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Mejfias j at the End of that Week, 'was out off; and so, at the end of the seventy Weeks, did accomplish the purposes, for which they were determin'd, viz. To make Reconciliation for Iniquity, and to bring in universal Righteousness: And lastly, that the Destruction of the City and Temple, consequent upon the Messiah's Death, cannot be applied to the short Persecution of Antiochus, which did not come up to the Prophet's Description, did not destroy the Temple, did not reach the City to any great Degree, or depopulate the Land of its Inhabitants; but properly relates tp that universal Havock and Devastation, which the Romans y under 'situs, brought upon Jerusalem: and, consequently, that our Saviour does not mistake or milapply the Prophecy, when he talks k of the Jbomination of Desolation, spoken os by Daniel the Prophesy flaming in the Holy Place.
* Matt. xxiv. 15.
S E C T. VI.
Of the Book of Daniel, and his
An Objection against the Genuineness of the Book of Daniel.
BUT of what avail arc any Ci-r tations out of Daniel, when, in all Probability, he was no Prophet, but a certain Historian, who liv'd Ibrne hundred of Years after Daniel's time, and, relating Events, which, a long while before were pasted and gone, made use of Allegories, and a symbolical Way of expressing himself, merely to give his Writings the Air of Prophefies. a For, "if the ancient Daniel, who was carried away in the Babylonish Captivity, was the Author of this Book, how comes it to pals, that he mistakes the very Names of the Princes, whose Courts he liv'd in, and uses so many Words derivative from the Greek, which was a Language un'* known to the Jews, till a long while "after this Captivity? How comes he "not to be found (as well as other
! Vid. Schcm; of Literal Prophecy.
"Books in the Old Testament) in the
"Version of thcSevetity; not to be named
"among the Prophets recited b in Ect
"clefiafticus; nor so much as taken No
"tice of by Jonathan, who is supposed
"to have made (some time before Jesus)
"the Paraphrases upon the Books of
"the Prophets? Had he been thought
"of canonical Authority, it is scarce
w imaginable how he could have been
11 palled by in this dishonourable man
"ner. But the Truth is, the.Jews, to
"do themselves Credit, were great
u Composers of Books under the Names
"of their Prophets, and particularly
"under the Name of Daniel. We#
lt have several ipurious Pieces, such
w as 'she Song of the three Children,
"the Stories of Susanna and the two El
"ders, and of Bell and the Dragon extant
il at this Day j and in like manner have
<l reason to believe, that the Author of
"the Book of Daniel was a Counterfeit,
u who liv'd about the Time of Antio
"chus Epifhanes, and wrote of things
"pafs'd in a prophetical Stile; efpeci
"ally considering, that the Way of
tt representing large Scenes of Affairs
** by luch Images and Symbals, as he
"makes use of, is entirely unlike the
f* Books of the other Prophets, but
?• very * Eccles. xlix.
"very agreeable to that turn of Wri"ting, which the Jews took up, when u they had been new form'd in the "Schools of the Greeks. But, allow** ing the Book of Daniel to be genuine, "yet if the going forth of the Com"mandment, (which is said to be the "Epocha of the seventy Weeks,) does "not signify the going forth of a Royal <c Decree, but the going forth of the *' Word or Commandment of God to tl Jeremiah the Prophet, promising a "return from Captivity, and a re-r "building of'"Jerusalem ; if the matters, "to be accomplished within the Comw pass of the seventy Weeks, viz. the "Jtniflnng of transgression and making "an end of Sin; the making Reconcili"ation for Iniquity, and bringing in "everlasting Righteousness, 8Cc visibly *c relate to the letting up, and continu"ance of the Jewish State and Polity; u if the City and Sanctuary were not "destroy'd by any Army under Jesus, fl in whole time there was no War "against the Jews, and who himself *' was seven and thirty Years dead, "before this Desolation came upon "that People; if Jesus cannot be laid "to have confrm'd .the Covenant for . "one Week, who, by his Doctrine and f Practice, confirm'd it alt his Life;
"nor did he cause the Sacrifice and Ob'
"lation to cease, either by any positive
"Injunction, or by Virtue of his Death,
"since St. <2W (to signify his Adhe
"rence to Jewi/b Ceremonies) fays ex
u presly, that c he had mt ofended a
"gainst the Temple; and, lastly, if the
"Romans, when they destroy'd Jeru
"salem, did not set up their Idols in
"any part of the Temple, which yet
"was certainly done d by the Order
"and Command of Jntiochus several
"Years before; then is the whole Ap
"plication of this Prophecy to Jesus
"grounded on palpable Mistakes;
"Daniel's Mejfias, who was to be cut
11 of, was not die Mejstas of the Jews,
tL who was never to die; and the De
"structioni which the Prophet alludes
"to, must be what Jntiochus, and
«* not what Titus, brought upon that
That there was such a Person, as AnswerDaniel, of the Jewi/b Captivity in Ba- «J. * bylon, famous for his Discovery ot lu- thcGcture Events, and for his great Piety nnbeand Devotion towards God, cannot be £»/£ denied; and that the Prophesies he de- Book, liver'd, were either by himself, or o- *££■£_ thers committed to Writing, and those Snies.
! Acts xx ii, 8. '. 1 Maccab. i.