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and then some of his embittered oppo- sionaries, who built up congregations, nents would, by some word or action, that are prospering to this day. In the express their ill-feeling. Such treat- Apostolic Church the followers and serment would always cut him to the quick. vants of Christ made the conversion of During his last illness his life-long friend, the heathen and of the Jews their great Dr. J. W. Nevin, ministered to his aim and mission. With untiring energy spiritual wants. Few, if any understood they tried to carry the Gospel "into all bis inner life and motives so well as he. the world.” The Church then was inAnd at his request he officiated at his tensely aggressive. Not content by funeral. To the poor in Lancaster he simply caring for the religious wellleft a considerable bequest, the interest being and salvation of people and famiof which is annually distributed for lies already in the fold of Christ, the their benefit and relief.
heralds and bearers of the cross pressed The earthly homes, families and into the darkest and remotest countries ; graves of our Presidents have not always as it was then said, “ to the ends of the fared well. John Quincy Adams, earth.” For centuries after the Aposunder date of July 4, 1831, wrote in his tolic age, great and good men, at the diary : “ This day occurred the death of risk and sacrifice of their lives, bore the James Monroe, after six years of penu- Gospel to heathen nations and tribesry and distress.” The dilapidated and among the Germans, Gauls, Normans, neglected condition of Monticello, the Saxons, Irish, and many other benighted home and the grave of Thomas Jeffer- peoples. Wnen the King; and Empeson, have become a by-word of the na- rors became Christian, the heithez tion. Thorns and briers grow over the were often driven into the Church by graros of some of the other Pre idents. tribes and in a wholesale way. In shirt But for the indomitable efforts of a small some kind of missionary eff rts have number of benevolent ladies, assisted by always been carried on through the the late Edward Everett, even the ages. Sometimes this was done by home and tomb of Washington would preaching and persuading, at others by most likely be in ruins. Buchanan's re- force and cruel violence. Philip II., mains are marked by a suitable monu- of Spain, claimed to perform a saintly ment on Woodward Hill cemetery. His missionary service when he crushei and home while living, and the place of his tortured the Protestant Christians by burial, are both cared for by his niece. the Inquisition, and the authors of the Here he sleeps until the last trumpet massacre of St. Bartholomew's Day put shall sound, and the secrets and motives in an equally pious claim. of all hearts shall be revealed and The Reformers were eager to carry judged by the great unerring Master, the Gospel into heathen lands. Luther who in all His judgments of his chil. was greatly troubled about the misery dren blends justice and mercy with of “ pagans and Turks,” and asked divine tenderness.
God's people to pray for them, and send them missionaries. But their bat
tles at home could ill afford to undertake Bartholomaus Ziegenbalg. new fields of conquests. In the middle
of the sixteenth century the Reformed BY THE EDITOR.
Church of Geneva sent foreign mis
sionaries to Brazil. But they were soon During two hundred years past cer- driven from the country, and the effort tain persons in the Protestant Churches failed. A few years later the King of of Europe endeavored to carry the Gos- Sweden founded a mission in Lapland. pel among the heathen. Individual In the seventeenth century some of the persons and congregations worked hero-German princes vainly att-mpted to ically for this cause, but it never re- awaken an interest in foreign miesions. ceived the general support of the A certain Baron von Weis tried to form Churches. Chief among these pioneers a “ Jesus Verein" (a Jesus Associain foreign missions were the Dutch or tion) in the interest of this cause. Holland Reformed in their East India This was the first attempt to form a Colonies. Thither they sent many mis- Missionary Society of the modern stamp. He was the first and only one who con- determination to become a herald of the sented to enter the service under this cross forsook him. “Who is sufficient association. He spent the remainder of for these things," was the cry of bis his life as a missionary in Surinam. spirit. For nearly a year he suffered Here he offered himself a living sacri- with gloomy feelings and spiritual desfice to the cause, and died in his field of pondency. This was succeeded by a labor.
clearer faith, and then by a serious ill. Two hundred years ago the Spirit of ness. Now he must surely abandon his God began to strive in the hearts of pious intentions. He must become a Christians in different parts of the world. farmer, he thought, in order to purse As none of the great missionary socie- his impaired health. Yes, said his ties had then been formed, the necessary friends, but a spiritual farmer in the means were wanting. The few men service of God's husbandry. And such who ventured into the dark places of he became; a sower of good seed, in a heathenism were like Livingstone, ad- soil where none had sown before him. venturers and explorers in Christ's In 1705 Frederick IV. was King of cause. They were not only pioneers in Denmark. He was a very godly man the foreign missionary field, but path- as well as a good king. One day a finders and path-seekers. Such was widow, in deep mourning, asked for an Bartholomäus Ziegen balg.
