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burnt offering, therefore, was fulfilled that is, sanctified and made holy. Prein the cross of Christ. Hence also we vious to this anointing it was simply a have no altar of burnt offering, and no common tent, made of common earthly burnt sacrifices in the Christian church. material, and therefore not more holy The shadow has passed away since the than any other tent. Now it is sancti. substance has come. The laver. See fied and set apart from an earthly to a Esod, xxx. 18-21. This was probably sacred use; and now it becomes the a circular vessel, though its shape and dwelling-place of Jehovah. When this size are not mentioned. It was made act of hallowing was accomplished, of the polished plates of copper which “ Then a cloud covered the tent of the served the purpose of looking-glasses, congregation, and the glory of the Lord and which were offered by the women. filled the tabernacle" (verse 34). So Its object was to serve as a basin for now a church, before it is consecrated, holding water for the purpose of wash is but a common house, made of the ing the hands and feet of the priests sanie kinds of material that other before entering into the tabernacle. It houses are made of; but by the act of was placed between the altar of burnt consecration it is made holy, and beoffering and the tab-rnacle, to signify comes the Lord's house, that, in order to come unto God, it is VERSES 12-15.—Consecration of the not only necessary that the sinner's priests. This was performed by means · guilt should be covered by means of an of three distinct acts: first, washing
xpiatory offering, but also that his sins with water; secondly, putting on holy should be washed away. Objective for- garments; third, anointing with oil. giveness and subjective purification are The first signified the moral purity rethe two things which the sioner needs quired in the person of the priest; the in order to enter into the habitation of second signified the burden and the dig. Jehovah; and these two things are sig- nity of the office; and the last symnified by the altar and laver before the bolized the unction of the Holy Spirit, tabernacle. The real laver of purifica- by whose help alone the priest could tion now is that of baptism. Compare perform the duties of his office. The Titus iii. 5.
office of a priest is to mediate between VERSE 8.- The court. See Exod. God and His people in the way of sacxxvii. 9-19. The court was the en- rifice, prayer and blessing The object closed space around the tabernacle. It of this office never was to separate the was one hundred and fifty feet long people from their God, as some have from east to west, and seventy-five feet imagined, but rather to bring them wide from north to south. It was sur- nigh to God. The difference between rounded by a wall of canvass seven and the priesthood of Aarou and that of his a half feet high ; the canvass or cur- sons was that which was expressed af: tains (hangings) being suspended from terwarde by the terms High Priest and rods of silver fastened to pillars of cop- priest. There was only one High Priest per, of which there were twenty on while there were many priests. The each of the sides to the north and High Priest was the head of the whole south, and ten on each of the other two body of the priesthood. It was his sides. Only the priests and Levites prerogative, in a general way, to prewere permitted freely to enter this side over the services of the tabernacle, court. Other Israelites could enter only but especially to enter into the holy of for the purpose of offering sacrifices. holies with the blood of sacrifice on the
VERSES 9-11.— The anointing oil great day of atonement. The High The composition of the oil is described Priest was a peculiar type of Christ, in Exod. xxx. 23-25. It was com- who is our great High Priest now. See pounded of olive oil mixed with myrrh, Heb. iii. 1 and iv. 14. In the Chriscinnamon, calamus and cassia. The oil tian Church all the members are priests. is a symbol of the Holy Spirit, the uni- See 1 Pet. ii. 5, and Heid. Catechism, versal agent of sanctificaiion. Anoint Ques. 32. It is the duty of all to offer the tabernacle . . . . and hallow it. By up spiritual sacrifice to God through means of the anointing the taber- Jesus Christ. Ministers are priests in nacle with its furniture was hallowed.la still higher sense than that in wbich
other members are such ; and to them he had become a little quiet. “I know belong special duties and functions in it's very hard to bear, but I will give the Christian Church. — Everlasting you more seeds of a kind that will be priesthood. The priesthood of Aaron likely to bloom sooner than those you and his sons is an everlasting priesthood had planted. Some of those may come oply in as far as it has been glorified up yet. Now that the weather is getinto the spiritual priesthood of the New ting warm, they will soon catch up with Testament.
the others." VERSE 16.–Thus did Moses, accord- “Yes; but mamma, that will be so ing to all that the Lord commanded him. long to wait, and these were so big, and A significant statement, teaching us -I'll never love him again." that in religious matters we ought not “O Harry!" said his mother sadly, to act simply according to our own in- "remember that in a few minutes you clination or pleasure, but that the rule will say 'Our Father,' and then you of our religious activity should in all will have to ask God to forgive you as things be the word of God; which, you forgive others. If you don't fortherefore, we should study diligently, give Johnny, you are asking God not and seek to understand rightly. to forgive you."
