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Impressions of Bagdad. bottoms of all his cooking utenti's. It
was a dozen New Year's Eves, Fourth To receive a favorable impression of of Julys, and wedding serenades rolled Bagdad, one should approach it, as it into one, and the noise was sufficient to was my good fortune to do, on an early drive away a whole army of evil spirits, morning in spring. For miles below even at so great a distance.—“ Arbistan, we had been passing through groves of or the Lady of the Arabian Nights," by date-palms and orange trees, and the William Perry Fogg. fragrance of their blossoms was almost oppressive. The Tigris is here nearly balf a mile wide, and flows in a broad,
Daniel Webster as a Poet. full stream, wasbing the buildings and gardens on either side. The city seems half buried in palm-trees, which rise
Charles was the youngest of Mr. above the buildings in every direction,
Webster's children, loved with all the but far above the palms tower the cu
strength of the great heart of his father polas and minarets, ornamented with
and all the affection of his devoted mocolored glazed tiles, arranged in ara
ther. Mr. Webster made no pretensions besque designs. The houses facing the
to be a writer of poetry, yet, as his bioriver are not imposing in height or style
grapher says, among all the productions of architecture. They are dwellings
in which the idea of the earlier immorand not places for business. The numer
tality of a child has been mingled with ous lattices, projecting windows, and
parental grief, few are more touching verandas looking out on the stream,
than some of the stanzas which he sent give them a picturesque and agreeable
to his wife after the death of this little appearance. Many houses have small
son. Among them are the following: gardens facing the river, where one can
My son thou wast my heart's delight, see the bright spring flowers, and lat-'Thy morn of life was gay and cheery; ticed awnings of wood or canvas, under | That morn has rushed to sudden night, which are seats or divans, suggestive Thy father's home is sad and dreary. of the coolness and comfort of an out- | I held thee on my knee, my son! door lounge.
And kissed thee laughing, kissed thee weep. Shortly after my arrival at Bagdad, ing; . on the evening of the first of May, as
Thou’rt with thy angel sister sleeping. we were dining at eight o'clock on the terrace, we were startled by a terrific The staff on which my years should lean dio. We then noticed that there was a Is broken ere those years come o'er me; nearly total eclipse of the moon, and on
My funeral rites thou should'st have seen,
But thou art in the tomb before me. consulting an English almanac we found that “it would be invisible at Greeu Thou rear'st to me no filial stone, wich, but a total eclipse in Australia
No parent's grave with tears beholdest;
Thou art my ancestor--my son ! and some parts of Asia.” The tumult
And stand'st in Heaven's account the oldest. increased, and soon the whole population of Bagdad seemed to have assem. On earth my lot was soonest cast, bled on the housetops, armed with pots, .
Thy generation after mine ;
| Thou hast thy predecessor past, pans, and kitchen utensils, which they
Earlier eternity is thine, beat with tremendous clatter, at the tame time screaming and howling at
| I should have set before thine eyes
The road to Heaven, and showed it clear; the top of their voices. Frequent ex
But thou, untaught, spring'st to the skies, plosions of guns and pistols added to /
And leavest thy teacher lingering here. ihe turmoil, and it was kept up for nearly an hour, until they had succeeded
Sweet Seraph, I'would learn of thee,
And hasten to partake thy bliss ! in frightening away the Jin, or evil
| And, oh! to thy world welcome me; spirit, who had caught hold of the | As first I welcomed thee to this. planet. It was a most amusing scene.
Dear Angel, thou art safe in Heaven; Our own servants caught the excite
No prayer for thee need more be made; lent, and our host told us next day that Oh! let thy prayers for those be given they had well-nigh knocked out the! Who oft havé blessed thy infant head,
Twelfth Sunday after Trinity.
KEY-NOTE: "Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think anything as of ourselves ;
but our sufficiency is of God."
The Commandments.—Exod. xx. 12–21.
12. Honor thy father and thy mother : that, and the lightnings, and the noise of the thy days may be long upon the land which the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when Lord thy God giveth thee.
the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar 13. Thou shalt not kill.
off. 14. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
19. And they said unto Moses, Speak thou 15. Thou shalt not steal.
with us, and we will hear: but let not God 16. Thou shalt not bear false witness against speak with us, lest we die. thy neighbor.
