Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

will go through the Ispravnik's hands, during which the surrounding cuntry and that he will follow no occupation presents the appearance of a noiseless, except shoemaking, carpentering, or lifeless, frozen marsh-Do roads, no field-labor. He is then told he is free! communication with the other world, no -but at the same time is solemnly means of escape. In course of time warned that should he attempt to pass almost every individual exile is atthe limits of the town he shall be shot tacked by nervous convulsions, followed down like a dog rather than be allowed by prolonged apathy and prostration. to escape, and should he be taken alive They begin to quarrel, and even hate shall be sent off to Eastern Siberia with each other. Some of them contrive to out further formality than that of the forge false passports. and by a miracle, Ispravnik's order.

as it were, make their escape, but the The poor fellow takes up his little great majority of these victims of the bundle, and fully realizing that he has Third Section either go mad, commit pow bidden farewell to the culture and suicide, or die of delirium tremens. material comfort of his past life, he Their history, when the time comes for walks out into the cheerless street A it to be studied and published, will disgroup of exiles all pale and emaciated, close a terrible tale of human suffering are there to greet bim, take him to some and administerial evils and shortof their miserable lodgings, and fever-comings, not likely to find their equivaisbly demand news from home. The lent in the contemporary history of new-comer gazes on them as one in a any other European Siate.—London dream ; some are melancholy mad, Standard. others nervously irritable, and the remaioder have evidently tried to find

German Hymn Writers. solace in drink. They live in communities of twos and threes, have food, a

BY TAE EDITOR. scanty provision of clothes, money, and books in common, and consider it their Some of our readers have read and admired sacred duty to help each other in every Longiellow's beautiful translation of “ Annie of emergency, without distinction of sex. Tharaw." How touching and true are the folrank or age. The poble by birth get

lowing lines: sixteen shillings a month from the Go.How in the turmoil of life can love stand, vernment for their maintenance, and Where there is not one heart, and one mouth, commoners only ten, although many of them are married, and sent into exile with young families. Daily a gendarme

Some seek for dissension, and trouble, and

strife; vieits their lodgings, inspects the pre- Like a dog and a cat live such man and wife, mises when and how he pleases, and now and then makes some mysterious Annie of Tharaw, such is not our love.. entry in bis note-book. Should any of Thou art my lambkin, my chick, and my dove, their number curry a warm dinner, a pair of newly mended boots, or a change Whate'er my desire is, in thine may be seen; of linen to some passing exile lodged

à I am King of the household,-ihou art its.

queen. for a moment in a police ward, it is just is likely as not marked against him as It is this, O my Annie, my heart's sweetest rest, a crime. It is a crime to come and see That makes of us twain but one soul in one a friend off, or accompany him on his breast. way.' In fact, should the Ispravnik feel out of sorts—the effect of cards or This turns to a heaven the hut where we

dwell; drink--he vents out his bad temper on

While wrangling soon changes a home to a hell." the exiles; and as cards and drink are tbe favorite amusements in these dreary Simon Dach wrote this poem. It regions, crimes are marked down against was inspired by the daughter of a neighthe exiles in astonishing numbers, and boring clergyman, whom the young a report of them sent regularly to the poet was courting at the time. He was Governor of the Province.

for years professor of poetry in the UniWinter lasts eight months, a period versity of Konigsberg, Prussia. Dach,

and one hand ?

too, had to pass through the terror- whose services for a while were in great stricken period of war, pestilence and demand. From his cordial intercourse famine. He spent years amid scenes of with Melanchthon he became charitable slaugbter and death. The many reli- in his views, gave offence both to the gious hymns which he wrote are tinged ultra Lutherans and to the extreme with the sad spirit of the times, but are Calvinists or Reformed. Seven times full of faith and the deepest devotion. The was driven from Saxony and seven

One of the first prayers of my child times entreated to return. He served hood were a few verses of a German in turn as pastor in Wildesheim, Court hymn. For, my wow sainted mother, I preacher at Dresden and Wolfenbüttel, especially in her devotions, preferred and was professor at the Universities of the use of the German language. And Jena and Leipsich. He was a man of thus it happened that my first evening gentle spirit, yet firm and decided in prayer was ;

his views. He suffered much for con

science' sake, wbich gave to some of his Ach bleib' bei uns, Herr Jesu Christ, Weil es nun Abend worden ist.”'

hymns the dreary spirit of his personal

sadness. In 1592 he died at the age of “Lord Jesus Christ, with us abide,

62 years. He had for his motto: “God For round us falls the evening tide;

knows us." And for his daily prayer Nor let Thy Word, our glorious light, For us be ever quenched in night.

he had composed the following lines : In these dark days that yet remain

(« Lass mich Dein sein und bleiben.") May we Thy sacraments maintain,

"Let me be Thine forever, And keep Thy word still true and pure,

Thou saithful God and Lord, And steadfast in the faith endure !"

