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of eternal sinning. The question, whe- no remorse, no repentance is conceivather an everlasting punishment is possi- ble, and therefore no conversion, no ble, or not, depends upon another fact, forgiveness-no salvation. namely,—whether it is possible to at- All persistence in sin points towards tain to an everlasting sinfulness. There this awful state, and will end there at is a growth and harvest state in grace; last. How solemn the warning, then, but so, too, there is a maturing and of nur Key-note! ripening in evil. Both truths are taught As we quench fire, so may we quench us in God's Word, (Rom. vi. 23). the Holy Spirit:
It is to be noted that our Lord speaks 1.) By a deluge of the waters of of the sin against the Holy Ghost, as iniquity. though it lay in some wicked form of speech. 2.) By a smothering of convictions. “Whosoever speaketh,” etc. He does 3.) By a withholding of fuel. not, however, mean to locate this awful state of the soul in the words of men,
Planting Fruit Trees for others. any further than men's thoughts, words and actions are the exponents and out
The Spaniards have a maxim, that a growths of the inner man. “For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth
man is ungrateful to the past generation
that planted the trees from which he speaketh,” (Matt. xii. 34). Because the
eats fruit, and deals unjustly towards hearts of the Pharisees were eet in evil,
the next generation, unless he plants therefore did they blaspheme Jesus, and
the seed that it may furnish food for were in dauger of going further to blas
those who come after him. Thus when pheme the Holy Ghost. As the tree is
a son of Spain eats a peach or pear by known by its fruits, so were His ene
the roadside, wherever he is, he digs a mies exhibiting their spirit and mind, in
hole in the ground with his foot and their conversation and conduct.
covers the seed. Consequently, all over Not to be able to discern and acknow-Spain, by the roadsides and elsewhere, ledge God the Father, in the book of fruit in great abundance tempts the Nature, is not a sign of hatred against taste and is ever free. Let this practice the truth. Nor is it a proof of final be imitated in our country, and the impenitence not to recognize God the weary wanderer will be blest, and will Son under the humble garb of a carpen- bless the hand that ministered to his ter. But when the soul's eye sores and comfort and joy. We are bound to festers and closes against the Spirit of leave the world as good or better than Light and Truth-that is a symptom of we found it, and he is a selfish churl. a fatal disease of the eye within us, who basks under the shade and eats the which may, indeed, end in stone-blind- fruit of trees which other hands have ness.
| planted, if he will not also plant trees The sin against the Holy Ghost con- which shall yield fruit to coming genesists:-1. Not in an evil Thought-or in rations. many of them ;
Home Circle. 2. Not in an evil Word-or in many of such;
| Robert Burns, a son of the poet's eld
esi son, has just died in the Dumfries 3. Not in an evil Act—or in thou
Hospital. He was once a school-massands of them.
ter, but bis school dwindled away till We may repent of all these, and ob- he had to take refuge in the poor-house, tain pardon.
from which about eighteen months ago But the sin against the Holy Ghost he was transferred to the more comfortlies in an evil state of the heart.
able quarters in which he died. We may call it1. A state of criminal indifference ; Lord Bacon said: If a man be gra2. A state of stubborn misbelief; cious to strangers, it shows he is a citi3. A state of moral petrifaction ; zen of the world, and that his heart is 4. A state of hatred against the Truth. no island cut off from other lands, but a In such a state no feeling, no sorrow, continent that joins them.
Trinity Sunday. Acts ii. 14-36.
THE SUBJECT.-ST. PETER'S PENTECOSTAL SERMON. KEY-NOTE, -"THE GRACE OF THE LORD | the pains of death : because it was not possible JESUS CHRIST, AND THE LOVE OF GOD, AND that he should be holden of it. THE COMMUNION OF THE HOLY GHOST BE 25. For David speaketh concerning him, I WITH YOU ALL. AMEN.”--2 Cor. xiii, 14. foresaw the Lord always before my face ; for he
is on my right hand, that I should not be moved : 14. But Peter, standing up with the eleven, 26. Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men tongue was glad: moreover also my flesh shall of Judea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be rest in hope: this known unto you, and hearken to my words: 27. Because thou wilt not leave my soul in
15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to seeing it is but the third hour of the day.
