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From Sin, Matth. i, 21.— For be shall jave his Picj.1» stem shir Sins. Ftom Mise.y, 1 Thes. i. 10.— Even J juswhich delivireth us ftom the lftath to co;ne. Q^4. What Is.a..Mean of Salvation? A. A Mean ot Salvation signifies any Appointment of God, whereby he promotes and accomplishes his Design of saving our Souls, si the Word is a Mean, Rom. i. 16. For I am not ashamed of the Gespel of Christ, for. it is the Power of God unto Salvation, to every one that believeth. ..
0^5- How doth the Word and Sacraments differ as Means of Salvation? ..i.
A. The Word is appointed to b/e the first Means of begeting Faith; 1 Cor. iii. 5. Who then is Paul? or iuho is .i. Apollo f but Ministers by wbom ye beli.ved, &c. . Sacraments areta.feal and.confirm it, Roro..iv. n». And he received the Sign of Circumcision, a Seal-oftbe Righteousness of Faith, &c. Q;_ 6. What is meant by an effectual Mean of Salvation? A. By an effectual Mean, is meant such a Mean as lully obtains and accomplices the End it was appointed'for, 1 Thess. ii. 13.—Because whenye received the.Word of G"o4% whichye heard os us, ye received it not as the Word of Men;, hut (as it is in Truth) the Word of God, which effectually .* nvorketh also in you that believe.
. Q;.7. Don't all the Means of Salvation prove effectual to Men t
A. Though the Means of Salvation prove effectual to all God's Elect, yet they are so to no others, Acts xxviii. 23, 24. And wbin they had appointed him a Day, there came many to him into his Lodging, to whom he expounded.and testified the Kingdom of God, persuading t' em concerning Jesus, hoth out of the Law of Meses, and out of the Prophets from Morning till Evening. And some believed the Things which were spoken, and some believed nos.
. Q^ 8. Do not the Sacraments save all that partake of them?
• A. No, they do not; Baptism may pass on a cast-away, Acts viii. 23. For I perceive that thou ait in the Gall of Bitterness, and in the Bond of Iniquity. And the Lord's Supper may be received unworthily, 1 Cor. xi. 27. Wherefore whosoever shall eat this Bread, and drink this Cup of the Lord unwortbilj,/halt be guilty of the Body and Blood of the Lord.
Q^ 9. What is the Reason they prove not effectuaho all *
A. Because their Virtue and Efficacy is not in themselves, but in God; for we see they work as God's Spirit concurs, or not concurs with them, as ift the Instance besore given.
Q^ to. Bet is not that for Want of Wisdom, Holiness, or Zeal in the Minister, thai they have no more Essicacy i
A. No, it is noj principally, or only from thence ; for it is not in the Pow<* of the holiest Minister in. the- World to make them essectuftj, 1 Cor, iii 7.—Neither is ui. that [laves b any. Things neither be thatiuater*ib: but God that giw'.b the Increase.
Q;_ 11. When edit it that Sacraments become effectual?
A. It is only from the Spirit of Christ working in them, and by them, on the fouls of Men, 1 Cor. xii. 1.3. For k one Spirit are ice are all bapti«ed into ate Body, -r~. andihaix bun all made to drink inip one Spirit,
Q^ 12. What is the first Instruction hence?
A. That Men enjoying-all the Ordinances.of the Gospel, and partaking of the Sacraments annexed to the Covenant of Grace, may yet perish for evier, 1 Cor, x. 3, 4, 5. And did'all tat. thisamn spiritual'Meat.-: and did all, drink the Jam< spiritual Drink: (sir, they drank of that spiritual Rod that fitla-wed them: and that Rock wav Christ J but 'witf> many of then Gad 'uias nut well pleased: for th*y,tuere overthrown in tht Wilderness, Luke xiii. 26, 27. Then Jhall ye begin to fay, w have eaten, and drank in tiy, Presence, aud thou hast taught»» our Streets. But be Jhall fay, It til you, 1know you not wbaut you are; depart from, me all ye, Worker 1 of Iniquity.
Q^ 13. What is the second Inserence?
A. That Men stiould not' idoli2e some Ministers for tie excellency of their Gifts, and despise others, seeing it it not in them, to make the Means esfectual.
Q^ 14. What is the last Inserence?
A. That in aE our Attendance upon the Mean* of Salvation, we should be caresul to beg the Spirit and Blessing « Christ, without which they cannot be effectual to our Salvation.
Of the Nature of Sacraments.
Quest. 92. TT7 HAT is a Sacrament?
VV A. A Sacrament is an holy Ordinance instituted by Christ; wherein by senfible Signs, Christ and the Benefits of the New Covenant are represented, sealed, and applied to Believers.
Qi. 1. How many Sorts of Sacraments are found in Scripture r
A. Of Sacraments there are two Sorts, some extraordinary and transient, as the Fiery Pillar, Manna, and Water out of the Rock, i Cor. x. 1, 2, 3, 4. Moreover, Brethren, I'would not that ye Jhould be ignorant, hew that all our Fathers were under the Cloud, and all pasted through the Sea: andwere all tapti2edunto Mosei-in the Cloud, and in the Sea: And did all (at the same spiritual Meat: And did all drink the same spiritual Drink (for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them', and that Rock was Christ). And some ordinary and standing, as Circumcifion and the Passover, besore Christ;and Baptism and the Lord's Supper fince Christ's Death.
