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nit, and of the seed of God within them ;.? and the nature of the covenant of grace :e from all which ariseth also the certainty and infallibility thereof. through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen. Heb. ix. 12 to 15. Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood, he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. For if the blood of bulls, and of goats, and the ashes of an heifor sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh; how inuch more shall the blood of Christ, who, throug! the eternal Spirit, offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? And for this cause he is the Mediator of the new testainent, that by ineans of deat, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the tirst testainent, they, which are called, might receive the proinise of eternal inheritance. Rom. viii. 33 to 39. Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth: who is he that condemnath? It is Christ that died, yea, rather, that is risen again, wlio is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intcrcession för u3. Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword ? (As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted az sheep for the slaughter.) Nay, in all theso things we are more than conquerors, through him that loved us. For I am persuacled, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus, our Lord. “ John xvii. 11, 21. And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own, name, those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are. Father, I will that they also whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory which thou hast. given mo: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world. Luko xxii. 32. But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not; and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren. Heb. vii. 25. Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost, that como unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.

d John xiv. 16, 17. And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it seetlı him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him, for he dwellet with you, and shall be in you. 1 John ii. 27. But the anointing which ye have received of him, abideth in your : and ye need not that any man teach you: But, as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie : and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him. 1 John iii. 9. Whosoever is born of God, doth not commit sin, for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, be. cause he is born of God.

e Jer. xxxii. 40. And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me..

f. John X. 28. And I give unto them eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of my hand. 2 Thess. ül. 3. But the Lord is faithful, who shall stablish you, and keep you

III, Nevertheless they may, through the temptations of Satan and of the world, the prevalency of corruption remaining in them, and the neglect of the means of their preservation, fall into grievous sins ;& and for a time continue therein :h whereby they incur God's displeasure,i apd grieve his Holy Spirit ;k come to be deprived of some mea. sure of their graces and comforts ;' have their hearts hard

from evil. 1 John ii. 19. They went out from us, but they were not of us : for if they had been of us, they would, no doubt, have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest, that they were not all of us.

III. g' Mat. xxvi. 70, 72, 74. But he denied before them all, saying, I know not what thou sayest. And again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man. Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.

h Psal. li. (the title) 14. To the chief musician, a psalm of David, when Nathan the prophet came unto him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba. Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation : and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness.

i Is. lxiv. 5, 7, 9. Thou meetest him that rejoiceth, and worketh righteousness, those that remember thee in thy ways: beliold, thoa art wroth, for we have sinned : in those is continuance, and we shall be saved. And there is none that calleth upon thy name, that stirreth up himself to take hold of thee : for thou hast hid thy face from us, and hast consumed us, because of our iniquitics. Be not.wroth very sore, O Lord, neither remember iniquity for ever: behold, see, we beseech thee, we are all thy people. 2 Sam. xi. 27. And when the mourning was past, David sent, and fetclied her to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son : but the thing that David had done displeased the Lord.

1 Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption."

1 Psal. li. 8, 10, 12. Make me to hear joy and gladness: that the bones, which thou hast broken, may rejoice. Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free Spirit. Rev. ii. 4. Nevertheless, I have somewhat against thee, because thoa hast left thy first love. Cant. v. 2, 3, 4, 6. I sleer, but my heart waketh : it is the voice of my beloved that knocketh, saying, Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled : for my head is filled with dew, and my locks with the drops of the night. I have put off my coat, how shall I put it on ? I have washed my feet, how shall I defile them? My beloved put in his hand by the hole of the door, and my bowels were moved for him. I opened to my beloved, but my beloved had withdrawn himself, and was gone : my soul failed when he spake: I sought him, but I could not find him; I called him, but he gave me no answer

in Isa. Ixiii. 17. O Lord, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways ? and hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servant's sake, the tribes of thine inheritance. Mark vi. 52. For they considered not the miracle of the loaves, for their heart was hardensd. Mark xvi. 14. Afterward he appeared unto the eloven, as they

ened,m and their consciences wounded ;n hurt and scandalize others,o and bring temporal judgments upon themselves.P

Chapter XVIII.

OF ASSURANCE OF GRACE AND SALVATION.

ALTHOUGH hypocrites, and other unregenerate men, may vaioly deceive themselves with false hopes and carpal presumptions of being in the favour of God and estate of salvation ;a which hope of theirs shall perish ;b yet such as truly believe in the Lord Jesus, and love him in sincerity, endeavouring to walk in all good conscience before bim, may, in this life, be certainly assured that they are in

yat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen. 'n Psal. xxxii. 3, 4. When I kept silence, my bones waxed old; through my roaring all the day long. For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer. Psal. li. 8. Make me to hear joy and gladness : that the bones which thou hast broken, may rejoice.

o 2 Sam. xii, 14. Howbeit, because, by this deed, thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of the Lord to blaspheme, the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die.

p Psal. lxxxix. 31, 32. If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; then will I visit their transgressions with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. 1 Cor. xi. 32. But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.

