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The Sunday-School Department.
ous night. The wind was raving round
the little inn, and tearing away at the We do not know very much of this
windows and doors, as though mad to evangelist. He was a Jew by birth,
get at the brave little light within, and and very soon a convert to the Chris
extinguish it without mercy. The snow tian religion. Others say, he had been
was falling fast, drifting and driving, a Gentile. It is supposed, too, that he
obstructing the highway, bliuding the was one of our Lord's seventy disciples. eyes of man and beast. He is the only evangelist who mentions
The “come in" of the host and hostthe commission given by Christ to them, se
ess was in answer to a loud, burried rap chap. 10: 1-20. It is likely that he is at
: at the door, by which there immediately the Lucius mentioned in Rom. 16: 21. en
entered two travelers. One, by his If so, he was related to St. Paul. He
military dress, seemed a soldier, and is also mentioned in Acts 11: 20 and
the other appeared to be his servant. 13: 1. It is believed that St. Luke
General Wallenstein was on his way was one of the two whom our Lord met
from Carlsruhe, to his home in Basle. on the way to Emmaus, Luke 24:13
He bad been delayed several hours by 35. St. Paul styles him his fellow-la
an accident to his post-carriage and by borer, Philem. v. 24. He is mentioned in
the storm, and now found himself obliged as the beloved physician, Col. 4: 14.
to stop for the night at this lonely and All traditions make him a physician.
comfortless little inn. There is also a legend which attributes
When the officer threw aside his to him great skill in the art of painting.
plumed hat and military cloak of rich He accompanied St. Paul to Mace
fur, and strode up to the fire, with his donia, Acts 16:3, 4; 20: 27 and 28. €
1998 epaulettes flashing in the light, and his He was with St. Paul at Rome, during
sword knocking against his beels cling, his imprisonment. In Jerusalem, it is
clang, the gruff host was greatly imbelieved, he collected many particulars
pressed with his importance, and wilfor his Gospel and Book of Acts. He
lingly went out to assist the postillion
gry finished his writings in Greece, and
i in the care of the horses. As for the there dedicated them to Tbeophilus, an
old hostess, she bustled about with wonhonorable Christian friend of his of that
4 derful activity to prepare supper for country. He is said to have died at the
the great man.
“Ho, Carl!" she cried, “thou young age of eighty-four. We do not know when his Gospel record was published
Rhine-sprite, thou water-imp, run to -perhaps fifteen or twenty years after
the wood for another bundle of fagots ! the Ascension of our Lord.
Away, haste thee, or I'll give thee back to thy elfin kinsfolk, who are ever
howling for thee!" Little Carl's Christmas Eve. At these strange, sharp words, a wild
looking boy started up from a dusky “Come in!” shouted together the corner of the room, where he had been host and hostess of a little German lying with his bead pillowed on a great wayside inn pear the banks of the tawny Swiss dog, and darted out of the Rhine, and not far below the city of door. He was coarsely dressed and Basle, and the borders of Switzerland. barefooted; yet there was something un. It was Christmas Eve, and a tempestu- commou about him-something grand, yet familiar in his look, which struck that voice, the touch of that hand. the traveler strangely.
With a plaintive, joyful cry, he sprang "Is that your child ?" he asked. up to the breast of his old master,
"No, indeed,” said the old dame; nestled about blindly for his hands, “I am a poor woman, and have seen and licked them unreproved; then sunk trouble in my time; but blessed be the down, as though faint with joy, at his saints !-I'm not the mother of water- master's feet. The brave soldier was imps."
overcome with emotion ; tears fell fast • Why do you call the boy a water from his eyes. “Faithful creature," he imp?!!
exclaimed, “you have saved my child, "I call him so, your excellency," and given him back to me." And said the womad, sinking her shrill voice kneeling down, he laid his hand on the into an awe-struck tone, “because he head of the poor old dog and blessed came from the water, and belongs to him. the water. He floated down the Rhine Just at this moment the door opened, in the great flood, four years ago come and little Carl appeared, toiling up the spring, a mere baby, that could barely steps with his arms full of fagots, his tell his name, perched on the roof of a cheerful face smiling brave defiance to little chalet, in the night, amid thunder, winter winds, and night, and snow. lightning and rain! Now it is plain “Come hither, Carl," said the soldier. that no human child could have lived The boy flung down his fagots, and through that. My good man spied him drew near. in the morning early, and took him off “Dost thou know who I am ?” in his boat. I took him in pity ; but I “Ah, no—the good Christmas King, have always been afraid of him, and perhaps," said the little lad, looking every flood-time I think the Rhine is full of innocent wonderment. coming for his own again.”
