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every Christian chould follow: firm de- might be the weakness of vanity, but it votion to principles ; charity in matters would not be the weakness of an humble of indifference. Were St. Paul living sinner. now, he would probably, as a general VERSE 24. Know ye not, &c. As an thing, abstain from the use of wine illustration of his theme the Apostle here (and he certainly would never go into calls to the attention of his readers the a tavern or saloon to get a drink); but races, or contests in running, connected if this were demanded of him as a mat- with the Grecian games, with which his ter of principle, to be forced upon all readers were familiar. These games men; in the manner of the ancient Cos were of different kinds and were celelossian errorists, or in the manner of brated at different times and places those in modern tim s who curse the throughout Greece. Those with which gifts of God (Ps. civ. 15) even including the readers of this Epistle were most fathe communion wine, the Apostle would miliar, were the Isthmian, which were undoubtedly protest in the most vigo celebrated every second year on the rous terms, as he did against those Co. Isthmus of Corinth. They consisted lossian errorists (Col. ii. 20-23). That in contests in music, poetry, chariot

I might by all means save some. God races, running, wrestling, boxing, &c. will have all men to be saved, but their The victors in these contests received as salvation can only be accomplished a prize a crown of laurel, were led home through human agency. God uses in triumph by their friends, had their men to save men. And to be employed praises celebrated by the poets, and were as an instrument of salvation to others ever after regarded as illustrious men. is the noblest use to which a man can To win a prize in any of these contests be put.

was a matter of the highest ambition, VERSE 23. And this I do. I prac- and those engaged therein would strive tise this self-denial and make these sa- most earnestly. And to one of these, crifices. For the Gospel's sake, i. e. in pamely the foot-race, the Apostle comorder to promote its progress. That I pares the Christian life, because the might be partaker thereof with you. That final victory can not be won without the I may share the blessings thereof with utmost exertion. you—that we may be in common VERSE 25. Every man that striveth partakers of salvation. Every temperate, i. e, exercises selftian, as a condition of his own salvation control, practises moderation. For must earnestly desire and labor for the months before, those contemplating to salvation of others. And in order to engage in these coutests, exercised thempromote the salvation of others, it may selves with a view to it, abstaining from often become our duty to practise self every thing that could enfeeble the deo al from a cousideration of their body, doing every thing that could weakoesses, prejudices, vices (Rom. xv. strengthen it, and getting it under per1). And this duty does not apply fect control. That is the fundamental simply to the use of strong drinks, but meaning of temperance. The original of every thing else. See Rom. xiv. 21. word here is derived from en (in) and We are to do nothing that, either in the kratos (power) and signifies to have oneway of example or of direct provocation, self in one's own power, then to exercise will cause any body to sin. But this is self-control. They do it to obtain a cora rule that can not be enforced by for- ruptible crown, i. e. one composed of mal regulations. The weak have no laurel. We an incorruptible. Eternal right to demand it. If they should pre- life and glory. In order to win this we sume to do this, that would prove them also must be temperate in all things. to be no longer weak, but insolent and We must not let our appetites, passions, vain, and would put them beyond the lusts control us, but we (the self, the reach of the benefit to be derived from reason and will) must control and hold the self-denial of the strong. What to their proper functions all these lower consideration does the drunkard de tendencies of our nature.--Qae of the serve, who insists on all temperate men most dangerous kinds of intemperance, to take a pledge of total abstinence, as of which it is positively declared in a condition of keeping him sober? That Scripture (1 Cor. vi. 10) that it ex. cludes from the inheritance of the king- lusts, must still ever consist in self-condom of God, is drunkenness. This is a trol (the exercise of the power of reason monstrous evil, which is daily sending and will over the lower appetites and thousands of souls to perdition. And desires). Intemperance is not a disease, yet strange to tell, much of the tempe- like scarlatina forinstance, that involves rance work of the day, instead of help the individual in no moral responsibili. ing the weak to gain proper control over ty, and that can be cured simply by the themselves, consists simply in quarreling application of remedies from without. with those who do control themselves! It is a vice, a sin, which results from the The idea seems to be that one can not will entering into the lusts of the body be sober until every body else bas be- and fertilizing them (James i. 15). The come a total abstainer. Think of a remedy against it must, therefore, lie Grecian, preparing for the race-course equally in the divine grace and in the taking such a position! But he who self-determining power of the will. No strove for a corruptible crown was not amount of outward pressure, no external 80 foolish. Others might give them- helps merely can produce temperance. selves up to the indulgence of their Only God's grace in the soul and the lusts ; that was nothing to the man who due exertion of self (reason and will) expected to win a crown; he kept on can ever do it. exercising himself and getting control over his body all the same. And that is the example which St. Paul GATHER TAEM IN.-Iu every Sunholds up to the Christian. Let not your day-school there are a number of young temperance be conditioned on the con- people, whom the teacher would recogduct of others. That is no true tempe- nize as properly disposed toward relirance, or self-control, at all, which is gious influences. They are attentive, dependent only on external pressure. thoughtful. They seem not to be of.

