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A. It requires Truth in our Witness-bearing, as knowing God seeth our Hearts, and is witness to all that we think or speak, Zech. v. 4. / will bring it forth, faith the Lord of Hosts, andit shall enter into the House of the Thief, and into the House of him that fweareth falsty hy my Name, &c.
Q^ 4. What's the third Thing required in this Commandment?
A. That in all our Appeals to God in secret or doubtsul Matters, we be sure that the Appeal be necessary, awesul and true, Jer. xvii. 16. As for me, I have not hastened from being a Pastor to follow thee, neither have I defired the woful Day, thou knewest: That which came out of my Lips was right before thee, Psal. cxxxix. 23, 24. Search me, O God, and know my Heart: Try me, and know my Thoughts. And see if there be any wicked Way in me; and lead me in the Way everlasting.
Q^ 5. What doth this Commandment especially forbid?
A. It forbids and condemns all prosane Oaths as most injurious to the Name of God, Matt. v. 34, 37.—Swear not at all, neither by Heaven for it is God's Throne, &c. but let your Communication be yea, yea, nay, nay ; for whatsoever is more than these, cometh of Evil.
Q^ 6. What is the Danger of prosane or salse swearing?
A. Such are reckoned Enemies to Gcd, Psal. cxxxix. 20.— TJbtne Enemies take thy Name in vain.. The Curse of God enters into such Families, Zech. v. 4. / will bring it forth, saith the Lord of Hosts, and it stall enter into the House of the Thief, and into the House of him that fweareth falsty by my Name, &c. And the Lord will not hold them guiltless.
Qi 7. What else is forbidden in this Commandment?
It forbids and condemns all heedless Wandering, and drowsy Performance of God's Worship, Isa. xxix. 13, 14. Wherefore the Lord said, forasmuch as this People draw near me ivith their Mouth, and with their Lips do honour me, but havere moved their Heart farfromme, and their Fear towards meis tauglt by the Precept of Men: Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous Work amongst this People, even a marvellous Work and a Wonder: For the Wisdom of their wise Men stallperish, and the Understanding of their prudent Men stall be hid. And 2 Kings x. 31, But Jehu took no heed to walk in the Law of
the Lord God cf Israel, with all his Heart: For he departed'nut from the Sins of Jerohoam, which made Israel to sin.
Q^ 8. What other Sin is forbidden in this Command?
A. It forbids all light and irreverent Use of the Scriptures, especially in our Jests, or by Way of Scossing, Jer. Xvii. 15. Behold they say unto me, where is the Word of the Lord? let it come now, Jer. vi. 10.—Behold the Word of the Lord is unto them a Reproach: they have no Delight in it.
Qi 9. By what Argument doth God enforce the third Commandment on Men?
A. That the Breakers of this Command shall surely be punished by the Lord, either in this Lise, Deut. xxviii. 58, J9. If thou wilt not observe to do all the Words of this Law, that are written in this Book, that thou may st fear this glorious and fearful Name, The Lord thy God: Then the Lord will make thy Plagues wonderful, and the Plagues of thy Seed, even great Plagues, and of long Contiwance, and fore Sickness, and of long Contiwance: Or in that to come, Rom. ii. 5. But after thy Hardness and impenitent Heart, treasures up unto thyself Wrath against the Day of Wrath, and Revelation of the righteous Judgment of God: Except they repent and resorm.
Q^ 10. What's the first Instruction from the third Commandment?
A. That great and infinite is the Patience of God in forbearing provoking Sinners so long as he doth, Romans ix. 22. What if Godwilling to shew his Wrath, and to make his Power known, endured ivith much long-suffering the Vessels of Wrath stted to Destrullion?
Q^ 11. What's the second Instruction from hence?
A. That God is to be justified in the severest of his Judgments, by which at any Time he manisests his Displeasure against the Prosaneness of the World, Hos. iv. 1, 2, 3. Hear the Word of the Lord, ye Children of Israel: For the Lord hath a Controversy with the Inhabitants of the Land, because there is no Truth, nor Mercy, nor Knowledge of Gcd in the Land. By Swearing, and Lying, and Killing, and Stealing, and committing Adultery, they break out, and Blood toucheth Blood. Theresore shall the Land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, •with the Beasts of the Field, and•with theFowls of Heaven, yea the Fishes of the Sea also shall betaken away.
Q^, 12. What's the third Instruction from hence?
A. That God takes special Notice of, and greatly delighteth in them thatsear and reverence his Name, lfa. 66. J. Hear the Ward of the Lord, ye that tremble at lie IVord: Your Brethren that hated you, that cast you out for my Name's Sake, said, let the Lord be glorified; but he Jhall appear to your Joy, and thy Jhall beajbamid, Mai. iii. 16.—And a Book of Remembrance 'vuas written before him, for them that seared ibe Led, and that thought upon his Name.
Q^ 13. What's the last- Inserence from hence? .
A..That those Parents have much to anfwer for, that by their Examples teach, or by their Negligence encourage their Children to prosane God's Name, Jer. v. 7. How stall I pardon thee for this? Thy Children have foisaken me, andfiworn by them that are no Gods, &c.
Of the Sabbath.
Quest. S7. \XT III C H is the fourth Commandment?
