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that it may be accepted, it is to be made in the name of the Son,h by the help of his Spirit,i according to his will, k with understanding, reverence, humility, fervency, faith, love, and perseverance ;' and, if vocal, in a known tongue.m
IV. Prayer is to be made for thinys lawful,n and for all sorts of men living, or that shall live hereafter ;but not
h John xiv. 13, 14. And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it. 1 Pet. ii. 5. Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.
i Rom. viii. 26. Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities : for we know not what we should pray for as we ought : but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.
k 1 John v. 14. And this is the confidence that we have in him, that if we ask any thing, according to his will, he heareth us.
i Psal. xlvii. 7. For God is the king of all the earth, sing ye praises with understanding. Eccl. v. 1, 2. Keep thy foot when thou goest to the house of God, and be more ready to hear than to give the sacrifice of fools : for they consider not that they do evil. Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be ha'y to utter any thing before God: for God is in heaven, and thou upon earth : therefore, let thy words be few. Heb. xii. 28. Wherefore, we receiving a kingdom, which cannot be moved, let us have grace whereby we may serve God acceptably, with reverence and godly fear. Gen. xviii. 27. And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am but dust and ashes. Jam. v. 16. Confess your faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed: the effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man ävaileth much. Jam. i. 6, 7. But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering: for he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea, driven with the wind, and tossed. For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord. Mark xi. 24. Therefore, I say unto you, What things soever ye desire when ye pray, believe that ye receive them, and ye shall have them. Mat. vi. 12, 14, 15. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. For, if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses. Col. iv. 2. Continue in prayer, and watch in the same with thanksgiving: Eph. vi. 18. Praying always with all pray: or and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance, and supplication for all saints.
m 1 Cor. xiv. 14. For if I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful.
IV. n (1 John v. 14. See letter k.)
01 Tim. ii. 1, 2. I exhort, therefore, that first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all men : for kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty. John xvii. 20. Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word. 2 Sam. vii. 29. Therefore now, let it please three to bless the house of thy serrant, that it may continue for ever
for the dead,p oor for those of whom it may be known that they have signed the sin unto death.9
V. The reading of the scriptores with godly fear ;' the sound preaching, and conscionable hearing of the word, in obedience unto God, with understanding, faith, and reverence ;t singing of psalms with grace in the heart;v as also, before thee: for thou, O Lord God, hast spoken it, and with thy bless. ing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever. Ruth iy. 12. And let thy house be like the house of Pharez (whom Tamar bare unto Judah) of the seed which the Lord shall give thee of this young
p 2 Sam. xii. 21, 22, 23. Then said his servants unto him, What thing is this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep for the child while it was alive, but when the child was dead, thou didst arise and eat bread. And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who can tell whether God will be gracious to me, that the child may live? but now he is dead, wherefore should I, fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me. With Luke xvi. 25, 26. But Abraham said, Son, re. member that thou, in thy life-time, receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarr : evil things; but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented. And besides ail this, between us and you there is a great gulpb fixed : sa that they, which would pass from hence to you, can. not; neither can they pass to us that would come from thence. Rev. xiv. 13. And I heard a voice from heaven, saying unto me, Write, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord, from henceforth : yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them.
91 John v. 16. If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death: I do not say that he shall
r Acts xv. 21. For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath-day: Rev. i. 3. Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this propheey, and keep those things which are written therein : for the time is at hand.
s 2 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine.
t James i. 22. But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. Acts x. 33. Immediately, therefore, i sent to thee; and thou hast well done, that thou art come. Now, therefore, are we all here present before God, to hear all things that are commanded thee of God. Mat. xiii. 19. When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart : this is he which received seed by the way-side. Heb. iv. 2. For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. Isa. Ixvi. 2. For all those things hath mine hand made, and all those things have been, saith the Lord: but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.
Pray for it.
the due administration and worthy receiving of the sacraments instituted by Christ ; are all parts of the ordinary religious worship of God:w besides religious oathst and vows.y solemn fastings, and thanksgivings upon special occasions, a which are, in their several times and seasons, to be used in an holy and religious manner.b
VI. Neither prayer, nor any other part of religious o Col. iii. 16. Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wis. dom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord. Eph. v. 19. Speaking to yourselves in psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your hearts to the Lord. James v. 13. Is any among you afflicted ? let him pray. Is
any merry ? let him sing psalms.
w Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. (1 Cor. xi. 23 to verse 29.) Acts ii. 42. And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.
x Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt fear the Lord, thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name. With Neh. x. 29. They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God's law, which was given by Moses the servant of God, and to observe and do all the commandments of the Lord, our God, and his judgments and his statutes.
