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are justified :0 and although they can never fall from the state of justification,p vet they may by their sins fall under God's fatherly displeasure, and not have the light -of his countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance.1

VI. The justification of believers under the Old Testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the justification of believers under the New Testament.'

us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; which he shed on us abundantly, through Jesus Christ, our Saviour; that being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

V. o Mat. vi. 12. And forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors. 1 John i. 7, 9. But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ, his Son, cleanseth us from all sin. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 1 John ii. 1,2. My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the ,whole world.

p Luke xxii. 32. But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not; and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren. John x. 28. Arid I give unto them eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of ray hand. Heb. x. 14. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

q Psal. lxxxix. 31 to 33. If they .break my statutes, and keep not my commandments ; then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. Nevertheless, my loving-kindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. Psal. Ii. 7 to 12. Purge me with hysop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Make me to hear joy and gladness: that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice. Hida thy face from my sins; and blot out all mine iniqmties. Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. Cast me not away from thy presence ; and take not thy holy Spirit from me. Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation: and uphold me with thy free Spirit. Psal. xxxii. 5. I acknowledge my sin unto thee, and mme iniquity have I not hid: I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the Lord: and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Mat. xxvi. 75. And Peter remembered the words of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly. 1 Cor. xi. 30, 32. For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. Luke i. 20. And behold, thou shaft be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed, because thou believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season.

VI. r Gal. iii. 9,13,14. So then, they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. Christ hath redeemed us from the curs* OF ADOPTION.

All those that are justified, God vouchsafeth, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the grace of adoption ;a by which they are taken into the number, and enjov the liberties and privileges of the children of God ;b have his name put upon theoi,c receive the Spirit of adoption ;d have access to the throne of grace with boldness ;e

of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is overy one that hangeth on a tree. That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. Rom. iv. 22 to 24. And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him; but for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead. Heb. xiii. 8. Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to-day, and for ever.

I. a Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will. Gal. iv. 4, 5. But when the i ilness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son made of a woman, made under the law; to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

b Rom. viii. 17. And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ: if so be, that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together. John i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name.

c Jer. xiv. 9. Yet thou, O Lord, art in the midst of us, and we are called by thy name; leave us not. 2 Cor. vi. 18. And will be a Father unto you, arid ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty. Rev. iii. 12. Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven frorii my God: and I will write upon him my new name.

d Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.

e Eph. iii. 12. In whom we have boldness and access with confidence by the faith of him. Rom. v. ii. By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

are enabled to cry, Abba, Father ;f are pitied,? protected,*1 provided for,' and chastened by him as by a father ;k yet never cast off,1 but sealed to the day of redemption,111 and inherit the promises," as heirs of everlasting salvation.0

©IiaDter xni.


They, who are effectually called and regenerated, having n new heart and a new spirit created in them, are farther sanctified really and personally, through the virtue of Christ's death and resmrection,a by his word and Spirit

f Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

g Psal. ciii. 13. Like as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord "pffieth them that fear him.

h Prov. xiv. 26. In the fear of the Lord is strong confidence: and his children shall have a place of refuge.

i Mat. vi. 30, 32. Wherefore if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to-day is, and to-morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O ye of little faith? For your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have naed of all these things. 1 Pet. V. 7. Casting all your care upon him, for he careth for you.

7c Heb. xii. 6. For whom the Lord loveth, he chasteneth, and scourireth every son whom he recciveth.

I Lam. iii. 31. For the Lord will not cast off for ever.

m Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.

n Heb. vi. 12. That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who, through faith and patience, inherit the promises.

o 1 Pet. i. 3,4. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy, hath begotten us again unto a lively hope, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you. Heb. i. 14. Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

I. a 1 Cor. vi. 11. And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. Acts xx. 32. And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word pf his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified. Phil. iii. 10. That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, bemg made conformable unto his death. Rom. vi. 5, 6. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death: we shall be also in the likeness of°hiu resurrection: knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.

tl welling in them :b the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed,0 and the several lusts thereof are more and more weakened and mortified,"1 and they more and more quickened and strengthened in all savmg graces,6 to the practice of true holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord.f

II. This sanctification is throughout in the whole man ;g yet imperfect in this life, there abide still some remnants of corruption in every part :h whence ariseth a continual and irreconcilable war; the flesh lusting against the spirit, and the spirit against the flesh.1

b John xvii. 17. Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. Eph. v. 26. That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word. 2 Thess. ii. 13. But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren, beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation, through sanctification of the Spirit, and belief of the truth.

c Rom. vi. 6, 14. Knowing this, that our old man is crucified wit Iiim, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. I or sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.

d Gal. v. 24. And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh, with the affections and lusts. Rom. viii. 13. For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.

e Col. i. 11. Strengthened with all might according to his glorious power, unto all patience and long-suffering with joyfulness. Eph. tii. 16 to 19. That he would grant you according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man. That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all saints, what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; and to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.

/ 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God. Heb. xii. 14. Follow peace with all men, and holiness without which no man shall see the Lord.

II. g 1 Thess. v. 23. And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

h 1 John i. 10. If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us. Rom. vii. 18, 23. For I know, that in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me, but how to perform that which is good, I find not. But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. Phil. iii. 12. Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect: but I follow after, if that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus.

i Gal. v. 17. For the flesh lusteth against the spirit, and the spirit

III. In which war, although the remaining corruption for a time may much prevail,k yet through the continual supply of strength from the sanctifying Spirit of Christ, the regenerate part doth overcome :' and so the saints grow in grace,TM perfecting holiness in the fear of God."

©ftapter xiv.


The grace of faith, whereby the elect are enabled to believe to the saving of their souls,a is the work of the Spirit of Christ in their hearts ;b and is ordinarily wrought by

against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other; so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. 1 Pet. ii. 11. Dearly beloved, I beseech you, as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts which war against the soul.

III. k Rom. vii. 23. But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.

I Rom. vi. 14. For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace. 1 John v. 4. For whatsoever is born of God, overcometh the world: and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith. Eph. iv. 15,16. But speaking the truth in lore, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ: from whom the whole body fitly joined together, and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body, unto the edifying of itself in love.

m 2 Pet. iii. 18. But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ: to him be glory both now and for ever. Amen. 2 Cor. iii. 18. But we all with open face, beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image, from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.

n 2 Cot. vii. 1. Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.

I. a Heb. x. 39. But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.

b 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken: we also believe, and therefore speak. Eph. i. 17 to 19. That the God cf our Lord, Jesus Chrisl, the Father of glory, may give unto you the Spirit of wisdom and revelation, in the knowledge of him: The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints, and what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward, who believe according to the working of hismighly power. Eph. ii. 8. For by grace are ye saved, through faith; that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God.

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