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AUGUST 21.

1881.

Tenth Sunday after Trinity.

KEY-NOTE : "The manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal."

LESSON XXXIV.

The Manna.—Exod. xvi. 1-8.

1. And they took their journey from Elim, ' 5. And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth and all the congregation of the children of Israel day they shall prepare that which they bring came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is be- in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather tween Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of daily. the second month after their departing out of 6. And Moses and Aaron said unto all the the land of Egypt.

children of Israel, At even, then ye shall know 2. And the whole congregation of the children that the Lord hath brought you out from the of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in land of Egypt. • the wilderness.

7. And in the morning, then ye shall see the 3. And the children of Israel said unto them, glory of the Lord; for that be heareth your Would to God we bad died by the hand of the murmuring against the Lord : and what are Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the we that ye murmur against us? flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the 8. And Moses said, This shall be when the full; for ye have brought us forth into this Lord shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with and in the morniog bread to the full ; for that hunger.

the Lord heareth your murmurings which ve 4. Then said the Lord unto Moses, Behold, I murmur against him: and what are we? Your will rain bread from heaven for you; and the murmurings are not against us, but against the people shall go out and gather a certain rate Lord. every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law or no.

QUESTIONS.

'What is the Gospel for this day? What are VERSES 4-5. What did the Lord say to its contents? What is the key-note ? Whence Moses? What was this bread from heaven? is it taken? Wbat is the design of spiritual | Verses 14-15. What does Manna mean? Is gifts? How are they related to suffering What Manna found in that region now? Was this do we pray in the Collection

the true bread from heaven? John vi. 32. What What was the subject of our last lesson ? is the bread of life? What directions did the Whither did the children of Israel go after Lord give in reference to gathering the Manna ? crossing the sea ? Exod. xv. 22. What want Why must it be gathered every day? Why do met them in the wilderness? What was their we pray, Give us this day our daily bread. first camping place ? Num, xxxii. 8. What Why was a double portion to be gathered on the is said of the waters of Marah ? Exod. xv. 23. sixth day ? Had the Sabbath then already been How was the water made sweet? Whither did instituted ? How long did the supply of Manna they go from Marah ? xv. 27.

last? Ver. 35. VERSE 1. Where was Elim? What did the | VERSES 6-7. What did Moses and Aaron say Israelites find at Elim? What was their next | to the children of Israel? How had the chilcampiog place, after leaving Elim? Num. dren of Israel blamed Moses and Aaron for Xxxii. 10. Whither did they proceed from the having brought them out of Egypt? Did they Red Sea? Where was the wilderness of Sin? not know better? How were they to learn that When did they arrive in the wilderness of Sin? the Lord had done it? Vers. 12-13. How were How long was this after leaving Rameses ? they to see the glory of the Lord ?

VERSES 2-3. What did the children of Israel VERSE 8. How is this verse related to the two do here? Was this the first time they mur preceding ones? What kind of flesh did the mured? What did they murmur aboui here? Lord give the children of Israel? Were these What did they say to Moses and Aaron? What i natural quails ? Was their coming up at this did they mean by the hand of the Lord ? What

| time in such numbers & natural occurrence ? particularly do they miss now? Did they pre What kind of bread is that bere spoken of? fer the flesh pots of Egypt to their liberty ? How were these miracles related to the glory of Why? Are Cbristians in their pilgrimage to the Lord! What does Moses here say about the heavenly Canaan often guilty of a similar the murmurings of the Israelites? How bad folly ? How did the Israelites expect to perish they murmured against the Lord ? Are those in the wilderness? Does that show that they who murmur against the servants of the Lord, had already forgotten God's wonders in their always offending the Lord Himself? bebalf?

NOTES.—The Gospel for this day of the children of Israel murmured. This shows us our Lord as He is approach was not their first murmuring. They mur. ing His passion, weeping tears of com- mured already when they camo to Mapassion over impenitent, unbelieving rah, be cause of the want of water. But Jerusalem. Hence this Sunday bas here the discontent seems to bave been been called Sunday of suffering. Per- both more general and more intense baps instead of suffering (passion), it than there. There it is said the people would be more exact to say fellowship murmured against Moses, which proof suffering (compassion). The Epistle bably does not mean the whole people. for the day treats of spiritual gifts But here it is the whole congregation or (manifestations of the Spirit) which, multitude of the people that murmur; though of various kinds, and bestowed and they express their dissatisfaction in various measures upon different indi- with Moses and Aaron in the most viduals, have for their design the com- bitter terms. The cause of this disconmon profit of all believers, the edifica- tent was the want of food. It was a tion of the body of Christ. These gifts, month now since they had left Egypt. and their exercise, are most strongly The provisions which they had carried demanded, and become most illustrious, with them were consumed. And here in conditions of suffering. Then their they were, a multitude of perhaps two moving principle is sympathy with the millions of people, in a barren desert, suffering of Christ, for which we pray which yielded no supplies, no bread for in the Collect of this day,