20. And Moses said unto the people, Fear 17. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house, not: for God is come to prove you, and that his thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, nor his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not. manservant, aor his maidservant, nor his ox, 21. And the people stood afar off, and Moses nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbor's. drew near unto the thick darkness where God
18. And all the people saw the thunderings, was.
What is the key-pote of this Sunday? What | exclude one from the kingdom of heaven? does it mean? Do we learn the same lesson Eph. v. 5; 1 Cor. vi. 9-10. Why are adultery from the Gospel for the day? How?
and unchastity such heinous sins ? 1 Cor. iii. How many commandments are compre. 16-17; vi. 18-20. What does God require in hended in the second table of the law? What this commandment ? duties do they teach us? Who is our neighbor ? | VERSE 15. Repeat the eighth commandment. Into how many classes may our neighbors be What is forbidden in this commandment? Is divided? How many commandments treat of the acquisition of property by misrepresentaour duties to our superiors ? How many treat tion and fraud as bad as stealing? What duties of our duties to our equals ?
are enjoined in this commandment? What is VERSE 12. Repeat the fifth commandment. the ouly right way of getting money or proWhat duties do we owe to our parents? How perty? Is it every one's duty to make an honest are these duties enforced in the New Testa- | living by means of some useful employment? ment? Eph. vi, 1-3 ; Col. iii. 20. What ex. | Eph. iv. 28; 1 Thess. iv. 11-12; 2 Thess. iii. 10. ample has Christ given us in this respect? Luke VERSE 16. Repeat the ninth commandment. ii. 51. Whom besides parents are we required What is forbidden in this coinmandment? Is to honor? Why are parents only mentioned in it ever right to tell a lie? Who is the father of the commandment? What duties do we owe lies ? John viij. 44. Wbat duties are enjoined to our teachers and pastors? Heb. xiii. 17. in this commandment? What habit then should What are our duties to the magistrate ? Rom. we cultivate in reference to truth and falsehood? xiii, 1. What promise is connected with this VERSE 17. Repeat the tenth commandment. commandment? What is the reason of this What is the meaning of the word covet? Wbat promise ?
| things are you not to covet? What is the VERSE 13. Repeat the sixth commandment. meaning of this commandment? What di ties What is forbidden in this commandment? How does it enjoin? How does it differ from the may murder be committed indirectly? What other commandments ? is suicide? Does the commandment forbid all! What is the sum of these six commandments ? motives and acts that may lead to murder ? Matt. xxij. 39; Rom. xiii. 9-10. Are we by Mention some of these. How is the crime of nature able to keep the commandments ? murder to be punished ? Gen. ix. 6. Why? | Whence do we get this ability ? See key-note. Who only has the right to inflict this punish VERSES 18-21. What did the people see ? ment? What duties are enjoined in this com How were they affected? What did they say mandment?
to Moses? Why did they fear to die? What VERSE 14. Repeat the seventh command did Moses say to them? What then, was the ment, Wbat sins are forbidden in this com- | object of the phenomena which they bebeld ? mandment ? Are these among the sins that What did Moses do then? For what purpose ?
NOTES.—The key-note is from the 12, 13; 1 Tim. v. 17. The duties to epistle for the day, and teacbes us that magistrates, or to civil government, are all moral ability must come from God. set forth in Matt. xxii. 21, and Rom. In his natural, fallen state, man is xii. 1. The duty of those in authority neither able fully to know, to will or ac- is to fear God, to rule well, and to be complish that which is good. That which worthy of respect and honor. In a can make him sufficient for this is the country like ours, in which civil rulers grace of God alone. The miracle re- are chosen by the people themselves, corded in the gospel teaches the same it is a sad thing to see men get into truth symbolically, representing the public places, whose moral character is fact, that God must touch and open our such as makes it impossible to respect spiritual senses and faculties, before them. Nothing undermines the founthese can be employed in His service. dations of civil institutions so rapidly
The second table of the law teaches as immorality and want of good charus our moral duties, or the duties which acter in rulers. The fifth command. we owe to our neighbor. By the term ment is the only one that has a promise neighbor, we understand our fellow-men connected with it expressly. The progenerally, or all with whom we come mise is long life and happiness—that into contact, without distinction of race, thy days may be long in the land. And nationality, sex, creed, party, or any there is great reason for joining this other condition. Our neighbors, in this promise precisely with this commandsense, may be divided into two classes, ment; for respect for and obedience to the first comprising our superiors, the lawful authority is an indispensable consecond our equals. The fifth command- dition of individual and national prosment, which forms the transition to the perity. The man who ends his life presecond table, treats of our duties to our maturely on the gallows for violating superiors; the remaining five treat of the laws of the land, began his evil the duties which we owe to our equals. course, probably, by disobeying the au
