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could afford God no delight. The only a worry and fret over gossip that has thing that could please Him was the been set afloat to your disadvantage, by will and intention of the offerer. This some meddlesome busybody who has is abundantly plain from the declara- more time than character ? The things tions of the prophets. Compare Isa. cannot possibly injure you unless, in1. 11. Jer. vi. 20. Mic. vi. 6-7. The deed, you take notice of them, and in only acceptable sacrifice that men can combating them give them standing offer to God is obedience. To obey is and character. If what is said about better than sacrifice." 1 Sam. xv. 22. you is true, set yourself right: if it is See also Jere. vii. 21-23. Mic. vi. 8. false, let it go for what it will fetch. If Ps. xl. 6. These passages are aimed a bee sting you, would you go to the against the heathenish notion tbat God hive to destroy it? Would not a thoucould really be pleased with the smell sand come upon you? It is wisdom to of blood, and that His favor could say little respecting the injuries you really be obtained by the slaying of have received. We are generally losers animals, without regard to the charac- in the end, if we stop to refute all the ter and disposition of those rendering hackbiting and gossiping we may hear the service. The value of the animal | by the way. They are annoying, it is sacrifices of the Old Testament, then, true, but not dangerous, so long as we consisted in this that they kept alive do not stop to expostulate and scold. the feeling of sin and guilt over against Our characters are formed and sustained the holy God, and that they served as by ourselves, by our own actions and a standing proof of the felt necessity of purposes, and not by others. Let us an expiation or real covering of sin, always bear in mind that “calumniators and thus as types or shadows of the may usually be trusted to time and the great sacrifice of Christ, the Lamb of slow but steady justice of public opinGod, who taketh away the sin of the ion.'' world. The fact that they were a spontaneous product of human nature, and involved very inadequate views of the

Children Doing Good, moral nature of God, does not diminish their value in this view. Types every I am sure you will find out ways of where are very different from that showing kindness if you look for them. which they foreshadow. But from this One strong lad I saw the other day carit follows certainly that the Old Testa- rying a heavy basket up a bill for a litment legal theory of the efficacy of sac-tle tired girl. Anotber dear lad I rifices must not be applied without met leading a bliud man who had lost modification to the sacrifice of Christ. his faithful dog. The sacrifice of Christ does not simply An old lady, sitting in her arm-chair cover or hide our sins from God, but it by the fire, once said : “ My dear little makes us holy. Compare Heb. ix. 14. grand-daughter, there, is hands, feet and x. 10. 1 Joha 1. 7. It avails only for eyes to me.” those who are iugrafted into Him, and I “How so?”. receive His benefits by true faith. Its “Why, she runs about so nimbly to efficacy is ever inseparable from His do the work, she brings me so willingly person.

whatever I want, and when she has done she sits down and reads to me so

nicely a chapter in the Bible.” Keep Straight Ahead.

One day a little girl came home from

school quite bappy to think that she Pay no attention to slanderers and had been useful. For there was a gossip-mongers. Keep straight on in school-fellow there in great trouble your course, and let their back-biting about the death of a baby brother. die the death of neglect. What is the “And I put my cheek against hers," use of lying awake at nights, brooding said her companion, “and I cried, too, over the remark of some false friend because I was sorry for her; and after that runs through your brain like light- a little while she left off crying, and said ning! What is the use of getting into I had done her good.”

OCTOBER 23.

1881.

Nineteenth Sunday after Trinity.

KEY-NOTE: Put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and

true holiness."

Spes. .; 1932

LESSON XLIII.

The Peace Offering.-Lev. vii. 11-18.

11. And this is the law of the sacrifice of offerings for thanksgiving shall be eaten the peace-offerings, which he shall offer unto the same day that it is offered; he shall not leave Lord.

any of it until the morning. 12. If he offer it for a thanksgiving, then 16. But if the sacrifice of his offering be a he sball offer with the sacrifice of thanksgiving vow, or a voluntary offering, it shall be eaten cakes mingled with oil, and unleavened wafers the same day that he offereth his sacrifice; and anointed with oil, and cakes mingled with oil, on the morrow also the remainder of it shall be of fine flour, fried.

eaten : 13. Besides the cakes, he shall offer for his 17. But the remainder of the flesh of the sacoffering leavened bread with the sacrifice of rifice on the third day shall be burnt with fire. thanksgiving of his peace-offerings.