their children, no grass for their cattle, After crossing the sea, the children and but small and uncertain quuuof Israel entered the wilderness of Sbur tities of water. Regarded simply from or Etbam, which lies to the north and a natural standpoint, their situation east of the head of the gulf of Suez, was one well calculated to make people where they wandered for three days discontented and gloomy. Would to without finding water. Passivg south- God we had died by the hand of the Lord ward they came to Marah, their first in the land of Egypt, i. e., by means of camping place, whose bitter waters were the plagues which the Lord bad brought made sweet by stirring them with a upon the land of Egypt, especially the certain tree or shrub (Exod. xv. 22– last one, namely the pestilence which 25). From Marah they journeyed still carried off the firstborn. When we sat farther south, and encamped at Elim. by the flesh pots and did eat bread to the Here our present lesson opens.

full. When they were in Egypt, alVer.1. Elim. This was a pleasantoasis, though they were groaning under cruel now called Wady (valley) Ghurundel ; bondage, under which they could not and here they found twelve wells of work out their grand destiny, yet their water and seventy palm-trees. Their bodily wants were at least supplied. next camping place after leaving Elim, They had meat enough to eat, and was on the Red Sea, (Num. xxxiii. 10), desert, it seemed to them. no doubt, a where nothing of importance seems to bread enough. And these luxuries they have occurred. From the Red Sea, now missed. In their privations in the they directed their course towards Mount if they could smell the very odor of the Sinai, which was the objective point of steaming flesh pots by which they used to their journey from the beginning; and sit, and their mouths must often have came unto the wilderness of sin. The watered for the delicious vegetables word Sin seems to have the opposite which they used to eat on the banks of significations of miry and rocky. Here the Nile. And now they would have it is used in the latter sense. The wil- preferred the flesh pots and the bread derness of Sin is described as lying of Egypt to their liberty itself, because between Elim and Sinai. Of its prccise that liberty could only be maintained extent, and of the spot where the events by enduring hardships and suffering here recorded occurred, we have no in- privations. But Christians in their formation. On the fifteenth day of the journeyings towards the heavenly Caseccond month i, e., just one month after naan are often guilty of a similar folly. their departure from Rameses.

In order to the perfection of our spi. VERSES 2-3. The whole congregation ritual nature, the lusis of the flesh

must be denied; and there are many given daily, and must be gathered who prefer to enjoy the pleasures of sin daily, in order to cultivate a sense of for a season, rather than suffer afflic- perpetual dependence upon Jehovah. tion for the sake of the kingdom of For the like reason we are directed to heaven. To kill this whole assembly with pray, Give us this day our daily bread. hunger. It was only a month since Daily must we feel our dependence they had seen the last of God's great upon God, daily ask Him for material wonders in their behalf, and already and spiritual food, and daily be thankful. they expected to perish of hunger! to Him for the same. On the si.cth How soon God's miraculous works are day .... twice as much. Because the forgotten!