From Thee let naught me sever,

Preserve me in Thy word.” The little prayer calls to mind the gentle patience with which the dear mo

Selnecker belonged to the class of ther first helped me to memorize it. I hymn writers who “ learn in suffering The spot where stood the old rush-bot

what they teach in song." Quite a tomed chair on which she sat as I stood

number of very good hymns in common hy her side learning this pious lesson.

use, found in all the best German Hymn The little room with all its belongings.

books, were written by Christian FürchThe bed in the corner. The solemn ten

| tegott Gellert. Those of our readers der tones of her voice; the conscientious

who are familiar with the religious serness and sincerity with which it was

vices of our German Churches will prayed; the repeated worryiug effor's

gratefully recognize such hymns as : made to keep awake till the amen had | “ Wie gross ist des All mächtgen Güte !" been said: all these sacred remini. “ Diess ist der Tag den Gott gemacht!" scences are called to mind by these

“Jesus lebt, mit ihm auch ich !" lines. How, after it was prayed, I felt These and many others were written by absolutely sure that the kind and mer- him. Gellert was born July 4th, 1715. ciful Father would keep me from harm, His father served more than fifty years that night and forever! How the lov. as pastor in a mountain village of ing “good night” of this guardian Saxony, where he was the shepherd of angel of my childhood was hallowed by a population of humble miners. The this little prayer, I now well remember. rickety parsonage had to be kept on For aught I then knew she herself its unstable foundation with 15 props. wrote the prayer, never dreaming that Thus like the people of Amsterdam, he Nicholas Selnecker had written it more was perched on tree tops. This gave than 200 years before. He was born tbe son a subject for his first poem. in Nuremberg, the home of Hans Sachs When but a youth he wrote this on his apd Albrecht Dürer. Like David of father's birthday, in which he compared old, he was a boy with a beautiful face; the 15 props of the patrsonage to the 80 attractive indeed that Ferdinand, children and grand-children of the good King of Rome, tried to kidnap and man, of whom there happened to be take him to Spain. Then he narrowly just fifteen. When only fifteen years escaped death at the hands of a high- of age he was, for certain reasons, called way robber. He became a ripe scholar, on to deliver an address at the burial of a child, where he had the misfortune to check their youthful excesses and to to stick, whether from want of matter imbue their hearts with a spirit of piety. or memory I do not know. The shock Continuous ill-heath mingled his cup of this failure followed him through with gloom and sadness. At a time life. In due time he studied theology when Europe was prevailingly infidel at Leipsich. With timid fear and with and atheistic, Gellert was openly pious, almost a trembling heart, he preached for which he incurred ridicule. He bis first sermon in the church of his would never write a letter nor answer a native village. His timidity, treacher- message on Sunday, no matter how ous memory and weak lungs diverted pressing the circumstances. He wrote him from the pulpit to a University 54 spiritual odes and hymns within a chair. The University of Leipsich period of eleven days. During the appointed him as professor of poetry writing of them he unceasingly prayed and eloquence at a salary of 100 Thalers. to God for help. Trusting solely in the He soon won many grateful admirers. merits of Jesus Christ, he died in 1769, His simple Fables and Comedies 80 in his fifty fifth year. touched the heart of a plain farmer, The Moravian Church has from its that his gratitude prompted him to pile start been noted for its love and praca wagon load of wood before the poet's tice of music. Count Zinzendorf, its door, just at a time, too, when he most apostle, is said to have written more needed it. Perhaps Prince Hepry of than two thousand hymns. But a small Prussia thought the professor's delicate proportion of these have passed into health could be improved by horseback general use. Among them are some of riding, for he presented him with a fine the best in the language. Indeed I gray horse.

know of no better uninspired hymn, With moved heart a Prussian officer breathing more of a devotional and said to bim: “Through your writings truly worshipping spirit, in any lanyou have benefited my heart; this guage than Zinzendorf's: blessing I would not exchange for the

“Jesu geh voran whole world, and therewith the grate

Auf der Lebens Bahn." ful warrior pressed a paper enclosing

“ Jesus, day by day one hundred Thalers into Gellert's hand.