18. And if any of the flesh of the sacrifice of 14. And of it he shall offer one out of the his peace offerings be eaten at all on the third whole oblation for a heave offering unto the day, it shall not be accepted, neither shall it be Lord, and it shall be the priest's that sprinkleth imputed unto him that offereth it: it shall be the blood of the peace offering.

an abomination, and the soul that eateth of it 15. And the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace- ' shall bear his iniquity.

QUESTIONS.

What is the key-note of the day? How is What other parts of the peace offering belonged this theme related to the Gospel for the day? | to the priest ? verses 31-34. In what did the When will this process of renewal be com waving consist ? pleted?

Ver. 15. What was to be done with the reWhat is the subject of this lesson? What is maining flesh of the sacrifice of the peace offeran offering ? Into how many classes are sac ing? By whom was it to be eaten ? Who rifices divided in respect of their object? could not eat of it ? verses 20-21. Were these Which of these were the most ancient ? Did offerings, then, occasions of religious enjoyment? the institution of sacrifices rest upon a positive What did the sacrificial eating signify ? Within divine command ? How then did they originate? what time was it to be eaten? Why? Should But were they therefore without divine au we learn from this to share our blessings with thority? Is this true of all religious institu others? tions ?

VERSES 16-17. What are the other two classes VERSE 11. Where are the general direc. of peace offerings mentioned here? What was tions given in regard to peace offerings ? Lev. the difference between vow offerings and voluniii. How are the directions given here related tary offerings? What only difference of cereto those ? What was the design of the peace. mony was there observed between these and the offering? How did it diff r in this respect first class ? What was the reason of this differfrom the burnt-offering? How from the sin and ence? What was to be done with the flesh trespass-offering? How many classes of peace that remained over the second day? offering were required? What kinds of animals VERSE 18. What was the consequence if these could be used for these offerings ? Lev. iii. 1, directions were not observed? What is meant 6, 13.

by the expression it shall not be accepted On VERSES 12–13. What was the first kind of what conditions only can our offerings and serpeace offerings ? On what occasions were they vices be acceptable to God? What historical presented ? In what mannner was the sacrifice examples of peace offerings can you mention ? Blain? What was done with the blood ? What Gen. xxxi. 54; 1 Sam. xi. 15; 1 Chron. xvi. 3:1 part of it was burnto. the altar? Lev. iii. 3-4. Kings viii. 63. What was the extent of SoloWhat was to be offered with the sacrifice? What mon's offering at the dedication of the temwas the difference between the cakes and wafers? Why must they be unleavened? Why Can you state now the meaning of peace offer. mixed with oil ? Why was leavened bread also ings? In what sacrament do we now celebrate offered ?

our communion with God and with one anVERSE 14. What portion of the oblation be. other? What sacrifices of praise can we offer longed to the officiating priest? What is meant , now? Heb. xiii. 15-16. by oblation? What is meant by heave offering ? |

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NOTES.—The key-rote of the day the covenant in the time of Abraham, again is renewal, both spiritual and and baptism, before it was adopted as physical. The Gospel presents us a the sacrament of regeneration by Christ. bistorical case of such repewal in the The necessity of such institutions exists man whose sins are forgiven and whose on the side of man, not on the side of physical disease is healed. The Epistle God. But God accommodates Himself points especially to the moral side of to this necessity in a real way; and so i he process, and refers to a number of those institutions acquire the character particulars in which the process must of divine ordinances. manifest itself. The life of the process VERSE 11.-The first general direcis Christ. Hence the key-pote, from tions in regard to peace offerings are the Epistle. This process of renewal given in Lev. iii. The directions given will come to its completion with the here refer more particularly to the second coming of Christ. See the Col- duties and rights of the priests in pre

