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similar work is to be done, who shirk number; of which three, namely, gold, their duty, or at least do it only when silver and copper, were from the mineral; they are driven to it by the pressure of two, namely, linen and wood, from the outward circumstances. But the Lord's vegetable, and three, namely, goats' hair, work goes on, and those only suffer rams' skins and seals' skins from the damage who do not freely and willingly animal kingdom. The colors employed contribute to it. Brought bracelets. The were four, namely, white, blue, purple word here rendered bracelets, means and crimson. hooks or clasps, which were used by VERS. 25-26.- The women that were females for fastening their garments. wise-hearted did spin, etc. The spinning Ear-rings. Tho word translated ear- in those ancient times was done with rings, primarily denotes nose-rings the distaf or twirling pin, and was a Oriental ladies wear rings in their noses simple operation, though admitting of as well as in their ears. Eliezer, at the different degrees of skill. All intelliwell of Haran, presented Rebekah a gent and respectable females then were nose-ring, in order to win her as a bride able to spin; and tbe degree of their for his master's son (Gen. xxiv. 47). skill in this art determined their social The same word, however, is used also for position. In modern times the sentiear-rings; and here probably it includes ment prevails widely that what makes both kinds. Rings. Seal or signet-a lady, is not ability to do bousehold rings, which were worn upon the right work, to sew, to wash, to bake, to cook, hand. Tablets. These were drops or but simply skill in handling the piano beads in a string worn around the neck and in arranging her toilet. These acor arm. All jewels of gold, i. e. all the complishments are well, but the other articles mentioned were of gold. It is ought not to be neglected. It was a not ofien that people sacrifice their very noble thing for the women to be jewels to the service of God now. engaged, with the men, in the work of When was it ever heard that a lady building the tabernacle; and so it is a sold her jewelry in order to help build noble thing for the ladies now to labor a church? Many professed Christians, for the success of the church. Ladies indeed, spend the Lord's money for who take no interest in church work, useless ornaments. They have nothing lack one of the essential qualities of a for missions and nothing for the poor, true lady, namely, Christian piety. but plenty of money for jewelry and What is to be said of those who are so fine dress. How is that in the sight of occupied with the claims of fashion as God? Blue and purple, and scarlet | to have no time for such work ? (crimson). The names of the colors VERS. 27-28.-The rulers, i. e. chiefs are used for the materials dyed with of the tribes, who were wealthier than them. Mystical interpretations of these ordinary men. Onyx stones. Gems colors have been given, but no such in- whose color resembles that of the huterpretations can be of much value. man pail. Stones to be set, i. e. precious Fine linen and goats' hair. These were stones. The ephod. One of the garspun and woven into curtains for cover- ments of the high priest, worn over the ings of the tabernacle. Red skins of tunic, without sleeves, consisting of rams, i. e. rams' skins dyed red, and two parts, front and back, which were badgers' (rather seals') skins. These coupled together over the shoulders by formed the outer coverings of the taber- means of two precious stones, on which nacle. Silver and brass Various parts were inscribed the names of the twelve of the tabernacle, and many of the tribes of Israel. The breast-plate. A utensils belonging thereto, were made golden plate, set with twelve precious of these metals. Shittim wood. The stones, on which were engraved the wood here intended was a species of names of the tribes. The breast-plate acacia, which is very bard and light, was fastened to the ephod and carried resembling ebony when old, and was over the breast of the high priest. well adapted for such a structure as the VERSE 29.-The children of Israel tabernacle.

brought a willing offering. This verse The materials used in the construc- is a recapitulation of the statements tion of the tabernacle were eight in contained in the preceding verses in re

gard to the liberal contributions made “I can't come across till the horses towards the erection of the tabernacle. go by, not if they don't go in a week,” From Exod. xxxvi. 5-7 we learn that she said. “My mamma said never to the offerings even far exceeded the de- cross the street alone if there is a horse mands, so that they had to be stopped to be seen; and I am not going to.” by a formal proclamation of Moses. Just then the borses, that a man was That is not now the case when a church trying to manage, became frightened at is to be built. Here the rule is that a kite that some boys were playing there remains a debt, which is to be with, and broke from him. Away they provided for by an extraordinary effort, went, right over the very crossing that and by the expenditure of much pro- Effie would have taken! Effie's mamfane wit on the day of dedication. Why ma ran to the door, pale and trembling, should not Christian people, enjoying She had seen those dreadful horses fly far greater privileges, be at least as by! liberal in their contributions to the "O my darling,” she said, putting Lord's house as the children of Israel her arms around Effie,“ What danger were in the wilderness? The amount of you have been in!” gold consumed in the building of the “Why, mamma!” Effie said, looktabernacle, according to Exod. xxxviii. ing up at her mother with her eyes full 24, was about $730,000, that of the sil- of wonder, “I don't think I was in a ver $150,000. Altogether the taber- speck of danger. You told me not to nacle must have cost the Israelites in cross the street when I saw horses, and material and labor over a million of of course I wouldu't. So how could dollars.

they hurt me?Leafy Fern. The master builders were Bezaleel, of the tribe of Judah, and Aholiab, of the tribe of Dan. These bad been espe “This is why I know it." cially raised up and endowed with peculiar talent and skill for this work.