VV A. The fourth Commandment is, [Remember the Sabbath Day to keep it holy: Six Days ir.alt thou labour, and do all thy Work; but the seventh Day is the Sabbath-, of the Lord thy God; in it thou malt not do any Work, thou nor thy Son,'nor thy Daughter, thy ManSeryant, nor thy Maid-Servant,, nor thy Cattle, nor thy Stranger which is within thy Gates: For in fix Days the Lord made Heaven and Earth, the Sea, and all that in them "..and rested the seventh Day, wheresore the Lord blessed the Sabbath-Day, and haHowed it]
Quest. 53. What is required in the fourth Commandment? . A. The fourth Commandment ret]uireth the keeping holy to God, such, set Time as he hath appointed in his Word, Mpressly one whole Day in seven, to be an holy Sabbath unto the Lord.
Quest. 59. Which Day os the Seven hath God appointed to be.the weekly Sabbath I
A, From the Beginning of the World to the Resurrection «f Christ, God.hath appointed the seventh Day of the Week to be the weekly Sabbath; and the first Day of the Week
M cver ever fince, to continue to the End of the World, which is the Christian Sabbath.
Q^ 1. What special Marks of Honour hath God set upon this fourth Commandment?
A. God hath set four peculiar Marks of Honour on it. (i.) It is the largest of all the Commands. (2.) It hath a solemn Memento prefixed to it. (3.) It is delivered both pofitively and negatively, which the rest are not. And,
(4.) It is enforced with more Arguments to strengthen the
. Command on us, than any other. Q^ 2. Why will God have a Sabbath observed on Earth? A. God will have a Sabbath on Earth, to give us therein an Emblem of that eternal Sabbath in Heaven, wherein his People shrill be serving him, and praifing him without Interruption, or mixture os any other Bufiness throughout Eternity; Heb. iv. 9. There remaineth therefore a Rest to the People of God.
Q^ 3. For what other Reasons will God have a Sabbath r A. he will have a Sabbath for the Honour of h:s Name, Isa. lviii. 13. If thou turn a-yuay thy Foot from ihe Sabhath, from doing thy Pleasure on my holy Day, and call the Sabhath a Delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable, and' Jhali honour him, not doing thin: ow.i Ways, nor finding thine crwn Pleasure, nor speaking thine own Words. For the good of Mens Souls, Mark ii. 27. And he said unto them, the Sabbath was man for Man, not Man for the Sabbath. And in Mercy to the Bodies of Men and Beasts.
Q^ 4. Is this Commandment moral and perpetual, or ceremonial and temporary? • • 1 A. It is, and must needs be moral,, and not ceremonial; because all the Reasons that enforce it, are perpetual, ana the Sabbath continued, when the ceremonial Law cealed. alid was vanished, Matth. xxiv. 20. But prey ye, that joar Flight be not in the Winter, neither on the Sabbath-Doy. Q. 5. What Day of,the seven is the Christian Sabbath. A. The first Day of the Week is our Sabbath, fince the Resurrection of Christ. This is the Day which was foretoW t:> be our Sabbath, Psal. cxviii. 24. This is the Day «*» tne Lord hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in e'- • , Lord hath marked it for himself by setting his own Name on it, Rev, i. 1O. J was in the Spirit on the Lord's Day. And the Apostles and primitive Church constantly set it apart to religious Uses and Ends, Acts xx. 7. And upon the first Day of the Week, whe/i the Disciples came together to break Bread, Paul preached unto them, &c. 1 Cor. xvi. 2. Upon the first Day of the Week, lit e-very one of you lay by him in Store, as Cod hath prospered him, that thsre be no gatherings when I come. Q^_ 6. When doth the Christian Sabbath begin f A. It appears that this Day is not to be reckoned from livening to Kvening, but from Morning to Morning; because the Christian Sabbath mult begin, when the Jewish Sabbath ended, but that ended towards Morning, Matth. xxviii. i. In the End of the Sabbath, as it began to Jawn, towards the first Day of the Week, came Mary Magdalene, and the olh.r Mary tosee the Sepulchre. Q^_ 7. What is the Ground of changing the Day? A. The solemn Commemoration of our Redemption by the Resurrection of Christ from the Dead, is the Ground of translating the Sabbath from the seventh to the first Day of of the Week, Psal. cxviii. 24. This is the Day which the Lord hath mx.de; wi will rejoice and be glad in it, Mark xvi. Q. Now when Jesus was risen early the first Day cf the IVeek, be appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven Devils.
Q^ 8. Is it the whole Day, or only some Hours of the Day that are set apart for God i
A. Not a Part, but the whole Day is the Lord's, and it is as dangerous to halve it with God in Point of Time a; it was for /innanias and Sipphira to halve their dedicated Goods, and bring i:l but a Pa. t. Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath Day, is the Command.
Q^ 9. Is there any other Day holy befide this? A. No Day but .this is holy by Institution of the Lord; yet Days of Humiliation and Thanksgiving may be lawsully let apart by Men on a Ca 1 of Providence ; but Popiih Holyuaya are not warrantable, nor to be observed, Gal. iv. ia. Te observe Days, and Months, and Times, end Years,
*<_ to. Bui seeing every Day shuuld be a Sabbath to a Christian, what need? any other set Time:
M 2 A. Though