audience. She came from the town of He was born in Saxony, of pious pa- Trankebar, belonging to the Danish rents, in 1683. His father seems to possessions in East India. The heathen have dwelt much on the shortness and people of the town bad killed ber husuncertainty of life. He had bis coffin band and eldest son. Her sad story made during his lifetime. One day deeply moved the king's kindly heart. while lying sick bis house was set on But no less was he moved with the low, fire. His friends laid him in the coffin, degraded condition of his East India as they thought, in a safe place. The subjects, which her sufferings revealed. coffin became his bed of death, for here Ignorant of the Gospel, they were living he breathed his last. The mother soon in misery and squalor, and had done to follwed him. Sbe called her children care for their souls. His awakened around her dying bed, and pointed them conscience gave him no rest. He must to ler old Bible lying on the table, send missionaries to his East India subevery leaf of which had been bedewed jects to tell them the sweet story of the with her tears. The sad and early loss cross. At that time August Hermann of his parents made a lasting impression Franke, at Halle, Germany, was exupon the orphaned boy, which gave a tensively known for his great piety, new direction to his future life. De- wisdom and zeal in the cause of Christ. prived of his earthly parents, he now The good Danish king wrote to him for turned with all the ardor of his tender counsel. Whom should he send to nature to our Father in Heaven. Often India ? Franke promptly answered : he would go out by himself in the fields, Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg, a young man and kneel on the bare earth in prayer nearly twenty-two years of age, who is to God for guidance and wisdom. At about finisbing his studies at the Unischool he became a studious and con-versity of Halle. After a brief conflict scientious scholar; at the university a the young student consented to go, and pious student. Sometimes the cutting soon found a missionary companion in ridicule of his fellow students on account Henry Plutochau, from Mecklenburg. of his godly habits was almost unen- Such a work was then considered a durable. Ope, and only one, pious much more serious matter than now. student was there, and he stood by Very few people knew any thing about him.
the condition of the heathen-world, and Then came another trial. His eyes fewer still bad any real concern for it. were opened to his sinful condition by Many mocked the two young men as pature, as they had never been before. fools. A certain literary institution deThis and the general coldness and in- rided them as " fanatics and uncalled difference of the Church greatly de- apostles.” pressed him. His former eagerness and! The missionaries sailed for East India on November 29, 1705. After a very Only those who have this kind of work stormy voyage of seven months they can imagine what joy the first singing reached Trankebar. The ruler of the of Christian hymns by these poor betown and a number of wealthy mer- nighted people afforded Ziegenbalg. chants were nominal Christians. They On May 12, 1707, he baptized five poor excited. suspicion, so that no one would slaves ; they were his first converts. By rent the strangers a house. The popu- the end of the year thirty more gave lation was composed of a few Christians, themselves to Christ. A small church and many Mohammedans. Of the two was built, in which he held regular. the Christians opposed the missionaries services, and publicly instructed the the most. The dusky Tamuls befriended children. The two missionaries also them far more than the people of their taught the people in the surrounding own faith. Before he could speak their country. Among 80-called Christians language they seemed to be favorably and among the black Tamul population impressed by his meek and mild spirit, the work of the Gospel found increasing no less than by his earnestness and favor. zeal.