VERSE 12. Fifth Commandment. thority of his parents. How lawlessThe duties which we owe to our parents ness and bad government destroy all are to respect, to love, and to obey them. national prosperity and make life a The duties involved in this command burden, we see in the Holy Land itselt, ment are frequently dwelt upon both in which has been for ages cursed with the the Old Testament and in the New.dominion of the Turk and the presence The divine curse is pronounced upon of wild hordes of marauding Arabs. him that setteth light by (esteems lightly) VERSE 13. Sixth Commandment. his father or his mother (Deut. xxxvii. This commandment forbids murder, or 16). St. Paul says, “ Children, obey the unlawful taking of human life. your parents in the Lord; for this is Murder may be committed indirectly, right." See Eph. vi. 1-3, and Col. iji. as well as directly. David, who pro20. Christ was “subject to His parents" cured the destruction of Uriah by indi(Luke ii. 51), and has thus set ad rect means (2 Sam, xii. 14-17), was a example of filial obedience to all Chris murderer no less than Joab, who smote tian children. But the fifth command- Abner under the fifth rib (2 Sam. iii. ment requires us, besides our parents, 27). The tavern-keeper who sells his to honor all who are in authority over poisonous liquors to his neighbors until us, whether as guardians, masters, they are ruined in soul and body, is a teachers, pastors or civil magistrates. murderer of as deeply damning guilt, Parents only are mentioned, because as he who shoots down his victim in the parental authority is the root of all street. So the adulteration of drugs other authority. In the earliest stages and of food (milk, flour, sugar, etc.,) by of society, the father was both the king which life may be endangered or deand priest of his family; and out of stroyed, is an indirect means of comthis relation has grown all religious and mitting murder. The prohibition of civil government. For the duties of suicide, or self-murder, is involved in the pupils to their teachers, and of church prohibition of murder; and this may be members to their pastors and spiritual caused indirectly, too, (by intemperance, rulers, see Heb. xiii. 17; 1 Thess. v. self-abuse, needless exposure, etc.,) as well as directly. Along with the crime to emphasize the wrongfulness of all of murder, God forbids in this com manner of dishonesty and fraud. To mandment every motive and act that obtain property or money by misrepremay lead to murder. Among these sentation, by taking advantage of causes of murder are jealousy, envy, others' ignorance, or of the tricks and hatred, wrath, covetousness, lust, in- devices of the law, and by false methods temperance, etc. Drunkenness is a most of dealing, is by many considered as frequent cause of murder, and a vice scarcely dishonorable, but only as an which itself shuts one out from the king evidence of smartness; and the people dom of heaven. The crime of murder who are gifted with this smartness (of is to be punished with death (Gen. ix. which the devil, no doubt, also possesses 6). The reason of this is that man is a good share) move in good society (?) made in the image of God. Whoever, and even glide into places of power. therefore, lays violent bands on the life But to acquire property in any of these of his fellow-man, assaults the image of ways is simply no better and no worse God Himself, and must perish. This than stealing it. The man who takes penalty, however, is to be inflicted only advantage of my ignorance in order to by the magistrate, who represents the get my property or money without an divine authority ou earth.
equivalent, might as well steal my VERSE 14. Seventh Commandment. purse. The commandment enjoins laIn this commandment, God forbids the bor and honest industry as ihe only abuse of our sexual instincts and the means to gratify the desire for the posperversion of our sexual relations; that session of property. The only right is, fornication, unchastity, self-abuse, way of getting either money or property and all impurity in feeling, thought is to give a fair equivalent for it, either and word. These are among the sins in labor or in some other form. It is said which are especially mentioned in Scrip. that the world owes every one a living. ture as excluding one from the kingdom That is true. But every one, also, of God (Eph. v. 5; 1 Cor. vi. 9, 10). owes the world some service. It is These sins are so heinous, because there every one's duty to have some useful by men dishonor and corrupt their employment. The man who lacks this, bodies and souls, which are the temples and yet manages to get a living, simply of God and of the Holy Ghost (1 Cor. steals it. This is true not only of those iii. 16, 17; vii. 18-20). Among the who break into their neighbor's granary most frequent causes of these sins are at night and steal their provisions, but intemperance in eating and drinking, of those also who buy them without idleness, luxury, the reading of obscene ever expecting to pay for them, as well books, etc. All these, of course, fall as of those whose occupation is in no under the condemnation of the com- way useful to anybody. : mandment. Another fruitful source of VERSE 16. Ninih Commandment. the violation of this commandment is In this commandment God not only the too early development of the sexual forbids false witness before a court of feelings in the young Boys and girls, justice, but also lying, slander, uncharilong before their mental and physical table judgment, and whatever tends to development is completed, have their injure the good name of our neighbor. minds occupied with thoughts of the It is never right to tell a lie. There may opposite sex, of courtship and of mar- be occasions where it may not be experiage; and the result is that there are dient to tell the truth, but even then it is frequent cases of fornication, and many not right to tell a lie. God is truth; and unhappy marriages. On this subject we ought to be truthful as God is. The plain speech is required; and here pa- devil is a liar, and the father of lies, and rents and teachers owe a duty which by indulging in falsehood, we become they cannot too faithfully discharge. more and more children of the devil.