Lead us on life's way: His writings attracted the attention of Naught of dangers will we reckon, the learned of all Europe. Frederick, Simply haste where Thou dost beckon; the Great, admired his scholarship

Lead us by the hand

To our Fatherland. greatly, paid him a visit, and vainly tried to gain him for Berlin. Goethe

“ Thus our path shall be was a student under Gellert, and in his

Daily traced by Thee; Autobiography, or Wahrheit und Dich Draw Thou nearer when 'tis rougher, tung, says:

Help us most when most we suffer,

And when all is o'cr “ The reverence and love with which Gellert

Ope to us Thy door." was regarded by all young people was extraordinary. I had already visited him, and was The Moravians, like the Methodists, received by him in a friendly manner. Not of have always had much singing in their a large frame, slender without being lank, soft public and private devotions. In their and rather pensive eyes, a very fine forehead, not too much of a Roman nose, a delicate

is earlier European history they were, for mouth, a face of an agreeable oval, all made this reason, called "The Singers" his presence pleasing and desirable. It cost (“ die Singisten.'') They count among some trouble to reach him. His two Famuli their number some eight or ten hymn (servants) appeared like priests who keep guard

writers of well-known reputation. Spanover a sanctuary, the access to which was not permitted to everybody, nor at every time; and

genberg, “the Melanchthon of the such a precaution was very necessary; for he Moravian Church,” Albertini, whose would have sacrificed his whole time, had he hymns the great German philosopher been willing to receive and satisfy all those Schleiermacher asked to have read to who wished to become more intimate with him on his death-bed, and the Zinzen:

dorfs, father and son, are among the He watched over the students with best of this class. Chief among these fatherly tenderness, and did his utmost is the nobleman who was instrumental

[ocr errors]

---- ---in the reviving of the old Church of tures at Utrecht, visited Paris; made Moravia.

the acquaintance of Cardinal Noailles, Zinzendorf belonged to an old Aus- an eminent prelate of the Catholic trian noble family, but when he was Church, who although he failed to converted he said: “I will no longer pervert the young Count to another be a Count, but a Christian." Left faith, yet learned to esteem him highly. fatherless in his childbood, a pious After being introduced to the Court of grandmother and an aunt took charge France, he visited his uncle, fell in love of his training. Faithfully and well with his cousin, which affair led to the did they perform their solemn mission. romantic heart-rendings common in His mother was a fashionable lady, and premature and hasty engagements. not very religious, who married a sec- Neither were to blame, and all was ond time. Some writers consider it a overruled for good. He introduced fortunate providence for Zinzendorf a young friend to his cousin whom that bis grandmother, and not his mo- she afterwards married, and Zinzendorf ther, had charge of his early education. found his predestined help-meet elseAt ten years of age he became a student where. at Halle; at sixteen he entered the Cuunt Zinzendorf bad a castle and University of Wittenberg. Unlike the extensive lands about 57 miles from most German students he strove to Dresden. About that time a colony of lead a religious life. He strictly fugitive emigrants were driven from observed Sundays as days of fasting Moravia whom he offered a home on and prayer; indeed often spent whole his estate. Their character and condinights in prayer. He began the study tion deeply enlisted his interest. In of law, but his pious longings also led 1722, Christ an David, one of these colhim to study Theology, chiefly for his opists, felled the first tree and began own comfort.

