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have been represented at the centennial The news reached France just one celebration of its victory on October 19, month after the surrender. Joy filled 1881. The French Republic was repre- the hearts of the French people, from gented by special commissioners, as was the king down to the bumblest subject. also the family and the descendants of A French writer says, “ History offers Lafayette. And the brave Baron Steu- few examples of a success so complete." ben was honored by special commis. Franklin, then ambassador to France, siopers from the German empire, he wrote to Washington: “ All the world having been a son and a citizen of agree that no expedition was ever betPrussia. The particulars of this national ter planned or better executed. It centennial celebration of the victory of brighteps the glory that must accomYorktown have already been reported pany your name to the latest posterity.” by the press. At this time it is well Very diff rent was the effect which for us to look at the vivid picture of this news produced in England. When the event, drawn by the graphic pen of it was broken to Lord North, the British Bancroft. The Anwer of the British premier, he received it “as he would army in America, 7,247 of regular have taken a ball in the breast; for he troops, besides 840 sailors, were taken opened his arms, exclaiming wildly as prisoner:; 106 guns were taken, of he paced up and down the apartment: wbich 75 were brass. Among those O God! it is all over!'". The king betaken prisoners were two regiments of came quite confused as he attempted to Hessians, in all 833. As these paseed speak in Parliament on the subject. some of their countrymen in the Ameri. The city of London entreated him to can camp they forgot that they had just put an end to “this upnatural and unbeen trying to kill each other, and infortunate war." A month later he passing embraced and wept. The stubbornly declared: “No difficulties English soldiers affected to look at can get me to consent to the getting of their victorious enemies with scorn, peace at the expense of a separation wbilst their officers acted with decorum from America." On the contrary Fox, but perceptible chagrin. It was four the great British orator and statesman, o'clock in the afternoon when Major- heard the news “ with wild delight, General O'Hara marched the British and hoped that it might become the army past the lines of the combined principle of all mankind that power armies, and, not without signs of repug- resting on armed force is in vidious, denance, formally made his surrender to testable, weak and tottering." Washington. His troops stepped forward decently and piled their arms un the ground. During this ceremony of In Memory of President Garfield. surrender, however, Cornwallis, the British commander-in-chief, remained
BY THE EDITOR. in his tent.
The news of this victory carried joy President Garfield has entered into to the suffering colonies. Congress, in rest. It happened on September 19, at Philadelphia, " with the people stream- 10:35 P. M. His ever faithful, loving ing in their train, went in procession to wife sat on the side of his dying couch, the Dutch (German) Lutheran church as he passed away, vainly trying to supto return thanks to Almighty God. press her tears. He died in the prime E very breast swelled with joy. In the of life, not quite 50 years of age. But ev eping Philadelphia was illuminated for the ball of the assassin his grand, with greater splendor than at any time soundly-developed body might have be fore. Congress voted honors to Wash-borne great burdens through many ington, Rochambeau and De Grasse, years longer. In the beginning of a with special thanks to the officers and Presidential term, in the midst of his a marble column was to be erected at courageous efforts at civil reform, in Y orktown, with emblems of the alli- which great work good people of all the an ce between the United States and his world bade him God-speed-right here m ost Christian Majesty” (the King of where he seemed to be most neededFrance.)
