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were then upon them: That it did not exempt them from personal Faults and Failings, k being Men of the like Passions ■with us, and l having this Treasure in Ears hen Vessels \ and therefore no wonder if St. Peter, fearful of offending the Jewish Converts^ who were numerous at Antioch, ran into a shameful Dissimulation, m walking not uprightly, according to the Truth of the Gospel, for which St. Pauln withstood him to the Face, because he was to be blam'd: That at did not exclude the use of humane Means for the Advancement of their Knowledge j which gives us the Reason, why St. 'Paul advises Timothy, a Man extraordinarily endued with the Gifts of the Spirit, and mark'd out by Prophecy, as one who should prove Eminent in the Work of the Ministry, to give Attendance to Redding, &c. and why St. Paul himself, who could boast of Visions and Revelations beyond all the Apostles, writes to the fame Timothy, to bring him his ° Book-Cafe (for Da so

'Aftsxiv. a$. '2 Cor.iv. 7.. mVaL ii. 14. "Ver. 1 n • • I am very sensible that in .our Translation we call it a Cloak, but it may as well be interpreted a Book-Cafe or Scriptore. Pbavorinut is of Opinion thai it signifies a folded Vellnm or Parchment, and therefore Dr. Hammond thinks it all one with the (ii^lipupeu mention'd afterwards, because the fwA/ra/4, but more especially seems to denote something mention'd befuae* Eammeni in Locum.

so the Word p&t?&w; should be render-* ed) his Books, and his Parchments, or Common-place-book; because he wanted to make use of them, as never imagining, that the Abundance of his spiritual Gifts superseded all necessity to Study: And, lastly, that it did not vacate the Necessity of the Apostles convening and consulting together in Matters of great Importance to the Church j for though the single Authority of any one, in some Cases, might be decijtve^ yet since (as they themselves own) they did but P know in Wart, and Prophecy in Parts who can doubt, but that, in Conjunction, they might communicate Light to each other, and what their whole College did determine, would come with greater Evidence of its being the Will of God, than what was deliver'd by one Apostle only? Not to lay, that this Synod at Jerusalem might be design'd by the Spirit, i to be an Example and Precedent to the Church in future Ages, to determine Controversies by the Authority < of Councils. Which But now, tho' the Gift of Inspiration, ^!^s a11 imparted to the Apostles and Evangeties.C" lists, was not permanent and habitual, but gradual only and occasional; did not supersede the common ways of

Speech, * i Ctr. xiU, o. 1 Jaittn't Reason. Vol. 3.

Speech, nor the usual Forms of Civili-
ty \ did not exempt them from personal
Faults and Failings; did not exclude
them from the ordinary Means of ac-
quiring Knowledge, nor vacate the Ne-
cessity of their meeting together for the
Decision of Controversies; yet this Ef-
fect: it certainly had, that it fecur'd them,
not only from all gross Errors in Points
of Doctrine, but from all Inconsistences,
and flips of Memory likewise, in Mat-
ters of an inferior Nature. And therefore
may we observe, that, tho' there really
is a difference between St. Matthew and
St. Luke, in the Genealogies, they give
us of our blessed Saviour, and, as one
would think at first Sight, a manifest
Mistake on one Side or other j yet the
Design of the two Evangelists, in their
respective Deductions, is far from being
the lame: r that St. Matthew intends St. Mat-
only to set down his Political or Royal 'fc*ta"d
Pedegree, by which he had a Right to re^n'ci-
the Crown of the "Jews; whereas St. Luke led.
fliews his natural Descent through the
ieveral Successions of those, from whom
he took Flejh and Blood. And according-
ly we find St. Matthew beginning his
Reckoning only from Abraham, to whom
f the Jirft Promise of the Kingdom was
made$ but St. Luke runs his Line up
D 3 to

! SfiMtb'i Scrm. Vol. J. [ Gen. rii. <L

[graphic]

s

to Adam, the first Head and Fountain of humane Nature; which plainly ihews that the one deduc'd only his Title to the Crown, the other the natural Descent of his Humanity.

This, in a great Measure, may serve as a Key to unlock the chief Difficulties in our Saviour's Pedegree: But perhaps Interpreters might lave themselves some Trouble by faying, that St. Matthew (concerning whom the main DHpute is) recites it, as he found it in the authentick Copies of the Jews; who doubtleft had preserv'd some known and approv'd Genealogy of their Descent from Abraham, the Father of their Nation, in whom they so much gloried, and from whose Loins they expected the promised MeJJias: And that, since the Jews, who liv'd in the Time, when the Gospels were publiih'd (tho* exactly curious in Things of this Nature, and highly incens'd against Christ and Christianity) never once attempted to invalidate the Account, which the Evangelists give us, this seems to be a sufficient Proof, -that these Genealogies, when first they came abroad, were neither thought * erroneous nor inconsistent, but agreeable to the j3ublick Records, then in Use j and that, if any Difficulties now

arise

.' Vtd, Kidder's Deroonsl. upon the Subject.

arise in them, they are not to be attributed to any real and intrinfick Cause, fc>vit accidentally to the Ignorance of Interpreters, for want of proper Helps, at this Distance of Time, to enable them to explain them.

We readily agree indeed, that, when Matt.;. St. Matthew tells us of our Blessed Sa- *£."" viour, u He came and dwelt in a City called Nazareth, that it might be fulfilled which was Jpoken by the Prophets, He Sha.il Be Called A NazaRene, there is no such Passage, as he Jhall be called a Nazarene, to be met with in any of the Prophets that we know of j but when it is confider'd, that, to be called, (according to the Hebrew manner of Speaking,) is the lame thing as to be a Nazarene j the Prophe. ly (be it where it will) is properly answered, if the Sense of the Thing be but fulfill'd, by our Saviour's becoming, what we are to understand by, a Nazarene.

Now there are two ways, which Annotators observe, of deriving this Appellation; the first is from the "Word Ne$zar, which signifies a Branch: And hereupon St. Matthew might have %he Prophet Isaiah in his Thoughts, yfhcie, without all Controversy, he D 4 describes

J Matt. ii. i\.

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