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afraid of him, and of the People too, because they took him for a Prophet, and were very attentive to hear him. Now it is no hard matter to imagine, that the People, ieeing our Saviour proceed to the Temple in this triumphant Manner, might happily call to Mind the Prediction of the Prophet Malachi, i The Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his 'Temple, even the Messenger of the Cove-r nant, in whom ye delight, and he shall purify the Sons of Levi, that they may offer to the Lord an Offering of Righteousness j • and that, from the Remembrance of this Prophesy, they might be encouraged to abet his Reformation of the Temple. 1 Nor is it to be doubted, but thataConlciousiiels of Guilt in the Profaners themselves might, in some measure, contribute to their Submission and Acquiescence; even in the same manner, as his Enemies were struck backwards with the Sense of their own Guilt, as well as the Majesty of his Appearance, and fell down to the Ground, when they came to apprehend him in the Garden. sSo that, in the whole, we are to consider our Saviour, in this Action, not in the Form of a despised Man, but of a triumphant Mpnarch rather, at the Head of an inr

finite finite number of People, all rejoycing in, the Completion of an ancient PropheJy, all acknowledging him for their Messiah and King, and thereupon ready to support him in any Reformation, that he Ihould think proper to attempt.

l Mai. Hi. I, &c. 'Bp. Smallbroke's Vind. p. H6. ,s Dr. 'Ptarce, p. I J.

And now to collect what has been The sum said in this Answer. Since, by the Tern- of the pie here, is meant the outer Court of it, {\ve°.ean' or Court of the Gentiles, where undoubtedly were Shops, and Stalls, and several sorts of Merchandise, which must needs be a great Profanation of a Place, let apart for religious Worship; since the Honour and Reverence, due to the Houje of God, was Motive sufficient for our Saviour to attempt a Reformation of this Abuse; and, in his present triumphant Condition, he had Followers and Abetters enough to support him in such an attempt; the supposed long or short Continuance of the Temple (to whose Destruction our Saviour was not accessory) makes no Alteration in the Case; nor is there any Occasion, I think, to form btveflives against this Miracle, or to charge it with any Absurdities or Incredibilities.




Of his curing ^demoniacks, and sending the Devils into the


The ob-" T) U T, suppose that the former jection. « J-^ Miracle will bear the Test, yet, what shall we say to the ■ Case of the Demoniacks, in the Coun"try of the Gadarens, and that vast "number of Devils, which, to the De"struction of other Mens Property, he "permitted to enter into the Herd of "Swim? It looks a little oddly in"deed, that these Madmen should have "their Habitation in the Tombs of a u Burying-ground, and that the People "of the Place should be ib inhumane^ 4< as to take no manner of Care or Pity "of them. If they were so exceeding"ly fierce and outragious, that no Fetters "nor Chains could hold them, nor any "Passenger go that Way, without be"ing in danger of his Life, it certainly "would have been more adviseable, lt and more lawful too, to have dispatched them: but to send the Devils

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"into the Herd of Swine, was a thing "impossible, because the Jews, who "inhabited the Place, were, by their "Law, not only prohibited to eat (i Swine's Flesh, but (after the Time "that Jntiochus polluted the Temple "by the Sacrifice of an Hog) under the fl Pain of an Anathema, f forbidden to iX keep any in the Country. Nay, al"lowing this Herd to belong, not to <( the Jews, but the neighbouring Gen"tiles, to whom it was lawful to eat <l and keep Swine; yet, how will our Divines be able to assoil the Goodness and Justice of Jesos, in permitting ib large an Herd to be destroyed in this "Manner, and their Owners, by this *' means, to become considerable Suffer"ers? This one Consideration, in my il Opinion, is enough to set aside the *l whole Miracle. But then, if we con*' sider, how common a thing (even ac■f* cording to the Testimony of Jesus "himself) the Business of Exorcism was 11 among the Jews, we cannot but cOn"■ elude, that his Talent of this kind "(even had it been much greater than *' it really was) can never be deemed *' a sufficient Proof of his divine Jutbo




I Spencer Ac Leg. Heb, p. 117.

The Na- The Addition of the Word Buryiw%w;/ij ground to the Text, is designed to miiTombs, lead the Reader into a Conception of something resembling our Church-yardsy in Cities and Towns; which, as they could afford but a bad Habitation for Madmen, would not fail of annoying the People perpetually, by having such fierce and disorderly Persons near them. v To set us right, therefore, in this Particular, it must be observed, that the rfombs, which the Evangelist here mentions, are laid to be in the Mountains^ and in the Wilderness: for the Custom, of the yews was, to have their efombs% like so many little Cells, cut out in the sides of Caverns, and the hollow parts of Rocks, and Mountains, at some distance from the Towns, and usually in very loanly and desart Places. That many such Tombs remain in Judæa, even to this Day, we are assured from the Testimony of Mautidrel, and other, modern Travellers; and, that particu- larly, on the Coast of the Lake Gennefareth, which was the lower Galilee, and lay contiguous to Gadara, there were vast Caves and Dens under Ground,w Josefhus, in his History, has not omitted to inform us. Nay, he tells us moreover.

"Dr. Peane, part 1. p. a 5. w De Bell. Jud. L. t. c. 10.

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