he fell. And now his mortal remains sleep in a beautiful cemetery Dear had—which he put into the contribution Cleveland, Ohio, to moulder and min-box at church. When a student at gle with the dust till the last trump Hiram College, he served as janitor and sball sound. Ten miles south of this bell-ringer. With his meagre earnings now noted spot, is the site of the log he shifted along as best he could. cabin where he was born. There, too, Half the money he needed at Williams still stands the little frame house which College he borrowed, and had bis life he and his brother built with their own insured to secure bis kind creditors. hands for their widowed mother. Gar- As a student and as a teacher he aimed field seemingly began life at a disad- at accuracy and thoroughness. At Wilvantage. He was neither an heir of liams College he stood at the head of fortune nor of a great family or vame. his class. Native genius is greatness in The son of parents in bumble life who germ, and needs growth and legitimate were dependent on the work of their development. This it can only attain hands, he early learned to eat his bread normally by wise and persevering in the sweat of his face. Iodeed from work. Through much toil Garfield bea child to his tragic end he was a man came a master in our political Israel. given to much work. First as a little His political career different persons orphan boy, helping his mother to farm may estimate differently, but his charher few acres, hewing, boeing and har- acter as a son, a husband, a father and rowing; barefooted, with patched pants a friend, is universally admired. How and a merry heart, he did bis grand loving and loyal was this boy to his best for young widow Garfield. This farm mother! From his parting kiss at his experience helped to develop his finely first home-leaving for college, to the formed physique. From his virtuous touching embrace of his dear old mother parents he inherited naught but a good at his inauguration at Washington, name and a vigorous constitution, and which brought tears to the eyes of the that was enough. His fine mind was civilized world-his warm heart clove developed and disciplined under great to her. At almost fifty, on the steps of seeming disadvantages, from the time the capitol, he retained the same unrewhen he first attended the humble fron- strained, trustful, heartsomo child-love tier school near his mother's farm. The that he had when a boy. The thousand money needed for acquiring an educa- filial deterenees and delicate little tion he earoed by teaching school. To marks of a loving son which enriched be able to do this he denied himself the old lady's life, will never be reported many comforts, wore plain yet service- | by mortal pen. able clothing, and travelled great dis I A model husband was this loving son tances afoot. From a boy he was very | as the right kind of sons usually befond of reading. At 16 years of age, come. James Garfield and Lucretia he worked for his mother's neighbors Rudolph wooed and wedded as plain and earned “men's wages.” Where he country folk. The parents of both were now lies buried, he chopped wood at farmers on a small scale. Both learned 50 cents a cord. He drove horses to perform such work as farmers' chilon the canal for a relative “at $10 a dren are usually taught; he at outdoor month and found.” Sick with fever and employment, she at house-keeping. Both ague he returned home. Encouraged worked hard for an education. Both by his mother, he became a student in taught for a maintenance. Even after Chester Academy with $17 to his name, their marriage both wrought for a while taking his provisions with him. On his in this style. He, the man of powerful way he lost the money. A young man build, of great intellect, of noble presnamed Bliss, now Dr. Bliss, one of his ence; she the delicate wife with all her physicians, found the money and re- peculiar feminine infirmities; both lovturned it. At the end of the session he and ingly mated formed husband and wife, his brother built a barn for their mother. I in the good old-fashioned sense. For Then he worked for days at haymaking is not the word husband derived from and harvesting. Returning to the house-band-the uniting link that binds Academy in the fall, he had a silver the house or family into one home? sixpence in his pocket-it was all he And do we not derive the word wife from “weave," " woof," " web," or Too few Christians are always pracfrom the German “weben ?” Because tically consistent, in all places and unthe good wife, with the many loping der all circumstances. From a youth threads of her affectionate heart, weaves Garfield was a member of the Church of all the lives of the family into one loving the Dis iples, sometimes called :he Campwoof or texture. Thus in man and wife, bellite Church. whenever truly wedded, the strong and 1 The creed of this Church, in some rethe tender blend in living uvison ! Like
spects, resembles that of the Baptists. the colors of the rainbow are these
He was taught it from a child. Whilst diverse qualities blended ; like different
| he loved all good people with a catholic chords in music into barmony, so is the
spirit he was an active member of his inmost life of man and wife harmonized.
Mother Church. Many men after reachAs Schiller says in his song of the Bell: Ling his pror
ing his prominence, would have been Denn wo das Strenge mit dem Zarten,
ashamed of the little old frame CampbellWo Starkes sich mit Mildem parten,
ite Church in Washington, and have atDa gab es einen rechten Klang. tended services in more fashionable and
showy places. During his many years Where strength and tenderness were blended,
of public service as Member of Congress, Where might and mildness are cemented, Such blending gives a right good ring.
and finally when he became President,
he' was regularly at his place in the Garfield was a great family man. | humble church of his choice. In no His home, the bosom of his peaceful company, however worldly or wicked, family, was his earthly paradise. Sep-was he afraid on proper occasions to aration from his home at Mentor embit- show his allegiance to Christ. It is said tered the cup of his joy in being eleva- that on the nigbt before his nomination ted to the White House. Aud how pa- at Chicago, when be little dreamed of thetic was the daily homesick longing what awaited him on the following day, of this suffering brother for Mentor, as he roomed with three friends in a certain he neared the close of life!
