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were then upon them: That it did not exempt them from personal Faults and Failings, k being Men of the like Passions ■with us, and l having this Treasure in Ears hen Vessels \ and therefore no wonder if St. Peter, fearful of offending the Jewish Converts^ who were numerous at Antioch, ran into a shameful Dissimulation, m walking not uprightly, according to the Truth of the Gospel, for which St. Pauln withstood him to the Face, because he was to be blam'd: That at did not exclude the use of humane Means for the Advancement of their Knowledge j which gives us the Reason, why St. 'Paul advises Timothy, a Man extraordinarily endued with the Gifts of the Spirit, and mark'd out by Prophecy, as one who should prove Eminent in the Work of the Ministry, to give Attendance to Redding, &c. and why St. Paul himself, who could boast of Visions and Revelations beyond all the Apostles, writes to the fame Timothy, to bring him his ° Book-Cafe (for Da so
'Aftsxiv. a$. '2 Cor.iv. 7.. mVaL ii. 14. "Ver. 1 n • • I am very sensible that in .our Translation we call it a Cloak, but it may as well be interpreted a Book-Cafe or Scriptore. Pbavorinut is of Opinion thai it signifies a folded Vellnm or Parchment, and therefore Dr. Hammond thinks it all one with the (ii^lipupeu mention'd afterwards, because the fwA/ra/4, but more especially seems to denote something mention'd befuae* Eammeni in Locum. f i Ctr. xiu. 9. * Jenkini Re«sott. Vol. 9.
ib the Word pduA&w; should be rendered) his Books, and his Parchments, or Common-place-book j because he wanted to make use of them, as never imagining, that the Abundance of his spiritual Gifts superseded all necessity to Study: And, lastly, that it did not vacate the Necessity of the Apostles convening and consulting'together in Matters of great Importance to the Church jfor though the single Authority of any one, in ibme Cafes, might be decifive^ yet since (as they themselves own) they did but P know in 'Part, and Prophecy in Part, who can doubt, but that, in Conjunction, they might communicate Light to each other, and what their whole College did determine, would come with greater Evidence of its being the Will of God, than what was deliver'd by one Apostle only? Not to fay, that this Synod at Jerusalem might be design'd by the Spirit, i to be an Example and Precedent to the Church in future Ages, to determine Controversies by the Authority < of Councils. Which But now, tho' the Gift of Inspiration, solves all imparted to the Apostles and Evangels0"1" lists, was not permanent and habitual, but gradual only and occasional; did not supersede the common ways of
Speech, nor the usual Forms of Civility \ did not exempt them from personal Faults and Failings; did not exclude them from the ordinary Means of acquiring Knowledge, nor vacate the Necessity of their meeting together for the Decision of Controversies j yet this Effect it certainly had, that it secur'd them, not only from all grofi Errors in Points of Doctrine, but from all Inconsistenccs, and flips of Memory likewise, in Matters of an inferior Nature. And therefore may we observe, that, tho* there really is a difference between St. Matthew and St. Luke, in the Genealogies, they give us of our blessed Saviour, and, as one wou\& think at first Sight, a manifest Mistake on one Side or other; yet the Design of the two Evangelists, in their respective Deductions, is far from being the lame: r that St. Matthew intends St. Matonly to set down his Political or Royalthew and Pedegree, by which he had a Right to rl'J^. the Crown of the Jews j whereas St. Luke led. fliews his natural Descent through the several Successions of those, from whom he took Flejh and Blood. And accordingly we find St. Matthew beginning his Reckoning only from Abraham, to whom s the Jirft Promise of the Kingdom was made $ but St. Luke runs his Line up D 3 to
* $>Htb's Serra. Vol. 3. ' Gen. rii. <£.
to Adam, the first Head and Fountain of humane Nature; which plainly shews that the one deduc'd only his Title to the Crown, the other the natural Descent of his Humanity.
This, in a great Measure, may serve as a Key to unlock the chief Difficulties in our Saviour's Pedegree: But perhaps Interpreters might save themselves some Trouble by faying, that St. Matthew (concerning whom the main DHpute is) recites it, as he found it in the authentlck Copies of the Jews; who doubtleis had preserv'd some known and approv'd Genealogy of their Descent from Abraham, the Father of their Nation, in whom they so much gloried, and from whose Loins they expected the promised MeJJias: And that, since the Jews, who liv'd in the Time, when the Gospels were publHh'd (tho* exactly curious in Things of this Nature, and highly incens'd against Christ and Christianity) never once attempted to invalidate the Account, which the Evangelists give us, this seems to be a sufficient Proof, •that these Genealogies, when first they came abroad, were neither thought t erroneous nor inconsistent, but agreeable to the jDublick Records, then in Use j and that, if any Difficulties now arise in them, they are not to be attributed to any real and intrinfick Cause, fc>vit accidentally to the Ignorance of Interpreters, for want of proper Helps, at this Distance of Time, to enable them to explain them.
arise .' Vid. Kidder's Deraonsl. upon the Subject.
We readily agree indeed, that, when Matt.;. St. Matthew tells us of our Blessed Sa- *£."" viour, u He came and dwelt in a City called Nazareth, that it might be fulfilled which was Jpoken by the Prophets, He Sha.il Be Called A NazaRene, there is no such Passage, as he Jhall be called a Nazarene, to be met with in any of the Prophets that we know of j but when it is confider'd, that, to be called, (according to the Hebrew manner of Speaking,) is the lame thing as to be a Nazarene j the Prophe. ly (be it where it will) is properly answered, if the Sense of the Thing be but fulfill'd, by our Saviour's becoming, what we are to understand by, a Nazarene.
Now there are two ways, which Annotators observe, of deriving this Appellation; the first is from the "Word Ne$zar, which signifies a Branch: And hereupon St. Matthew might have %he Prophet Isaiah in his Thoughts, yfhcie, without all Controversy, he D 4 describes
J Matt. ii. i\.