following day was the Sabbath, on VERSES 4-5. I will rain bread from which none was to be gathered. From heaven for you. God's common way of this and other incidents of the Bible, giving bread is to cause the earth to we learn that the institution of the produce it. ' It comes, indeed, from Sabbath existed previous to the proheaven, the source of light and mois-mulgation of the law at Sipai, and also ture, but it comes mediately through that on the appointed day of rest we the earth. But here in the desert, should abstain from all secular labor. where the earth is incapable of pro- People ought to make their preparation ducing it, God promises to give it on Saturday for the devout observance directly from heaven. The fulfillment of Sunday. of this promise is recorded in verses VERSES 6–7. At even ye shall know 1-15. The miraculous bread which that the Lord hath brought you out, etc. God gave His people in the wilderness The children of Israel had blamed was manna, which is described as a Moses and Aaron for having brought small, round thing, as small as the them into their present situation. They hoar frost on the ground, being white, said to them, “Ye have brought us and resembling coriander-seed, and forth into this wilderness to kill us tasting like wafers made with honey. with hunger.” But this was merely The derivation of the word manna is the language of unreflecting anger, not uncertain. The one proposed by Jose- of sober thought; for if they had phus, and adopted by many, that the thought soberly, they must have known word is composed of an interrogative better. And now they are to be brought pronoun and adverb, and signifies What to their sober senses again, and made is it? is certainly incorrect. Perbaps it to acknowledge Jehovah's presence and comes from a verb which signifies to power among them by the miraculous divide, and signifies division, appor- provision of meat (quails) and bread tionment. A substance called mannda (manna). In the morning ye shatl se by the Arabs, is a natural product of the glory of the Lord. Ye shall see the Sinaitic peninsula, exuding from and experience His glorious power in the branches and leaves of the tamarisk the miraculous gifts of flesh and bread.” tree. This may have been the natural | But see verse 10. basis of the miraculous manna. But VERSE 8. Further explanation of there are in portant differences between the thought of the two preceding this and that. The natural manna is verses. This shall be, i. e., Ye shall produced only at certain seasons of the receive new evidences of Jehovah's preyear, and then only in small quan- sence and power among you, when the tities. The miraculous manna was pro- | Lord shall give you in the evening flesh duced in very large quantities, at all to eat, etc. The reference is to the seasons, during a period of forty years miraculous appearance of quails (verse (ver. 35), and possessed qualities essen- | 13). The quail is a bird resembling lially different from the natural. This our partridge and pheasant, and belongs manna, produced for the preservation to the same family. It is a migratory of the natural life of Israel, was a type bird, passing from south to north in imof the life-giving energy which is in mense numbers in the spring of the Christ, who is therefore the true bread year, and is nowhere more commou of life. See Joha vi. 35. Gather a ihan in the neighborhood of the Red certain rate every day. The manna was Sea. “When exhausted by a long

flight it is easily captured even with the picturing the ranks of drunkenness as hand.” Thus this miracle also had its composed of the brilliant intellect, the natural foundation. It was the spring generous of heart, and generally the of the year, the time when the birds nobility of Nature ; while they intimate were on their passage to the north. that those who lead temperate lives do The miraculous element consisted in the so because they are too mean to spend prediction of their appearance by Moses, the money to become drunkards. It is · in their coming up just when they were time that this kind of miserable and inneeded, and in their coming in such jurious stuff should be sternly rebuked, immense numbers, as to cover the whether it be indulged in on the lecture camp of Israel. And in the morning platform or elsewhere, for it is the inbread to the full, i. e., the manna. The vitation, above all other forms of enquais came in the evening, and the couragement, that leads the thoughtles: inanna was found in the morning, after young man to his cups. Make thi ihe children of Israel had clamored for ordinary youih believe that it is an evifood. These coincidences were all mi- dence of genius and whole-souled manliraculous, showing that Jehovah heard ness to fire his brain with alcohol, while the murmurings of the children of Is- it is a suggestion of stinginess to keep rael, and manifesting His glory; as away from it, and you have got him Jesus also is said to have manifested very far on the road to the drunkard's His glory by means of the miracles ignoble end. Drunkenness an evidence which He perfurmed. Compare John of manliness! a tribute to genius! a tes. ii. 11. Your murmurings are not against timony to generosity! The evil one us, but against the Lord. Moses and himself could not desire a more shameAaron were but instruments of the ful perversion of the truth to help his Lord. From the first they appeared cause. Why, there is nothing mean, in that character. They attested their brutal, detestable and ignorant in this divine commission by the miraculous world that is not found in drunkenness; signs which Jehovah had given them. and the young man with any self-reThis the people had not forgotten. spect, with any respect for those interThey knew very well that, not Moses ested in him, should shun it as he would and Aaron, but Jehovah, the God of the leprosy. It takes a man with low their fathers, had brought them out of and brutal instincts to be a drunkard Egypt; and hence their rebellious mur- for in doing so he must forget every wuring against Moses and Aaron was holy family relation to be able in his in fact a murmuring against Jehovah drunken idiocy or frenzy to bring agony Himself. So those who find fault with to a mother's heart, or shame and disthe servants of God, and grumble about grace to wife and children. Genius! them for their discharge of the duties generosity! noblepess! in such a creaentrusted to them, are always offending ture! Shame on them and shame on against God Himself. When, for instance, those who would endeavor to clothe such the minister of the Gospel rebukes the a life with the glitter of tempting and sins which God in His word orders him lying attractions. to rebuke, many people find fault with the minister and grumble about him,

The Village Pastor. when in fact God Himself is the real object of their

At dawn he marks the smoke among the trees, rebellious thoughts. From hearths to which his daily footsteps go : They only abuse the minister because And hopes, and fears, and ponders on his knees, God Himself is beyond their reach. If his poor sheep will heed his voice or no; Could the children of Israel bave gotten What wholesome turn will Ailsie's sorrow take? at Jehovah, they would not have mur

Her latest sin will careless Annie rue ?