"How is your father getting on (Exod. xxxi. 1-5). All natural talent, now?" I said to a little daughter of a and all aptitude and skill for any form man formerly a drunkard, but whom, of art, come from the Lord, and cannot some months ago, I had persuaded to be better employed than when they are sign the pledge. employed in His service. It is the chief “He is getting along very well,” was end of our life to glorify God and enjoy | her reply: Him forever. Hence to the glory of

“Has he kept his pledge ?God ought we to consecrate all our pro “O, yes,” she joyfully replied. perty, all our talents, and all our skill. Are you sure he has ?”

“Yes, sir, I am quite sure."

“ How is it you are so positive on this Safe Little Effie.

point?" I asked. .

“Why," said she, and her face was

radiant with joy, “he never abuses She came bounding down the steps, mother any more; we have always all ready for school.

plenty to eat, and he never takes my “ Come across,” called her little shoes off to pawn them for the drink friend, Johnnie Bates. “I'll wait for now. This is why I know it, sir." you.” Right in front of her were two prancing horses.

The Christian is ever bound to follow "I can't come across the street,” said where God leads; but if God leads, He Effie, “till the horses pass."

makes a way; and it is generally a flesh“O, poob!” said Johnnie, "clip crossing way, a creature-humbling way: across. You'll have time: the horses just the opposite of what the carnal mind are standing still. They don't mean I expected. to go on yet. 'Fore I'd be such a coward!”

NEVER expect solid happiness while Down sat Effie plump on the stone you indulge in any sin: comfort in sin step.

| is a delusion of Satan.

OCTOBER 9,

1881. Seventeenth Sunday after Trinity. KEY-NOTE : "Walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called, with all lowliness<0

and meekness, with long suffering, forbearing one another in love.'' ,

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LESSON XLI/

The Tabernacle.—Exod. xl. 1-16.

1. And the Lord spake unto Moses saying, and shalt hallow it, and all the vessels thereof:

2. On the first day of the first month thou and it shall be holy. shalt set up the tabernacle of the tent of the 10. And thou shalt anoint the altar of the congregation.

burnt-offering, and all his vessels, and sauc3. And thou shalt put therein the ark of the tify the altar: and it shall be an altar most testimony, and cover the ark with the vail. holy.

4. And thou shalt bring in the table, and set 11. And thou shalt anoint the laver and his in order the things that are to be set in order foot, and sanctity it. upon it; and thou shalt bring in the candle 12. And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons stick, and light the lamps thereof.

unto the door of the tabernacle of the congrega5. And thou shalt set the altar of gold for the tion, and wash them with water. incense before the ark of the testimony, and put 13. And thou shalt put upon Aaron the holy the hanging of the door to the tabernacle.

garments, and anoint him, and sanctify him ; 6. And thou shalt set the altar of burnt-offer ihat he may minister unto me in the priest's ing before the door of the tabernacle of the tent office. of the congregation.

14. And thou shalt bring his sons, and clothe 7. And thou shalt set the laver between the them with coats : tent of the congregation and the altar, and shalt 15. And thou shalt anoint them as thou didet · put water therein.

anoint their father, that they may minister unto 8. And thou shalt set up the court round | me in the priest's office: for their anointing * about, and hang up the hangings of the court. shall surely be an everlasting priesthood gate.

throughout their generations. 9. And thou shalt take the anointing oil, and 16. Thus did Moses ; according to all that anoint the tabernacle and all that is therein, l the Lord commanded him, so did he.

QUESTIONS.

