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Then hath God also to the Gtntilts granted Repentance unto Life, Eph. ii. 8. For by Grace ar i ye Juried, through Faith j and that not of your selves; it ii the Gist of God.
Q;_ 10. When then are our Sins forgiven?
A. Just upon our Closure with Christ by Faith, in that very Moment, Rom. v. l. Therefore being justified by Faith, we have Peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, Rom. viii. 1. There is therefore now no Condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus.
Q^ 11. Why do we pray in the Anfwer for the Forgiveness of all our Sins?
A. Because if the least Guilt should remain upon us, it would excludeus from God's Favour, and lodge us in everlasting Burnings, Rom. vi. ult. For the Wages of Sin is Death.
Q_ 12. What are the Privileges and Blessings that accompany Pardon i
A. Justification is accompanied with Adoption, Johni. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he Power to hectme the Sons of God, even to them that believe on his Name. With the Spirit and Principle of all Grace and Holiness, 1 Cor. vi. 11. AndJuchweresome of you: but ye are waJhed, hat ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the Name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. With an insallible Title to eternal Glory, John iii. 16. That whosoever believeth in .him, Jhould not periJh, but have everlasting Lise, Rom. viii. 30. Whom he justified, them he also glorified.
Q^_ 13. How may we know that we are pardoned and justified r
A. Ordinarily by our Sanctincation, by our loathing of Sin, our Contempt of the World, our valuing of Christ, our Love and Thanksulness to God, &c. 1 Cor. vi. 11. Bnt ye are sanctified, Rom. vii. 24. O wrefched Man that 1 am, who Jhall deliver n:e from the Body of this Death? Gal. vi. J4. By whom the World is crucified unto me, and I unto the World, 1 Pet. ii. 7. Unto you therefore which believe he is precious, Luke vii. 47. Her Sins which are many are forgiven; for Jhe loved much.
Q^ 14. What is meant by [Our] is it only soch Sins as we have personally and actually committed?
A. No; but also Adam's Sin, which is ours by Imputation, Rom. v. lov By one Man's Disobedience many wert
made Sinners. And original Sin which is ours by Inhefion, Pfal. li. 5. Behold J-wasJhapen in Iniquity, and in Sin did my Mother conceive me. And other Mens Sins which we have made ours, by exciting them to them, not hindering of them, filence at them, and other ways, 2 Sam. xii. 9. Thau heist killed Uriah the Hittite with the Sword, and hast taken bis IVife to be thy Wife, and hast stain him with the Sxuord of the Children of Amman, 1 Tim. v. 22. Neither be Partaker of other Mens Sins.
Q;_ 15. Wheresore are Sins called Debts?
A. Because they are a Non-payment of God's Dues, a Non-persormance of our Duty, which makes us liable to the Arrest of Death, and to the Prison of Hell.
Q^ 16. Why do we plead our own Forgiveness of others r
A. Not as any Merit of our own. Pardon, but either as an Incoaragement to our selves to beg Pardon; seeing such evil, envious and malignant Persons are enabled to forgive, others; much more may we hope the good and gracious God will forgive us: Or as a Condition, without which we can have no Pardon, and with which we sliall, Matt. vi. 14. For is ye forgive Men their Trespaffes^ your heavenly Father wili'also forgive you,
Q^_ 17. How do others trespass against us *
A. When they injure us either in our Persons, or Names, or Families, or Estates, or Souls, &c. 1 Sam. ii. 25. If one Man fin against another, the Judge Jhall judge him; but is «r Man fin against the Lord, who Jhall intreat for him P
Q^ i3. Can we forgive our Neighbours freely, sully, and persectly, as God doth forgive us i
A. We cannot.
Q^. 19. What then is the Meaning of God's forgiving us as we forgive others f
A. Not'as to the Quantity and Persection of Forgiveness, but as to the Sincerity and Quality thereof, Matt, xviii. lilt. So likewise Jhall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your Hearts forgive net every one Ms Brother their Trespaffes.
Qi 2o. Are we always bound to manifest outwardly our Love and Forgiveness to all our Enemies; end to behave pur selves towards them as Friends?
A. No, if we have experienced them to be treacherous and sal le. and fee no Change, we are not bound to trust them, ifth'-ybe and remain wicked and prosane, we must not associate with them, Pial. xxvi. 5. / have bated the Congregation of evil Doers: andtitill no: jit %vith the wicked. Ver. 4. / have not salt with vain Persons, neither will I go in with D',fcmclers.
Q^ 21. What then must we do to filch? A. We mull heartily forgive them all their Injuries ; we must love them with the Love of Benevolence, pray for them, and be ready and willing to do them all good both of Body and Soul, Matt. v. 44, 45. But I fay unto you, love your Enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefulfy use you, and persecute you. That you may be the Children of your Father which is in Heaven; for he mateth his Sun to rise on the evil, and on the good, andfendeth Rain on the just, and on the unjust.
Q;_ 22. If we forgive others, shall we be forgiven our selves?