see corruption. 16. But this is that which was spoken by the 28. Thou hast made known to me the ways pr. phet Joel :
ot' life: thou shalt make me full of joy with thy 17. And it shall come to pass in the last days, countenance. saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all 29. Men and brethren, let me freely speak flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us and your old men shall dream dreams:
unto this day. 18. And on my servants and on my hand 30. Therefore being a prophet and knowing maidens I will pour out in those days of my that God had sworn with an oath to him, that Spirit; and they shall prophesy:
of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, 19. And I will show wonders in heaven he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne : above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, 31. He, seeing this before, spake of the resurand fire, and vapour of smoke;
rection of Christ, that his soul was not lefc in 20. Tne sun shall be turned into darkness, hell, neither his flesb did see corruption, and the moon into blood, before that great and 32. This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof notable day of the Lord come:
we are all witnesses. 21. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever 33. Therefore being by the right hand of God shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved. exalted, and having received of the Father the
22. Ye men of Israel hear these words; Jesus promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you this, which ve now see and hear. by miracles and wonders and signs, which God 34, For David is not ascended into the headid by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves vens: but he saith himself, The Lord said unto also know:
my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, 23. Him, being delivered by the determinate 35. Until I make thy foes thy footstool. counseland foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, / 36. Therefore let all the house of Israel know and by wicked hands have crucified and slain : assuredly, that Gd hath made that same Jesus,
24. Whom God hath raised up, having loosed | whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.
What name does this Lord's Day bear? In , here furetold ? What Dispensation was to suchonor of what mystery is it so called? What ceed? What will the Lord do for all who enter Three Persons constituie the Holy Trinity? Do His Gospel kingdom ? the Scriptures teach this doctrine? How does | VERSE 22. By what name does St. Peter call the Baptismal Formula read? Matt. xxviii, 19. | his hearers? Of whom does he
I them ? Repeat the Apostolic Benediction. 2 Cor. xiii. | What titles of humiliation does he give our Lord ? 14. Do we express our belief in the Trinity How does he say God honored them? when tbe Do.cology is sung?
23. Had God delivered Jesus, in His wise How does God dwell with His Church since counsel to be the Saviour of mankiod? What the first Christian Pentecost ? John iv. 24; xiv. did the Jews do with Him? What people are 23. Whose Pentecostal Sermon have we to-day? meant by wicked hands On whom does Peter
VERSE 14. What was St. Peter's subject ? charge the crucifixion of Christ? verses 1-13. How could there be eleven, since 24. What does be say,God did to His Son, then ? Judas was no more? Chap. i. 23-26. Was St. VERSES 23-28. Whose saying does he quote, to Peter's audience composed of Jews entirely? prove the Resurrection of Christ ? Ps. xvi. 8-11.
15. What charge does St. Peter repudiate ? VERSE 29. Of whom could David not have Did a Jew eat or dine before 9 o'clock in the spoken this prophecy? Why not? morning? What force had this argument ? VERSES 30-32. Of whom must be bave spo16. What Propbet foretold this event ?
ken it? 2 Sam. vii. 12-: 3. Who were witnesses VERSES 17-21. Repeat the substance of Joel's of Christ's Resurrection ? prophecy. Joel ii. 28-32. What time was meant 33. Of what other event does St. Peter now by the last days Upon what classes should speak in Christ's history? the Spirit come? in what measure Does *34-36. Whose words does he quote to prove the Holy Spirit now dwell in Christians ? 1 Christ's Ascension ? Ps. cx. 1-2. How does he Cor ii. 16-17; 2 Cor. vi. 16. What figures conclude his sermon ? of speech here teach that hearts enlightened Are the Three Persons in the Godhead menby the Holy Ghost shall know and proclaim the tioned in this sermon ? What is the Key-Note? truths of the Gospel? By what other pbrases When is this generally used ? Do you accustom were the calamities of the Jewish Dispensation | yourself to receive the Benediction in faith?
REM IRKS.--This Lord's Day is and totally destroyed-like as if our named in honor of the Holy Trinity-world were to perish by the sun, moon, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. The and stars falling. But a New kingdom mystery of a Triune God is taught us was to be at hand-Christ's kingdom, in the Baptismal Formula, (Matt. xxviii. or Church, in which the Lord is ready 19); in the Apostolic Benediction, 2 to save all who call upon Him.
Cor. xiii. 14; and in the Doxology sung VERSE 22. Ye men of Israel, i.e., by all our congregations.
Jews. St. Peter begs them now to hear Since the first Christian Pentecost, without prejudice and passion, while he God dwells in His Church through the would relate in brief words the history Holy Spirit. See John iv. 24; xiv. 23. of Jesus, whom they had so wickedly St. Peter's Sermon tells us all about the slain, but whom God had so wonderfully Advent of the Holy Spirit.
exalted. He commences with our Lord's COMMENTS. -VERSE 14. St. Peter lower stage of humiliation, calling Him was the speaker for all the Apostles. Jesus of Nazareth ; the title of contempt Though Judas had hanged himself, by which the Jews knew Him. He there were again eleven. See chap. i. wisely speaks of Him as a man-lest 18. 23–26. The audience was composed they might shut their ears against his of Jews-men of Judea-either residing words, were he to call Him at once the or sojourning in Jerusalem during the Son of God. But low and mean as Feast days, (verses 9-11).
