British shores!' Nor was John Pounds not for people to live or loaf in. Young only a benevolent man. He was a people should not be seen on the street genius in his way; at any rate, he was too much. Young men should avoid ingenious; and, if he could not catch a corner loafing. The curbstone regiment poor boy in any other way, like Paul, belongs to an ignoble army. How he would win him by guile. He was coarse and rude it looks for young men sometimes seen hunting down a ragged in such ranks to stare at people as they urobia on the quays of Portsmouth, pass. Good people will soon lose all and compelling him to come to school, respect for such persons. A certain not by the power of a policeman, but a prisoner awaiting his trial said to a genpotato! He knew the love of an Irish- tleman visiting him: “Sir, I had a man for a potato, and might be seen good home education. My street edurunning alongside an unwilling boy with cation ruined me. I used to step out one beld under his nose, with a temper of the house, and go off with the boys in as hot and a coat as ragged as his own," the street. In the street I learned to

This picture with its story stirred | lounge ; in the street I learned to swear; Thomas Guthrie's mind and heart. He in the street I learned to smoke ; in the wandered through the Cowgate, Grass- street I learned to gamble; in the street market, and other streets of Ediuburgh I learned to pilfer and to do all evil. teeming with poverty and crime. One O, sir, it is in the street that the devil night in company with one of his elders | lurks to ruin the young.”

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