Of course tribulations had to be exHow should Ziegenbalg learn the pected. They were poorly supported Tamul language? The people had no from home. Only two hundred Thalers grammar, dictionary, por any other was promised them. Besides this they helps to study it. He had to systema- had no temporal support. Sometimes tize the language he was to learn, they had not a cent in hand. Still, in arrange and classify the words, and in- due time, help usually came from some vent the means of studying it. He paid quarter. Worse than poverty was the a native teacher to keep his school at opposition and unchristian life of the the missionaries' house. Here he sat on nominal Christians in Trankebar; Govthe bare ground among the Tamul erpment officials, merchants and sailors children, to learn their alphabet by were given to drunkenness, debauchery writing the letters or signs in the sand, and profanity. These brought contempt as their custom was. Another native and disgrace upon the good cause among taught him by repeating to him, word the heathen. The Danish Governor of after word, with its meaning. In this the city was averse to the missionaries way he gathered a list of words, and from the start. He persecuted them in after eight months he could speak the every possible way. One day Ziegenlanguage sufficiently to begin his teach- balg interceded with the Governor in ing and preaching
behalf of a poor, oppressed widow. The It is generally held that“ daily prayer wicked official, perbaps, at the instigameetings” are of quite recent date, and tion of some uochristian Europeans, that they are of American origin. Zie- made this a pretext for imprisoning the genbalg, a German, began his Gospel good man. He was kept in close conwork in Trankebar with a regular finement for four months. He was not meeting of this kind in bis own house even permitted to beguile his dreary one hundred and seventy-five years ago. bours by translating the New TestaIndeed two daily prayer meetings he ment. At length his meek, conciliatory held for a season. In this way he began spirit, and his cheerful, firm, unselfish bis mission work. People of all classes adherence to the truth under such great ere long attended them. At first partly trials, won the beart of his oppressor. out of curiosity, later their hearts were Upon his release his affectionate discitouched by the Holy Spirit. Christians ples greeted him with tears of gratitude came for counsel; Mohammedans, and and joy.. heatben of the lowest order, came to ask Amid a varied experience of joy and questions, to hear and learn. Two years sorrow, the two men of God extended after be first set sail from Europe, the their work. They travelled afoot from missionary began to teach the children village to village, the hand of God in his own house in the Tamul language. shielding them against the threatened He translated Luther's smaller Cate- barm of ungodly men. After eight chism, which he taught them to read years Ziegenbalg revisited Europe. He and learn, as well as hymns and prayers. I hoped through personal explanations
and preaching, to silence the opposition than that, she herself is now laboring as of the enemies of his cause, and gain a missionary among the degraded heamore help and sympathy from friends. then. For the sake of Christ and of The king of Denmark received bim perishing souls, she has forsaken the cordially, and appointed him Provost of refined enjoyments and cultivated society all the Danish missions in East India, of her royal home, to spend her life an office which laid on him the superin- amid the privations of heathenism, that tendency of this whole field. He found she might win souls to Christ. .much encouragement in different quar- ! In our age of idolatrous self-seeking, ters, among other blessings a godly wife, and lust for pleasure, power and wealth, in a former pupil of his, who was in all it is well and wise to hold up before our respects an apt help.meet for bim. On hearts lives like that of Ziegenbalg, his return to East India the former pioneer missionary of East India, and of Governor had been called away, and an Eugenie, the Christian heroine of the earnest Christian man appointed in his royal house of Denmark. While her place. Thereafter the mission prospered. / royal sisters of Europe are wasting their A school was founded, in which to time and wealth in luxury and costly educate teachers and mi-sionaries. The fashionable display, she in plain apparel year after his return he dedicated a and with marvellous self-forgetting tenlarge new church.
derness, teaches heathen mothers and In the midst of his usefulness he was their children the sweet story of the taken sick with a disease which he had King of kings, who came on His blessed brought with bim from Europe. Propped mission of selt-assumed sorrow, that he up in bed, amid great pain, he kept on might redeem us from our sins and translating the Bible into the Tamul miseries forever. language. This important work seemed to be one of the great burdens of his
The Robins. heart. If only he could place the Jossed Word of God into the hands of They chose their nook, the bonnie birds,
L 'Mid the crab tree's perfumed snow; his poor Tamuls, in their own language.
in their own language. | And her three blue eggs the brown hen laid His pious people prayed for him. Sud-In her warm soft nest 'neath the blossom's shade; denly, putting his hand to his eyes, be And patient she kept her watch of love, exclaimed: Why how light it is. The And patient her mate to feed her strove. sun seems to shine into my eyes. Sing : B
But it's oh, and it's oh, for the bonnie birds.
For a weary wait they had, “Jesus, meine Zuversicht.” While the hours danced by, 'neath the sweet Scarcely had his friends, with moved and the thickets rang where the thrushes sang,
spring sky, bearts, sung this beautiful hymn of con And the fields were with cowslips clad. solation, when this valiant soldier of
They hatched their eggs, the bonnie birds, Christ bowed his head and died, at the
By one, by two, by three; age of 35 years. It happened on Feb. And hour by hour each yellow bill ruary 23, 1719, less than fifteen years Gaped wide for the parents' toil to fill; after he first sailed from Europe for his
Eurone for his And the robins, on swift, untiring wing,
Tended each clamorous nursling. mission of love among the heathen.