senting them. The design of the peace Sacrificial offerings are, in the Leviti- offering was to celebrate the existence cal law, divided according to their ob- of peace between God and His people; jects into four classes, namely, burnt and it was, therefore, essentially a reofferings, peace offerings, sin offerings ligious feast, tbe greater part of the vicand trespass offerings. What are called tim being consumed by the offerer and meat offerings and drink offerings are his friends. For the difference between merely offerings consisting of four, this and the other classes of offerings cakes, bread, fruit, oil and wine, which see the general remarks above. There are occasionally added to the other were three classes of peace-offerings reofferinga. The burnt offering was the cognized by the law, namely, thanksmost general in its purpose, being, as offerings, vow-offerings and voluntary we remember, a symbolical expression offerings. The animals that could be of gratitude to God for His blessings used for peace-offerings are mentioned in the past, and of a desire for his con- in Chap. iii. They might be either of tinued favor in the future. The peace the herd or of the flock (oxen, sheep, offering was a celebration of peace and goats). They might be either male or communion with God and with God's female, but they must be without blemp: ople. The sin and trespass offerings isb. Smaller animals, like turtle-doves had a more particular reference to sin, or pigeons were excluded, because they and their purpose was to make expia- did not yield flesh enough to furnish a tion or atonement. The burnt offering feast such as the peace-offering was deand peace off-ring were the most an- signed to be. cient, being met with in all periods of VERSES 12–13.Thanksgiving. The sacred history. The oher two classes first species of peace-offerings were sacare found only in the Levitical law. rifices of thanksgiving. They were preSacrifices, it will be remembered, did sented on occasions of rejoicing for mernot rest originally upon any positive cies and favors received in the past, divine institution, but were gradually such as recovery from sickness, the safe developed out of an instinctive tendency return from a journey, the successful of human nature. At a certain stage gathering of the harvest, etc. The of history they were a necessity of hu- ceremony of presenting the peace-offerman nature, strange and perplexing as ing is described in Chap. iii. The ofthe idea may seem to us now. But ferer brought his animal to the door of they were not for this reason without the tabernacle, and there consecrated it divine authority. What is truly bu- to its intended purpose by laying his man is erer divine too. God accepted hand upon its head. Then he slew it, and regulated these strange rites, and and the priests sprinkled its blood upon invested them with His own authority the altar. The fat covering the vital as means through which men might ap. I organs was burnt on the altar as a fireproach Him and render Him acceptable offering to the Lord. The flesh was worship. This is true of all religious then prepared for the festal table. Uninstitutions. Circumcision was prac- leavened cakes.—Cakes made of five tised before it was made the token of flour, fried in a pan-pan-cakes. They

must be unleavened, because a part of These sacrificial feasts were occasions of them was burnt upon the altar as a fire- religious enjoyment. Indeed the Israeloffering; and leaved, which was re- ites bad no other than religious feaste. garded as a symbol of evil and corrup- Their daily food was not flesh, but milk tion, could not be presented on the and cheese, as is the case among the altar. Mingled with oil.-Oil was an Arabs now. To kill an ox or a sheep article of daily food, as butter is with was an extraordinary event; and when us. It was, moreover, regarded as a it occurred it was the occasion of spesymbol of peace and prosperity, and cial religious rejoicing, at which a man's was therefore appropriately connected friends and neigb bors must partake. with the peace-offering. Wafers.--A The sacrificial eatirg, then, was an exkind of cakes, differing from those men- pression of religious fellowsbip and of tioned before, perhaps, only by being communion with Jehovab. The same smaller and thinner. Leavened bread. I day. The flesh of the peace-offering -Of this done was put upon the altar. must be eaten on the day on which it It was only intended to make the sacri- was offered. The purpose of this reguficial feast more pleasant and palatable. lation was probably to promote the

VERSE 14.- One out of the whole ob- spirit of liberality. It was of no use lation. One of each of the different to a man to save his offering, for it was sorts of cakes. Oblation (Heb. qorbân) uplawful for him to eat of it after the is a general name for offerings of all first day. He might as well, therefore, sorts ; but here it sigoifies the unbloody invite his neigbbors and friends to help meat-offering connected with the peace- him eat it at once. From this we offering. Heave-offering.This word should learn that to share our blessings (Heb. Terumah) is used to designate with others is something that pleases various sorts of sacred gifts. It is com- God. If the rich would sometimes in. monly supposed that the object so called vite their pour neighbors to their sumpwas swung up and down before the altar tuous dinners and suppers, that would in token of its being surrendered to be offering to God an acceptable sacriGod. But the word is often used in fice. See Heb. xiii. 16. Also the Offerreference to things where no such cere- tory in the Communion Service of our mony was posible. Coming from a orier of worship. verb which means to lift up and set | VERSES 16-17.- A vow-offering. An something (as meat) before one, it is offering promised in connection with a probably used simply to denote that prayer for some special divine favor, which is reserved for and presented to presented generally after the prayer the priests as their portion of the sacri- had been fulfilled, but sometimes also fice. To the priests also belonged the at the time of the prayer itself. A vobreast and the right shoulder of the sac- luntary offering. This had reference to rificial animal. See verses 31–34. The no particular outward blessing, either shoulder is designated as a heave-offer- as still expected or already received, ing. The breast is called a wave-offer- but was determined solely by the grateing (Heb. Tenupha). The ceremony of ful feeling of the person presenting it. waving consisted probably in swinging The only difference of ceremony obthe object backward and forward before served between tbese two and the first the altar; the motion towards the altar species of peace-offerings had respect to signifying its being given up to the the time within which the flesh could Lord, and the motion away from the be eaten. In the case of the thankaliar, its beiog returned to the priests offering the flesh must all be eaten on as their portion of the offering

