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and whose paternal solicitude it has pose in it, and coinciding with its constantly occupied since the year opinion respecting the abolition of 1814.

the traffic in slaves, and co-ope

rating with the King of Great DECREE RELATIVE TO TOBACCO. Britain by a solemn treaty, ein

The Madrid Gazette of July the bracing all the points of reciprocal 3d, contains a long decree respect- interest involved in this important ing the culture of tobacco at the transaction, and determining that Havannah. This article has been the time for the abolition was arlong subject to a monopoly exer- rived, the interests of my Amecised in the name of the govern- rican States being duly reconciled ment; which at length proceeded with the sentiments of my royal to such a degree of abuse, that the mind, and the wishes of all the whole manufacture of tobacco in Sovereigns, my friends and allies, the island of Cuba, noted for pro- I have decreed as follows: ducing it in the greatest abun Art. 1.- From this day forward dance, and of the best quality, was I prohibit all my subjects, both in likely to become a meie object for the Peninsula and in America, from home consumption. The king, at going to buy negroes on the coasts the instance of M. Garay, minister of Africa, north of the line. The of finance, has given almost full negroes who may be bought on the liberty to every branch of agri- said coasts shall be declared free culture and industry connected in the first port of my dominions, with this product ; and the expor- at which the ship in which they tation of the tobacco of the Has are transported shall arrive. The vannah to all foreign countries ship itself, together with the rewill be permittel, provided it be mainder of its cargo, shall be confis. in Spanish vessels.

cated to the Royal Treasury, and the ABOLITION OF SLAVE TRADE.

purchaser, the captain, the master,

and pilot shall be irrevocably conThe king of Spain has at length demned to 10 years' transportation published an edict for the abolition to the Philippines. of the slave trade throughout his Art. 2.-The above punishment dominions, to commence north of does not attach to the trader, the the line immediately, and south of captain, the master, and priot of the line on the 30th of May, 1820. the vessels, which may sail from After an exculpatury report re- any port of my duminions, for the specting all previous traflic of this coasis of Africa, north of the line, kind, which is said to have in. before the 22d of November of the creased prodigiously the number present year; to which I grant, of indigenous as well as of free besides, anextension of six months, negroes, his Majesty proceeds to counting froin the above date, to say that "Having collected all these complete their ex, edition. copious materials, and having ex. Article 3.-From the Soth of amined the proposition which the May, 1820, I equally prohibit all proper supreme tribunal laid be. my subjects, as well in the Penitzfore me in its deliberation of the fula as in America, from going to 15th of February, 1816, answer. purchase negroes along those parts ing to the confidence which I re of the coast of Africa which are to

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ue soath of the line, under the intendants of the Indies, the adrame penalties imposed in the first jacent islands, the Philippines, artre of this decree: allowing that they keep, fulfil, execute, kewise the space of five months and cause to be kept, fulfilled, &c. from the above date to complete this my decree," &c. the voyages that may be under Madrid, Dec. 1817. taken before the above-mentioned such of May, in which the traffic

PORTUGAL. in slaves shall cease in all my do. The union, during the last year, 2.sons, as well in Spain as in of the kingdoms of Portugal and Aspenca.

Brazil, with the decided preference Art. 4.-Those who, using the shown by the sovereign of the two HTTson which I grant till the countries to his transatlantic posthe of May, 1890, to purchase sessions, has conferred upon the Dista, on that part of the coast of latter at least an equal title to doAnna which lies south of the minion ; for which reason we shall Labe, shall not be allowed to carry henceforth consider them as indiLore slaves than five to two tons visibly united undera single crown. of the tonnage of their vessel: and The irruption of a Portuguese

persoas contravening this en- army from Brazil, into Montevi. atent shall be subjected to the deo, was mentioned among the penalty of losing all the slaves on events of the concluding month bard, who shall be declared free of the last year. In January two * the first port of my dominions proclamations were issued io the uwbxh the ship arrives.

Spanish inhabitants; one of them Art 5.—This computation is by Carlos Frederico Le Cor, lieusite without a reference to those tenant general of the army of his ho may be born during the voy- most Faithful Majesty, addressing *C, or to those who may be serv. the people of Montevideo, and tag on board as sailors or servants. promising to them the guarantee

Art 6.--Foreign ressels which of their property, and a free trade u uport negrues into any port with all nations, in the name of

any dominions shall be subject- the king of Portugal; another ed to the regulations prescribed in from Sebastian Pintos de Aranjo 5. densee, and in case of con- Correa, governor of Montevideo, training them, shall be subjected and superintendant of the provinto the penalties contained in it. ces on the east side of the river