But it's oh, and it's oh, for the bonnie birds, All honor to the godly Danish king, For a heavy task was theirs, for befriending this self-denying apostle As from morn's first light to the fall of night of East India. It is not the only in- Still to and fro, on their quest they go, stance of royal favor from the rulers of
Nor ever might cease from cares. Denmark to the cause and friends of They tended their young, the bonnie birds, King Jesus. This little kingdom, in
Till the counted weeks wore past. the cold north country, has had many
Till the down grew dark upon back and crest,
And the red turned bright on each little breast; members of its royal families who were
And with chirp and twitter and preen of feather, humble Christians, and delighted to The brood hopped out of their nest together, work for Christ. Even at this time, the And it's oh, and it's oh, for the bonnie birds, present king of Denmark, has a sister,
Who had watched and worked their day ; the princess Eugenie, who has sold all
Worked hour by hour, through sun and shower,
" For their task was done; and then one by one her jewelry and possessions, and laid the
The fledglings flew away. proceeds on the altar of Christ. More
-All The Year Round.
1881. Third Sunday after Trinity. KEY-NOTE: “ There is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth.”
1. Now these are the names of the children) 10. Come on, let us deal wisely with them ; of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man | lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, and his household with Jacob.
when there falleth out any war, they join also 2. Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judab,
unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so 3. Issachar, Zebulon, and Benjamin,
get them up out of the land. 4. Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
11. Therefore they did set over them task5. And all the souls that came out of the masters, to afflict them with their burdens. And loins of Jacob were seventy souls : for Joseph I they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom was in Egypt already.
I and Raamses. 6. And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and 12. But the more they afflicted them, the all that generation.
more they multiplied and grew. And they 7. And the children of Israel were fruitful, were grieved because of the children of Israel. and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and i 13. And the Egyptians made the children of waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was Israel to serve with rigor : filled with them.
14. And they made their lives bitter with 8. Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, hard bondage, in mortar, and in brick, and in which knew pot Joseph.
all manner of service in the field: all their ser9. And he said unto his people, Behold, the vice, wherein they made them serve, was with people of the children of Israel are more rigor. and mightier than we:
What is the name of this Sunday? What is L VERS. 8-10. What does the term new king the key-note? Whence is it taken?
mean here? Why is it said that he knew not What is the subject of our lesson? Where is Joseph About what time did this change in the lesson found? What does Exodus mean, and the givernment take place? What did the king why is this book so called ? When did the say to his people? Is it probable that the exodus take place ? How long did the Israelites Israelites were at this time really more numerous dwell in Egypt?
than the Egyptians ? Did his fear probably exVERSES 1-5. In what circumstances did the aggerate their number? How does the king now sons of Israel come into Egypt? Who is meant propose to deal with the children of Israel? by Israel | How many sons bad Jacob? What does that mean? What reason does he What were their names? Can you tell the give for this course ? Were the children of meaning of these dames? Where were they Israel now in a state of enforced servitude ? born ? How many mothers had they? What Were the Egyptians willing to lose their serwas the order of their birth? What is said to vice? have been the number of Jacob's posterity at VERSE 11. What then did the Egyptians do ? the time of the removal to Egypt? How long What are taskmasters | What was the object had Joseph been in Egypt when the rest of of these? What cities did they build for PhaJacob's family removed thither?
raoh? Where were these situated ? VERSE 6. How old was Joseph when he 12. Did the system of oppression adopted by died ? How long had the children of Israel the Egyptians accomplish its object? What been settled in Egypt when Joseph died? Is was the result? Was the king's plan then a it probable that the broibers of Joseph died wise one? Is it ever wise to do evil? Would about the same time? What does the expres. not kindness have been a better policy? sion that generation mean? About how long VERSES 13-14. How did the Egyptians now after the settlement in Egypt would all that treat the children of Israel? To what kinds of generation bave died ?
service did they put them ? By making their 7. About how much time is covered by this ! lives bitter, what prophecy did the Egyptians verse ? What is said of the children of Israel fulfill? Gen. xv. 13. To what end did this during this time? Was this rapid increase in affliction serve? Can affliction and persecution accordance with God's promise? Gen. xlvi. 3. destroy God's people? In what spirit then What was the condition of the children of Israel ought they to be borne ? in Egypt during this time?
1. Hark, through the courts of heaven
Voices of angels sound, “He that was dea I now lives again,
He that was lour is found !'
2. God of unfailing grace,
Send down Tny Spirit now,
And make the lofty bow.