they had conceived of Him, they could VERSE 15. These are not drunken, as not deny that He had been approved or had been charged, (v.13). The third hour owned of God, by the miracles-great was about 9 o'clock, before which Jews works--wonders--strange acts-and would neither eat nor drink any thing. signs, or proofs of God's favor. These
VERSE 16. The Prophet Joel, speak- they could not gainsay. ing 800 years before, had already fore- VERSE 23. Him God had delivered, told this event. His Jewish hearers or given forth, to be Lord and Christ; would surely believe what their own by His determinate counsel, or fixed inSeer had preached.
tention, and foreknowledge, by which VERSES 17-21. Here the whole say- the proper time, place, and circuming of Joel is repeated for them. See stances were arranged. But Him ye chapter ii. 28–32. In the last days, was have taken, violently and unjustly understood by the Jews as the age of served, and through the instrumentality the M-ssiah-our Christian era. Then of wicked hands, the Gentiles, have cruthe universal reign of the Spirit was to cified-until He was dead-slain. He occur. Not sparingls was the Spirit to boldly charges the Jews with the crime come, but copiously-poured out. Not of having murdered the Son of God! merely for a few prophets, leaders and Unless St. Peter had been emboldened holy men; but upon all flesh, or man- by a Divine Power, he would not have kind; upon young and old; upon sons' spoken thus. and daughters ; upon servants and hand. VERSE 24. He now turns to the exmaidens—i. e., all classes, (1 Cor. iji. alted side of Jesus Christ's history, 16-17; 2 Cor. vi. 16.)
Whom God hath raised up. H teaches Prophecy-see visions, dream dreams the Resurrection of Christ in these -are pbra:es which imply that all words : Having loosed the pains of death, who are thus enlightened by the Spirit, means to open the region of the deshall understand and teach the great parted, and the grave. The Prince of and glorious truths of the Gospel of Life would as little be holden of Death, Christ.
as the Night can stand against the Sun. The wonders in heaven above—the VERSES 25-28. To prove the Resursigns in the earth beneath-blood, fire, rection of Christ, St. Peter quotes the vapor of smoke—as well as the “dark- words of their own great King and ened sun," and "blood-colored moon”- Singer-David—whom they certainly all these expressions are bighly figura- should believe. Psalm xvi. 8-11. tive of the calamities which were to fall VERSE 29. Men and brethren. He upon the Jewish kingdom. The whole adopts a new style of address pow. As economy of Israel was to be eclipsed thinking men, he would reason with
them; and as brethren, or brother Jews, preparing it (it may seem) for Chrishe urges them to reflect on the prophecy tianity. The equitable character of of the Royal Psalmist. There could be their domestic institutions was in barno dispute between them, as to the re- mony with their nobler religion. The markable utterance itself. And, just historian Josephus many times insists as little could the Patriarch David have on the excellence of their social pracmeant to apply it to himself, since he tices and sentiments. What he says of certainly was dead—buried, and his se- their simplicity of life and the absence pulchre well known to all. To whom, of luxury may have been colored by then, did Dayid mean to apply this the contrast reflected from Roman extrasaying?
vagances; but what he says in detail of VERSES 30-32. Being a prophet, the honor paid to industry, the zeal of and having been assured of God, (2 all to be self-supporting, the approval Sam. vii. 12-13), that the Messiah was of personal work, and their freedom in to come through his owo posterity, imparting goods to one another, which David was evidently speaking of Christ, he calls colonnia, (community, fellowwhose soul was not left in hell, (death); ship,) and andosis, (yielding up, or disnor his body in corruption, (grave). This tribution,) must be accepted literally. Jesus was the Christ, whom God raised We have full reason to believe that meup-a fact of which we (120 disciples) chanical art and rustic labor were as are witnesses.
honorable then in Judea as now in the VERSE 33. Having proven the Re- American Union or at Salt Lake, and surrection of Christ, in which fact that many doctors of the law mainDavid's words found their fulfillment, tained themselves with their hands. he now proceeds to prove Christ's A8- The case of St. Paul is an obvious illucension to God's right hand, where He stration Moreover, the laws of Judea received the Holy Spirit into His glori. were equitable and the punishment fied Person, and sent them forth, as they mild. Tacitus himself declares that could themselves see and hear, from the among themselves the fidelity of the incidents of the day.