Will Robin now, at last, his wiles forsake ? mured against Moses and Aaron.

Meet his old dupes, yet hold his balance true ?

He prays at noon with all the warmth of heaven Is It the NOBLE IN NATURE W10 About his heart, that each may be forgiven ; BECOME DRUNKARDS? -- There is no He prays at eve; and through the midnight air class of declaimers with whom we have

Sends holy ventures to the throne above.

| His very dreams are faithful to his prayer, less patience than those who seek op- And 'follow, with closed eyes, the path of portunity for a little flighty oratory, by love.-Charles Tennyson Turner.

AUGUST 28.

1881.

Eleventh Sunday after Trinity.

KEY-NOTE: "Every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth

himself shall be exalted."

LESSON XXXV.

The Commandments.—Exod. xx. 1-11.

1. And God spake all these words, saying, I 7. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord

2. I am the Lord thy God, which have thy God in vain : for the Lord will not hold brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. the bouse of bondage.

8. Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 3. Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 9. Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy

4. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven work: image, or any likeness of anything that is in 10. But the seventh day is the sabbath of the heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, Lord thy God :: in it thou shalt not do any or that is in the water under the earth.

work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy 5. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates : jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers 11. For in six days the Lord made heaven upon the children unto the third and fourth and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and generation of them that hate me:

rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord 6. And showing mercy unto thousands of blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. them that love me, and keep my commandments.

QUESTIONS.

What is our key-note to-day? How is it | we worship? Would it be fulfilling the comrelated to the Gospel? How is the same lesson mandment, to worship nothing at all? Why taught us in the Epistle?

does God want us to worship Him ? Whither did the children of Israel go from VERSES 4-6. Repeat the second commandthe wilderness of Sin? Exod. xvii. 1. What ment. What does God forbid here? Of what three events occurred at Rephidim? How long things are we not to make images ? For what did they probably remain here? Whither did purpose are we not to make images of these they remove from Repbidim? When did they things? Would the use of symbolic images in arrive in the desert of Sinai? Exod. xix. 1, 2. the worship of God soon degenerate into idolaWhat occurred here?

try? How are to worship God? John iv. 23, VERSE 1. Whence did God speak? Where 24. What only medium of worship has God were the people? Exod. xix. 17. How did allowed ? Ver. 24. What reason for observing God speak to them? What is meant by these this commandment is there added to it? How words? How many are the commandments ? does that apply particularly to this command. How are they divided ? What does the first ment? table teach? What does the second teach? VERSE 7. Repeat the third commandment. Which of these are we going to study to- How may the name of God be taken in vain ? dav?

What is cursing? What perjury? What is a VER. 2. How is this declaration related to the lawful oath ? What does God here say of those commandments? What two reasons does the who take His name in vain? What does that Lord here give for claiming obedience to the mean? How was profanity punished in the commandments? Do the same reasons exist in Old Testament? Lev. xxiv. 16. How only the case of Christians? How has the Lord must the name of God be used ? come to be our God ? From what has He de VERSES 8-11. What is the fourth commandlivered us? Could we otherwise keep the com. ment? What does Sabbath mean? What is mandments?

the meaning of remember! Had it ever been VERSE 3. Can you repeat the first command. | observed beiore? Is this an arbitrary command ? ment? Are there any other gods besides Jeho On what necessity of our nature does it rest? vah? What then does the commandment mean? What is forbidden on this day? How is it to What are those people called who believe in be kept ? Does all this apply to our Sunday or mapy gods? How could people ever come to Lord's day ? Has the commandment ever been believe in many gods? What are those objects i abolished ? How should we keep the Lord's called which the heathen worship? Does idol day? Heid. Cat., Qu. 103. What are the atry consist only in worshiping actual idols? | most common ways in which the Lord's day is Eph. v. 5; Col. iii. 5. Whom are we to love now profaned? In what one commandment, supremely ? Matt. xxii. 37. In whom only as their common principle, may these four be are we to put all our trust? Whom only must summed up?

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