“But, mamma, I can't," Harry
sobbed out. “How can we do that, Forgive Us Our Debts as We For
when people are so mean and do us so give Our Debtors,
“Think what the wicked men were It was Harry's bedtime; but the doing who crucified Jesus," said his bright May evening was so warm, that mother; "such a great harm. that his mother had let him play out a little nothing done to us seems any anything later than usual after supper. She went by the side of it, and yet He said, to the window now to call him, for his Father, forgive them, for they know voice was heard raised rather loudly, I not what they do. What must He and she was afraid he was in trouble. think of my little boy who can't for
" I'm coming, mamma,” he called give such a little thing as that?". up to her, and in a few minutes she Harry, as usual when he was thinkheard him on the stairs, stamping a lit- ling hard, sat very still for a while, leantle more poisily than he was accustomed ing his tired head against his mother. to do. He came in, his face all red "Well," he said, at last. "perhaps with anger, as well as exercise.
Johnny didn't know just what he was " Mamma,” he said, throwing him- doing, either. He is so little, and I self on the floor with his head on her guess he did think they were weeds. Jap, “I can't bear Johnny Ellis. He
I'll try to forgive him." is the meanest boy! I'll never speak to 1 “Suppose we pray together about him again as long as I live."
it,” said his mother, tenderly. So they "O Harry," replied his mother sor
knelt down and asked the dear Saviour, rowfully, “ don't talk so. Tell me what
who forgives us so freely, to help Harry is the matter. What has he done?” done?" to keep his word.
N. B. “Why, he's been pulling up all my Sunday-school flower-seeds. I was telling him how the teacher gave us each CHRISTIAN, are you wronged? God packages of them at Easter, and how is the avenger: commit your case to Him, you were going to buy bouquets from and you will have cheap law, a quiet me for the supper-table every day, and conscience, and a favorable verdict. I was going to put the money in the missionary-box. And he only laughed | and said they were weeds, and he ! HE that is justified by God's grace. snatched at them, and-O mamma-,” will endeavor to justify God's proviHere Harry cried so hard, that his dence. mother could do nothing but try to comfort him for several minutes.
If God be for us, who can injure us ? “Never mind, dear,” she said, when if God be against us, who can benefit us ?
I l corol; 4-9
1. And the Lord called unto Moses, and ) 8. And the priests, Aaron's sons, shall lay the spake unto him out of the tabernacle of the parts, the head, and the fat in order upon the congregation, saying,
wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar: 2. Speak unto the children of Israel, and say 9. But the inwards and his legs shall be wash unto them. If any man of you bring an offering | in water; and the priest shall burn all on the unto the Lord, ye shall bring your offering of altar, to be a burnt-sacrifice, an offering made the cattle, even of the herd, and of the flock. by fire, of a sweet savor unto the Lord.
3. If his offering be a burnt-sacrifice of the 10. And if his offering be of the flocks, namely, herd, let him offer a male without blemish : of the sheep or the goats, for a burnt-sacrifice; he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the he shall bring it a male without blemish. door of the tabernacle of the congregation be 11. And he shall kill it on the side of the altar fore the Lord.
northward before the Lord: and the priests, 4. And he shall put his band upon the head Aaron's sons, shall sprinkle his blood round of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted about upon the altar. for him to make atonment for him.
12. And he shall cut it into his pieces, with 5. And he shall kill the bullock before the his head and his fat, and the priest shall lay Lord; and the priests, Aaron's sons, sball bring them in order on the wood that is on the fire the blood, and sprinkle the blood round about which is upon the altar; upon the altar that is by the door of the. taber 13. But he shall wash the inwards and the nacle of the congregation.
legs with water: and the priest shall bring it 6. And he shåll flay the burnt-offering, and all, and burn it upon the altar, an offering cut it into his pieces.
made by fire, of a sweet savor unto the Lord. 7. And the sons of Aaron the priest shall put 14. And if the burnt-sacrifice for his offering fire upon the altar, and lay the wood in order to the Lord be of fowls, then he shall bring his upon the fire ;
it offering of turtle doves, or of young pigeons.
What has this Sunday been called ? From , his hand upon the burnt-offering? What did whom do we receive the grace necessary for us this act signify? What end did these offerings to reach the glorious end of our calling? Who serve? What does atonement mean? Conld is Christ? What do we ask for in the Collect? the blood of animals really expiate sin ? Heb.
What is the subject of our lesson to-day ? x. 4. Whose blood does blot out sin ? 1 Where is it recorded ? What does Leviticus John i. 7. mean? Why is this book so-called ? Do we VERSES 5-9. Whose business was it to kill know when and by whom it was written?. the sacrifice? What was the duty of the priests ?