“Alas, poor child, how shouldst thou The traveler seemed deeply interested, remember me!” exclaimed General and well he might be; for in the very Wallenstein, sadly. Then clasping him flood of which the superstitious old to his arms, he said: “But I remember dame spoke, his only child, an infant thee; thou art my boy, my dear, longboy, had been lost, with his nurse, whose lost boy! Look in my face; embrace cottage on the river-bank below Basle me; I am thy father!" bad been swept away by pight.
“No, surely," said the child, sorely “ Was the child alone on the roof of bewildered, “that cannot be, for they the chalet ?" he asked, in an agitaied tell me the Rhine is my father.” tone.
The soldier smiled through his tears, “Yes," said the hostess, “all but an and soon was able to convince his lictle old dog, who seemed to belong to him," son that he had a better father than the
“That dog must have dragged him old river that had carried him away on to the roof, and saved him!” ex. from his tender parents. He told him claimed the general; "is he yet alive?"' of a loving mother who yet sorrowed
“Yes, just alive. He must be very for him, and of a blue-eyed sister, wbo old, for he is almost stone-blind and would rejoice when he came. Carl lisdeaf. My good man would have put tened, and wondered, and laugbed, and him out of the way long ago, but for when he comprehended it all, slid from Carl; and as he shares his meals, and bis father's arms, and ran to embrace makes his bed with bim, I suppose it is old Leon. no loss to keep the brute.”
The next morning early, General “Show me the dog!" said the officer, Wallenstein, after having generously with authority.
rewarded the innkeeper and his wife for “Here he lies, your excellency,” said having given a home, though a poor the dame. “We call him Elfen-hund” one, to his little son, departed for Basle. (elf-dog).
In his arms he carried Carl, carefully General Wallenstein bent over the wrapped in his warm fur cloak, and if dog, touched him gently, and shouted sometimes the little bare feet of the in his ear his old name of “Leon."' child were thrust out from their coverThe dog had not forgotten it; he knew ling, it was only to bury themselves in
the shaggy coat of old Leon, who lay webber or weaver; which shows that snugly curled up in the bottom of the these trades were first followed by carriage.
women, and that when men began to I will not attempt to tell you of the take them up they for some time kept deep joy of Carl's mother, nor of the the feminine names. wild delight of his little sister, for I The termination Ward indicates a think such things are quite beyond any keeper, as Durward, doorkeeper; Hayone's telling; but altogether, it was to ward, keeper of the town cattle; Woodthe Wallensteins a Christmas time toward, forest keeper, thank God for, and they did thank Surnames now apparently meaningHim.--Stories of Many Lands.
less had meaning in old English and provincial dialects. Brock, for instance,
signifies badger; Talbot, mastiff'; Todd, Men's Names.
fox; Culver, pigeon ; Henshew, young
heron ; Coke, cook.-N. Y. Times. Many English surnames express the county, estate, or residence of their original bearers; as Burgoyne, from Christmas in Ancient Times, Burgundy; Cornell or Cornwallis, from Cornwall; Fleming, from Flanders, Baronius gives the following account Gaskin and Gascoyne, from Gascony; of one of the earliest commemorations Hanway, from Hainault; Polack, from of Christmas of which we have authenPoland; Welsh, Walsh and Wallis, tic record. He says: “While the perfrom Wales; Coombs, Campton, Clay- secution raged under Diocletian, the ton, Sutton, Preston, Washington, from tyrant, finding multitudes of Christians, towns in the county of Sussex, Eng-young and old, met together to celebrate land.
Christ's nativity, commanded the church The prefix atte or at, softened to a or door to be shut, and fire put to it, which an, has helped to form a number of reduced them and the church to ashes" names. Thus, if a man lived on a This atrocious tragedy of persecution moor, he would call himself Attemoor, and crime occured at Nicomedia in the or Atmoor; if near a gate, Attegate, or third century, and will serve as an illusAtgate. John atte the Oaks was intration of many others perpetrated by due time shortened into John Noaks; the Emperors of Pagan Rome in the Peter at the Seven Oaks into Peter early centuries of the Christian era. Snooks.
