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The Sunday-Schoof Department.

The Absent Teacher. in the eye, and said deliberately, “Will

you join us-or-not?" For a moment Those boys had no teacher at the the boy hesitated. He looked at his opening of the school on a recent Sun- comrades. They were evidently with day. They were restless and rude. the teacher, -and he was left out. He The superintendent seemed worried. could come in now. He quietly dropped As he went from one person to another, into the circle, and the teacher's victory speaking timely words, he occasionally was won. Most of the class hour had, looked toward that class of boys, but it is true, been consumed in this eff»rt; received only positive shakes of the but attention and order and unity were head. They had an unpleasant reputa- fairly secured. It had been no easy tion, and they knew it themselves. As task, nor was it accomplished without a last resort a visitor was invited to the result of former preparation and of teach them for the day. He did not extended experience; but the time know them, nor did they know him. taken had been well spent, and the atQuick as thought they prepared for “a tempted work well done. As the visitime.” “Can you join me in reading tor left the class, one of the boys said, the lesson ?" asked the visitor. An-“ Mister, will you come and be our swers came thick and fast: “We have teacher? We will do our best if you no lesson papers.'' “ We don't have will.” The story of those boys runs any regular teacher, sir.” “Nobody thus: They had been taken out of a likes to teach this class.” “Say, mister, class against their wish. They had lost can I go and get some Bibles ?” “ Too interest in the school. One or two much work to teach us, sir.” “We teachers had tried to teach them, and don't think much of this school, any- failed. No one wanted to experiment way.” After this volley there was a with them further. They had won a change of tactics. Instead of a class bad name, and had come to glory in it. to teach, the visitor saw that he had a This visitor's experience with them had class to tame. He seemed to study each shown that they were not incorrigible. boy separately, and the class as a whole. What the result will be depends largely By a few well-directed questions, he dis- on how they are managed for the next covered who of the boys was leader, few months. If they are neglected, and he began with him. It was not they will doubtless leave the school with long before that boy's face was on his the feeling that they are stronger than hands, and his elbows on his knees. He its best teachers. If they are wisely and the teacher were getting into sym- cared for by a teacher who knows how pathy. His attention had been arrested to do his work, and who does it in faith, Other boys joined as the conversation they will be retained in the school, and went on, until all but two had surrender-be, perhaps, among its better and more ed. These two seemed determined not to interested scholars. And those boys yield. The teacher turned to one of are specimens of a large class in our these boys, and, putting his hand gently city schools. They are worth caring but firmly on him, looked him squarely for.-S. S. Times.

“Only Trifles."

through a forest and see no fire-wood," & true seer learos from the smallest

things and apparently the most insigniWhen tempted to scorn the little du- ficant people. “Sir,” said Dr. Johnson ties of our calling, let us think of such to a fine gentleman just returned from sayings as the following. One day a Italy, “some men will learn more in the visitor at Michael Angelo's studio re- Hampstead stage than others in the tour marked to that great artist, who had of Europe." Wellington's achievebeen describing certain little finishing ments were mainly owing to the fact that “ touches " lately given to a statue - be personally attended to such minutiæ “ But those are only trifles." "" It may as soldiers' shoes, camp-kettles, biscuits, be so," replied the sculptor; “but re- horse fodder; and it was because Nelson collect that trifles make perfection, and attended to details in respect of time that perfection is no trifle.” In the same he was so victorious. " I owe,” he said, spirit the great painter Poussin ac- “ all my success in life to having been counted for his reputation in these always a quarter of an hour before my words: “Because I have neglected time." "Every moment lost," said nothing." It is related of a Man- Napoleon. "gives an opportunity for chester manufacturer, that, on re- misfortune." Well would it have been tiring from business, he purchased for himself-as his bitter end protedan estate from a certain noble- had this European ruler known another man. The arrangement was that he fact that every moment selfishly enshould have the house with all its für-ployed is worse than lost, and “ gives an niture just as it stood. On taking p19-l opportunity for misfortune.” However. session, however, he found that a cabinet he attributed the defeat of the Austrians which was in the inventory had been re- to his own greater appreciation of the moved ; and on applying to the former value of time. While they dawdled he owner about it, the latter said: “Well, overthrew them. I certainly did order it to be removed ; but I hardly thought you would have cared for so trifling a matter in so large a purchase.” “My Lord,” was the Sir WALTER SCOTT once lcpt a book reply, "if I had not all my life attended to a friend, and as he gave it to him, to trifles, I should not have been able to begged that he would not fail to return purchase this estate ; and, excuse me it, adding good-humoredly, “ Although for saying so, perhaps if your lordship most of my friends are bad arithmetihad cared more about trifles, you might cians, they are all good book-keepers.not have had occasion to sell it.” In conclusion, I beg to give the follow