VERSES 1-2. Whence did the Lord now speak What did they do with the blood ? Was the to Moses? · When was the tabernacle set up ? blood regarded as the most sacred part of the What was the subject of the communications sacrifice? Why? Lev. xvii. 11. How were now made in the tabernacle? What is an the other parts of the sacrifice disposed of? offering? Were sacrificial offerings presented VERSES 10-14. What was the second class of to God before the time of Moses ? Where do animals fit for burnt-offerings ? Were the cerewe meet with the first instance of such offer- | monies connected with the offering of these the ings ? Gen. iv. 3-4. What kind of offerings do we same as those in the case of animals of the herd ? meet with in these ancient times? Ex. xx. 24. On what side of the altar was the victim slain ? Were the heathen also in the habit of presenting Why? What was the third class of animals sacrifices to their gods? What was the mean that could be used for burnt offerings ? When ing and design of these offerings? Does the especially were these permissible? Lord here comm'ind such offerings? But what ! How is the supposed efficacy of these offer. does He do ? Of what classes of animals were ings described ? Verses 9, 13, 17. Could such offerings to be taken ?
offerings really please God ? Isa. i. 11; Jer. vi. VERSES 3-. What is meant by a burnt-sac 20; Mic. vi. 6-7. What is the only acceptable rifice! What are the other classes of sacrifices, sacrifice that men can offer to God? 1 Sam, xv. subsequently described ? Were these offerings | 22; Jer. vii. 21-23; Mic. vi. 8. What then was all voluntary? What was commanded in regard the value of these animal sacrifices in the Old to them? Of what anim ils could burnt-offer. Testament? How are they related to the sacings be made? Why must they be males, and rifice of Christ? How does the sacrifice of without ble nigh? When were they to be of. Carist avail for our salvation ? Heb. ix. 14; X. ered ? For what purpose ? Who was to put | 10; 1 John i. 7.
Notes.—This Sunday bas been called amples occur, Gen. viii. 20, xxi. 13, the day of the glory of the renovation, or xxxi. 54. At least two kinds of offerof the new Christian life. The grace ings were distinguisbed in these early that shall enable ys to reach the glorious times, namely, burnt offerings and peace end of our Christian life and calling, offerings (Exod. xx. 21). The custom we receive from Christ, who is both the of offering sacrifices prevailed not only Son and Lord of David, that is, very among the worshippers of the true God, man and very God, and in whom we but also among the heathen, who pracare enriched in every thing. That we tised the same in their worship of the may walk worthy of the Lord, whose gods. Hence we may infer that they grace we have received through the had their origin, not in any divine reverevelation of the Gospel, we pray in the lation, but in an instinctive tendency of Collect for this day.
human nature. Men prayed and offered The book of Scripture, in which this sacrifices, not because they were comand a number of subsequent lessons are manded to do so, but because they were contained, is called Leviticus (book per- prompted to it by their own feelings. taining to the Levites), because it con- The offering, then, is an outward symtains the body of the ceremonial laws bolical expression of a sense of dependof the Israelites, which were the special ence upon God, a feeling of gratitude,
concern of the priests and Levites. Ac- and a desire for His continued favor. WHEFS cording to a late Jewish tradition, it The gift was supposed to please God,
was written by Moses in the wilderness and make Him well-dis posed toward the # of Sinai, during the second year after giver; and hence a propitiatory in
the exodus; but the book itself makes fluence was generally attributed to sacno such claim, and there are many rifices. There can be no doubt that things in it which make such a supposi- these were the first and simplest notions
tion very improbable. We can, there connected with sacrificial offerings, pot * fore, not tell when and by whom it was only among the heathen, but also
written; but we are sure that it was among the Israelites. Yet as being the written by some holy man of old, who spontaneous product of human nature, spoke under the influence of the Holy God accepts and regulates these offerSpirit, and that it is profitable for doc- ings, so that they may serve as types of trine, for reproof, for correction, for in- the one offering with which only God struction in righteousness.