What is the key-note of this day? From what | How is the candlestick represented ? How was is it taken? How is it related to the Gospel for the tabernacle closed ? the day? What do we pray for in the Collect ? VERSES 6-7. Describe the altar of burnt

What is the subject of our lesson to-day ? offeriog. Why was it so-called ? Where was What was the labernacle? Give a general de it placed ? Have we an altar of burnt-offering scription of the tabernacle. What was its in the Ciurch? Why not? Where was the design? Where is God to be especially wor laver placed? Can you describe it? What was shipped now? Is God present in the Church its use and meaning ? in a special manner? How ought we to behave VERSE 8. How was the court formed? What ourselves in church?

was its size? Who only were permitted freely VERSES 1-2. What did God say to Moses to enter this court? here? When did God order Moses to set up VERSES 9-11. What is commanded to be the tabernacle here? How long was this after done in these verses? What did the oil repre. the exodus from Egypt? What time was spent sent? What then was the meaning of this act in building the tabernacle? What was the differ- of anointing? How is a church now made holy ence between the tabernacle and the tent? Why and devoted to the service of God ? was it called tent of the congregation ?

VERSES 12-15. What three things are com. VER. 3. Can you describe the ark? In what manded here in reference to Aaron and his part of the tabernacle was it situated ? What sons ? What was the meaning of this washing? was in the ark? What was the lid of it called? What of the holy garments ? What of the Why? By what images was it surmounted ? anointing? With what office were they thus In what part of the tabernacle was Jehovah invested? What is a priest ? What difference supposed to dwell ?

was there between the priesthood of Aaron and VERSES 4-5. In what part of the tabernacle that of his sons? Who is our High Priest ? Heb. were the objects here mentioned ? What was iii. 1: iv. 14. Are there any priests now? 1 the table here spoken of called? Why? What Pet. ii. 5. What difference is there between was the meaning of the bread? What was the ministers and other people in this regard? In meaning of the candlestick? Where was it | what sense then was the priesthood of Aaron placed ? Can you describe it? Where was the and his song an everlasting priesthood altar of inceuse ? What did the incense sig. Ver. 16. What is said of Moses here? Should nity? How are the table of shew-bread and we ever in religious matters act simply accord. the altar of incense represented in the Church ? | ing to our own inclinations? What ought to be

the rule of our religious activity ?

NOTES.—The leading theme of the of the gods. The human mind is so Gospel and Epistle for this day, ex constituied that, in order to worship pressed in the key-note, which is taken the Deity, it must be able to regard from the epistle, is self-humiliation. In this as localizing itself, as occupying a the process of that spiritual renovation certain place. This is true not only of which the progress of the Church year the uncultivated mind, but also of that now calls to our mind, and which shall of the most learned theologian, in spite reach its glorious consummation in the of his knowledge that God is an omni. resurrection of the last day, self-bumili- present Spirit. To this necessity of hu-' ation and self-sacrificing love are the man nature God accommodates Himleading factors. Christ humbled Him- self. The tabernacle, therefore, is conself and gave His life as a sacrifice for structed by divine authority, and made the world; and it is the Christian's after a pattern divinely revealed; and calling in this regard to follow the ex. its proper design is to serve as a manample of Christ. For the grace that sion of the Deity, a dwelling-place of the shall enable us to do so we pray in the divine presence. God really dwelled Collect for the day.

there, though not after the manner of The Tabernacle was a movable sanc- an idol, not as being confined there, or tuary, which served as a dwelling place limited to that spot. Compare 1 Kings for Jehovah, and as a centre of Israel's viii. 13, 27, Ps. xi. 4, Hab. ii. 20. So worship. It was essentially a tent, com- now God, whom the heaven of heavens posed of a frame-work of acacia wood, cannot contain, nevertheless coudescends covered with a number of curtains of to dwell in temples, churches, made different materials. The innermost cur- with men's hands, and desires there to tain was made of fine lipen, of a white be worshipped in a special manner. color, and was richly embroidered with VERSES 1-2.- On the first day of the figures of cherubims, of gold, blue, pur first month, i. e. Abib or Nisan, the first ple and crimson colors. The next cur month of the sacred year. Exod. xii. tain, spread over the first, was made of 2 and xiii. 4. It was now within a few goats' hair, and was that which was days of one year since the exodus from technically called the tent. Over this Egypt. The last six months had been curtain of goats' hair was another, made spent in making ready the materials for of rams' skins, dyed red; and over this the tabernacle. On the coming fourstill another, made probably of seals' teenth day of the month would occur skins, impervious to water. The length the passover, and the first anniversary of the structure was forty-five feet, the of the exodus. This was the special width fifteen feet, and the height fifteen reason why the tabernacle was to be set feet. The interior was divided by a up at this time. It was to be ready for curtain or veil, embroidered with figures the celebration of the passover. The of cherubim, into two unequal a part- tabernacle of the tent. These terms de ments; the first or anterior one being note different parts of the same structhirty feet long and fifteen feet broad, ture. The tabernacle (Heb. mish kan, the second being a perfect cube of fifteen habitation, dwelling) comprehended the feet. The former was called the holy wooden framework, the linen curtain place, the latter the holy of holies; and which covered it, and the space thus here was the proper dwelling-place of enclosed. The tent, properly so called, Jehovah among His people. The gene- |(Heb. Ohel), was simply the curtain of ral idea of the tabernacle was probably goats' hair, spread over the sacred older than the time of Moses ; for, while dwelling; while what is called the covsettled communities in the most ancient ering consisted of the additional curtimes had their fixed temples, wander- tains of rams' skins and seals' skins. ing nomads, on the other hand, must of the congregation, i. e. meeting or ashave had their portable sanctuaries. sembly. This is added because the tabThe design of these was, not to serve as ernacle was the place of meeting be places of shelter for the worshippers, tween Jehovah and His people - the nor as sacred enclosures wherein the place where the people assembled to worship was to be held, like modern receive communications from Jehovah, churches, but as shrines for the images and to worship Him.