Galileo's discovery of the pendulum ing extract from some poet's witty was suggested to his observant eye by a verses, entitled “The Art of Book. lamp swinging from the ceiling of Pisa keeping": cathedral. A spider's net suspended across the path of Sir Samuel Brown,

“I, of my Spenser quite bereft,

Last winter sore was shaken; as he walked one dewy morning in his

Of Lamb I've but a quarter left, garden, was the prompter that gave to

Nor could I save my Bacon. him the idea of his suspension bridge across the Tweed. So trifling a matter

They've picked my Locke, to me far more

Than Bramah's patent worth; as the sight of seaweed floating past his

And now my losses I deplore, ship, enabled Columbus to quell the Without a Home on earth. mutiny which arose amongst his sailors

They still have made me slight returns, at not discovering land, and to assure

And thus my grief divide; them that the eagerly sought New World

For oh! they've cured me of my Burns, was not far off. Galvani observed that

And eased my Akenside. a frog's leg twitched when placed in con

But all I think I shall not say, tact with different metals, and it was

Nor let my anger burn; this apparently insignificant fact that

For as they have not found me Gay, led to the invention of the electric tele They have not found me Sterne." graph. While a bad observer may “go | ---Correspondent of an English newspaper.

SUNDAY-SCHOOL LESSONS.

AUGUST 7.

1881.

Eighth Sunday after Trinity.

KEY-NOTE: "Every good tree bringeth forth good fruit."

LESSON XXXII.

The Passover.—Exod. xii. 1-14.

1. And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron | roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with in the land of Egypt, saying,

bitter herbs they shall eat it. 2. This month shall be unto you the begin 9. Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with ning of months: it shall be the first month of water, but roast with fire; his head with his the year to you.

legs, and with the purtenance thereof. 3. Speak' ye unto all the congregation of 10. And ye shall let nothing of it remain Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month until the morning; and that which remaineth they shall take to them every man a lamb, of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire. according to the house of their fathers, a lamb 11. And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins tor a house.

girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff 4. And if the household be too little for the in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it lamb, let him and his neighbor next unto his is the Lord's passover. house take it according to the number of the 12. For I will pass through the land of Egypt souls ; every man according to his eating shall this night, and will smite all the first-bora in make your count for the lamb.

the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and 5. Your lamb shall be without blemish, a against all the gods of Egypt will I execute male of the first year: ye shall take it out from judgment: I am the Lord. the sheep, or from the goats :

13. And the blood shall be to you for a token 6. And ye shall keep it up until the four upon the houses where ye are: and when I see teenth day of the same month: and the whole the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I it in the evening.

smite the land of Egypt. 7. And they shall take of the blood, and shall 14. And this day shall be unto you for a mestrike it on the two side-posts and on the upper morial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the Lord door-post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. throughout your generations: ye shall keep it

8. And they shall eat the flesh in that nigut, , a feast by an ordinance forever.

QUESTIONS.

What is the key-note? How is it related to | What was to be done with the flesh ? How was the Gospel and Epistle for the day? What it to be prepared ? What was to be eaten with great lesson does it teach us? Are we not saved it? What did the bitter herbs signify? What by faith without works?

was to be done with the flesh that remained ? What is our lesson to-day? What is its sub. Why? ject? Where and when was the passover insti VERSES 11-13. In what attitude and manner inted ? What does passover mean?

was the passover to be eaten? Why? Was VERSES 1, 2. When did the Lord give these this feature preserved in later times? Why is directions ? ' Where? With what month are the institution called the Lord's passover Vers. the Israelites commanded to begin their year ? 12, 13. Was this declaration fulfilled ? Vers. Exod. xiii. 4. What does Abib mean? When 29-31. In what manner did the Lord smite the did this month begin? What length of time first-born of Egypt? Were the Israelites preintervened between the first plague and the served from the plague ? By what means ? exodus?