hotel. They chatted pleasantly until The Republic needs a reformation about midnight, when Garfield, asking and elevation of family life. Beyond the rest to excuse him, removed his dispute is the depravation of American chair to one end of the room, read a homes. Home ties and home attach- chapter for bimself in his pocket Testaments have become weakened. So ment, and knelt down and prayed. Unmany people marry from considerations less providentially prevented, he was alof convenience, fortupe or compulsion. ways in his place at church, and with The quarrels of ill-mated couples are his iofluence, prayers and generous supmaking many American homes hideous. port stood by his pastor. While all the Divorces are multiplying, and the inge- world is praising our departed Presinuiiy of Legislatures is taxed to render dent, it were well if the secret of his fine them more easy. Husbands prefer the character were kept prominently in club, the engine-house, the bar-room to view. From a child he was given to the home. Men claim to be too busy to God; through life he never forgot tbat give any time to their wives and child. he was a child of God. Faith in Jesus ren. The lack of a true loving house- | Cbrist was the foundation of his well band. rubs the home of its necessary kalanced character. This gave force and support. Thus the true wife of many a fullness to his life as a son, a husband, prosperous man fails to receive the heart, a father and a friend. This gave him help, and sympathy of her husband, and the magnetic force of heart which bound spends a life of misery; the children of millions who never saw him in tenderest many a seeming Christian home become affection to his person. unchristian. The want of a pure home Touchingly beautiful are the tokens life ruined the Republic of ancient Rome, of sympathy shown by the whole civilized wbose domestic and social corruptions world in the death of Garfield. Ralph Tacitus describes with a graphic pen. Waldo Emerson, speaking of the first Would that our dear country would pro- shot of the Revolution fired at the old fit by their example.
bridge at Concord, says:
"By the rude bridge that arched the flood, Town Queen.” “It was Mr. Garfield, Their fag to April's breeze unfurled,
the husband and father, far more than There once the embattled fariners stood And fired the shot heard round the world.”
General Garfi-ld, the President, whose
fate interested the people. The simple H)w wonderfully the shot fired by manliness of his character, and the the assassin on the 21 of July last, was homely virtues which pre-eminently felt round the world! The rulers of the distinguished him, have made him one earth, in the names of their people, sent of the best types of American manhood. messages of condolence and sympatby. A communion of sorrow unites the One can feel from the wording of these ocean-sundered members of the English messages that they are not simply an race more closely than it has ever been act of diplomatic courtesy, but are in- united since 1776." The London Times tended to express and transmit emotions regards his death as "hardly less than a of sorrow actually realized.
national calamity. The career of PregIn England prayers were daily off red ident Garfield is the kind which appeals during Garfield's sufferings, and bun to the best feelings and must cherished dreds of churches held appropriate ser- traditions of our people. His early vices on the day of his funeral. The poverty, his manful independence, his primate of Great Britain-the Arch- hard-won attainments, his integrity of bishop of Canterbury-preached a beau- character, bad all caused his career to tiful sermon on the life and d ath of the be watched as that of a man of excepPresident Banking houses and ex- tional powers and brilliant promise.” changes in London were closed. And Like Washington, Garfield belongs England's Queen with an overflowing to no one party or nation. All the heart, despatched to Mrs. Garfield after world feels an interest and has a share her husband's death: “Worits cannot in him. Millions who never knew him express my deep sympathy with you."' personally loved him, and wept when he She ordered a costly wreath to be died. Tennyson, the great poet of Eugplaced on the bier of the departed, with land, calls him a “good man and noble," the inscription : "From Queen Victoria whose death affected him almost like to the memory of the departed President the loss of " a personal friend." Garfield. An expression of her sorrow To human eyes how proud the position and sympathy with Mrs. Garfield and of such a man! Slowly toiling his way with the whole American nation.” She upward from the log cabin, always ordered her court to go into mourning earning his money before he spent it, for six days, and sent a message of con- never wasting his money needlesssly, dodolence to the aged mother of the Presing his level be-t in all his duties, low ident. The sisterly tenderness with and lofty, whether cutting two hundred which the heart of this Queen of the cords of wood for $25, or publicly givgreat English nation goes out to hering his heart and life to Christ, as & American sister, belongs to the historic pious youth preparing his college lessons, features of this tragic b-reavement. She or his inaugural as President of the knows what it means to pass through United States, be did what bis band such a sorrow. During all the long found to do with his might. When a years since the death of Prince Albert, youth he wrote to President Mark Hophas Eogland's model wife and mother king of Williams College about entering mourned the death of her voble husband. this institution. The kind man replied :