the first day. In the case of the vow VERSE 15.The flesh of the sacrifice and voluntary offerings, it might be ..... shall be eaten. The persons who eaten also on the second day, but not were to eat the sacrifice were the one later. From this it would seem that who offered it, together with his family the first species was regarded as more and friends. Only they niust be Is- sacred than the other two, though it is raelites and ceremonially clean. See difficult to perceive any reason for this. verses 20-22. If the unclean ate of it That which remained beyond the time he was to be cut off from his people. within which it could be lawfully eaten

must be burned with fire. The Israel

The Queen at Home, ites thus had no mutive for saving any of it in a spirit of selfish exclusive Honor the dear old mother. Time ness.

has scattered snowy flakes on her brow, VERSE 18.-. It shall not be accepted, plowed deep furrows on her cheeks ; but etc. These offerings, though they were is she not sweet and beautiful now? not in any special sense expiatory, yet The lips are thin and shrunken; but were presented in geveral with the view those are the lips which have kissed of pleasing God and thus obtaining His many a hot tear from the childish favor. But this could be the case only cheeks, and they are the sweetest lips when they were presented in the manner in the world. The eye is dim, yet it required by God; otherwise they would glows with the soft radiance that can not be accepted, and could procure no never fade. Ah, yes, she is a dear old favor to the one who presented them. mother. The sands of life are nearly So in general our offerings and services run out; but, feeble as she is, she will can be acceptable to God only when go further and reach down lower for you they are in harmony with God's ap- than any other upon earth. You canpointments. God desires no will-wor- not enter a prison whose bars will keep ship (Col. j. 23). The first condition her out; you can never mount a scatof acceptable worship is, that we bring fold too high for her to reach that she our will into subjection to God's will. may kiss and bless you in evidence of For historical examples of peace-offer- her deathless love. When the world ings in the Old Testament, see Gen. shall despise and forsake you, when it xxxi. 54. 1 Sam. xi. 15. 1 Chron. leaves you to die by the wayside unnoxvi. 3. 1 Kings viii. 63. The incredi- ticed, the dear old mother will gather bly large number of sacrifices offered you in her feeble arms and carry you by Solomon at the dedication of the home, and tell you all your virtues temple, finds some explanation in the until you almost forget your soul is disfact that they were peace-offerings, the figured by vices. Love her tenderly, greater portion of which were eaten by and cheer her declining years with the people, that the whole nation was holy devotion.-E.. now assembled in Jerusalem, and that the feast lasted fourteen days.

“Statuary Christians," The peace offering was not an atoning or expiatory sacrifice, but a feast of com- / It is said when Oliver Cromwell visimunion with God and with God's peo- ted Yorkmioster Cathedral, in England, ple. As such it was a special type of he saw in one of the apartments statues the Lord's Supper, which also is not a of the twelve apostles in silver. “Who sacrifice presented to God (although in are those fellows there?” he asked, as the Early Church the bread and wine he approached them. On being informed and the oblation of charity were called he instantly replied, “ Take them down, sacrifices), but a feast of communion of and let them go about doing good.” believers with the Lord and with each They were taken down and melted other. Our sacrifices of praise must and put into his treasury. There arə consist of thanksgiving and charity many persons who, like these silver (Heb. xiii. 15-16)-prayer and alms: apostles, are too stiff for service in these come up for a memorial before much that the Lord's work requires. God. Acts x. 4.

Some are too nice, some too formal,

some disinclined. They stand or sit If you would relish food, labor for it

stiff and stately in their diguity, and before you take it ; if you would enjoy

sinners may go unsaved and believers clothing, pay for it before you wear it;

uncomforted, unhelped, for all the effort if you would sleep soundly, take a clear

they will make to lift a hand to save conscience to bed with you.-Franklin.

anklin them. They need melting down and to

be sent about doing good. Statuary Ho, every one that thirsteth! God Christians, however buroished and elegives the blessings of salvation to the un- gant they may be, are of little real serdeserving, but never to the undesiring. vice in the kingdom of Jesus.

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