Ver. 13. How are we saved from the judgments VERSES 3-5. When was the victim for the of God? Of what then was the blood upon the passover to be selected ? Why on the tenth day | door-posts a type? What was the result of this of the month? What was to be don

one if a house last plague? Vers. 31-36. hold was too small to consume a whole lamb? Ver. 14. Was the passover to be permanently How many persons were afterwards supposed observed as a sacred ordinance by the Israelites? to be a sufficient number? Might a single per How many days belonged to the festival of the son celebrate the passover by himself? Why |

| pagsover in later times? What were they called ? pot? From what class of animals was the sac- What was the significance of the unleavened rifice to be taken? Why was it to be without bread? Of what was the pa sover a memorial ? blemish? What was to be its age? Why? Vers. 25-27. Of what was it a type ? 1 Cor. v.

VERSES 6-10. On what day of the month was 7. Was the passover ever abolished ? In what the passover to be killed ? At what time of the sacrament of the New Testament is it fulfilled ? day? What was to be done with the blood ? Has this sacrament anything to do with our How was the blood disposed of in later times? | salvation ?

NOTES —The key-note, expressing the VERSES 3-5. In the tenth day of this leading thought of the Gospel and Epis- month, i.e., four days before the exodus. tle for this Sunday, which has been Perhaps the only reason for this early called the “ Sunday of good works,” selection of the victim of the passover teaches that, while we are saved, not was to guard against the contingency ly works, but by faith, our Chris- of any of the people not being ready tian faith must nevertheless approve at the decisive inoment. At any rate, itself as such by means of good works this was a feature tbat seems to have Good fruit does not make a good tree, fallen into disuse afterwards. A lamb. but a good tree produces only good Literally, one of a flock, whether of fruit. So good works do not make a sheep or goats. And if the household be Christian, but a man does good works too little, etc. If a household was too because he is a Christian. “Faith with small to consume a whole lamb, then out works is dead.” James ii. 20; Gal. one or more households of the same v. 6.

family or clan (according to the house of The passover, one of the great Jewish their fathers) might join together for feasts, was instituted, and observed for this purpose. According to the rule the first time, in Egypt, in the night of which became established in later times, the departure of the children of Israel ten was the smallest number of persons from that land of boudage; and was that could celebrate the passo ver toso called because the angel of the Lord gether. No single person could lawfully passed over the houses of the Israelites eat the passover by himself, because it when he smote the first-born of the was intended to symbolize the union of Egyptians; in commemoration of which God's people, as ihe Holy Communion deliverance the feast was afterwards ob- does now. Compare 1 Cor. x. 17. served.

Without blemish, i. e., without physical VERSES 1-2. And the Lord spake defects, such as lameneza, blindness or unto Moses. After the great darkness, malformation of any of its members. when the decisive hour of deliverance This quality of physical perfection was was approaching. In the land of Egypt. intended to symbolize the necessity of This is added in order to show that moral perfection or wholeness on the when the account was first written, part of the worshippers. A male, beIsrael was no longer in Egypt. This cause the male is the most perfect month. The month which had already representative of the species. Of the begun, and in the night from the 14th first year, i. e., one year old, because to the 15th of which the exodus took then it is full-grown. From the sheep place. It was called Abib (green ears), or from the goats. Though the animal because the barley was then in the ear, might be selected from either class, yet and at a later time Nisan (month of in later times, the sheep, as the more flowers, or month of the new year), and valuable of the two, was generally prebegan with the new moon nearest to the ferred. vernal equinox, corresponding therefore VERSES 6-10. The whole assembly with the latter part of our March and . . . shall kill it. Every bousehold in the former part of April. Shall be the Israel shall slay its lamb at the same first month of the year to you, i. e. of the time. In the evening. Between the two sacred or ecclesiastical year, by which evenings, as the margin reads. Thu the festivals were afterwards regulated. most probable meaning of this is : from The civil year began with the month the time when the day begins to deTieri, corresponding with our Septem- cline, in the afternoon, until sunset. ber and October. Remembering, then, At sunset the fourteenth day of the that the first plague occurred in the month ends, and the fifteerth begins. latter part of June (the time of high They shall take of the blood, and strike it water in the Nile), and the exodus on on the two side posts, etc. This was to the 15th of Abib (about the beginning be done with a bunch of hyssop, accordof April), we get a period of about ing to ver. 22. The purpose of this eight months for the efforts of Moses in sprinkling of the blood upon the lintels Egypt, and for the succession of the ten and door posts is explained in ver. 13. plagues.