to build the first house here. Many of In 1719, at nineteen years of age, his brethren followed his example. In according to the custom for young 1727 Zinzendorf resigned an office he people of his class, he was sent a trav- held under the Government, and moved eling to complete his education. Wbilst among the colonists. The group of euch persons then mostly traveled for homes built around that of David was pleasure, through which they lost what called Herrnhut. It is about a mile little piety they possessed, this young from the castle of Bethelsdorf, where nobleman sought light and peace for his Count Zinzendorf made his home. This soul on bis journeys. Passing through is the mother colony of the modern Düsseldorf on the Rhine, he vieited the Moravian Church, the centre of its famous Gallery of Art in this city. great missionary operations throughout Among other paintings he saw an Ecce the world. . homo-representing Christ's cruel trial! Thereafter Zinzendorf devoted himbefore Pilate, when the latter pointing self wholly to the cause of religion. to our Saviour said to the ferocious He visited America twice. While here Jews: “Behold the man." Under- he wrought with ceaseless effort to neath the picture was the inscription: spread the Gospel. He spent months “All this I have done for thee, what among the wild Indians, shared with doest thou for me?” Zinzendorf had them the discomforts of their uncivilbeen a pious man before, but this brief ized habits and preached to them sermon gave him new light, and moved through an interpreter. The following his heart to its inmost depths. He re- is told of one of these visits : Zinzendorf solved henceforth to live wholly for encamped several days with a few Christ. In Holland he got a clearer Moravian brethren among the Shawinsight into the emptiness and vanity of nees, a very depraved and cruel tribe. earthly pomp and show. A certain Conrad Weiser, who had come with writer says that one of the great bless. bim, left him for a short time alone ings of Zinzendorf's visit to Holland with the Indains. The latter thought was that he bere first learned to know the white men had come to trade or buy men of the Reformed Church, after land, and would not believe the denial their pious hearts. He attended lec- l of this opinion. During his absence, Conrad Weiser, for some unaccountable spoke to her third daughter, about ninereason felt very uneasy. Something teen years of age, who very faintly said, urged him to return at once. On bis “ Madame, I'll be very willing to mararrival be learned that the Indians bad ry him, but I fear he'll not take me." conspired to murder the white visitors. To which the lady replied, “If that By his prudent intervention the foul be all your objection, I'll soon get you deed was prevent-d. Unconscious of an answer." danger Zinzendorf had nightly retired Next night at supper the lady said, to his tent, prayed for the poor savages, “ Sir, I have been considering upon a and slept sweetly under the shadow of wife for you, and find one very willing." the Almighty. At sixty years of age To wbich Knox inquired : “Who is this good man entered into rest, and to it, Madame ?" this day his works do follow him. Thus She answered, “My young daughter, endeth our story of some of the German sitting by your side at the table.” Hymn writers. But the life and power. Then, addressing himself to the young of song endeth pot. On the wings of lady, he said, “ My bird, are you willing their rhythmic words the prayers and to marry me? praise of millions are still borne to She answered, “Yes, sir; only I fear heaven. And so shall they continue to you will not be willing to take me." do until the battle songs of the Church He said, “ My bird, if you be willing militant shall be changed into the to take me, you must take your venture anthems of peace and glory of the of God's providence as I do. I go Church triumphant.

through the country sometimes on my foot, with a wallet on my arm and a

Bible in it. You may put some things The Courtship of John Knox, in for yourself, and if I bid you take the

wallet you must do it, and go where I John Knox, before the light of the go, and lodge where I lodge." Reformation broke, traveled among “Sir," she said, “I'll do all this." several honest families in the west of " Will you be as good as your Scotland, who were converts to the Pro- word ?”. testant religion. Particularly be “Yes, I will." visited oft Steward L rd Ochiltree's Upon which the marriage was confamily, preaching the Gospel privately cluded. She went with him to Geneva. to those who were willing to receive it. And as he was ascending a hill, she got The lady and some of the family were up to the top of it before him and took converts. Her ladysbip had a cham- the wallet on her arm, and sitting down ber, table, stool and candlestick for the said, “Now, good man, am not I as good prophet, and one night about supper as my word ?'- Christian Intelligencer. said to bim :

" Mr. Knox, I think you are at a loss by want of a wife!"

A Beautiful Incident. To which he said, “ Madame, I think nobody will take such a wanderer as I.” A man blind from birth, a man of

To wbich she replied, “Sir, if that much intellectual vigor and with many be your objection, l'll make inquiry to engaging social qualities, found a wofind an answer against our next man who, appreciating his worth, was meeting.”

willing to cast in her lot with him and The lady accordingly addressed her become his wife. Several bright, beauself to her eldest daughter, telling her tiful children became theirs, who tenshe might be very happy if she could derly and equally loved both their marry Mr. Knox, who would be a great parents. reformer and a credit to the church ; An eminent French surgeon while in but she despised the proposal, hoping this country called upon them, and ex: her ladysbip wished her better than to amining the blind man with much inmarry a poor wanderer. Then the lady terest and care, said to bim : addressed her second daughter, who an- “Your blindness is wholly artificial ; swered as the eldest. Then the lady your eyes are naturally good, and could

« AnteriorContinuar »