A. We shaft, if out of Obedience to God, and love to Christ, we doit.
(^23. What is the first Inserence front hence? A. That except our Sins be forgiven, we are lost and undone Creatures, and theresore we must never be contented till we ar6 pardoned.
Q^ 24. What is a second Inserence1? A. That God is a God of Love, Goodness, and Pardon; fteing -he will not pardon us, if we do not pardon others; but will if we do so.
Q^ 2c. What is a third Inserence? A. That if We live in Hatred when we pray the Lord's Prayer, we pray for our Damnation, Matt, xyiii. 22. Jesus saith unto him, I fay nit unto thee, until seven times seven, but untilseventy times seven. Ver. 35. So likewise Jhall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if"ye fromyour Hearts forgive not evfj Mt his Bttthtr their Trespajes.
Of Of God's leading us into Temptation.
Quest. 106. TT7HAT dp we pray for in the 4*th PetiW tiou? A. In the sixth Petition, which js [Atte( lead us not into Temptation, but deliverus from evil] we pray that God would either keep us from being tempted to Sin; or support and deliver us when we are tempted.
& 1. Why is this Petition joined to thje former with the ative Audf A. Because it will be but little Advantage to have former . Sins pardoned; and to be left to the Power and Practice, to the Love, and Trade of Sin for the suture, Ezek. xviii. 26. When a righteous Man turneth away from his Righteousness, and committeth Iniquity, and dieth in them ; for his Iniquity that he hath done, shaU he die.
Q^ 2. What is meant by Temptation? A. In general, a Trial or Probation of what is in us, or of what we will do. Q^ 3. What is meant by Temptarion here i A. Temptation to Sin and Wickedness. Qi 4. How may.we be said to be tempted to Sin? A. (1.) Effectually by our selves, and our own Hearts, Jam. i- 14, 15. But e•very Man is tempted, when he is drawn anioay of his own Lust, and enticed. Then when Lust hath tonceived, it bringetb forth Sin; and Sin when it is finished, bringetb forth Death, (2.) Formally, with an Intention to draw into Sin, and so we are tempted of the Devil, 1 Chron. xxi- 1. And Satan stand up against Israel, and provoked David to wmber Israel, Matt. iv. 1, 3. Thenwas Jejus ledup of the Spirit into the Wilderness, to be tempted of the Devil. And when the Tempter came to him, he said, if thou be the Son of God, command that these Stones be made Bread. (3.) Innocently and blamelefly, and so God is said to tempt, 2 Sam. xxiv. 1. And again, the Anger of the Lord was kindledagainst Israel, and he moved Dawd against them to say, go wmber Israel and Judah.
Q_ 5. How many ways may God be said to tempt to evil r
A. (1.) By withdrawing his Grace either common or
special, 2 Chron. xxxii. 31. Howbeit, in the Bufiness of the
Ambassadors Ambassadors oft be Princes of Babylon, 'who sent unto him to enquire of the Wonder that was done in the Land, God left him to try him, that he might know all that was in his Heart. (2.) By permitting Satan and wicked Men to tempt, 2 Sam. xxiv. 1. He moved David against them, to say, go wmber Israel and Judab. With 1 Chron. xxi. 1. Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David, Matt. iv. ]. Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the Wilderness, to Le tempted of the Devil. (3.) By presenting Occasions in his Providence, which he knows will be abused to Sin, as in the Fall of Adam, the hardening of Pharaoh, Sec.
Qi 6. What do we beg in this Petition?
A. We beg that we may not by any of these, or any other ways, whereby t!ie holy God may be said to lead into Temptation, be led thereinto, Psal. cxli. 4. Incline not my Heart to .any evil Thing, to practice •wicked Works •with Men that work Iniquity; and let me not eat of their Dainties, Psal. xix. 13. Keep back thy Servant also from presumptuous Sins, let them ml have Dominion over me: then shallI be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great Tranfgrijfion,
Q^ 7. What is meant by evil f
A- Some understand it of the Devil, but the best Meaning is Sin, which is the Evil of Evils; and makes the Devil evil, and is the worst of Evils the Devil can bring upon us, and is usually so understood in Scripture, Psal. xcvii. 10. Yt that love the Lord hate Evil. Isa. i. 16. Cease to do Evil, Amos v. 15. Hate the Evil, and love the good, Rom. xii. 9. Abhor that •which is Evil.
Q^ 8. What by Deliverance from Evil is meant?
A. That if God sees meet to permit us to be tempted by Satan and the wicked without, or by our own Hearts within to fin; or occasionally by his Providence, that he will not leave us, but undertake for us, that we may not be led into Sin thereby, but by his Grace be made more than Conquerors, Psal. li. 10. Create in me a clean Heart, O God, and renew a Right Spi.it •within me, Psal. cxix. 133. Order my Step, in thy Word; and let not any Iniquity have Dominion ever me. According to his Promise, 1 Cor. x. 13. But God is faithful, who •will net suffer you to be tempted ahove that ye are able, 2 Cor. xii. 9. And he said unto me, my Grace is sufficient sor thee; for my Strength is made perfect in Weakness.