Democracy, Social Values, and Public Policy

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Milton Michael Carrow, Robert Paul Churchill, Robert P. Churchill, Joseph J. Cordes
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1998 - 201 páginas
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Transcending the widespread concerns about deteriorating moral values in American society, this collection focuses on the common values of American society. Through the perspectives of philosophers, historians, political scientists, theologians, anthropologists, economists, and scientists, this book examines American social values and discusses how they are applied in current areas of public interest.

American democratic ideals are not simply rooted in the conventional structural and institutional elements of a democracy, such as the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. American democracy, in fact, could not survive without a strong basis of social values that support community, tolerance, and cooperation. Since social values form the common bonds of society, and may not be supported by individual members, they are determined through a complex cultural, legal, and political process, as one of the contributors points out.

The contributors to this book were assembled from a variety of disciplines and professions to examine social values and analyze their application in specific areas of current controversy. Through the perspectives of philosophy, anthropology, history, economics, political science, biomedical ethics, and religion, these discussions cover not only disciplinary perspectives but cover topics such as the environment, intergenerational interaction, social welfare policies, gender, and genetic engineering.

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Contenido

A Framework for Democracy Social Values and Public Policy
xvii
The Origin of Social Values
5
The Wellsprings of Social Values
21
American Democratic Institutions and Social Values
31
Social Values and Public Policy A Contribution from a Religious Tradition
51
In Search of Identity Economics and Values
67
Policy Analysis and Social Values
85
The Ethics of CostBenefit Analysis Incommensurable Incompatible and Incomparable Values
101
Social Welfare Policies and Values
125
Women Gender Values and Public Policy
141
Democratic Rhetoric and Genetic Engineering Who Owns the Human Gene Pool?
157
Democracy Social Values and Public Policy Concluding Commentary
173
For Further Reading
181
Index
183
About the Contributors
191
Derechos de autor

Intergenerational Interaction on Resource Allocation
117

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Pasajes populares

Página 13 - In the corrupted currents of this world Offence's gilded hand may shove by justice, And oft 'tis seen the wicked prize itself Buys out the law; but 'tis not so above; There is no shuffling, there the action lies In his true nature, and we ourselves compell'd Even to the teeth and forehead of our faults To give in evidence.
Página 17 - He's here in double trust; First, as I am his kinsman and his subject, Strong both against the deed; then, as his host, Who should against his murderer shut the door, Not bear the knife myself.
Página 12 - Act in such a way that you always treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never simply as a means, but always at the same time as an end.
Página 75 - Practical men, who believe themselves to be quite exempt from any intellectual influences, are usually the slaves of some defunct economist. Madmen in authority, who hear voices in the air, are distilling their frenzy from some academic scribbler of a few years back.
Página 15 - I say: man and generally any rational being exists as an end in himself, not merely as a means to be arbitrarily used by this or that will, but in all his actions, whether they concern himself or other rational beings, must be always regarded at the same time as an end.
Página 12 - I ought never to act except in such a way that I can also will that my maxim should become a universal law.
Página 21 - Heat conditioning," said Mr. Foster. Hot tunnels alternated with cool tunnels. Coolness was wedded to discomfort in the form of hard X-rays. By the time they were decanted the embryos had a horror of cold. They were predestined to emigrate to the tropics, to be miners and acetate silk spinners and steel workers. Later on their minds would be made to endorse the judgment of their bodies. "We condition them to thrive on heat," concluded Mr. Foster. "Our colleagues upstairs will teach them to love it.
Página 19 - It is a great achievement to get slumdwellers into decent houses, but it is unfortunate that, owing to the peculiar temper of our time, it is also considered necessary to rob them of the last vestiges of their liberty.
Página 155 - We believe that a true partnership between the sexes demands a different concept of marriage, an equitable sharing of the responsibilities of home and children and of the economic burdens of their support.
Página 159 - The good society is heavily dependent on men being attached to a strong moral order centered on families, both to discipline their sexual behavior and to reduce their competitive aggression.

Acerca del autor (1998)

MILTON M. CARROW is Research Professor of Public Policy in the Graduate Program in Public Policy at The George Washington University.

ROBERT PAUL CHURCHILL is Professor of Philosophy at The George Washington University.

JOSEPH J. CORDES is Professor of Economics in the Graduate Program in Public Policy at The George Washington University.

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