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slab,1 by whom they had all full remission of sins, and eternal salvation; and is called the Old Testament.1"
VI. Under the gospel, when Christ the substance0 wa9 exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is dispensed are the preaching of the word and the administration of the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper,0 which, though fewer in number, and administered with more simplicity, and less outward glory; yet in them it is held forth in more fulness, evidence, and spiritual efficacy,P to all naif 1 Cor. x. 1,2,3,4. Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea. And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud, and in the sea. And did all eat, the same spiritual meat. And did all drink the same spiritual drink. (For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.) Heb. xi. 13. These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they wer« strangers and pilgrims on the earth. John viii. 56. Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day; and he saw it, and was glad.
m Gal. iii. 7, 8, 9,14. Know ye, therefore, that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. And the scripture foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. So then they which be of faith, are blessed with faithful Abraham. That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
VI. n Col. ii. 17. Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.
o Mat. xxviii. 19, 20. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: arid lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen. 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24, 25. For I havo received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread: And when he had given thanks, ho brake it, and said, Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
p Heb. xii. 22,23, 24, 25, 26, 27. But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels. To the general assembly and church of the first-born, which are written in heaven; and to God the Judge of all; and to the spirits of just men made perfect. A nd to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant; and to the blood of sprinkling that speaketh better things than that of Abel. See that ye refuse not him that speaketh: for if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven. Whose voice then shook tions, both Jews and Gentiles ;1 and is called the New Testament.r There are not therefore two covenants of grace differing in substance, but one and the same under "various dispensations.8
the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more, I shake not the earth only, but also heaven. And this word, Yet once more, eignifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain. Jer. xxxi. 33, 34. But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts, and will be their God, and they shall be my people. And tbey shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith trie Lord: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
q Mat. xxviii. 19. (See letter o immediately foregoing.) Eph. ii. 15, 16, 17,18,19. Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments, contained in ordinances, for to make in himself, of twain, one new man, so making peace. And that he might reconcile both unto God, in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby. And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh. For through him we both have an aecess by one Spirit unto the Father. Now, therefore, ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow-citizens with the saints, and. of the household of God.
r Lake xxii. 20. Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.
a Gal. hi. 14,16. That the blessing of Abraham might ccmc on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. Now to Abraham and his seed weTe the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as or many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. Acts xv. 11. But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved even as they. Rom. iii. 21, 22, 23, 30. But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets. Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all them that believe : for there is no difference. For aji have sinned, and come short of the glory of God, Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith. Psal. xxxii. 1. Blessed is he whoso transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. With Rom. iv. 3, (i, 16,17, 23, 24. For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man unto whom God impntelh righteousness without works. Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed, not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all, (as it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who qnickeneth the dead, and oalleth those things which be not, as though they were. Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to biro. But for us also, to whom it
OF CHRIST, THE MEDIATOR
It pleased God, in his etern'il purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, his only begotten Son, to be the Mediator between God and man ;a the Prophet,0 Priest,0 and King ;d the Head and Saviour of his Church ;e the heir of all things ;<" and judge of the world :S unto whom he did, from all eternity, give a people to be his seed,1' and
shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead. Heb. xiii. 8. Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.
I. a Isa. xlii. 1. Behold my servant whom I uphold, my elect in whom my soul delighteth: I have put my Spirit upon him, he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. 1 Pet. i. 19, 20. But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a Lamb without blemish and without spot. Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you. John iii. 16. For God so loved the world that he gave his only beorotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, butTiave everlasting life. 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.
4 Acts iii. 22. For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you, of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you.
c Heb. v. 5,6. So also, Christ glorified not himself, to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to-day have I begotten thee. As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melehisedec.
d Psal. ii. 6. Yet have I set my King upon my holy hill of Zion. Luke i. 33. And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
e Eph. v. 23. For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the Saviour of the body.
/ Heb. i. 2. Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds.
g Acts xvii. 31. Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness, by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that ho hath raised him from the dead.
h John xvii. 6. I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word. Psal. xxii. 30. A seed sha serve him, it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation. I UU. 10. Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him, heliath put him
to be by him m time redeemed, called, justified, sanctified, and glorified.1
II. The Son of God, the second person in the Trinity, being very and eternal God, of one substance, and equal with the Father, did, when the fulness of time was come, take upon him man's nature,k with all the essential properties and common infirmities thereof, yet without sin :' being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the Virgin Mary, of her substance.111 So that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures, the Godhead and the manhood, were inseparably joined together in one person, without
grief: when thou slialt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall sea his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shalf prosper in his hand.
i 1 Tim. ii. 6. Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time. Isa. lv. 4,5. Behold, I have given Hm for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people. Behold, thou shalt call a nation that thou knowest not, and nations that knew not thee shall run unto thee, because of the Lord thy God, and for the holyOne of Israel; for he hath glorified thee. 1 Cor. i.30. Bat of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.
II. k John i. 1,14. In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. And the Word was made . flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of . the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. 1 John v. '20. And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding that we may know him that is true: and we !.re in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life. Phil. ii. 6. Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God. Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law.
I Heb. ii. 14,16,17. Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same: that through death ho might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels : but he took on him the seed of Abraham. Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like onto his brethren; that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest, hi things pertaining to God, to moke reconciliation for the sins of the people; Heb. iv. 15. For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with tho feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
m Luke i. 27, 31, 35. To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of Davia; and the virgin's name was Mary. And behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name Jesus. And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God. Qal. iv. 4. (fece letter k immediately foregoing.)
conversion, composition, or confusion." Which person is very God, and very man, yet one Christ, the only Mediator between God and man.0
Iff. The Lord Jesus, in his human nature thus united to the divine, was sanctitied and anointed with the holy Spirit above measure ;P having in him all the treasuies of wisdom and knowledge ;1 in whom it pleased the Father that all fulness should dwell :r to the end, that being holy, harmless, undefiled, and full of grace and truth,8 he might be thoroughly furnished to execute the office of a Mediator and Surety.1 Which office he took not unto himself, but was thereunto called by his Father,v who put all power
n Luke i. 35. (See the foregoing verse.) Col. ii. 0. For in him dwelleth all tho fulnsss of the Godhead bodily. Rom. tx. 5. Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God bleased for ever. Amen. 1 Peter iii. 18. For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, (that he might brmg us to God,) being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit. 1 Tim. iii. i(i. And without controversy, great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in tho flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed o.n iii the world, received up into glory.
o Rom. i. 3,4. Concerning his Son,3esus Christ, our Lord, whicli was made of the seed of David, according to the flesh. And declared to be the Son of God, with power, according to the* Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead: 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there isone God, and ono Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.
III. p Psal. xlv. 7. Thou kwest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. John iii. 34. For he whom God hath sent, speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him. *
q Col. ii. 3. In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.
r Col. i. 19. For it pleased the Father, that in him should all fulness dwell.
s Heb. vii. 96. For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens. John i. 14. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
/ Acts x. 38. How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost, and with power; who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil: for God was with him. Heb. xii. 24. And to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel. Heb. vii. 22. By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.
.B Heb. v. 4, 5. And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron. So also, Christ glorified nc himself, to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Th art my Son, to-day have I begotten thee,.