VERSE 3.The ark of the testimony. rectly opposite the table of shew-bread, For a description of the ark see Exod. on the southern side of the holy place, xxv. 10-22. It was a chest or box, stood the golden candlestick, consisting made of acacia wood, three feet nine of an upright shaft and six branches, inches long, and two feet three inches three on each side, containing seven wide and high. Both within and with lamps, three on each side and one at out it was plated with gold. Accounts the top, which were continually kept differ as to its contents. According to burning, day and night. This was a one statement it contained nothing but symbol of the spiritual light which the two tables of stone on which were en- comes from the divine revelation or graved the ten commandments (1 Kings from the Word of God. In the hinder viii. 9); on which account it seems to part of the holy place, directly in front have been called ark of the testimony, of the ark of the covenant, but separand at a later time ark of the covenant. ated from it by tbe veil, stood the altar According to other statements it con- of incense (Exod. xxx. 1-10). It was tained a copy of the book of the law, a made of acacia wood and plated with pot of manna, and Aaron's rod that gold. It was three feet high, and a foot budded (Deut. xxxi. 26, Heb. ix. 4). and a half square. Its design was to Perhaps its contents varied at different buru incense, in connection with which times. The lid of the ark, both ends the prayers of the priests and of the of which were surmounted by golden people were to ascend to heaven and to images of cherubim, was in Hebrew find acceptance there. Io the Christian called kapporeth (covering), which, in church the table of shew-bread and the our English Bible is translated mercy- altar of incense are united in wbat may seat, Latin propitiutorium, probably be- be called either the Lord's table or the cause on the day of atonement the altar. from which the sacraments are blood of the expiatory sacrifice was dispensed, and where the prayers of the sprinkled on or towards it, by which a congregation are offered through the covering (atonement) or remission of minister. The candlestick is, in the the sins of the people was supposed to Christian church, represented by the be effected. The ark stood in the holy pulpit, from which the light of God's of holies, just behind the veil which word is disseminated. The hanging ... separated it from the holy place. And to the door. The tabernacle was closed here, just over the mercy-seat, between in front by means of a curtain or the two cherubims, was the place where screen. the Shekinah or divine presence rested, VERSES 6–7.- The altar of the burnt being indicated by a cloud, from the offering. See Exod. xxvii, 1-8. This midst of which audible responses were altar was likewise made of acacia wood, given, whenever Jehovah was consulted wbich was covered with a heavy plating in behalf of the people.

of brass or copper. It was four and a VERSES 4-5.-The three objects here half feet bigh, and seven and a half feet mentioned were in the holy place, or square. The top was covered with a anterior part of the tabernacle. The grating of brass, for the ashes to pass tible, called the table of shew-bread. See through, which accumulated in the holExod. xxv. 23-30. It was made of low place beneath. On this aliar were .acacia wood, three feet long, two feet offered all the sacrifices made by fire, three inches high, and a foot and a half and its fire was never suffered to go out. wide. It was plated with gold, and It stood without the tabernacle, and in had, moreover, a border or crown of front of it, before its entrance, to signify gold running around the top. Its posi- that the holy babitation of Jehovah tion was on the right or northern side could be approached by sinful men only of the holy place. Twelve loaves of | by means of sacrificial offerings. Bebread, answerivg to the number of the fore the sinner can come to Jehovah, he tribes of Israel, were continually kept must make atonement for his sin. Now exposed on this table, symbolizing the all atoning sacrifices of the Old Testareal communion between Jehovah and ment are types of Christ, whose passion His people, or the spiritual food which is the only propitiatory sacrifice for our Jeboval provides for His people. Di. sius. The meaning of the altar of

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