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Writings carefully preserved and trans' mitted to Posterity, is no more than reasonable to suppose. The Character, which e the Prophet Ezekiel gives him, is his singular Prevalence with God in Prayer; and, whoever looks into the Book, that goes under his Name; will find its Author verifying this Character, and f his Success in this particular exemplified in several Instances. His Deliverance out of the Den of the Lions, and of his three Companions out of the fiery Furnace, Facts that are recorded 8 in the present Book, are expressly mentioned h in the Prayer of old Eleazar, in the Days of Ptolemy Vhilopator, and » by Mattathias, the Father of the Maccabees, some Years before the Death of Antiochus; and their Examples, among other Scripture Instances, are proposed as Motives to Confidence in God, and Constancy in their Religion: So that the Jews, in those times, took this Book to be written by Daniel himself, and accordingly made use of it. Nay, long before those time§, we find Nehemiah beginning his solemn Prayer to God in Daniel's own Words, k almost with no Variation: 0 Lord, the great
Ezck. xiv. 14, &c. 'Vid. Ch. ii. 6,9. *Vid. Ch. vi. & 3. * 3 Maccab. vi. 6, 7. '1 Maccab. _ »• S$> *Gmfm Neh, it J. with Dan. ix. 4.
and dreadful God, keeping the Covenant and Mercy to them that love him, and to them that keep his Commandments; which is a plain Proof, not only that he look'd upon this Book of Daniel's as true and authentick, but that he esteemed his manner* of praying not unworthy' his Imitation.
Jo/ephus, we know, was a Priest, well Parties versed in the Law, and in the sacred JjWj* Writings, whose Authority he professes J^V * to follow through all his Antiquities; and yet he seems to prefer Daniel above other Writers of that kind, and to give us a more particular Account of his, than of all the other Prophesies of the Old Testament put together; for he assures us, l" That Daniel, not only fore** told future Things, which was com"mon to him with other Prophets, but "that he set the time likewise for their "coming to pals; that his Book there"fore m was held among the sacred « Writings, and n read in publick As"semblies (which is the peculiar Privi"ledge of Canonical Books) in his Days, "because the Completion of the E"vents, he foretold, gained him Be"lief with all Mankind". Nay, if we will give Credit to this seme Jose
•Antiq. xii. ii. ^Anti* x. Ii. JAntiq. x.
fhti4 (and why he should not, in a Case of this Nature, be credited, I cannot see) this Book of Daniel's was looked upon as genuine and of divine Authority, even in the Days of Alexander the Great ; otherwise the .High-Priest had put'a Banter upon him, ° when, at his coming to Jerusalem, and going into the Temple, he shewed him a Passage in it, wherein it was foretold, P under the Emblem of an He-Goat with one Horn, over-coming a Ram with two, that a certain King of Greece should conquer the Persians; which Alexander took to himself, and perhaps, upon that very Account, might treat the Jewish Nation wish more Clemency, than he did their Neighbours. And the But however this be, *tis certain, that People, jn^ ancj before the times of our blessed ved in Saviour, the Jews received the Book of ourSavi- Daniel %s authentick Scripture, without any Suspicion to the contrary. For, whereas i the Name of the MeJJtas and of the Son of God, which they applied to the Deliverer whom they expected; the Title of the Kjngdom of God, and of Heaven, used for the State of Things under that Deliverer j his coming in the Clouds of Heaven, his taking all Judg_ ment
"Antiq. ix. 8. pDan. viii. 5, 8cc. 'Bishop Chandler's Viadigation.
our s time.
ment to himself, and the Resurrection of the Dead, pursuant upon that his coming, are .Expressions manifestly borrowed from Daniel -, these Expressions were, at that time, the current Language of the Jews, insomuch that we find none of them surprized, when they heard the Baptifl telling them, that r the Kingdom of God was at Hand, or our Saviour calling himself so frequently the Son of Man, and citing Daniel the Prophet by Name; which they certainly would have been, and thereupon made no small Clamour, had they perceived that he was obtruding ^.spurious' Book upon them for Canonical: and therefore we may conclude, that, since there confessedly was such a Peribn as Daniel, whose Character in the Prophet Ezekiel agrees with what we find in our present Daniel, since this Book of his has the Testimony of Josephus, (no incompetent Judge in a Matter of this Nature,) was commonly cited in the Times of our Saviour, was referred to before the Times of the Maccabees, was thought genuine in the Times of Alexander, and has received no small Confirmation from the Use and Application, Nehemiah makes of it; either we must suppose, that all these Persons, in their I different
1 Matt. iii. 2.
different Generations, were mistaken, ot else we must allow, that our present Book of Daniel is no fictitious Piece of a later Date, but the work of the Prophet, whose Name it bears, and who lived in the Age, which the sacred Records have assigned him. Towhich He lived indeed in great Prosperity, his using and in the Capacity of a Prime Mini%Zcs fter, under some of the .Assyrian Modifiers nt narchs \ and therefore, if, through IgCt*ht- norance he has mistaken their Names, ftorians. or recorded any thing of them, that is not true, this, we allow, will have a suspicious Aspect upon the Authority of his Book: But, when it is considered, how common athing it was for Princes of the East, upon one Occasion or other, to multiply their Names, and, not only by Foreigners, but even by their own People to be called sometimes by one Name, and sometimes by another: How usual it was for them to continue the Titles of Honour, which were conferred for those great Exploits, whereby the Dignity of their Family was originally raised, and to adopt them into the Number of their own: How customary it was, upon their Accession to the Kingdom, for them to change their Names, and yet the first and private Name be still retained by most other