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THE

ANNUAL REGISTER,

For the Year 1817.

GENERAL HISTORY.

CHAPTER ).

The Prince Regent's Speech.--Insults offered him.-His Message to both

Houses of Parliament.-Taken into Consideration by the Houses of Lords and Commons, and a Secret Committee appointed in each. Report from the Committee in each House.

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PRINCE REGENT's speech. of the honour of the country

against the government of Algiers, N January 28th, his Royal have been attended with the most

Highness the Prince Regent complete success. opened the Parliament with the “ The splendid achievement of following Speech.

his Majesty's fleet, in conjunction “My Lords and Gentlemen, with a squadron of the king of the

“ It is with deep regret that 1 Netherlands, under the gallant am again obliged to announce to and able conduct of Adm. Viscount you, that no alteration has occur Exmouth, led to the immediate red in the state of his Majesty's and unconditional liberation of all lamented indisposition.

Christian captives then within the “ I continue to receive from territory of Algiers, and to the foreign powers the strongest as renunciation by its government of surances of their friendly dispo- the practice of Christian slavery. sition towards this country, and of “ I am persuaded that you will their earnest desire to maintain be duly sensible of the importance the general tranquillity.

of an arrangement so interesting “The hostilities to which I was to humanity, and reflecting, from compelled to resort, in vindication the manner in which it has been VOL. LIX.

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accomplished,

fore you.

accomplished, such signal honour “My Lords and Gentlemen, on the British nation.

" I have the satisfaction of “In India, the refusal of the informing you that the arrangegovernment of Nepaul to ratify ments which were made in the a treaty of peace which had been last session of parliament, with a signed by its plenipotentiaries, oc view to a new silver coinage, have casioned a renewal of military been completed with unprecedentoperations.

ed expedition. “ The judicious arrangements I have given directions for of the governor-general, seconded the immediate issue of the new by the bravery and perseverance coin, and I trust that this meaof his Majesty's forces, and of sure will be productive of consithose of the East-India company, derable advantages to the trade brought the campaign to a speedy and internal transactions of the and successful issue; and peace country. has been finally established upon

“The distresses consequent upon the just and honourable terms of the termination of a war of such the original treaty.

unusual extent and duration have Gentlemen of the House of been felt, with greater or less seCommons ;

verity, throughout all the nations “ I have directed the estimates of Europe ; and have been consifor the current year to be laid be- derably aggravated by the unfa

vourable state of the season. They have been formed upon a Deeply as I lament the presfull consideration of all the pre sure of these evils upon the counsent circumstances of the country, try, I am sensible that they are with an anxious desire to make of a nature not to admit of an every reduction in our establish- immediate remedy ; but whilst I ments which the safety of the em observe with peculiar satisfaction pire and sound policy allow. the fortitude with which so many

“ I recommend the state of the privations have been borne, and public income and expenditure to the active benevolence which has your early and serious attention. been employed to mitigate them,

I regret to be under the ne I am persuaded that the great cessity of informing you, that sources of our national prosperity there has been a deficiency in the are essentially unimpaired; and I produce of the revenue in the last entertain a confident expectation year : but I trust that it is to be that the native energy of the counascribed to temporary causes ; try will at no distant period surand I have the consolation to be mount all the difficulties in which lieve, that you will find it practi

we are involved. cable to provide for the public In considering our internal service of the year, without mak- situation, you will, I doubt not, ing any addition to the burthens feel a just indignation at the atof the people, and without adopt- tempts which have been made to ing any measure injurious to that take advantage of the distresses system by which the public credit of the country, for the purpose of of the country has been hitherto exciting a spirit of sedition and sustained.

violence.