can be well pleased (Eph. v. 2). Hence VERSES 1-2,- Out of the tabernacle. the formula used here and in subeeAccording to Exod. xl. 17, the taber- quent chapters relative to offerings : If nacle was set up on the first day of the any man of you will bring an offering. second year after the exodus , and from Offerings are not commanded, but recoghenceforth it became the place where nized and regulated. First the objects Jehovah uttered His revelations and is are prescribed which could be offered sued His commands to Israel. The sub- in sacrifice. Cattle of the herd (the ox ject of the communications now made kind) and of the flock (sheep and in the tabernacle was the sacrificial ser-goats). vice which was afterwards to be con- VERSES 3–4.-Burnt sacrifice. So ducted there. If any man of you bring called because the entire offering was an offering. An offering, in the sense burnt on the altar. The other classes which the word has here, is a gift, con- of sacrifices, described in the subsequent sisting either of an animal or of some chapters, and occurring most frequently, other valuable thing, presented to God, were the meat offering, peace offering, either by burning it upon an altar, or sin offering and trespass offering. Ju by devoting it to His service in some these the animal was only partially other way. Offerings of this sort were burnt, the balance being taken either not now for the first time introduced. for the use of the priest or of the offerer. They were known and practised from The burnt offering was the most promithe remotest times of antiquity. The nent of all the sacrifices. Of his own first instance of such offerings that we voluntary will. Instead of this read: meet with in Scripturc, is that of Cain for his own acceptance, which is the true and Abel (Gen. iv. 3–4). Other ex- translation. Of course all these offerings were to be voluotary, but the idea of of Esau, whom he had injured, and voluntariness is expressed in the for- whose vengeance he feared, "I will apmula: if his offering be, etc. What was pease him" (kapper, cover his fuce) with commanded in regard to these offerings the present (mincha, the very word used referred to the objects and the manner of for sacrificial offerings in Genesis and presenting them. Individuals were free Exodus, as well as elsewhere). If this to offer or not; but if they resolved to notion seems unworthy of God, we must offer, then they must do so conformably remember that the age in which it was to the law. Of the herd. The larger entertained was not one of Christian enand more valuable cattle, those of the lightenment. ox kind. This was the first class of VERS ES 5-9.-Description of the cereanimals that could be offered as burnt mony to be observed in the burnt offersacrifices; but they could be afforded ing. The person who offered the sacrionly by persons of considerable means. fice himself killed the victim. Then A male, because it is the most perfect his functions ceased, at least in the larepresentative of the species. Without ter ages, to which Leviticus applies. blemish, i. e. without physical defects. The remaining ceremonies were performWhat we offer to God must be the best ed by the priests. They first took the that we have--not the clipped coin or blood and sprinkled it upon the altar the torn bill, that will no longer pass at of burnt offering. The blood was reits full value. At the door of the taber- garded as the most sacred part of the nacle, i. e. at the altar in front of the door sacrifice, and the disposition of it the of the tabernacle. And he (the offerer) most sacred part of the ceremony. For shall put his hand wpon the head. By the blond was regarded as the vital elethis act, with which po doubt some form meot, the seat of life, and it was this of prayer was connected, the offerer that was supposed to be the means of transferred his intention to the victim, covering sin and thus propitiating God. and consecrated it to the purpose for Compara Lev. xvii. 11. Then the which it was presented. It shall be ac- whole animal was cut up according to cepted for him. It shall accomplish rules which were very precise, and the that which he desires, and procure for parts arranged upon the altar, and him the favor of God. All these offer- burnt with fire, and the smoke and ings were presented in the feeling that smell thereof ascended to heaven. man, when drawing nigh to God either VERSES 10-14.-The second class of in the way of praise or petition, needs animals which were fit for burnt offersometbing more than his naked self in ings were sheep and goats. These were order to render bimself acceptable to probably presented by persons who God. He is a sinner, and the offering could not well afford offerings of the is intended to move God to overlook first class. The ceremonies attending his guilt and be favorable to him. the presentation of them were the same Hence, to make atonement for him. The as those connected with the offering of Eoglish word atonement is composed of animals of the herd. They were killed at and one—it is at-one-ment, reconcilia- on the side of the altar northward, which tion. But the meaning of Scripture is was, of course, the case also with the pot to be gotten from English etymolo- others. “Death is something belonggies, but from the study of the original ing to the mysterious night, and belongs language. Now the Hebrew word here as a night-side of life to the night-side (kapper) means to cover. The sacrifice was of the earth."-Lange. The third class to be a covering for the offerer. It was of animals that could be used for burnt to cover his sips from the eyes of God, offerings were turtledoves and young or it was to prevent God from looking pigeons. These were permissible only at his sing. The sacrifice was supposed in the case of persons who were unable to act upon God much as a present acts to procure more valuable offerings. upon the heart of a man, blinding him. The supposed efficacy of these sacrito the faults of the person offering it. fices is expressed in the words: a sweet A very instructive passage, bearing on savor unto the Lord. But this, of the early meaning of sacrifices is con- course, is not to be understood literally. tained in Gen, xxxii. 20. Jacob said The smoke and savor of the offering