The press of Great Britain voiced the “ If you come here we shall be glad to feelings of the nation from the Queen do what we can for you.” The young to her humblest subject. “Not since student said at the time: “This sentence, the death of the Prince Consort and the which seems to be a kind of a friendly dreadful illness of the Prince of Wales grasp of the hand, settles the question has the heart of the English pation been for me. I shall start for Williams 80 moved.” “The daily bulletins (about next week.” In 1864 Piesident Hopthe President's condition) have been kins .wrote: “ Obtaining his education scanned in England with a keen anxi almost wholly by his own exertions, and ety, that would not have been shown for baving reached an age when he could any other ruler in the world save our fully appreciate the highest studies, General Garfield gave himself to study Christ in God," speaks on after the body with a zest and delight wholly unknown is dead, and works on here and yonder to those who find it in a routine. A for the good cause, awaiting more enreligious man, and a man of principle, during plaudits and a thornless crown he pursued of his own accord the ends that never fades. proposed by the institution. He was prompt, frank, manly, social in bis tendencies; combining active exercise with
Lyman Beecher, habits of study, and thus did for himself wbat it is the object of a college to en.
BY THE EDITOR. able every young man to do-he made himself a man.”
I venerate the man whose heart is warm, Another one writes: “ His was à noble
Whose hands are pure, whose doctrines and
whose life college life; there are no stories to be
Coincident, exhibit lucid proof told of General Garfield as a college That he is honest in the sacred cause. student; on the contrary, everything
- Cowper's Task. about him was high and noble and manly; the man in college gave promise
Dr. Lyman Beecher was a representof what the man is to-day.”
ative Puritan of the old stamp. His The renown and success of earthly autobiography has all the fascination achievements are short-lived.
of a tale of romance, without its faults.
His strong convictions, his heroic will“The paths of glory lead but to the grave.”
power, his intense earnestness, with After one of his most brilliant speeches | irrepressible flashes of grotesque fun in the French Assembly, Thiers was and drollery are depicted in this work congratulated by an admiring friend on with a graphic pencil. For almost his grand impromptu speech. " Im- fifty years he was a great power in New · promptu! For thirty years I rose England and outside of it. His erratic
every morning at five o'clock to prepare Brooklyn son often turns the laugh, in that speech."
his pulpit, on the rigid, inflexible rules In 1879 Garfield delivered a beauti of family government and training in ful speech in Congress on the character the house of his now sainted father, of Mr. Schleicher, from Texas, a re- in which he shows how unworthy a son cently deceased fellow-member, in which he is of so grand a sire. he said: “Of his character, as we knew Some one has said that no man in here, two things struck me as most nota- our national history has been the father ble. First, he possessed that quality of so much brains as Lyman Beecher. witbout which no man ever did, and I We are not able to examine into this hope no man ever will, achieve success kind of comparative statistics to test in this forum—the habit of close, earnest, the truth of this assertion. Certain it hard work. All his associates knew is that our annals can show few families that when he arose to speak in this Hall, like this. But the Beecher brainit was because he bad something to say, power seems to be in a process of exsomething that was the result of work, haustion. Old Lyman's genius, like and that he said it because it came from wealth, will not reach the fourth genethe depth of his convictions as the result ration. This, indeed, seems to be th of his fullest investigation.” No lan- general law. Very rarely does a great guage could more fittingly describe man bequeath these elements of his Garfield himself. He was from a boy a power to his offspring. Genius has great worker. His many brilliant and neither father, son nor brother. seemingly impromptu addresses were the Lyman Beecher was born Oct. 12, products of a mind richly stored and 1775. It was in the most exciting thoroughly di-ciplined by thirty years period of the American Revolution. if hard, accurate study.
New England was drained of its best In man or woman, a character in material in the great conflict. Amid living union with Christ is followed be these storms a son was born to David yond the grave by the good words here and Esther Beecher. Two days later performid. The life that is “hid with the mother died. And all expected,