Q^ 2. How many Things are to be confidered in every Sacramerft?
A. In every Sacrament five Things must be confidered, (1.) The Author, (2.) The Parts, (3.) The Union of those Parts, (4.) The Subjeils, (5.) The Ends and Uses of it.
Qi 3. Who is the Author of the Sacraments?
A. The Lord Jesus Christ as King of the Church, by whose sole Authority Baptism was instituted, Matth. xxviii. |9i 20. Go ye therefore, and teach all Nations, bapti2ing them 'mthe Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: teaching them to observe all Things whatsoever I have commanded you, Sec. And the Lord's Supper, 1 Cor. 11. 23, 24. For I have received'os the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the LordJesus, the same Night in which he was betrayed, took Bread, and when he had given Thanks, he brake ». andsaid, Take, eat, this is my Body, which is broken for you: This do in Rimembrance of me.
, Qi 4- Are the old Sacraments yet in being and Use in toe Church I S
R A. No,
A. No, they are past away, and the new come in their Room. Baptism takes Place of Circumcision, Col. ii. it, 1 2. In vjhom also ye are circumcised •witb the Circumcifion made without Hands, in putting off the Body of the Sins of the Fle/h by the Circumci/icu of Christ: buried with him in Baptism, &c. And the Lord's Supper of the Passover, i Cor. v. 7. Purge cut therefore the eld Leaven, that ye may be a new Lump, as ye are unleavened, for even Cbrist our Passover is sacrificedfor us.
Q^ 5. Of what Parts doth every Sacrament consist?
A. Every Sacrament consists of two Parts, one external and earthly; another internal and heavenly, or spiritual. Bread, Wine and Water, are the external, Christ's Blood and Spirit the internal Parts, Rom. vi. 3. Knowye not that so many of us as •were baptized into Jesus Christ --were baptized into his Death? 1 Cor. xi. 25.—This Cup is the Neva Testament in my Blood, &c.
Qi 6. Wherein consists the Sacramental Union of these Paris?
It consists by vertue of Christ's Institution in three Things, (1.) In apt Signification. (2.) Firm Obsignation. And (3.) Real Exhibition of the Blessings signified and sealed.
Q^ 7. What are the Blessings signified by Water in Baptism? .
A. It signifies our Implantation into Christ, and Communion with him in his Death and Resurrection, Rom. vi. 4. Therefoi e we are buried with him by Baptism into Death, thdt ''.like as Christ -was raised up font the Dead by the Glory oft/re Father; even so we also sheidd walk in Newness of Life. And our solemn Admission into the vifible Church, Gal. iii. 26, 27, 28, 29. For ye are all the Children of God by Faith in Christ "Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ. 9here is neither Jew, nor Greek, there is neither Bond nor free, there is neither Male nor Femcle: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. And if ye be Christ's, then ere ye Abraham's Seed, and Heirs according to the Promise^
Q^ 8. What are the Blessings signified by Bread and Wine?
A. They signify Christ's Eody and Blood, broken and poured out for us, with all the Blessings of Remission, Peace arid-Salvation purchased by his Blood, 1 Cor. x. 16, 17. The Cup of Bleffug which ive I less, is it not the Communion of the
Blood Blood of Christ? The Bread which we break, is it not th' Communion of the Body of Christ? For we being many, are one Bread, and one Body : for we are all Partaken of that one Bread.
Q^ 9. Do the Sacraments seal, as well as signify these Things?
A. Yes, they do, Rom. iv. n. And hi received the Sign of Circumcifioni a Seal of the Righteousness of the Faith, Sec. Their Use is to confirm God's Covenant with Believers. Qi 10. Who are the proper Subjects of the Sacraments f A. Believers and their Seed are the Subjects of Baptism, but adult Christians only of the Lord's Supper, Acts ii. 38, 39.—Repent and be baptized every one of you,—for the Promise is unto you, and to your Children, and to all that are afar off., even as many as. the Lord our God shall call, 1 Cor. xi. 28. Bat let a Man examine himself, and so let him eat of that Bread, and drink of th.it Cup.
Qi 11. What is the main Use and End of Sacraments? A. It is toratify and confirm God's Covenant with Believers, Rom. iv. 21. And.he received the Sign of Circumcifion, a Seal of the Righteousness of the Faith, that he had yet being uheircumeised, See. 1 Cor. xi. 26. For as often as ye eat this Bread, and drink this Cup, ye do skew the Lord's Death till he come. ,
Q^ V2. What is the first Instruction from hence? A. That the'Abuse of such holy and solemn mysteries, is a.Sin of dreadful Aggravation, and such as God will punish, 1 Cor. xi. 27. Wherefore •whosoever /hall eat this Bread, aud drink this Cup of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the. Body and Blood of the Lord.
Q^ 13. What is the second Instruction? A. Hence we learn the tender Care and Love of Christ over the Church in instituting such useful and comfortable Ordinances for us.
'Of the Number of Sacraments.
Quest. 93. \\J HICH are the Sacraments of the New
R « Qt-1.