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A. To bear patiently the Miseries we see on our Children, and their Death also without Murmuring, Rom. v. 14. Nevertheless Death reigned from Adam/a V|0ses, e-vea truer them that had not finned, after the Similitude of Adam's Transgreffon.
Q^ 9. What is the second Instruction?
A. It teaches us Humility, ;;ndfhou'd be Matter of Consession and Humiliation, when we fin actually, Psal. li. 5.. Behold I was Jhapen in Iniquity, and in S.n //...' my Mother conceive me.
Q;_ 10. What is the third Instru'°ion?
A. It mould piovoke Parents to use their utmost Diligencefor the Converfion of their Children, who draw Sin from. them.
C^. H. What is the last Instruction?
A. It teaches us the Necessity of Regeneration, and should provoke us greatly to defire it.
Of Man's Misery.
Quest. 19. TT7 HAT is the Misery of that Estate W whereinto Man sell?
A. All Mankind by their Fail lost Communion with God,, are under his Wrath and Curse; and ib made liable to alL Miseries in this Lise, to Death itself, and to the Pains of Hell for ever.
Q. 1 What Communion had God with Man besore the Fall?
A. Man then enjoyed the gracious Presence and Favour of God with him, which was better than Lise.
Q^ 2. How doth it appear this was lost by the Fall?
A. It appears by Scupture-Testimony, That Adam lost it as to himself, Gen. iii. 8. And Adam and his Wife hid themfil-uesfrom the Presence of the Lord God, among the 'Trees of the Ga dm And we in him, Eph. ii. 12. At that Time ye. were without Christ, being Aliens from the Common-wealth of Israel, and Strangers from the Covenants of Promise, having no Hope, and without God in the World.
Q^ 3. Was this the only Misery that came by the Fall?
A. No; Man did not only lose Communion with God, but fell under his Wrath and Curse, Eph. ii. 3. And 'were by Nature Children of Wrath, even as others.
Q^ 4. Doth the Wrath and Curse of God then lie sln all Men?
A. It lies on all the Unregenerate in the World, Gal. iii. 1D. Cursed is every one that contiwe!'h not in all Things tvhich are 'written in the Book of the Lav:, to do them. But Believers. are delivered from it by Christ, 1 Thes. i. 1O. Even Jesus, which delivered us from the Wrath to come.
Q^ 5. How are the Miseries of Men by the Fall divided?
A. They are divided into the Miseries of this World, and of the World to come.
Q. 6. What are die Miseries that come on them in this World?
A. The Miseries of Lise; as Sickness, Pain, Poverty on the Body, Fear, Trouble, Sorrow on the Mind, and at last Death itself, Rom. vi. ult. The Wages of Sin is Death.
C^. 7.. What are the Miseries after this Lise f
A. The Pains and Torments of Hell for ever, Psal- ix. 1 J. The wicked shall be turned into Hell.
Q;_ 8, What are the Torments of Hell?
A. Pain of Loss, and Pain of Senfe, Mat. xxv. 41. Depart from me ye cursed into everlasting Fire.
Q^ 9. What learn you from hence?
A. The wosul State os the unconverted. Miserable here, and miserable to Eternity.
Q;_ jo. What else learn we hence?
A. The great Salvation Believers have by Christ from all this Misery, Heb. ii. 3. How shall we escape if tut negleel so great Salvation, which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed to us by them that heard him.
Of the Salvation of God's Eleft, and of the Covenant of Grace.
Quest. 20. T~N I D God leave all Mankind to perish in
Covenant of Grace, to deliver them out of the Estate of Sin and Misery; and to bring them into an Estate of Salvation by a Redeemer.
Q. i. Are some Persons chosen to Salvation, and others left 1
A. Yes: God hath chosen some to Salvation, and passed by others; as the Scriptures speak. See Rom. viii. 30. Moreover whom be did predestinate, them be also called. And Jude v. 4. For there are certain Men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this Condemnation, ungodly Men, Sec.
Qi 2. Did God chuse some because he foresew they would be better than others l
A. No: God's Choice was not on foreseen Works; but meerlyofhis Grace, and good Pleasure of his Will, Eph. i. 5, 6. Having predestinated us unto the Adoption of Children by Jesus Christ unto himself, according to the good Pleasure of his Witt, to the Praise os the Glory of his Grace.
Q:, 3. Is this Election of God made in Time, and that according as Men use their free Will, or from Eternity?
A. Election is an eternal Act of God before the World was, and depends not on Man's using his Free-will; as appears from Eph. i. 4. According as he hath chesen us in him, before the Foundation of the World, that we should be holy, and without Blame before him in Love.
