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their desire to preserve the general " I cannot allow you to sepatranquillity.

rate without recommending to “The prospect of an abundant you, that upon your return to your harvest throughout a considerable several counties, you should use part of the continent is in the your utmost endeavours to defeat highest degree satisfactory. This all attempts to corrupt and mishappy dispensation of Providence lead the lower classes of the comcannot fail to mitigate, if not munity; and that.

you should lose wholly to remove, that pressure no opportunity of inculcating aunder which so many of the na- inongst them that spirit of contions of Europe have been suffer- cord and obedience to the laws, ing in the course of the last year ; which is not less essential to their and I trust that we may look for: happiness as individuals, than it ward in consequence to an im- is indispensable to the general provement in the commercial re- welfare and prosperity of the lations of this and of all other kingdom." countries.

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CHAPTER IX.

Domestic Events.--Course of the Year.--Double suspension of the Habeas

Corpus.-- Celebration of the Queen's and Prince Regent's Birth-Days.-
Trials.-Special Commission held at Derby.

T

We are

DOMESTIC EVENTS, &c. the present year has been the

double suspension of the Habeas VIS year commenced with Corpus Act; which, after being

the distress spread through one of the first parliamentary the greatest part of Europe, in measures at the beginning of the consequence of the late and un. session, was resumed near the - productive harvest of the last close of it, and voted to be contiautumn. Although the British nued till the commencement of islands partook in a smaller de- another session, in consequence gree of the prevalent evil than of a renewed alarm. We refer to most other countries, from which our view of the debates in Parliatheir free admission to all foreign ment for the particulars of this ports afforded them important re- remarkable contest; of the issue lief, yet hardships fell heavy upon of which we shall only observe, certain districts too remote from that whilst the ministerial memsuch tardy aid; and Ireland, espe- bers expressed great regret at cially, suffered severely from the being obliged to have recourse to a want of the most essential articles temporary violation of the constiof human sustenance.

tution for the purpose of preventinformed that the distress was so ing the most urgent dangers, great in particular parts, that the their opponents held that no danpoor people could find no other ger was equal to the habit of enresource than that of anticipating trusting ministers, at their own their crop of potatoes by an un convenience or pleasure, with an ripe product. As the year ad- expedient fatal to liberty.

vanced, however, better prospects : began to open ; and it was the

CELEBRATION OF THE QUEEN's general opinion that corn and other products seldom offered a Some months ago the Prince more promising harvest to the Regent, with a view to relieve the cultivator. Whether this promise distresses of the manufacturing has not been exaggerated may be classes, by affording them employa matter of doubt; at least it ap- ment, gave directions in the Gapears certain that the year has zette for the public celebration of concluded with an advance in the the Queen's birth-day, and of his price of wheat and barley which own; and, in order to make the could harılly have been expected relief more effectual, notice was at the time of their first decline. given, that it was expected, that A distinguishing character of on both occasions all those who

should

BIRTH-DAY.

should attend the Court would to do so till half-past three. The appear in dresses entirely of Bri Prince Regent arrived in state tish manufacture. In further about half-past three : his carriage pursuance of this plan, his Royal was preceded, - surrounded, and Highness ordered all his state and followed by a party of life-guards. household officers to wear costly The procession passed along in dresses of home fabrication, and perfect silence. Most of the Royal those dresses were directed to be Family went in state. The Duke made into three classes of uni- and Duchess of York arrived first: forms, according to the respective then the Princess Charlotte and ranks of those officers. The first Prince Leopold; next the Duke class consists of suits for the Lord and Duchess of Glocester; and Chamberlain, the Lord Steward, lastly, the Duke of Sussex and the and the Groom of the Stole. The Princess Sophia of Glocester. The coats are of dark purple, with Speaker of the House of Commons crimson velvet collars, richly or went in state, and also the Aunamented all over with gold. Not strian and Dutch ambassadors. only those persons who are imme Her Majesty entered the drawdiately under the command of the ing-room about two o'clock, and Prince Regent had complied with first received the congratulations the laudable direction of wearing of the foreign ambassadors, of the British dresses, but all the com Cabinet Ministers, and of all who pany present yesterday showed had the privilege of entré. that they had been equally anxious to afford relief to their suffer

PRINCE REGENT'S BIRTH-DAY. ing countrymen by employment, April 23, being St. George's which is the only permanently day, had been selected as the day useful mode of relief.

on which the birth of the Prince The Court, in honour of the Regent was in future to be obQueen's birth-day, was at first served, instead of the 12th of fixed for the 6th of February; but August, and a drawing-room, and her Majesty being at that time other splendours, were of course unable, from the effects of her appointed: but a sudden indispolate illness, to bear the fatigues sition of the Queen, which occurincident to these occasions, it was red in the course of the preceding postponed to the 20th, when her night, prevented the drawing-room Majesty was entirely recovered. from taking place. Her Majesty

