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III. God, in his ordinary providence, maketh use of ineans,k yet is free to work without, above,m and agaiost them at his pleasure.1
IV. The almighty power, unsearchable wisdom, and infinite goodness of God, so far manifest themselves in his providence that it extendeth itself even to the first fall, and all other sins of angels and men,' and that not by a bare doth his heart think so, but it is in his heart to destroy, and cut off nations not a few.
III. k Acts xxvii. 31, 44. Paul said to the centurion, and to the soldiers, Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved. Add the rest, some on boards, and some on broken pieces of the ship: and so it came to pass that they escaped all safe to land. Isaiah lv. 10, 11. For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater. So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth : It shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it. Hos. ii. 21, 22. And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, saith the Lord, I will hear the heavens; and they shall hear the earth. And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel.
1 Hos. i. 7. But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will give them by the Lord their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen. Mat. iv. 4. But he answered and said, it is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that procecdeth out of the mouth of God. Job xxxiv. 10. Therefore hearken unto me, ye men of understanding : far be it from God, that he should do wickedness, and from the Al. mighty, that he should commit iniquity.
m Rom. iv. 19, 20, 21. And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sara's womb. He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God. And being fully persuaded, that what he had promised he was able also to perform.
n 2 Kings vi. 6. And the man of God said, Where fell it? And he shewed him the place. And he cut down a stick, and cast it in thither, and the iron did swim. Dan. üi. 27. And the princes, governors and captains, and the king's counsellors being gathered together, saw these men, upon whose bodies the fire had no power, nor was an hair of their head singed, neither were their coats changed, nor the smell of fire had passed on them.
IV. o Rom. xi. 32, 33, 34. For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all. O the depth of the riches, both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! For who hath known the mind of the Lord, or who hath been his counsellor ? 2 Sam. xxiv. 1. And again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them, to say, Go number Israel and Ju. dah. With 1 Chr. xxi. 1. And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel. 1 Kings Xxii. 22, 23. And the
permission, but such as hath joined with it a most wise and powerful bounding, 9 and otherwise ordering, and governing of them, in a manifold dispensation, to his own holy ends;" yet so, as the sinfulness thereof proceedeth only from the creature, and not from God, who, being most holy and righteous, neither is nor can be the author or ap
prover of sin.&
Lord said unto him, Wherewith ? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, 'Thou shalt persuade him, and prevail also; go forth, and do so. Now therefore behold, the Lord hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets, and the Lord hath spoken evil concerning thee. I Chr. x. 4, 13, 14. Then said Saul to his armour-bearer, Draw thy sword; and thrust me through therewith ; lest these uncircumcised come, and abuse me.
But his armour-bearer would not, for he was sore afraid. So Saul took a sword, and fell upon it. So Saul died, for his transgression which he committed against the Lord, even against the word of the Lord, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to inquire of it. And inquired not of the Lord : therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse. 2 Sam. xvi. 10. And the king said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah? so let him curse, because the Lord hath saith unto him, Curse David. Who shall then say, Wherefore hast thou denc so ? Acts ii. 23. Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain. Acts iv. 27, 28. For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people of Israel, were gathered together. For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done.
p Acts xiv. 16. Who in times past suffered all nations to walk in their own ways.
Psalm lxxvi. 10. Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee: the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain. 2 Kings xix. 28. Because thy rage against me, and thy tumult, is come up into mine ears, therefore I will put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.
q Gen. 1. 20. But as for you, ye thought evil against me; but God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save much people alive. Isaiah x. 6, 7, 12. I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge to take the spoil and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets. Howbeit, he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but it is in his heart to destroy, and cut off nations not a few. Wherefore it shall come to pass, that when the Lord hath performed his whole work upon mount Zion, and on Jerusalem, I will punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks.
ś James i. 13, 14, 17. Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God : for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. Every good gift, and every per
V. The most wise, righteous and gracious God doth oftentimes leave for a season his own children to manifold temptations, and the corruption of their own hearts, to cbastise them for their former sins, or to discover onto them the hidden strength of corruption, and deceitfulness of their nearts, that they may be humbled it and to raise them to a more close and constant dependence for their support opon himself, and to make them more watchful against all future occasions of sin, and for sundry other just and holy ends. fect gift, is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning: 1 John ii. 16. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. Psalm 1. 21. These things hast thou done, and I kept silence : thou thoughtest that I was altogether such an one as thyself: but I will reprove thee, and set them in order before thine eyes.