What changes bave occurred since then, In Old English, applegarth meant and what a contrast between the comorchard; whence Applegate and Ap-memoration of Christmas theu and now ! pleton; chase, a forest; clive, a cliff'; Then Christians were obliged to worclough, a ravine; cobb a harbor; whence ship in secret to avoid persecution and these names.
death, and Pagan Rome was mistress of The root of the ubiquitous Smith is nearly all the world, over which she the Anglo-Saxon smitan, to smite. It ruled with iron sway. Then, all who was applied primarily to blacksmiths, worshiped the crucified Nazarene were wheelwrights, carpenters, masons, and hated, despised, feared, trampled upon, smiters or strikers in general.
and visited with all manner of cruelties, Baker, Taylor, Butler, Coleman tortures and death. In the caves and (coal-man), Drager, Cowper (cooper), galleries of the Catacombs beneath the Cutler, Miller, and the rest plainly de- earth, were almost the only places where note occupations.
they could worship upmolested; and Lorrimer is a maker of spurs and bri- even there they were sometimes beirayed dle bits; Arkwright, a maker of chests; by false brethren and traitors, through Lander, contracted from lavandier, whom they were arrested and made to a washerman; Banister, the keeper of grace the gory games of the brutalized a bath; Kidder, a huckster; Wait, a Romans, and were either torn to pieces minstrel; Crocker, a potter.
by wild beasts, or “ butchered to make Such names as Baxter and Bagster a Roman holiday," as gladiators in the are the feminine of Baker; Webster of Coliseum.
THE SUBJECT.-THE ANGEL'S WHISPER TO ZACHARIAS.
KEY-NOTE.--" LET US GO EVEN NOW UNTOL 11. And there appeared unto him an angel of
12. And when Zacharias saw him, he was
troubled, and fear fell upon him. 5. There was in the days of Herod the king i 13. But the angel said unto him, Fear not, of Judea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard ; and thy the course of Abia : and his wife was of the wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou daughters of Aaron, and er name was Elisabeth. I shalt call his name John.
6. And they were both righteous before God, 1 14. And thou shalt have joy and gladness, walking in all the commandments and ordi- | and many shall rejoice at his birth. nances of the Lord blameless.
15. For he sball be great in the sight of the 7. And they had no child, because hat Elisa. Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong beth was barren; and they both were now well | drink: and he shall be filled with the Holy stricken in years.
Ghost, even from his mother's womb. 8. And it came to pass, that, while he exe. 16. And many of the children of Israel shall cated the priest's office before God in the order he turn to the Lord their God. of his course,
17. And he shall go before him in the spirit 9. According to the custom of the priest's of and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fice, his lot was to burn incense when he went fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the into the temple of the Lord.
wisdom of the just ; to make ready a people 10. And the whole multitude of the people prepared for the Lord. were praying without, at the time of incense.
What constitutes our KEY-NOTE? Can you 13. What did the angel say? Had this repeat it from memory ?
household likely prayed for a son? What were Whose Gospel do we commence to study with they to call him? What does John mean? the opening year? Did St. Luke write another 14. To whom was joy to come by John? inspired Book? For whom did the Evangelist 15. In whose sight was John to be great ? directly write the Gospel and the Acts ? Luke Who is meant by the Lord here? From what i. 3; Acts i. 1.
was he to abstain? What sect did he likely What is the theme for our lesson? Does St. join? Numb 6th Chap. . By whom was he to Luke likewise begin his Gospel with this house- be filled ? When, already ? 44 v. hold?
16. Whom was he to turn to the Lord ? How? VERS 5. Who was king over Judea at this 17. In whose spirit was be to labor? How time? How long before Christ was hora did was he like Elijah ? Compare 1 Kings xxi. 17, he ascend the throne ? 40 B. C. What office had and Matt. xiv. 4. What change was his preachZacharias ? What does of the course of Abiah ing to effect in Israel ? signify? 1 Chron. xxiv. 1, &c.; 2 Kings xi. 7; Whose forerunner. then, was John? What 2 Chron. xxiii. 8. Who was his wife ? Oi does he make himself like? John i. 23. what great line was Elisabeth ?
6. What is said of their characters? What is APPLICATION.--In what respect is this the difference between commandments and ordi saintly couple an example to every household ? nances
verse 6. When does a household walk after the 7. Did any children belong to this house ? commandments and ordinances? What sort of Did they desire any?