VERSES 26-27. I therefore so run, i. fended, but to take pleasure, when gee. I do not wait to see what others neral instructions are given bearing on may do. Not as uncertainly, but direct-Christian life. They are faithful to ly towards the goal and certain of the their religious duties. They are regu. issue. One that beateth the air, iusteadlar attendants at church and Sundayof hitting the antagonist. The man who school. They are evidently trying, in strikes at rándom, without hitting the a considerable measure, to do what is intended object, is said to beat the air. right. They never fail of their form of I keep under my body, &c. That is the prayer on retiring to sleep. They say, necessary condition of temperance. The or would say, they want to be Christians. appetites and desires which lead to in- Of many such the pastor or superintemperance have their seat in the body. I tendent would say, that he hoped they These, therefore, need to be watched and were already Christians. Now, it is a subdued. The intemperate man's worst wicked shame to the church that it enemies are not taverns and breweries, should allow such souls to drift and but his own appetites; and simply to drift along year after year, waiting for fight the former, would only be to beat a revival, without gathering them into the air; the real battle must be with the its communion, Gather them in. They latter. But how can these be over- are waiting to be gathered into the come and the body kept in subjection ? | church. They are in danger while left Only by the grace of Christ and the in- outeide ; in danger of relapsing, through fluence of the Holy Spirit (Rom. vii. your neglect, into heedlessness and sin. 24–25; Gal. v. 6). But let it be re- - Independent. membered that the Spirit will not govern and lead us without regard to our own will. All Christian virtues, though A FALL of one inch in ten miles in a they are the fruits of the Spirit, must river will produce a current. The slope nevertheless be also the product of our of the rivers flowing into the Mississippi own will. Temperance, though only from the east is about three inches per possible by the aid of divino grace de- mile; from the west six inches per livering us from the power of sinful mile.


OCTOBER, 1881.

NO. 10,

Editorial Notes.