VERSE 15. Eighth Commandment. The duties which God requires in this In this commandment God forbids rob-commandment are truthfulness, honesty, bery, theft, fraud and all injury to the good faith to our neighbor, and a sacred property of our neighbor. In our age regard for his good name. We should, and country, it is especially necessary therefore, cultivate the habit of strict truthfulness in all our conversation and afterwards called the book of the covespeech-Deper jest or trifle with the nant (Exod. xxiv. 7). truth, never stretch it, never suppress it. But at the sanje time, we should remember that the truth is never to be Mr. Longfellow's First Poem. spoken otherwise than in love (Epb. iv. 15). If you can speak no good of your When our great poet was nine years neighbor, love may require you not to old, his master wanted him to write a speak at all.
"composition.” Little Henry, like all VERSE 17. Tenth Commandment. To children, sbrank from the undertaking. covet means to desire inordinately, to His master said : Ju-t after something. Thy neighbor's “You can write words, can you not ?" house . . . wife, etc. Among these par- “ Yes," was the reply. ticulars is included everything that be- “ Then you can put words togeJongs to our neighbor. The command-ther !" ment means first, that we are to be con- “Yes, sir.” tented with our own lot and with our “Then," said the master, “you may own possessions, and secondly, that we take your slate and go out behind the should not suffer the desire to arise school-house, and there you can find within us of possessing what belongs to something to write about, and then you our neighbor, without being willing or can tell what it is, what it is for, and able to give him an equivalent there what is to be done with it; and that will fore. The commandment requires that be a composition.” we should love our neighbor as our Henry took his slate and went out. selves, wish him every blessing, and re- He went behind Mr. Finney's barn, joice to see him happy in the enjoyment which chanced to be near by, and seeing even of those things wbich may be de-a fine turnip growing up, he thought he pied to us. This commandment differs knew what that was, what it was for, and from the rest, in that it deals not simply what would be done with it. with outward acts, but penetrates to the A balf hour had been allowed to motives, the intentions, the feelings and Henry for his first undertaking in purposes of the heart. It is the motive writing compositions. In half an hour or intention that gives acts their true be carried in his work, all accomplished, character, either as moral or immoral. and the master is said to have been afThis commandment, therefore, lies at fected almost to tears when he saw what the foundation of all the other com- little Henry bad done in that short mandments of the second table. And uime : what is called the sum and the fulfilling
MR. FINNEY'S TURNIP. of the whole law (Matt. xxii. 39; Rom. xiii. 9, 10), “Thou shalt love thy neigh
Mr. Finney had a turnip,
And it grew, and it grew; bor as thyself,'' is only the positive ex
And it grew behind the barn, pression of this last command.
And the turnip did no harm. VERSES 18–21. The thunderings, etc.
And it grew, and it grew, Those which preceded, and perhaps
Till it could grow no taller ; continued during, the delivery of the Then Mr. Finney took it up commandments. Lest we die. This fear
And put it in the cellar. of dying in consequence of direct inter
There it lay, there it lay, course with God, is the result of sin. If
Till it began to rot; men were not sinners, they would not When his daughter Susie washed it, fear to meet God either in the phenomena And she put it in the pot. of nature, or in the sphere of the super Then she boiled it, and boiled it, natural. And Moses drew near. How
As long as she was able; ever the ten commandments may have
Then his daughter Lizzie took it,
And she put it on the table. heen revealed, Moses now becomes the mediator of the further legislation in
Mr. Finney and his wife
Both sat down to sup; behalf of Israel. The laws which he
And they ate, and they ate, now obtained are recorded in the next
Until they ate the turnip up! three chapters, and these form what is