å life will then result? 8-9. What is meant by the phrase before In what respect should the Church imitate God? How do you understand, in the order of the ancient Israel, since Christ stands at the his course? What is incense! What did it right hand of God, making intercession for us? represent in worship ? Rev. viii. 1.
verses 9-10. 10. Where was the multitude ? Without Is the office and mission of St. John the Bapwhat ?
tist still performed for us and all men, through 11. What messenger appeared now ?
God's Word ? verses 16-17. For whose advent 12. How was Zacharias affected? Why? I does the Gospel prepare us, then ?
REMARK.-Since the selections for a governor from Bethlehem, who was to full six-months are chosen from the Gos-rule Israel. Mic. v. 1-2. Zacharias pel of St. Luke, a short account of the is famous as the father of a noble son, writer of this Gospel is furnished in the John the Baptist. He is spoken of as Sunday-school Department of the belonging to the course of Abiah, or the GUARDIAN, to which we modestly refer eighth class of the twenty-four into which the teacher.
King David had already divided the GENERAL NOTES — With the odor of numerous priestly order, 1 Chron. 24: joyous Christmas around us, let us in 1, etc. Each family served one week the spirit of the Gospel for this Lord's (2 Chron. 23: 8, and 2 Kings 11:7; Day, go with the devout shepherds, to see also 1 Chron. 24: 10, for Abiah's the very ground-work of the Christian station. Elizabeth was likewise of a religion-we mean, the mystery of the priestly line, a de:cendant of the great Incarnation—when and where the Son high-priest Aaron. From both sides, of God became the Son of Man. Yea, then, John was nobly descended. let us, with St. Luke, as our guide, even VERSE 6.-The characters of both study the preliminary witnesses to this are briefly but pointedly indicated. It great event in the world's history, and was a couple upright and holy in spirit learn to sing the preluding canticles of and conduct. Commandments may Gabriel, of Zacharias and Elizabeth, of here mean the moral law, wbile ordiMary, of the angels, and of Simeon nances can be interpreted to mean the Were all their inspired utterances set cere:nonial and judicial enactments. after the style of modern hymns and VERSE 7.- And they had no child. poetical effusions, we could then more This only their household lacked, it plainly see what a Jubilee, Heaven and seems. They heartily desired an heir. Earth, Man and Angels, joined in rais- v. 12. ing over the Lord's Advent. And it is VERSES 8 9.-Before God, means in by looking into the meaning and spirit the Temple, at the altar, where God of these extraordinary preludes, that was accustomed to manifest His preswe are the better enabled to appreciate ence in former periods. It had fallen the fact for which these prepared the to Zacharias, by lot, to burn incense, on way-God manifest in the flesh. this occasion. The smoke of incense
These heavenly hymns we will sing represented the prayers of the church. for one month. The incident, prior to VERSE 10.- The whole multitude were the advent of our Lord on earth, and praying without. They could not enter with which St. Luke thought it well to the priest's apartment. Yet they must commence bis treatise for the “most ex- join in the service. See Psa. cxli. 2; cellent Theophilus”-chap. i: 1-4 refers Rev. viii. 1. Incense was burned twice to the revelation of the angel to the a day. Ex. 30: 7, 8. saintly pair-ZACHARIAS AND ELIZA- VERSE 11.- There appeared — an BETH—the parents of St. John the Bap- angel of the Lord. There had not been tist, our Lord's immediate forerunner. a prophecy, nor an angelic ministry for
COMMENTS.—VERSE 5.—The days of four hundred years. Herod were forty years earlier than the VERSE 12. — Zacharias-was troubled. Christian era. He was a foreigner, an Perplexed and astonished was he at this Idumean by birth, and only professed sudden and unexpected apparition. to be a convert to the Jewish religion, Fear fell upon him, because this mesin order the more readily to be ap- senger might proclaim punishment on pointed king over the province of Judea, the people, because of their sins. by the Roman government. Thus, for VERSE 13.— Fear not. How often the first time, the throne of Judah was is this cheering word uttered in the occupied by one who was not a Jew. Gospel. An answer to his prayer is promFrom this fact it was already plain, ised him. The name Joax is likewise that the prophecy of Jacob, Gen. xlii. foretold. It signifies--Of God's fuvor. 10, was now about to fulfill itself, VERSE 14.- Thou shalt have joy, etc. since the sceptre had departed from In his own household happiness should Judah; and tbat now another saying now abound. And many shall rejoice. would be verified, the coming of the Besides his heart and house, Israel