" I am too well convinced of to his Royal Highness was agreed the loyalty and good sense of the upon, congratulating him upon his great body of his Majesty's suh escape. jects, to believe them capable of The further proceedings upon being perverted by the arts which this subject will appear in the are employed to seduce them ; but Chronicle of the present year. I am determined to omit no pre On January 29th, the Speech cautions for preserving the public of the Prince Regent was taken peace, and for counteracting the into cunsideration by the House designs of the disaffected. And I of Lords. The Earl of Dartmouth rely with the utmost confidence first moved an address of thanks, on your cordial support and co which was in the usual form, and operation, in upholding a system was seconded by the Earl of Rothes. of law and government, from Earl Grey then rose, and began which we have derived inestima with declaring his full assent to that ble advantages, which has enabled part of the speech which gave a us to conclude, with unexampled tribute of applause to the noble glory, a contest whereon depended admiral, and his officers and seathe best interests of mankind, and, men, who were engaged in the which has been hitherto felt by expedition against Algiers ; at the ourselves, as it is acknowledged same time he could not refrain by other nations, to be the most from doubting how far the advanperfect that has ever fallen to the tages arising from the enterprize lot of any people.”

would be adequate to its expense, His Royal Highness then re or to its future security. With tired, and their lordships adjourned respect to the termination of a till five o'clock.

remote war in India, he conceived After the Prince Regent had it rather too much to ask at the withdrawn,

present moment for an opinion Lord Viscount Sidmouth rose and concerning the cause and necessity announced, that before any other of a war, when, to the best of his matter could be entered upon by knowledge, nu information had the House of Lords, he had one of been laid before their lordships on the most important communica- the subject. tions to be made to them that had Passing over these topics, the ever been laid before Parliament. Earl proceeded to take into his Accordingly, after the strangers consideration the speech from had withdrawn, he informed them, the throne, and the speeches of that when the Prince Regent was other noble lords, respecting the returning from the House, and probable continuation of peace. passing at the back of the garden The system of policy on which of Carlton-House, the glass of the this confidence was founded, apcarriage had been broken by a peared to him, instead of tending stone, or by two balls from an air to secure this end, fraught with gun, which appeared to have been the greatest danger to the peace aimed at his Royal Highness. in of Europe. This idea he pursued the result, a conference was de- through various consequences; and sired to be held with the House with regard to the policy which of Commons, at which an Address we had adopted relative to the

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French

French nation, he said, that in- ing distresses of all classes of his stead of having reduced its power Majesty's faithful subjects. within moderate limits, we had “That we are willing to indulge generated in them an implacable the hope that these distresses may spirit of animosity, the end of be found, in part, to have oriwhich would probably be, that ginated from circumstances of a having placed and supported the temporary nature, and that some present family on the throne of alleviation of them may be proFrance, that family must ultimate- duced by the continuance of peace; ly re-establish its power by going but that we should ill discharge to war with this country.

our duty to his Royal Highness, His lordship then went on to and be guilty of countenancing a consider, what he regarded as the most dangerous delusion, were we most important subject of atten to conceal from him our opinion, tion in our present circumstances, that the pressure which now weighs our internal situation. This he so heavily on the resources of the contrasted with all that had taken country, is much more extensive place in former cases, in order to in its operation, more severe in shew the much greater difficulties its effects, more deep and general we had now to encounter ; and in its causes, and more difficult to this led him to the question of a be removed, than that which has reduction of the national expen- prevailed at the termination of any diture. After various views on the former war. subject, he said, this and the other “ That we are firmly persuaded House of Parliament must impose that the same exemplary patience on the ministers the duty of re and fortitude with which all ranks trenchment. We must insist on have hitherto borne the difficulties a retrenchment very different from under which they labour, will that adverted to in the speech continue to support them under from the throne. We must insist such burthens as may be found upon a rigid unsparing economy, indispensably necessary for the an economy founded not on what unavoidable exigencies of the pubsound policy requires, but on what lic service ; but that to maintain necessity will admit; not on what this disposition, it is incumbent government would have, but on on parliament, by a severe and viwhat the country can afford. If gilant exercise of its powers to we cannot extend the means to prove that sacrifices, so painfully meet the expense of the establish- obtained, are strictly limited to the ments, we must contract the es real necessities of the state, tablishments to meet the means. “ That while we acknowledge

His lordship concluded a long the gracious dispositions announspeech, by proposing the follow- ced in his Royal Highness's speech ing amendment :

from the throne, we cannot help “ That we have seen with the expressing our regret that his deepest concern the continued em- Royal Highness should not have barrassments of our agriculture, been sooner advised to adopt meamanufactures, and commerce; the sures of the most rigid economy and alarming deficiency of the revenue, retrenchment, particularly with reand the unexampled and increas- spect to our military establish

ments.

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