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Who, with th' intoxicating draught,
Deranges all the pow'rs of thought,
"Till man below the swine is brought?

The drunkard.

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Whose wicked habits do we find,
To burden and corrupt the mind,
And lead to crimes of deadliest kind ?

"l'he drunkard.

Regardless who his vices blame,
Who ruins character and fame,
And glories in the beastly shame?

The drankard.

Who does kind heaven's bounty use
With prodigality profuse ;
The Giver slight-the gift abuse ?

The drunkard.

Who vice with folly most combines ?
Whose friends lament?-whose household pines?
Whose credit fails?—whose trade declines?

The drunkard.

Who does the wisc and virtuous shan,
Yea from his own reflections run,
Afraid to look on what he's done?

The drunkard.

Who loves with company to dwell
That rage and swear, and foam and swell,
Insulting heayen-delighting hell?

The drunkard.
Who's appetite bears no controul?
Who, nightly, drains the poisonous bowl
To kill the body-lose the soul ?

The drunkard.

SMUGGLING.

A few months ago, some smugglers, in the neighbourhood of Scarborough, were prosecuted. Such was the anger of these smugglers against the person

who informed against them, that they seemed to be resolved to harass and annoy him. It does not indeed seem that the informer's character was good, and he was so much provoked with the attacks made upon him, that one evening, when some men were near his house, tormenting him, he fired a pistol from his window and wounded one of them, who is since dead. It appears, from the newspaper aecount of this affair, that very little is thought of the crime of smuggling, and that consequently the anger against the informer is very great, and that reports of much more than is true have been raised against him. We do indeed believe that, in many places,

very little is thought of the crime of smuggling :" we never could, however, he persoaded to think lightly of a crime, which really robs the government of a part of its just revenues, which regularly trains up a large mass of the people, in sea-faring towns, to habits of desperate wickedness, -and which is moreover forbidden by the laws of our country, and which frequently ends in bloodsbed and in death.

V.

NATURAL HISTORY.

On the Wool of Animals.

THE goodness of the Almighty, and his merciful care over every creature which he has made, is clearly seen in whichever direction we turn our eyes. The natural clothing of sheep, goats, dogs, and other animals of that kind, is a striking instance if this; and in those parts of the world, where the frost is intensely severe, there, a gracious Providence bas clothed the animals accordingly,--having given them generally, a thick, soft, warm clothing of fur-whilst the animals in hot climates on tlie contrary have generally a coat of comparatively thin hair. And what is more, curious still, if an animal is taken from a warm, climate into a cold one, its, coat is observed to alter accordingly. If our smooth dogs, for instance, were carried into the cold regions of the North, the breed would become shaggy and rough, with long warm hair like wool. Goats are observed to do the same; and sheep, carried to a hot climate, lose a great part of their thick woolly covering.

Taking up by accident a number of the “ Quarterly Review” for 1817, we read the following quotation from Mr. Moorcroft's travels, where he is speaking of the animals in the cold parts of Asia.

“ The sheep has a very thick and heavy fleece ; the goat has, at the root of his long shaggy hair, a very fine fur interspersed generally; the

cow has a mat

of the same kind, not auch inferior in warmth and softness, which I apprehend might prove a substitute for beaver, the hare has her fur of peculiar length and thickness, and even the dog has a coat of fur added to his usual covering of hair. The wild horse, the wild ass, and, I believe, the mule, the offspring of these animals, are found in abundance in the mountains of Tartary; but whether they have any thing of the fur kind I cannot say; but that animal which is called the baral, and which seems to have many characters of resemblance to the deer, as well as to the sheep, has certainly at the bottom of the bristle hair of the former, the most beautiful brown far I ever saw.”

The goats which produce the wool from which the beautiful Cashmere shawls are made, every where abound in the dreary plains of upper Asia ; they are nothing more than a variety of the common goat, ou which the climate seems to have had the same kind of influence as that of Shetland on common sheep. Mr. Hastings sent a couple to England, and the East India Company have still * some alive of those

This was written in the year 1817.

which were brought away by Mr. Moorcroft. The fine wool, or down, is the coat next the skin, and is concealed by an outer coat of long straggling hair.- Quarterly Review.

RECEIPT TO MAKE BRAN BEER. To a quarter of a peck of sweet bran, add three hands-full of hops and ten gallons of water. Boil the whole together in a copper until the bran and hops sink to the bottom, then strain it through a hair-sieve into a cooler ; and, when Jukewarm, add two quarts of molasses, or three pints of treacle. This will be sufficient for a nine gallon cask. Before you pour in the liquor, which must be done as soon as tbe molasses or treacle is melted, put two table spoons-full of good yeast into the barrel. When the fermentation has subsided, bung the cask up; and, in four days, it will be fit to use. If you should choose to bottle any. part of the beer, it will be much improved by so doing, and it will be fit to drink in six or seren days.

W. D. Heybridge, near Maldon,

February, 1823.

COTTAGE FLOWER GARDENS.

To the Editor of the Cottager's Monthly Visitor.

MR. EDITOR, Your useful little Miscellany has frequently given your Cottage friends instructions and advice respecto ing their gardens, particularly in the cultivation of esculent roots, such as potatoes, &c. Let me therefore ask, if a little of the more ornamental part may not be deserving attention, I mean raising a few flowers to decorate the sitting-room - of a neat

cottage ;-they may also be of some profit. Many persons, from being obliged to live in large towns, have not the laxury of a garden; and would most cheerfully pay a few pence for a handsome nosegay, containing pinks, roses, polyanthus, daffodils, sweet peas, lupins, candy tuft, London pride, sweet William, lavender, rosemary, and some others I could name, which would not interfere with the more necessary culture, and would afford an innocent employment for leisure hours. A basket, filled with flowers, may be given to a neighbour who is going to sell her eggs, poultry, &c.; and it is a chance but some persons, who could afford it, would be induced to please their fancy. In a former Number, you spoke of the “China Rose," as a pretty ornament for the cottage ; it is also, from its perpetual bloom, called the Monthly Rose. The jasmine, boneysuckle, clematis, (or virgin's bower), &c. are also desirable, take up little room, and give a cheerful aspect to the cottage of an industrious peasant. I have seen a vegetable garden, with beds surrounded by lavender, pinks, London pride, thrift, sage, thyme, &c. all of which may be increased, or reduced, at pleasure, and afford a rich repast for bees. Should any of the above hints be of service to your Village Readers, it will afford pleasure to your well wisher,

N. S. H. Bury St. Edmunds.

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DIRECTIONS TO GIRLS To whom the Care of Children is intrusted. Rise early every morning, that there may be sufficient time to go through the duties of the day properly, without hurrying things over in a slovenly. and careless manner. Wash yourself well ; comb your hair neatly; put on your clothes tidily. Having gained time by your early rising, you can attend to

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