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and that, when a person bas been used to make any thing in a particular way, it all comes right, though perbaps, with a stranger, it might not do so well. I find, however, Sir, that such of your receipts as I have tried answer exceedingly well, I think Sir, you are not very fond of putting in receipts for making medicines, and curing disorders; for a neighbour of mine has sent you several infallible remedies, and they have never been put into your book.

I am, Sir,
Your constant reader,


X. is right, we are not very fond of putting in these infallible remedies.. A receipt for making yeast may fail, without any very important consequences arising from it; but a medicine given at an improper time, or in an improper manner, or in improper quantites, may do a very serious injury.



RICHARD MARTIN, Esq. M. P. appeared at the Police Office in Bow Street, on Tuesday, August 26th, to support a charge which he had felt it his duty to make against a waggoner for cruelty to a horse in Covent Garden market. It appeared that the defendant had been whipping his horse most cruelly, and that Mr. M. conceived that this cruel treatment was also perfectly wanton, there being no probable, nor even possible, cause for it, for the horse was standing perfectly still, and was, in fact, tied by the head to another waggon which was close at hand. It appeared that the horse had sore withers, and that the animal had been restive, in consequence of the collar pressing against these withers.

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The defendapt was not convicted, in consequence of the doubts expressed by the sitting magistrate Mr. Minsbull, as to what degree of punishment it was allowed to give a horse without its being considered wanton, as well as cruel, the words of the act of parliament being " wanton and cruel." The owner of the borse contended that the punishment was necessary, and had been indeed useful, and could not therefore be considered as wanton.We do not, however, intend to go through the particulars of the trial, but we cannot help giving the following very valuable remark made by Sir Řichard: Birnie, who was sitting on the bench with Mr. Minshull.

“ Mr. Hughes, who formerly kept a riding school, wrote a book upon the Treatment of Horses, and le distinctly says that every thing may be done with a horse, by kindness. And no man knew the character of a horse better."

The editor is able to add a circumstance which : came within his own knowledge, as an additional proof of the truth of the above remark.

" At an auction of borses in Leicestershire, a mare was put up for sale ; she was very beautiful in her appearance, very well bred, and known to be. remarkably. fast in her paces, and an excellent leaper ; but she was so restive and violent in ber; temper that no body could ride her without danger; this her character was well known in the neighbourhood, and though she had passed through the hands of several rough riders and horse-breakers, and had experienced every attempt that force and violence could use, still she was unmanageable; and this was so well known in the neighbourhood that when she was put up to auction, no person for a long time bid so high as ten pounds. At length a horsebreaker, who was present, said to a gentleman who was near to him ;-“ Bid ten pounds, Sir, and give me ten pounds more, and I will engage to break

her for you.” The gentleman did this; and, in a very short time, the mare became perfectly tractable and gentle, and turned out a most excellent and valuable creature; she was soon sold for 200 guineas. The method which the horse-breaker used, was gentleness and kindness.



SIR, I READ your rules for shaving (page 559. Vol. II.), and I have shaved upon your plan ever since. It is easy enough to see that you had, in that paper, something else in view besides the mere ease and comfort of shaving, though I tbink any thing which saves time, that most valuable gift, is well worth attending to. I am a great traveller, sir, and your ildvice to shave with cold water has been of great use to me, for, on my journey, I often found it very difficult to procure hot water at the time when I wanted it: and, having been aocustomed to hot water, the face was so tender that I could not use cold water without great suffering. I took your advice, sir, and persevered for a week, and now the skin has got so hard and sound, that I find no difficulty. There is, however, one thing which I should recommend, in addition to what you have said, and that is, to wash the face well with cold water with your towel before you begin with the brusli ; this softens the beard, and adds much to the ease of the operation. Let great pains, moreover, be taken to get a good strong thick lather upon the face. I like your plan of saving the trouble of a shaving-box or glass, as these things are troublesome to move about; and, besides, we shave better without them. There is not much time lost in

washing the face first, for every body should wash the face, neck, and head every morning; and these need not be gone over again after the shaving, only the face: I like to see a man with a clean wellshaved face, and his bair short and clean: cleanliness of body is an emblem of cleanliness of mind, and I have often observed that the worst people in a village are the dirtiest.




To the Editor of the Cottager's Monthly Visitor.

Sir, BENEVOLENT people, who desire to benefit their neighbours by putting into their hands 'useful and instructive books, very frequently find a great ditiiculty in making a selection. They hesitate amongst the immense variety of publications, new and old, and perhaps, in their desire to choose rightly, end with not choosing at all. An experienced parish minister furnished me lately with a list of a few of the tracts which, amongst others, he had found acceptable to his people. I take leare to enclose it to you as it may be useful to many of your readers. Pott's Discourses for Young Persons after Confirmation. Burkitt's Help and Guide to Christian Families. The Young Woman's Monitor. The Young Man's Monitor. Kettlewell's Office for the Penitent. Davys's Village Conversations on the Liturgy, Jones's Book of Nature. Dean Stanhope's Meditations and Prayers. Life of God in the Soul of Man. Cottager's Religious Meditations. Bishop Kenn's Directions for Prayer.

These are all taken from the list of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and of eourse can be obtained witli great facility.

A constant reader. Oxford, August 12.


Sept. 15, 1823. MY DEAR BOY, I SUPPOSE you were, like all people who read the History of England, very glad that Richard the Third was killed, and that Henry the Seventh was made king in his place. And I suppose you would have been, like the people of England in those days, so glad to have had a new king instead of Richard, that you would not have been very scupulous to enquire what right this new king had to the throne. It is, however, necessary that these matters should be attended to ; for, otherwise, we should have endless disputes and pretensions to the crown,--all wbich are prevented by giving it to the known and fixed heir. But Henry the Seventh was not the right heir to the throne. The proper person was the Princess Elizabeth, the sister of the young princes whom Richard had murdered in the Tower. Henry, however, married the princess, and thus, no room was left for disputing, and there were 10 more quarrels between the Houses of York and Lancaster, for Henry was of the Lancaster family, and Elizabeth of the York, and thus the two houses were united, and there was a happy peace. Henry endeavoured, by all he means in his power, tó govern the kingdom properly :-but there are some people who are never satisfied, and who cannot rest contented without trying to excite rebellion and dis. turbance. So it was in the reign of Henry the Se

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