V. t 2 Chr. xxxii. 25, 26, 31. But Hezekiah rendered not again, according to the benefit done unto him: for his heart was lifted up ; therefore there was wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jerusalem. Nothwithstanding Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart (both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem) so that the wrath of the Lord came not upon them in the days of Hezekiah. Howbeit, in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to inquire of the wonder that was done in the land, God left him to try him, that he might know all that was in his heart. 2 Sam. xxiv. 1. And again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go number Israel and Judah.
v 2 Cor. xii. 7, 8, 9. And lest I should be exalted above measure, through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure. For this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me. And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee : for my strength is made perfect in weakness, Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. Psalm lxxiii. throughout. Psalm Íxxvii. 1, 10, 12. I cried unto God with my voice:
even unto God with my voice, and he gave ear unto me. And I said, This is my infirmity: but I will remember the years of the right hand of the most High. I will meditate also of all thy work, and talk of thy doings. (Read the intermediate verses in the Bible.) Mark xiv. from the
66th verse to the end, with John xxi. 15, 16, 17. So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me ? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep. He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me ? Peter was grieved, because he said unto him the third time, lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
VI. As for those wicked and ungodly men, whom God as a righteous judge, for former sins, doth blind and harden, w from them he not only withholdeth his grace, whereby they might have been enlightened in their understandings, and wrought upon in their hearts ;* but sometimes also witbdraweth the gifts which they had,y and exposeth them to such ohjects as their corruption makes occasion of sin ;3 and withal, gives them over to their own lusts, the temptations of the world, and the power of Satan :a whereby it comes to pass, that they harden themselves, even under those means which God useth for tbe softening of others.b
VI. w Rom. i. 24, 26, 28. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, through the lust of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: For even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature. And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobato mind, to do those things which are not convenient. Rom. xi. 7,8. What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for, but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded. According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear, unío this day.
Deut. xxix. 4. Yet the Lord hath nct given you an heart to perceive, and eyes
and ears to hear, unto this day. y Mat. xiii. 12. For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance : but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away, even that he hath. Mat. xxv. 29. For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance : but from him that hath not shall
be taken away, even that which he hath. z Deut. ï. 30. But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him : for the Lord thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth this day. 2 Kings viii. 12, 13. And Hazael said, Why weepeth my lord ? And he answered, Because I know the evil that thou wilt do unto the children of Israel : their strong holds wilt thou set on fire, and their young men wilt thou slay with the sword, and wilt dash. their children, and rip up their women with child. And Hazael said, But what, is tħy servant a dog, that he should do this great thing? And Elisha answered, the Lord hath shewed me that thou shalt be king over Syria.
a Psal. Ixxxi. 11, 12. But my people would not hearken to my voice : and Israel would none of me. So I gave them up unto their cwn lieart's lust, and they walked in their own counsels. 2 Thess. ii. 10, 11, 12. And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth that they înight be saved. And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie. That they all might be damned, who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
6 Exod. vii. 3. And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt. With Exod. viii. 15, 32. But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he la dened his heart,
VII. As the providence of God doth, in general, reach to all creatures ; so, after a inost special manner, it taketh care of his church, and disposeth all things to the good thereof.
and hearkened not unto them; as the Lord had said. And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, neither would he let the people go. 2 Cor. ii. 15, 16. For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish. To the one, we are the savour of death unto death; and to the other, the savour of life unto life : and wlio is sufficient for these things ? Isa. viii. 14. And he shall be for a sanctuary ; but for a stone of stumbling, and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin, and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 1 Pet. ii. 7, 8. Unto you there. fore which believe, he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner. And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence; even to them which stuinble at the word, being disobedient, whereunto also they were appointed. Isa. vi. 9, 10. And he said, Go and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye in. deed, but perceive not. Make the heart of this people fat, and inake their ears heavy, and shut their eyes ; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. With Acts xxviii. 26, 27. Saying, Go unto this people, and say, Hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand : and seeing ye shall see, and not perceive. For the heart of this people is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they closed : lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
VIL c 1 Tim. iv. 10. For therefore we both labour, and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe. Amos ix. 8, 9. Behold the eyes of the Lord God are upon the sinful kingdom, and I will destroy it from off the face of the earth; saving that I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob, saith the Lord. For lo, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth. Rom. viii, 28. And we know that all things work together for good, to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. Isa. xliii. 3, 4, 5, 14. For I am the Lord thy God, the holy one of Israel, thy Saviour : I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Sheba for thee. Since thou wast precious in my sight, thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee : therefore will I give men for thee, and people for thy life. Fear not, for I am with thee ; I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west. Thus saith the Lord, your Redeemer, the holy One of Israel, for your sake I have sent to Babylon, and have brought down all their nobles, and the Chaldeans, whose cry is in the ships.