the sexes as it prevails in certain insti

tutions of learning can in the end sucA ROOM full of little school children ceed. It is not in keeping with the in town or country is a pleasing scene. normal condition of things. What may If not on the same benches and along answer for the little boy and girl in the the same desks, at least in the same primary school-room will not answer for room, boys and girls in harmless proxi- the same persons ten years later. mity, and from the same text books, con On this subject the Christian Intelliover their lessons. Some of us older gencer says: people used to sit on longer benches – “During the earlier years of life, broand the old-time desks had room for thers and sisters can keep pace with ten or a dozen scholars instead of for each other in acquirement-with perone or two. Then as now the irrepres- haps the difference that the girls appresible boy with his barlow knife, instead hend with rather more quickness than of studying bis open bock before him, the boys, and to a certain point outshine carved and whittled his odd devices on them in the display of their attainments. bench and desk. Boys and girls were While they are little children under the in the same room, and often in the same sheltering wing of the mother, and class; and many a furtive glance did brooded over in the home nest, there is each the other give, as boys and girls no reason for sending them to different are wont to do all the world over. Now primary schools. But there comes a all this may work much good and little lime in tbe experience of parents when harm up to a certain age and stage of they are obliged to recognize with a study. But there comes a time when miogled feeling of pain and pleasure one and the same class, text book and that their young birdlings are preparing school discipline will not answer equally to fly. The boy of fourteen begins to well for the youth and the growing girl. show the ambitions and tendencies of the The one needs a peculiar and special future man. The girl of the same age teaching and training for manly duties, shows in many a subtle way that the qualities and work; the other needs a spirit of womanhood has awakened schooling specially suited to train the within her. Notwithstanding special hands, the heart, and the mind of the and even numerous exceptions, it regirls for the sphere of womanly, if not mains true that the great outside work wifely and motherly, usefulness and of the world is to be done by men. They work. The true system of teaching no are to thrust and parry blows in the less thau the life path of the two sexes conflict, to carry on wars and engage in diverges as they advance in years. The diplomatic strifes, to make money, to type of mind, tastes, sympathies and explore new lands, to take the brunt of point of view are largely different. Even the rough pioneering, and pilot the hun. where both enter the same callings or dred-handed operations of commerce. professions, as clerks, authors, teachers, For their life-labor they need a training or physicians, the same education for somewhat other, in detail, from that reboth must prove abnormal and unpatu- quired by woman, whose kingdom reral. The two are differently consti- mains within the seclusion of home. tuted, and in training and tuition need Hers are the sweet supremacies of love. a correspondingly different treatment. The cradling of infancy in her tender I do not believe that the co-education of arms, the unconquerable strength of pa

tience, and the sacred guiding of child- of despair, and those with whom they hood's opening and most susceptible come in contact are in their eyes alteryears. That some women must enter nately either melodramatic villains plotinto competition with men in the mer- ting their destruction or those angelic caatile arena, that others rightly and beings that have no existence out of with abundant honor may distinguish plays. There are certain qualities which themselves in professional life, proves go to make an actress, and most of them nothing against the rule that woman is go to make a lunatic.” the mother of the race; that she bears in her own person the penalties and LUTHER says: “The devil is very wears on her brow the wreaths of her proud, and what he least likes is to be God-given position. Common sense and laughed at.” And further he says : unprejudiced observation alike indicate “Satan hates music; he knows how it that for her, when the maiden step drives the evil spirit out of us." Both pauses on the threshold where woman- of which sayings are very true. A very hood and childhood meet, there should high authority tells us : “ Be sober, be be a different intellectual discipline from vigilan'," in order to resist the devil. that demanded by the young man.” Which, however, does not mean that to