Q^ 4. Shall all that be elected, be called, and saved? A. Yes, the Scripture is sull and plain for it, Acts xiii. 48. And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the Word of the Lord, and as many as tvere ordained to eternal Life, believed, Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did predestinate, them he also called, Sec. Qi 5. By whom are the Elect saved? A. By Christ the only Redeemer, Tit. iii. 4, 5, 6. But after that the Kindness, and Love of God our Saviour towards Man appeared not by Works of Righteousness which we have d*ne, but according to his Mercy, he saved us, by washing of Regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost, •which he stxd en us abundantly, through fe/us Christ our Saviour.
Q^ 6. Is there no other Way of Salvation but by Christ? A. No, no other Way is revealed in Scripture, Acts iv.
12. A.«12. Neither is there Salvation in any other; for there is none other Name under Heaven given among Men, whereby w: must be saved.
Q. 7. What learn you from God's Election?
A. What Caule we have to admire Free-grace in oar Choice, who were no better than others, Eph. ii. 3. And ixiere by Nature Children os Wrath, even as others.
Q^ 8. What is the second Instruction?
A. It teaches us Humility, we made not ourselves to difser; but the free Grace of God made the Difference, 1 Cor. 1v. 7. For who maketh thee to differ from another?
Q\ 9. What is the third Instruction?
A. It teaches us Diligence to make our Election sure to ourselves, by our Calling, 2 Pet. i. 10. Wherefore the rather Brethren, give Diligence to make your Calling and Eleilicn sure.
Qi 10. What is the fourth Instruction?
A. It is Matter of Comfort to God's Elect, amidst all Dangers in the World, 2 Tim. ii. 19. Nevertheless the Foundation of Godstandeth sure, having this Seal, The Lord knovieth them that are his.
Of the Covenant of Grace.
Quest. 1. TTTHAT is the Covenant of Grace?
VV A. It is a new Compact or Agreement made with Sinners, out of meer Grace,-wherein God promisctli to be our God, and that we fhall be his People, and to give everlasting Lise to all that believe in Christ, Jer. xxxi. 33. But this shall be the Covenant that I will make with . the Honse of Israel, after those Days, saith the Lord, I will put my Law in their innoard Parts, and write it in their Hearts, andwill be their God, and they Jhall be my People.
Q,^ 2. How doth this Covenant differ from the Covenant of Works.
A. They differ many ways; but principally in three Things: First, the Covenant of Works had no Mediator; the Covenant of Grace hath a Mediator, Heb. xii. 24. And to Jesus the Mediator of the new Covenant: Secondly, in the former, no Place was found for Repentance. In the Second,
GoJ God admits it, Heb. viii. 10. For this is the Covenant that I will make vjith the House of Israel, aster thoje Days, saith tk Lord, I 'will put my Laws in their Minds, and write them in their Hearts, and Iwill he to them a God, and they shall be to me a People, ver. xii. For I will he merciful to their Unrighteousness, and their Sins mill I remember no more: Thirdly, In their Condition, the former requires exact Obedience, the latter Faith, and sincere Obedience, Mark xvi. 16. Ht that believet h and is ba/sized, shall be saved.
Q^ 3. May a Sinner that hath no Worthiness at all of his own, be taken into the Covenant of Grace?
A. Yes, he may, Isa. xliii. 25. /, even I, am he, that blotteth out thy Transgressions for mine ownsake, and will not remember thy Sins. This Covenant is not of Works but of Grace, Rom. xi. 5, 6. .And if by Grace, then it is no more of Works, otherwise Grace is no more Grace; but if it be of Works then it is no more Grace, otherwise Wort is no more Work.
Q^ 4. Is this Covenant changeable, or an unchangeable Covenant?
A. No, it is not changeable, but everlasting and unchangeable for ever, Isa. hv. 1,0. For the Mountains pall depart, and the Hills be removed, but my Kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the Covenant of my Peace be removed, faith the Lord, thet hath Mercy on thee.
Q^ 5. What are the principal Things bestowed in this Covenant?
A. Gcd himself, and in and with him Pardon and Salvation, Jer. xxxi. 33. / will be their God, and they shall be iy People.
Q^ 6. Can no Sin be forgiven out of this Covenant? _
A. No, God pardons none out of this Covenant, John 111. 18. But he that be/ieveth not, is condemned already.
0^7. What is the first Instruction hence?
A. Humbled and believing Sinners have singular Supper* from this new Covenant, 1 John ii. 12. I write unto you till" Children, because your Sins are forgiven you for his Name jo**'
Q^ 8. What is the second Instruction from hence?
A. That it is the great Concern of all Men to examine whether they be in this Covenant, or no, 2 Cor. xiii- $. Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the Faith, prove j'1".