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describes the Person of the Messiah; * There jhall come a Rod outofjefte, and a Branch jhall grow out os his Roots; and our Saviour's dwelling at Nazareth might give occasion to the Evangelist's calling him a Nazarene, or an Inhabi-r {ant of Netzar f (for so the Place was called in Hebrew) which had ib great an Affinity to the Character, which the Prophet had given him.

The other way of deriving the Appellation is- from the Word Naziry which signifies a separate Person, in which Sense Joseph is said to be %separate from his Brethren, as being deipis'd and rejected by them. Now the Prophet Isaiah, lpeaking of the Messiah, gives us this Description of his State and Condition j" * He is despised and neglected of Men, a Man. of Sorrow, and acquainted with Grief, and we hid, as it were, our Faces from him; and what might contribute to his farther Reproach, was his Living at Nazareth, a mean Place, situate in the obseure Country of Galilee, and inhabited with Fishermen, and People of so low a Rank, that it passed into a Kind of Proverb, b Can any good thing come out


* Isa. i*. I. » Vid. Bp. Chandler's Defence. ! Exod. xlix. 29. ;Isa, liii. 3. * John i. 46..


of Nazareth? Thus, which way soever

■we deduce the Word, we find iuch

plain Footsteps of it in the Prophets,

that the Evangelist cannot be charg'd

with any Misapplication of Scripture,

especially considering what a * Jewijh

{Dornmentator tells us, " That the Pro

** phets do frequently employ equivo

** cal and metaphorical Words, with

<c Intent not to signify the Thing,

*' which is obvious in their first Sense,

"but what is to be collected from ano

** ther Etymology and Derivation of


We readily grant again, that, accor- Matt. ding to our present Copies, there is axxvii;* Passage in St. Matthew, quoted under cIcard* the Name of 'Jeremiah, tho' it is only to be found in the Prophet Zechary: But whoever considers that St. Matthew's manner is, not to name any particular Prophet, when he makes his Citations; c and that both the Perftck and Syriack Versions have no name, but barely mention the Prophet, will be apt to imagine that the Name of Jeremiah was not originally there, but has since crept into the Text of the Gospel. Or, granting that it was originally in it,


f Maim. Mar. Neboch, 11. I*. !Vjd. KiMtr^ Pemonft. Part z.

yet still we may suppose(d with St.Jerom) that the Words of the Prophecy were written in some Apocryphal Book of Jeremiah, which St. Matthew might, with good Authority quote, or rather,' that the ninth, and sorrte following Chapters in Zechary's Prophecy were iri Reality written by Jeremiah, because there are several Things contained in them, such as e the Fate of Gaza and Askelon, the f Downs al of the Qride of Assyria, and the Departure of the Sceptre of Egypt, &c. s which agree very well with Jeremiah's Time, but not at all with that of Zechary; and, consequently, that St. Matthew made no Blunder, when he cited the Name of Jeremiah for what was\ properly written by him, though, in the present Disposition of the prophetical Books, it commonly goes under another's Name.

That there are several Books express- r ly cited in the Old Testament, of which we have now nothing remaining, is obvious tp every Reader j * and that, in,

.. $? •

d He tells us that he read the very Words here., quoted in an Hebrew Volume, communicated J<? ■ him by a jFeto of the Nazarene Sect, being an\ Apocryphal Work of Jeremiah. Kidder, ibid.

"Zech.' i%. 5. / Ibid. Ch. x. 11. * Vid. Kidder, ibid. •

* Clarke's Evidence of Natural and Revealed Religion.

she "Books, which remain, there should sometimes, for want of Infallibility in Transcribers, happen Omissions and Transpositions, is no more than may be expected. What Wonder is it then, if, among the many Texts, cited in the New Testament out of the Old, one or two ihould now not be sound in our present Copies; and that some others mould be read differently in the Old Testament from the Citations of the lame Texts recorded in the New? Or how does this, at all affect the Authority of either; when much the greatest Part of the Texts cited agrees perfectly, either in Words or in Sense, and the whole Series, Harmony, Connexion, and Uniformity of both, compared with the System of natural and moral Truths, and with the History of the World, and the State of Nations, through a long Succession of Ages, from the Days of Moses to this present time, shew, that the Books are not the result of Random and Enthiiftajlick Imaginations, as some pretend, but of long Foresight and deep Design.

And now to Sum up what has been A Samiaid: If the Declarations of the Evan- mary of gelical Authors themselves, or the ac- Jf. knowledgment of their Cotemporaries and immediate Successors j if the Reason


son and End of their committing their Doctrines to writing, which were to be an unerring Rule of Faith to all Ages; and if, to make them so, a necessity there was of some uncommon Assistance, be Considerations of any Moment; then is the Inspiration of these fecred Penmen built upon a good Foundation: And, though the Extent and Meaiure of it may not improperly fall under some Restrictions, (which solve all the Difficulties, that can be alledg'd against it) yet was it certainly iuch, as fecur'd them from the Danger of falling into Errors in any Points of Doctrine, from h walking in Craftiness (as one of them expresses it) or from handling the Word of God deceitfully, that, by Manifestation of the Truth, they might commend themselves to every Man's Conscience in the Sight of God.

* i Cor. iv. 2.


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