| It serves as a protection against the plague by which the firstborn in Egypt but is most destructive from March till are smitten. Io later times, after the May (Knobel). The miraculous ele. tabernacle and temple had been built, ments were: the prediction of the the blood was no longer sprinkled upon event by Moses; the sudden spread of the doors, but upon the altar, near the disease, and tbe fact that it atwhich the lamb was then slain. The tacked only the firstborn among men animal baving been thus slain, it was and beasts; the preservation of the fixed upon a spit (some gay two, ar-children of Israel. And the blood shall ranged in the form of a cross) and be to you for a token. Observe here roasted wbole at the fire, and when the that the Lord says, dot “the blood shall darkness had set in, it was eaten with be to me for a token ;” but He saye, unleavened bread and bitter herbs “it shall be to you for a token.” God (lettuce, endives, horehound, etc). needs no tokens, signs, sacrifices or sa“The unleavened bread symbolized craments to make Him favorably disthree things: the haste with which posed towards men, or to put Him in they fled from Egypt; their suffering mind of His promised mercy. But we while in Egypt; but chiefly their need them in order to be able to confide purity as a consecrated nation.” The in God's saving grace, without which bitter herbs also were a symbol of their confidence that grace could be po bebitter bondage The flesh was all to nefit to us. But when God, accommobe eaten during the night, so that dating Himself to our capacity and nothing might remain till morning. wants, gives us such tokens, these are But if any of it should happen to not empty signs, but actual means or remain until morning, it was to be channels for the communication of His burned with fire; for it was a conse- grace. They convey what they signify; crated, or holy thing, and must no tbe for, if we knew that they did not, how put to any common use, or eaten as or- then could they be helps to our faith? dinary food,

Hence it is added here: And when I see VERSES 11-13. With your loins the blood, I will pass over you, etc. girded, your shoes on your feet, etc. What God has given as a token to His They were to eat the passover in this people He observes Himself. The blood attitude and manner, in order that they of the passover is a type of the blood of might be ready at ouce to begin their Christ, “wbich cleanseth us from all journey, when the decisive hour shoulà sin,” (1 John i. 7) and thus saves us have come. This feature connected from the righteous judgments which with the first celebration of the pass-God visits upon sin. The result of this over in Egypt, was not preserved in last plague upon the Egyptians, from later times in Palestine, where it would which the children of Israel were only have been without meaning. The Chri- saved by the bl ol of the passover, was tian Church has acted on the same their immediate deliverance from the principle in dropping some of the non- land of their bondage. In that very essential circumstances connected with nigbt, at the urgent entreaty of Pharaoh the first celebration of the Lord's Sup- and his people, who were now thoroughly per, such as feet washing, the use of scared, the Israelites began their jourunleavened bread, etc. It is the Lord's ney from Egypt to the land of promise, passover. A sacrificial offering to Jeho-verses 31-36 vah, and a symbol of Jehovah's passing VERSE 14. And this day. The over the houses of the children of Is. fourteenth day of Abib or Nisan, the rael, when He smote the Egyptians. first month of the sacred Hebrew year. This is the reason given for the name shall be unto you for a memorial. Ye in verses 12-13. I will pass through shall remember it and observe it as a

.... and will smite all the firstborn sacred feast to Jehovah in commemorain the land of Egypt. The fulfillment tion of your deliverance from the land of this declaration is recorded in verses of Egypt. Ye shall keep it a feast by an 29-31. The means by which it was ordinance forever. Boch the day and fulfilled was the well-known Egyptian the sacrifice were to be permanently plague or pestilence, which prevails in observed by the Israelites as a sacred that country, more or less, at all times, I ordinance. In later times, eight days

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