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Queft. 88. VTTH AT are the outward Means whereby

VV Chrift communicateth to us the Benefits of Redemption ? - A. The outward and ordinary Means whereby Chrift communicateth to us the Benefits of Redemption, are his Ordinances, especially the Word, Sacraments and Prayer, all which are made effectual to the Elect for Salvation. :

Q. 1. What makes any Thing become a Divine Ordinance ? · A. The Inflitution or Appointment of God, is that alone which makes a Divine Ordinance, Matth. xxviii. 20. Teaching them to observe all Things whatsoever I have commanded jou, &c.

Q. 2. Are the Institutions of all Ordinances alike clear in Scripture.

A. No, fome are more explicitly and clearly revealed in Scripture than others; as the Lord's Supper more clear than Baptifm, but whatever hath Scripture Warrant in the Words or Consequence, is of divine Appointment.

Q. 3. May not Men institute Ordinances, of Divine Worship?

A. No, this in Scripture is condemned as Will-worship, Col. ii. 20, 22, 23. Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the Rudiments of the World, why, as though living in the World are ye subjekt to Ordinances ? &c. Which Things indeed have a Shew of Wisdom in Will-worship, &c. 4. Why cannot Man institute a Divine Ordinance ?

A. He A. He cannot do it, because it is the Prerogative belong. ing to Christ's Kingly Office, Matth. xxviii. 20. Teaching them to observe all Things whatsoever I have commanded you..

Q. 5. For what other Reason cannot Man do it?

A. Because he cannot bless them, and make them effectual to their Ends, but they will be in vain, Matth. xv. g.

But in vain do they wor, ip me, teaching for Doctrines, the Commandments of Men.

Q. 6. Why are the Ordinances called Means of Sal. vation:

A. Because by and through them, the Spirit of the Lord conveys Spiritual Graces into Mens Souls, i Cor. i. 21.It pleafed God by the foolishness of preaching to save them bat believe, 2 Cor. iii. 5. Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any Thing as of ourselves : but our Suficiency is of God.

Q. 7. Whence is the Virtue of Ordinances?

A. It is not in and from themselves, or the Gifts and Abi. lities of him that administers them, but from the Bletling and Spirit of the Lord, 1 Cor. iii. 7.--Neither is be that plantetb any. Thing, neither be that watererb, but God that giveth the Increase.

Q. 8. Do all God's Ordinances attain their Ends

A. Yes, there is none of them in vain, but do attain their End, in the Salvation or Damnation of all that come under them, Isa. lv, 10, 11. For as the Rain cometh down, and thic Snow from Heaven, and returnerb not thither, but wateretb the Earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give Seed to the Sower and Bread to the eater : So shall my Word be that goeth forth out of my Mouth: it hall not return unto me void, but it all accomplif that which I please, and it fall profper in the Thing wbereto I find it, 2 Cor. 2. 15, 16. For we are unto God a sweet. Savour of Chrift, in ibem that are Javed, and in them that perish: To the one we are the Savour of Death unto Death, and to the other the Savour of Life unto Life, &c.

Q. 9. Are instituted Ordinances the only Means of Salvation?

A. They are not the only Means; for God can convert Men to Chrift without them, A&s.ix. 4, 5. And be fell to the Earth, and beard a Voice, saying unto bim, Saul, Saul,


why perfecitest thou me ? And he said, who art thou, Lord!
And ihe Lord suiit, I am Jefus whom thou perficutes : It is hard
for thee 10 kick against the Pricks. But they are the ordinary
standing Means, Rom. x. 14, 15. How then Ball they cull
on him in whom they have noi believed: and bow ball they te-
liev: in him, of whom they have not heard? and how hall i bez
hear without a Preacher ? and how thall they preachexcept they
be fent &c.
. Q: 10. To whom are the Ordinances made effectual to

A. To all God's Elect they are effectual to Salvation, and to them only, Acts xiii. 48.--As many as were ordained to eternal Life, believed, John X. 26. But je believe not, because ye are not of my Sheep, &c.

Q. 11. What is the firit Instruction from hence? ...

A. That great Freparation is due to all the Ordinances before we engage in them, Job xi. 13, 14. If thou prepare thine Heart, and ftretch out thy Hand towards him. , If Iniquity be in thine Hand, put it far away, and let not Wickedness dwell in 1ky Tabernacles, 1 Chron. xxix. 18. -- And prepare their Ileart unto thee.

0. 12. What is the second Inference from hence? ..

A. That great Reverence is due to God's: Ordinances, when we are actually engaged in the Use of them, Pfal. Ixxxix. 7. God is greatly to be feared in the Apembly of the Saints: and to be had in Reverence of all them that are atout kiin. .

Q. 13. What is the third Inference from hence ?

A. That those People that want Ordinances, are in a sad and deplorable Condition, Eph. ii. 11, 12. Wherefore remember ihat je being in Time pasid Gentiles in the Fljh, who ure called uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the Flėjih made by Hands; that at that Time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the Common-wealıb of Ifrael, and Strangers from the Covenants of Promise, having no Hope, and without God in the World. ...

Q. 14. What is the last Instruction hence ?

A. That those that perish in the midit of Ordinances, Means of Salvation, will perish with aggravated perdition, · Matth.xi: 23: And thou Capernaum, wbich art exalied unto Hieaven, alt le brought down to Hell; for if the mighty Works, M2



which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this Day.'

Of the Word read and heard. Quelt. 89. L O W is the Word made effectual to Sal

H vation ? A. The Spirit of God maketh the Reading, but especially the Preaching of the Word, an effectual Mcans of convincing and converting Sinners; and building them up in Holiness and Comfort, through Faith unto Salvation ?

Q. 1. What mean you by the Word ? · A. By the Word is meant the Word of God, consigned to Writing in the Books of the Old and New Tellament, which though it be ministred by Men, yet it is no other than the very Word of God, and as such to be received, 1 Theff. ii. 13. For this Cause also thank we God without ceasing, because when ye received the Word of God, which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the Word of Men: buit (as it is in Truth) ihe Word of God, &c.

Q. 2. Whence is the Efficacy of this Word? :

A. It is wholly froin the Spirit of God that it becomes effectual to any Man's Salvation, i Cor. iji. 6. I have planted, and Apollo watered, but God gave the increase. So then neither is be that planteth any Thing, neither be that watereth; but God that giveth the Increase. - Q. 3. Is the reading of the Scripture an Ordinance of God for Mens Salvation ? * A. Yes, it is, Deut. xvii. 19. And it hall be with kim, and he jhall read therein all the Days of his Life, that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, to keep all the Words of this Law, and these Statutes to do them. And in reading of it, God sometimes comes in by his Spirit to Mens Conversion, Ads viii. 27, 28, 29. And he arose and went, and behold a Man of Ethiopia, an Eunuch of great Authority under Candace Queen of the Ethiopians, who had the Charge of all her Treasure, and 'had come to Jerusalem for to worship, was returning, and fitting in his Chariot, read Ifaias ihe Prophet. Then the Sjirit said to Philip, go near, and join thyself io his Chariot, &c. * Q. 4. Is the hearing of the Word a Means of Salvation ?

M 2

A. Yes,

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