y Isa. xix. 21. And the Lord shall be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know the Lord in that day, and shall do sacrifice and oblation; yea, they shall vow a vow unto the Lord, and perform it. With. Eccl. v. 4, 5. When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it, for he hath no pleasure in fools; pay that which thou hast vowed. Better is it that thou shouldst not vow, than that thou shouldst vow and not pay.
z Joel ii. 12. Therefore also now, saith the Lord, Turn ye even to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning. Esth. iv. 16. Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day; I also and my maidens will fast likewise, and so will I go in unto the king, which is not according to the law; and if I perish, I perish. Mat. ix. 15. And Jesus said unto them, Can the children of the bride-chamber mourn, as long as the bridegroom is with them? but the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken from them, and then shall they fast. 1 Cor. vii. 5. Defraud ye not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, that ye may give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again, that Satan tempt you not for your incontinency. a (Psal. cvii
. throughout.) Esther ix. 22. As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day that they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor.
b Heb. xii. 28. Wherefore, we receiving a kingdom, which cannot be moved, let us have grace whereby we may serve God acceptably, with reverence and godly fear,
worship, is pow, under the gospel, either tied unlo, or made more acceptable by any place in wbich it is perform. ed, or towards which it is directed :C but God is to be worshipped every where,d in spirit and truth ;e as in private families f daily,g and in secret, each one by himself,h so more solemnly in the public assemblies, which are not carelessly or wilfully to be neglected or forsaken, when God, by his word or providence, calleth thereunto.
VI. c John iv. 21. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.
d Mal. 1.11. For, from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same, my name shall be great among the Gentiles, and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering : for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith the Lord of hosts. 1 Tim. ii. 8. I will, therefore, that inen pray every where, lifting up holy hands without wrath and doubting.
e John iv. 23, 24. But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth : for the Father seeketh such to worship him. God is a Spirit, and they that worship him, must worship him in spirit and in truth.
f Jer. x. 25. Pour out thy fury upon the heathen that know thee not, and upon the families that call not on thy name : for they have eaten up Jacob, and devoured him, and consumed him, and have made his habitation desolate. Deut. vi. 6,7. And these words which I command thee this day shall be in thine heart: and thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and wlien thou walkeet by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up. Job i. 5. And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burntofferings, according to the number of them all : for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually. 2 Sam. vi. 18, 20. And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt-offerings, and peace-offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the Lord of hosts. Then David returned to bless his household. 1 Peter iii. 7. Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered. Acts x. 2. A devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway.
Mat. vi. 11. Give us this day our daily bread. h Mat. vi. 6. But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father, which is in secret, and thy Father, which seeth in secret, sball reward thee openly. Eph. vi. 18. Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance, and supplication for all saints.
i Isa. Ivi. 6, 7. Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the Lord, to serve him, and to love the name of the Lord, to be his servants, every one that koepeth. the Sabbath from polluting it',
VII. As it is of the law of nature, that, in general, a due proportion of time be set apart for the worship of God; so in his word, by a positive, moral, and perpetual commandment, binding all men, in all ages, he hath particularly appointed one day in seven for a Sabbath, to be kept holy unto him ;k which, from the begioning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, was the last day of the week, and, from the resurrection of Christ, was changed into the first day of the week, which, in scripture, is called the Lord's and taketh hold of my covenant: even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer : their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar ; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all people. Heb. x. 25. Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another : and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching: Prov. i. 20, 21, 24. Wisdom crieth without, she uttereth her voice in the streets: she crieth in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words, saying, Because I have called, and ye refused, I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded. Pro. viii. 34. Blessed is the man that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors. Acts xii. 42. And when the
Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next Sabbath. Luke iv. 16. And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the Sabbath-day, and stood up for to read. Acts ii. 42. And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine, and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.
VII k Exod. xx. 8, 10, 11. Remember the Sabbath-day, to keep it holy. But the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord, thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day : wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath-day, and hallowed it. Isa. lvi. 2, 4, 6, 7. Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that layeth hold on it: that keepeth the Sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil. For thus saith the Lord unto the eunuchs that keep my Sabbaths, and chuse the things that please me, and take hold of my covenant. (See in letter i.).
1 Gen. ii. 2, 3. And on the seventh day God ended his work, which he had made ; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work, which God created and made. 1 Cor. xvi. 1, 2. Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given order to the churches of Galatia, even so do ye. Upon the first day of the week, let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come. Acts xx. 7. And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow, and continued his speech until midnight.