The day was announced, was taken ill at an early hour of usual, by the ringing of bells and the morning. Sir Henry Halford the salute of artillery; and the was immediately sent for, and atpeople reminded by these intima tended the Royal patient twice betions, flocked in great numbers to fore nine o'clock. Communicathe vicinity of the Queen's Palace. tions of the unlucky occurrence The weather, which had been were dispatched to all the branches very dull and rainy, began to of the Royal Family; and, in the clear up about 2 o'clock, and the course of the morning, the streets scene became very gay and mag- leading to Buckingham-house and nificent. The company began to St. James's were placarded with arrive about one, and continued bills, announcing the indisposi

as

tion of her Majesty, and her ina. Lancashire, Yorkshire, Nottingbility to receive company,

hamıshire, and Derbyshire. These The morning was ushered in were for the most part speedily with ringing of bells. The guards quelled; and from a considerable mounted in white gaiters, and number sent for trial to York, the wore new clothes. Carlion-house whole were either pronounced was thronged during the whole of not guilty, or previously dischargthe day with all ranks, paying ed, with the exception of two, who their respectful congratulations. were detained by a secretary of The Tower guns fired at one stare's warrant under the suspeno'clock; the firing of the Park sion of the Habeas Corpus Act. guns was dispensed with in con A more melancholy result sucsequence of the indisposition of ceeded the trial of a number of the Queen.

prisoners, who were committed to

the gaol of Derby on a charge of TRIALS, &c.

high treason. A special commisOne of the first trials upon an sion was issued to four judges, who accusation of the crime of sedition in the month of October entered was that or Niel Douglas, an uni- upon their office; and nothing versul preacher in Glasgow, who could be more honourable to the was charged with words spoken criminal justice of the country in the pulpit in derogation of his than the manner in which it was Majesty, of the Prince Regent, executed. After the persons who and the whole House of Com- had been adjudged worthy of death

The trial took place in the had undergone their trial, Mr. high court of Justiciary in Edin- Denman requested of the court burgh on May 25 ; and the result that the prisoners remaining at was, that after a due attention to the bar might be permitted to the evidence produced on both withdraw their plea of not guilty, sides, Douglas was declared not and substitute that of guilty. The guilty, and was dismissed from attorney-general readily consentthe court.

ing, nine prisoners were allowed A trial in which the public.was to amend their plea, and ten more niuch more interested was that were permitted 10 join them. It of the elder Watson, Surgeon, at was generally understood that their the court of King's Bench, West- punishment would be commuted minster Hall, accused of high for some ligh`er sentence. Twelve treason. It commenced on the more next appeared at the bar, 10th of June, and was continued whose nanies being called over, till Monday the 16th, when the the attorney-general rose, and jury pronounced a verdict of Not after a speech displaying much guilty. The other persons impli- feeling, made a declaration that cated in the same accusation were his painful task was now closed, afterwards discharged by the law and that the hand of mercy was officers.

meant to be extended to all the About the same time a disposi- rest. The devoted number were tion to tumult and cutrage broke only three, Brandreth, Turner, out in several of the midland and and Ludlum, who were executed northern counties, particularly at Derby on November 7th.

CHAP

nions.

CHAPTER X.

Fax.-Decree respecting Slaves introduced in the Colonies. --- Negocia

foi u ruth the Allied Powers.--Ordinance concerning the Debts of the City of Paru.-Disturbunces at Lyons.-Royal Ordinances for the cestwn of Majorats.- Election for the Chamber of Deputies, and Royal peerh. - Project of a Law for the Press.-Law for the establishment or Region.

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FRANCE.

NEGOCIATIONS, &c. I E following article made its Early in the year negociations plage in the month of January, of France, and the four principal Ust of his Majesty.

allies, for the purpose of alle

viating the burden under which Lariis, &c. 1.1 1. Every vessel, whether pressed, in consequence of the

that country was severely opfresh or fureign, which shall

foreign armies held by its prin3:235€ to intruduce into any of cipal towns. The result was the Best Comes purchased blacks, following official note presented

ne confiscated, and the cap- to the Duke of Richelieu by the ... a Frenchman, shall be held several resident ministers of she

are of bolding a command. ise bole cargo shall in like

powers in question. Fauer be contiscated, although

OFFICIAL NOTE RELATIVE TO THE tensisting of slaves : with re

DIMINUTION OF THE ARMY OF set to the negroes, they shall be

OCCUPATION. moved on public works of uti. The Courts of Austria, Engy tbe colony.

land, Prussia, and Russia, having 4-7 ?. The contraventions for- taken into consideration the desire Man in the preceding article manifested by his most Christian ...i he tried according to the Majesty to have the numbers of are fieus as contraventions of the Army of Occupation dimite kes and regulations for fo- nished, and proportionably the pot craquerre. As for the pro- amount of charge occasioned by & cof the confiscationspronounc. its presence on the French terri

a mnfurmity to the said arti- tory, have authorized the underrol be realized and sup- signed to inake the following

sa the same manner as the communication to his Excellency - side of confiscations pronounc- the Duke de Richelieu, President e. a rulers of the contravention of the Council of Ministers, and are the laws concerning foreign Secretary of State for the Departtre.

ment of Foreign Affairs :1. • at the Touilleries, &c. At the time when the King, :19 %, 1617

re-established upon his throne and

put

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