cultivate a drooping, wilted frame of We have no fears that any of the mind is the chief duty of map. A sulky, girls and young ladies who read the grave-yard spirit is not the spirit of GUARDIAN will ever become stage- Christ. The most saintly have ever struck; that is to say, take a crazy am- been the most joyful people and the bition to become actresses, although most given to sacred songs of praise. some persons as sensible as they have Laughter is not necessarily sinful. At taken the disease to their shame and the proper time and place it may be a sorrow. Strolling through the shaded virtue and prove a great blessing to suburbs of the city of Zurich one day, I others. Somehow I have always felt happened to get near the camp of an myself drawn towards the person capaopen air theatre. It may have been an ble of a hearty, ringing laugh ; and hour or two before the play began. somehow, too, have felt myself strangely Around different tables I saw weary-repulsed from those who could not or looking young women and young men would not laugh outright on right ocsitting with books in hand learning casions. It in some way ever augurs their pieces. Some of the girls, with something wrong. Dr. Taylor, a very elbows propped on the table, leaned | godly man, who gave forty years of his their faces on a hand and toiled at their grand life to save the poor heathen from memorizing task. Others around them degradation and ruin, says: “Be cheercracked jokes with the men. The faces ful. A long face is a breach of the and demeanor of the women indicated peace. Au habitual smile is worth a a painful lack of lady-like qualities. Thousand dollars. The heathens are This female craze for the stage, if per- blue. They go daily with downcast sisted in, in most cases brings its vic- eyes and sorrowful faces. They have tims to grief and ruin. Mr. Labou- no God but devils. Their entire life is chere, a writer otherwise in sympathy one of fear. Their religion excites nowith actors and their profession, says: thing so much as anxious dread. Chris“Actresses live in a world of their own. tianity is hopeful. Let its promises They generally exaggerate every septi- gladden the heart and the face also. ment. Their real lile is tinged with The Gospel you preach will thereby their theatrical life, and high-wrought double its power." melodrama becomes a second pature to them. Few of them have a perfectly! A pleasing evidence of a good Sunday sane notion of existence; they exist in School is when a goodly number of its the feeling of the moment. They are young men become useful ministers of generally incapable of taking an inte. the Gospel. And an excellent proof of rest in the ordinary occupations of their the sound doctrine and godly living sex; at one moment they are in the taught in a Theological Seminary is the wildest spirits, at another in the depths | eagerness of its students to give their life to Foreign missions. Not that soil. In her childhood they sought many ministers in the home field do not their bread in New York and Massaendure just as hard and self-denying chusetts. The parents were blessed with work as those laboring in the heathen many children and little means to supworld. On this subject erroneous views port them. Sarah was the eldest of are prevailing. Some people write and thirteen sons and daughters. From ber talk as if the highest type of heroic con- childhood she helped to care for the secration to Christ were always and only younger lambs of this domestic fold. found among foreign missionaries. At this time already she kept a little Whereas it requires as much faith and diary, in which she noted her little joys grace to be a faithful and true pastor at and trials. She was eager to go to home as in heathen lands; and just as school, but until her more advanced saintly examples of self-forgetting and girlhood found neither time nor means self-sacrificing devotion to the Master's to gratify her wishes. At one place cause are found at home as abroad. she says: “My mother cap not spare me And many a hard-working pastor at to attend school this winter, but I have home is far more meagerly supported | begun this evening to pursue my studies than are the most of those laboring | at home.” The following spring she in heathen lands. And yet to ease- says: My parents are not in a situaloving young men the life-long separa- tion to send me to school this summer, tion from friends, home and the com so I must make every exertion in my forts of social and civilized life is no power to improve at home.” She makes trifling matter. To exchange the peace these entries not in a complaining spiand quiet of a home pastorate, among rit, but in cheerful acquiescence with people of one's own language, nation the leadings of Providence. Although and religious belief, for the rude, un- but a little girl, she sacrificed precious couth barbarism and squalor of pagan school years in order that she might lands; after six weiyhty years of dili-help her parents, and resolutely husgent study at home, to begin a new banded her fragments of leisure at home course of years of hard study abroad in for her mental improvement. Amovg order to acquire a speaking and writing other methods, she proposed an exknowledge of some of the most difficult change of letters to an intimate friend. languages of our fallen race-all this in She was gifted with rare poetic talent, sooth requires a very high degree of ear- which, save a copy of “Ossian” and nestnese and consecration. Ii is reported Thomson's "Castle of Indolence," she that among fifteen graduates from the had little to gratify. This, however, United Presbyterian Seminary at Xenia, compelled her to seek food for imaginaOhio, nearly all offered their services as tive longings in the great book of Naforeign missionaries. Owing to a want ture opened around her. of funda, but two can be sent on-une Later her school privileges improved. to Egypt and one to India. Is there | At seventeen she taught for a few months another Seminary in this country where —then went to school herself with the 80 large a proportion of students have help of her earnings. For a while volunteered for such a service?

she taught a class of little girls in the afternoon, in order that she might have

wherewith to pay for her own recitations Sarah B. Judson and Napoleon Bona

in the morning. Right hard studies, parte, *

too, did she undertake at this time, such

as Butler's “Analogy” and Paley's BY THE EDITOR.

“Evidences.” About this time she gave

her heart formally to Christ. In readShe was by birth a New Hampshire

ing the life of Rev. Samuel J. Mills, a girl, among whose sterile bills Ralph

devoted missionary, she was seized with and Abiah Hall for a wbile coaxed a burning de

a burning desire to follow the example their scanty bread out of an unfruitful of this good man. She exclaimed:

“Oh! that I too could suffer privations, * Memoir of Sarah B. Judson, by Emily c. hardships and discouragements, and Judson,

even find a watery grave, for the sake

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