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other graces ;)' to oblige them to obedience ;z to testify and cherish their love and commumon one with another ;a and to distinguish them from those that are without.11

Q. 163. What are the parts of a sacrament?

Jl. The parts of a sacrament are two; the one an outward and sensible sign, used accordmg to Christ's own appointment; the other an inward and spiritual grace thereby signified.0

Q. 164. How many sacraments hath Christ instituted in his church under the New Testament?

A. Under the New Testament Christ hath instituted in his church only two sacraments, Baptism and the Lord's supper.J

y Rom. iv. 11. (See in v above.) Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ.

z Rom. vi. 3, 4. Know ye not that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from tiie dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. 1 Cor. x. 21. Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table and of the table of devils.

a Eph. iv. 2 to 5. With all lowliness and meeekness, with longsuftering, forbearing one another in love; endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling: Ono Lord, one faith, one baptism. 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether wo be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.

4 Eph. ii. 11, 12. Wherefore remember that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called uncircumcision by that which is called the circumcision in the flesh made by hands; that at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise; having no hope, and without God in the world. Gen. xxxiv. 14. And they said unto them, we cannot do this thmg, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised: for that were a reproach unto us.

163. c Mat. iii. 11. I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire. 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure whereunto, even baptism, doth also now save us, (not the putting away the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good eonscience towards God) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Rom. ii. 28, 29. For he is not a Jew which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision which is outward in the flesh f But he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter, whose praise is not of men, but of God.

164. d Mat. xxvii. 19. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 20,23. When ye come together, therefore, iato one place, this U not to eat the Lord's supper. For I have re

Q.165. What is Baptism.

Ji. Baptism is a sacrament of the New Testament, wherein Christ hath ordained the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost,e to be a sign and se;il of ingrafting into himself/ of remission of sins by his blood,? and regeneration by his Spirit ;h of adoption,' and resurrection unto everlasting life ;k and whereby the parties baptized are solemnly admitted into the visible church,1 and enter into an open and professed engagement to be wholly and only the Lord's.TM

Q. 166. Unto whom is baptism to be administered?

A. Baptism is not to be admimstered to any that are out of the visible church, and so strangers from the covenant of promise, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him ;n but infants, descending from parents, either both or but one of them, professing faith in Christ

ceived of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread.— Mat. xxvi. 26, 27, 28. (See above in t.)

165. e Mat. xxviii. l0. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.

/ Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ.

S Mark i. 4. John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance, for the remission of sins. Rev. i. 5.—Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood.

h Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost. Eph. v. 26. That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word.

i Gal. iii. 26, 27. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ.

k 1 Cor. xv. 29. Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, iPthe dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead? Rom. vi. 5. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection.

I 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.

m Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even s6 we also should walk in newness of life.

166. it Acts viii. 36, 37. And as they went on their way, they came unto a certain water : and the eunuch said. See, here is water; what doth hinder me to be baptised? And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou raayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and yo 6hall receive the gift •ftljetfohr Ghost.

and obedience to him, are, in that respect, within the covenant, and to be baptized.0

Q. 167. How is our baptism to be improved by us?

A. The needful but much neglected duty of improving eur baptism, is to be performed by us ;.ll our life long especially m the time of tempt.I'ion, and when we are present at the administration of it to others ;P by serious and thankful consideration of the nature of it, and of the ends for which Christ instituted it, tin; privileges and benefits conferred and sealed thereby, and our sole nn vow made there

o Gen. xvii 7, 9. And I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and thy seed after thee in their generations, for an everlasting covenant; to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.— And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations. Compared witli Gal. iii. !), 14. So, then, they which be of faitli are blessed with faithful Abraham. That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. And with Col. ii. 11, 12. In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision of Christ: buried with him in baptism, wherein also you are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. And with Acts ii. 38, 3H. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy •Ghost. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call. And with Rom. iv. 11, 12 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumeised: that he might be the father of all them that belteve, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also; and the father of circurnoision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised. 1 Cor. vii. 14.— For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctifitrl by the husband; else were your children unclean; but now are they holy. Mat. xxviii. 10. Go yc, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Luke xviii. 15, 16. And they brought unto him also infants, that he would touch them; but when his disciples saw it, they rebuked them. But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God. Rom. ii. 16. For if the first frmt be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branch-1;;.

167. p Col. ii. 11, 12. In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made "';hout hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the fleah, by tin i'r.'.umcision of Christ: Buried with him in baptism, wherein also _. ou are risen with him, through the faith of the operation of G-ci, vho hath raised him from the dead. Rom. vi. 4,6, 11. Therefore we are buried with him, by baptism, into death:

in;? by being humbled for our sinful defilement, our {.tiling short olf, and walking contrary to, the grace of baptism, and our engagements ;r by growing up to assurance of pardon of sin, and of all other blessings sealed to us in that sacrament ;s by drawing strength trom the death and resurrection of Christ, into whom we are baptized, for the mortifying of sin, and quickening of grace;' and by endeavouring to live by faith,v to have our conversation in holiness-and righteousness,w as those that have therein given up their names to Christ * and to walk in biotherly love, as being baptized by the same Spirit into one body.y

that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. Likewise recken ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin; but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.

q Rom. vi. 3, 4, 5. Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him, by baptism, into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection.

r 1 Cor. i.,11,12,13. For it hath been declared unto me of you, my brethren, by them which are of the house of Chloe, that there are contentions among you. Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul, and I of Apollos, and I of Cephas, and I of Christ. Is Christ divided? was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul,? Rom. vi. 2, 3. God forbid; how shall we that are dead to sin live any longer therein? Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death?

s Rom. iv. 11, 12. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised. 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure whereunto, even baptism, doth also now save us, (not the putting away oft the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a, good conscience towards God) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

t Rom. vi. 3, 4, 5. (See above in q.)

v Gal. iii. 26,27. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ.

w Rom. vi. 22. But now being made free from sin, and becomo servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.

x Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and bo baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

Q, 163. What is the Iiord's supper?

A. The Lord's supper is a sacrament of the New Testament^ wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine according to the appointment of Jesus Christ, his death is shewed forth; and they that worthily communicate feed upon his body and blood, to their spiritual nourishment and growth in grace ;a have their union and communion with him confirmed ;b testify and renew their thankfulness0 and engagement to God,d and their mutual love and fellowship each with other, as members of the same mystical body.*

Q. 169. How hath Christ appointed bread and wine to he given and received in the sacrament of the Lord's supper 9

A. Christ hath appointed the ministers of His word, in the administration of this sacrament of the Lord's supper, to set apart the bread and wine from common use, by the word of institution, thanksgiving, and prayer; to take and

y 1 Cor. xii. 13,25,26,27. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit. That there 3hould be no schism in the body ; but that the members should have the same care one of another. And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it: or one member be honoured, all themembers rejoice with it. Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular.

168. z Luke xxii. 20. Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the New Testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

a Mat. xxvi. 26, 27, 28. And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, cat; this is my body. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it: For this is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24, 25, 26. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread: And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat; tkis is my body which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the New Testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew" the Lord's death till he come.

b 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?

c 1 Cor. xi. 24. (See above m a.)

d 1 Cor. x. 14, 15, 16. 21. Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry. I speak^ to wise men: judge ye what I say. The cup of blessing which Wfe bless, is it not Be communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup tf devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table and of the table or devils.

c 1 Cor. x. 17. For we being many are one bread, and one body >for we are all partakers of that one bread.

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