Jews was rigid, (obstinata) and their VERSES 34–36. This proof St. Petender mercy prompt.” Such a people, ter, likewise, draws from their own it might seem, had deserved to live, favorite King and Psalmist-David, even in the Roman Empire. Not so (Ps. cx. 1, &c.) This saying, too, was thought Roman wisdom. That model intended to be realized by Jesus Christ, Emperor Titus, “the delight of man
who had ascended, and was to reign as kind,” took counsel with bis high offi. Lord and Christ.
cers whether to save the Temple of Then, once more, with a holy bold- Jerusalem, a building esteemed magniDess, he reminds them of their awful ficent. But they argued that out of crime, charging the house of Israel with Jerusalem had come two detestable rehaving crucified Jesus. In order to ligions, the Jewish and the Christian, awaken penitence in their hearts, he which would best be destroyed by upagain assures them, that this same Jesus rooting their original home; therefore is none other than the Messiah, whom the Temple and the city were to be uttheir own Prophets had foretold. Thus terly demolished. After Roman cruelty did Peter explain the wonders of the had done its worst upon the oppressed first Christian Pentecost to the Jews. and ruined nation, Christian animosity And Christians may, likewise, best un succeeded, to play a like part. Jewish derstand it from St. Peter's sermon. proselytism ceased, indeed, became im
possible, after the violent and deadly
war; yet the Jews and their religion Titus and the Jews.
have long survived the domineering, op
pressive, and self-destroying rule of Between the era of Antiochus Epi- Rome; it has undergone no deterioraphanes and the Emperor Nero, it ap- tion by the lapse of centuries; yet they pears certain that the Jews made a very still have to plead for toleration and beneficial impression on the mind of justice from Sclavonic Europe. Western Asia and the Roman world,
First Sunday after Trinity. Acts ii. 37-47.
KEY-NOTE.—"IF THEY HEAR NOT MOSES | were baptized : and the same day there were AND THE PROPHETS, NEITHER WILL THEY added unto them about three thousand souls. BE PERSUADED THOUGH ONE ROSE FROM 42. And they continued steadfastly in the aposTHE DEAD."-Luke xvi. 41.
tles' doctrine and fellowship, and' in breaking
of bread, and in prayers. 37. ( Now when they heard this, they were 43. And fear came upon every soul : and pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and many wonders and signs were done by the aposto the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, tles. what shall we do?
44. And all that believed were together, and 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and had all things common : be baptized every one of you in the name of 45. And sold their possessions and goods, and Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye parted them to all men, as every man had sball receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
need. 39. For the promise is unto you, and to your 46. And they, continuing daily with one acchildren, and to all that are afar off, even as cord in the temple, and breaking bread from many as the Lord our God shall call.
house to house, did eat their meat with glad40. And with many other words did he testify | ness and singleness of heart, and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this | 47. Praising God, and having favour with all untoward generation.
the people. And the Lord added to the church 41. Then they that gladly received his word daily such as should be saved.
In what city was the first Christian congre- , was their brotherly conduct a proof? 1 Cor. gation established ? chap. i. 4. On what Festi xii. 13. Pal occasion ? chap. ii. 1. What Christian Fes. To what Sacrament does the breaking of bread, tival, then, constitutes the Birth day of the probably, refer? 1 Cor. x. 16-17. What duties Church of Christ ?
does the term prayers, cover here? What exVERSE 37. Whose sermon had the multitude ample does this congregation of believers set for in Jerusalem now heard? What effect had St. all others ? Peter's sermon? What did the attentive hear. 43. Why did fear fall upon the population in ers ask? From what were they anxious to be Jerusalem? What followed the Apostles' misaved?
nistry ? 38. How did St. Peter answer? What two 44. Does the expression-were togetherthings did he tell them to do? What is it to mean oneness of mind and heart, or an assemrepent? Why were they to be baptized . What bling in one place ? How did they regard their two results were to follow, in case they per individual property ? Was this a habit even formed those duties?
with the Jews during their Festival times ? 39 What promise did St. Peter refer to ? 45. What did they do with their possessions verses 16-18; Joel ii. 28-29. What people are • and goods | Did they, likely, part with every. meant by you and your children: "Who are thing! meant by those that are afar off? To whom, 46. Where were they found during the set still further, does the promise extend ?
hours of prayer? Where were they found at 40. Is the entire sermon of St. Peter recorded other times ? What spirit pervaded the congrefor us? What does testify mean? Exhort gation ? Untoward! What nation is meant by genera 47. Why did they delight in praising God ? tion :
How did their daily life and conduct strike the 41. Did all believe St. Peter's sermon? What people? Did the congregation grow? What did the believers at once submit to ? How many was the character of the new converts ? Who were baptized the same day? Did this occur, should be saved From what should all do you think, at the hands of St. Peter alone, men be saved ? In what kingdom may all men and in one place?
be saved from the consequences of sin ? 42. Did these converts think their duties When and where was the Christian over after their baptism was consummated ? Church founded? How were the earliest memIn what did they continue subsequently? How bers told to enter Christ's kingdom? What did they continue? In what famous Creed was Spirit animated this body of believers ? What the Apostles' doctrine embraced ? What does does all this teach the Church in all ages ? fellowship mean? Of what highest grace
1. Our God is love: and all His saints
His image bear below;
With love to man will glow.
2. O may we love each other, Lord,
As we are loved of Thee:
Who live in enmity.