I. a Job viii. 13, 14. So are the paths of all that forget God, and the hypocrite's hope shall perish ; whose hope shall be cut off, and whose trust shall be a spider's web. Micah i. 11. The heads there. of judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money : yet will they lean upon the Lord, and say, Is not the Lord among us? none evil can come upon us. Deut. xxix. 19. And it come to pass when he heareth the words of this curse, that he bless himself in his heart, saying, I shall have peace, though I walk in the imagination of mine heart to add drunk. enness to thirst. John viii.41. Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication ; we have one father, even God..

b Mat. vii. 22, 23. Many shall say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils ? and in thy name done many wonderful works? And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.

the state of grace, and may rejoice in the hope of the glory of God; which hope shall never make them ashaine..d

II. This certainty is not a bare conjectural and probable persuasion, grounded upon a fallible hope ;e but an infallible assurance of faith, founded upon the divine truth of the promises of salvation,f the inward evidence of those graces unto which these promises are made, the testiinony of the Spirit of adoption witnessing with our spirits that we are the children of God;' which Spirit is the earaest

c1 Jolin ii. 3. And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandinents. i John iii. 14, 18, 19, 21, 24. We know that we have passed from death unto lifo, because we love the brethren: he that loveth not his brother, abideth in death. My little children, let us not love in word, neitiier in tongue, but in deed, and in truth. And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him. Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence towards God. And he that keepeth his commandments, dwelleth in him, and he in himn : and hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit that he hath given us. 1 John v. 13. These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God: that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.

d Rom. v. 2,5. By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. And hope maketh not ashamed, because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost, which is given into us.

II. e Heb. vi. 11, 19. And we desire that every one of you do show the same diligence, to the full assurance of hope unto the end. Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast, and which entereth into that within tho vail.

of Heb. vi. 17, 18. Wherein God willing more abundantly to show unto thu heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath: that by two immutable things, in which it was im. possible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us.

g 2 Pet. 1: 4,5, 10, 11. Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises; that by these you might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust. And besides this, giving diligence, add to your faith, virtuc; and to virtue, knowledge. Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall: for so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly, into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. 1 John ii. 3, And hereby we do know that. we know him, if we keep his commandments. 1 John iii. 14. We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren: he that loveth not his brother abideth in death. 2 Cor. i. 12. For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with Heshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-wards.

h Rom. väü. 15, 16. For ye have not received the Spirit of bondage

of our inheritance, whereby we are sealed to the day of redemption.i

III. This infallible assurance doth not so belong to the essence of faith, but that a true believer may wait long, and conflict with many difficulties, before he be partaker of it;k yet being enabled by the Spirit to know the things which are freely given him of God, he may, without extraordinary revelation, in the right use of ordinary means, attain thereunto. And therefore it is the duty of every one to give all diligence to make his calling and election sure ;m that thereby his heart may be enlarged in peace and joy in the Holy Ghost, in love and thankfulness to God, and in strength and cheerfulness in the duties of obedience, the

again to fear : but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God. “i Eph. i. 13, 14. In whom ye also trusted after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also, after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise ; which is the earnest of our inheritance, until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory. Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are "scaled unto the day of redemption. 2 Cor. i. 21, 22. Now ho which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, is God: who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

III. k i John v. 13. These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God, that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God. Isa. I. 10. Who is among you that feareth the Lord, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the Lord, and stay upon his God. Mark i:.. 24. And straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I believe ; help thou mine unbelief. (See Psal. kxxxvüi. throughout. Psal. lxxvii. to the 12th verse.)

11 Cor. ii. 12. Now we have received, not the Spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God. 1 John iv. 13. Hereby know we, that we dwell in him, and he in us, because he hath given us of his Spirit. Heb. vi. 11, 12. And we desire that every one of you do show the same diligence, to the full assurance of hope unto the end: that you be not siothful, but followers of them who, through faith and patience, . inherit the promises. Eph. iii, 17 to 19. That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith ; that ye being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to ooniprehend with all saints, what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; and to know the love of Christ, which passethi knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.

in 2 Pet. i. 10. Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure : for if yo do these things, yo shall never fall.

n Rom. v. 1, 2,5. Therefore being justifiod by faith, we have peace with God, through our Lord, Jesus Christ ; by whom also we hayo

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