The Classic Midrash: Tannaitic Commentaries on the Bible
"Paulist Press deserves credit for adding this new dimension to interfaith dialogue." The Jewish Spectator Classic Midrash, The: Tannaitic Commentaries on the Bible translation, introduction and commentaries by Reuven Hammer, preface by Judah Goldin Do you want to come to know He Who Spoke and the world came into being? Learn haggada (rabbinic lore) for by doing that you will come to know He Who Spoke and the world came into being and hold fast to His ways. Sifre Deuteronomy 49 Midrash (from the Hebrew root "to seek out"), which contains both legendary and legal material, is both a process and a product. It reflects the process of searching the text of Scripture in order to better understand it and apply it to life. Begun by the Sages of Israel when the Torah was canonized by Ezra in the fifth century B.C.E., its classic period culminated in the editing of the Tannaitic Midrashim (the "product") in the land of Israel in the fourth to fifth centuries C.E. The classic midrash presented here is a collective work. Although presenting interpretations in the name of individual Sages, it has no one author: rather, it reflects the collective wisdom of the leaders of Pharisaic Judaism which later became Rabbinic Judaism. Each succeeding generation added its own layer and remained a part of the ongoing process. Multiple interpretations are presented. There is no one way of understanding the word of God. There are always new levels of meaning to be uncovered. Midrash is the enemy of fundamentalism. Simplistic, literalistic interpretation of a text is its death knell. Rather than closing the text, midrash opens it up and emphasizes the interaction between the reader and the text. This volume presents and introduction to midrash in general and to these specific Tannaitic works, explaining the history and development of midrash as well as its methodology and message. It then offers translations of major sections of these works, with a commentary to each section and a running commentary to the text to help the reader understand the midrash, its background and its meaning. No student of the Bible should read it without the insight of the classic Sages. No student of religion should neglect the insights of these masters of the spirit. No student of culture and literature should ignore the methods and the products embodied in these creations. No one concerned with the problems of being human in this day and age should ignore the answers to these problems, which are found in these classic works.
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Aaron Abraham accepted Akiba Amalek Biblical blessing blood bring BROTHER brought called cause circumcision commanded COMMENTARY concerning covenant death deeds Deut Deuteronomy Divine Presence EARTH Egypt Eleazar Eliezer exile Exodus EYES Ezek father fire Gamliel garments give God's guilty HAND Heaven Hebrew Holy human indicates interpretation Isaac Ishmael Israelites Jacob Jerusalem Jose Jose the Galilean Joshua Judah Judah says Judah the Prince Judaism judges killed king kingship LAND OF EGYPT Land of Israel matter of logic means Mekhilta midrash Midrashim mitzvah mitzvot Moses Nathan says nations Nazirite Numbers offering parable peace phylacteries praise prayer priests prophets Prov punishment rabbinic recited refers repentance righteous Sabbath Sages sanctified Scripture Shema shofar Sifra Sifre Simeon Similarly Sinai slave Song speak Tannaitic teaches Temple transgression verse says wicked wilderness witnesses woman words of Torah written
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