And my royal pleasure being, Plate, decreeing severe punishkhuat te atore decree should cir- ment against all who shall insult titr in my dominions of America another for his foriner political and Aria, fur its punrtual observ. opinions, and assuring every inwce I communicated it to my su- dividual, whatever public office he . perne council of the Indies, sign. may have held under the different et with my own hand, under date governments, of perfect security d the end of September last past; under the protection of the PorI therefore command all my vice- tuguese army. Tors, presidents, audiences, com The conduct of the Brazilian Endants, general governors, and government did not fail, however,

of

from this day; saving, however, VII. 'The said acts shall be inthe effects which it has produced, served in the Bulletin of Laws, and the disposition in article 13 with the law or ordinance that has of that act, which remains in its authorized the publication. full force and vigour. [That ar VIII. The cases of abuse speciticle relers to the inviolability of fied in the Art. 6, and those of the sales of church property.] disturbance, provided for by Art.7, III. Seven new Archbishopricks, of the law of 1802, shall be sub

new Bishopricks, are mitred directly to the Royal Courts, erected. Two of the Episcopal the first Civil Chamber, on the Sees at present existing are erect- information of our attornies-geneing into Archiepiscopal Sees. The ral, or on the prosecution of the boundaries of the 30 Sees already parties interested. existing, and those of the 32 fre The Royal Courts shall decide cently created, are determined ac in all cases not provided for by the cording to the tables annexed to codes, conformably with the regu. the present law.

lations anciently observed in the Il. The endowment of the kingdomn, saving appeal to the Archbishopricks and Bi-hopricks Court of Cassation. shall be taken from the funds IX. All persons in holy orders placed at the disposal of the King, approved by their Bishops, who by article 143 of the law of the may be charged with crimes or 25th March last.

offences, either out of their funcV. The bulls, briefs, decrees, tions or in the exercise of their and other acts, emanating from functions, shall be proceeded the Court of Rome, or produced against according to the disposiunder its authority, except the tions of Art. 10 of the law of the indulgences of the Penitentiary 20th April, 1810, and the Arti* Court, so far alone as concerns cles 479 and 480 of the Criminal the internal Ecclesiastical Court Code of Instruction. cannot be received, printed, pub X. The Bulls given at Rome lished, or cai ried into execution the 19th (1st) and 27 th (9d) of in the kingdom, without the au. July, the former containing the thority of the King.

ratification of the Convention 11. Such of those acts as con- passed the 11th June last, between cern the l'niversal Church, or the the king and his Holiness; the general interest of the state, of second, concerning the boundaries the church of France, their laws, of the dioceses of the kingdom, their administration, or their doc. are received, and shall be pube trine, and which may necessitate lished without the approbation of or may induce some modifications clauses, formulas, and expressins in the legislation now existing, which they contain, and which canuot be received, printed, pub- are or may be contrary to the laws lished, or carried into execution of the realm, the liberties, franin France, without having been chises, and maxims of the Gallican duly verified by the two Chambers Church. upon the proposal of the King. XI. In no case shall the said

receptions

[115 receptions and publications preju- cerning the administration of relitxe the dispositions of the present gious persuasions, not Catholic. Law- the public rights of the Given at the Castle of the ThuilFreoch, guaranteed by the Con leries, the 22d November, in st tubonal Charter--the maxims, the year of our Lord 1817, buchises, and liberties of the and of our reign the 23d. Gu.ican Church-the laws and

(Signed) reculataons concerning ecclesiasial affairs, and the laws con

Louis.

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CHAPTER XI.

Spain. - Disturbance in Valencia.- Edict prohibiting Books.- Conspirary

in Barcelona.-Castunos and his Accomplices condemned.-Pupal Bull Te pecting the Property of the Church in Spain.--Queen of Etrurin Dectre relatire to the Culture of Tobacio in the Hurannah. - Aboli. tion of the Slave Trade. - Portugal.- Irruption of its Army into Monieradeo.- Part taken by the allied Powers.-Defection of Pernambuco, and its Reduction.- Plot in Portugal.

SPAIN.

possession during the whole of TUE following letter, dated ihe 17th. Elio had the prudence

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February, contains an account of people had the insolence to raise a disturbance which took place in the ory of the constitution; and Valencia on January 17th. offered a thousand insults to the

“ The 17th ule. was a day of general and the troops. I hate judgment in l'alencia. The peo- the satisfaction, however, to tell ple darirgly rose against General you, that none but the rabt, le Elo; and if divine Providence tovk any part in the disturbance : had not taken pity on that aflicted the gentlemen and men of prodistrict, we know not to what perty remained in their houses. lengthis the wild monster the At lase the army triumphed ; and mob (which a people are when General Elio is about to make given up to their own violence) terrible evainples. The judges of would bave proceeded. These tur- the audience entered into di prites bulent habits have been contract with his Excellency concerning eil by past events, when the Li- the limits of jurisdiction between berales flat'ered the people that the civil and military authority; they were going to destroy all the and Elio, who knows well his authority of rank and power. The duty, inmediately set out to people are like children ; they Miurid to obtain from his Mnnever forget the indulgence al. jesty full powers to hang, if it be lowed them. The tumult took its found necessary, the members of origin in a foolish dispute about the court itself. One soldier was the tax on coals. General Elio, hillerl: on the side of the people wlo allows no one to dispute bis many were wounded. General commands, found it necessary to Elio was wounded, but not seerrt his authority against certain rerely." persons who called theu.selies the The following proclamation was deputies of the people ; and thus subjoined to this letter. u as kindicid that fire which had The Captain-General of the pronearly involved in flame the whole vinces of Valencia and Murcia, to capital of the province. The power whom is intrusted the preservaof the insurgents rose to such a tion of the public tranquility, height, that the city was in their desirous to fulfil his duty, and to

protect

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