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ONE OF THE SENATORS OF THE COLLEGE OF JUSTICE, AND ONE OF THE

LORDS COMMISSIONERS OF JUSTICIARY IN SCOTLAND,

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PUBLISHED BY JOHN THOMPSON. NO. 128 PEARL-STREET

J. ORAM, PRINTER,

1819.

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ELEMENTS OF CRITICISM,

CHAPTER XVIII,

Beauty of Language, OF all the fine arts, painting only and sculp, ture and in their nature imitative. An ornamented field is not a copy or imitation of nature, but nature itself embellished. Architecture is productive of originals, and copies not from nature. Sound and motion may in some measure be imitated by music; but for the most part music, like Architecture, is productive of originals. Language copies not from nature, more than music or architecture ; unless, where, like music, it is imitative of sound or mo; tion. Thus, in the description of particular sounds, language sometimes furnisheth words, which, beside their customary power of exciting ideas, resemble by their softness or harshness the sounds described; and there are words, which by the celerity or slowness of pronunciation, have some resemblance to the motion they signify. The imitative power of words goes one step farther : the loftiness of some words makes them proper symbols of lofty ideas; a rough subject is imitated by harsh-sounding words; and words of many syllables pronounced slow and smooth, are expressive of grief and melancholy. Words have a separate effect on the mind, abstracting from theįy

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