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SERMON IV. .

Preached at, si .. The SPITT LE.

On the Fourteenth of April, 1680.

1 TIM. vi. 17, 18, 19. Charge them that are Rich in this World, that

they be not high-minded, nor trust in uncertain Riches, but in the Living God, who

giveth us richly all Things to enjoy. That they do Good, that they be Rich in good

Works, ready to difribute, willing to com

municate.'-,,. Laying up in store for themselves a good Founda

tion against the Time, to come, that they may lay bold on Eternal Life.

E

SE ROTIUS his Note, upon this Text, cis is this, That St. Paul now having It finished this his Epistle to Timothy,

it comes into his Mind, that there was need of some more particular Application to be made, and Admonition to be given to those wealthy Merchants, with which the City

of

of Ephesus (wherè Timothy resided) did then abound; and upon this Confideration, he inserts those Words I have now read; Charge them that are rich in this World, &c... · How famous foever the City of Ephesus was at that Time for Wealth or Trade, there is little doubt to be made, that this City of ours (praised be God for it) doth in those Respects, at this Day; equal, if not much exceed it. And therefore that which St. Paul thought of so great Importance, as to give efpecial Orders to Timothy, to press upon the Ephefian Citizens, will always be very fit to be seriously recommended to you in this Place; and more especially at this Time, since it is the proper Work of the Day. Waving therefore wholly, the Argument of our Saviour's Resurrection,

upon which you have before been entertained; · I apply myself, without farther Preface, to

conclude this Easter Solemnity with that with which St. Paul concludes his Epistle, viz with a short Discourse of the rich Man's great Duty and Concernment, which is in these Words plainly set forth to us.) :?.; . In them we may take notice of these Three Generals, which I shall make the Heads of my following. Discourse. 7 stopa

Firft, The Duty itself incumbent upon those that are Rich in this World, expressed in several Particulars.y pre 3 poz.

Secondly, The great Obligation that lies upon them to the Performance of it, which we may gather from the Vehemence and the Authority with which St. Paul orders. Timothy

to

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to press it ; Charge them (faith he) that are Rich, that they be not, &c. ::

Thirdly, The mighty Encouragement they have to observe this Charge; for hereby they lay up to themselves in fore a good Foundation against the Time to come, that they may lay hold on Eternal Life.

First, I begin with the Rich Man's Duty, which is here exprefs'd in Four Points: Two of them Negative, teaching what Things te ought to avoid the other Two Positive, teaching what he ought to practise. They are these: ..

I. That he mould not be high-minded. "
II. That he should not trust in uncertain Riches.
III. That he pould trust in the living GOD,
IV. That he should do Good, be rich in good

Works, &c.
The First Thing that is given in Charge to
all those that are rich in this World, is, that
they be not high-minded, vin efnnoppover, that
they do not think too well of themselves for
being rich, and take Occasion from thence
to despise others that are in meaner Circum-
Itances than they. They are not to value
themselves a Jot the more, or to think worfe
of others upon Account of that outward For-
tune they are possess'd of; but are in all their
Conversation to express the fame Moderation,
and Humanity, and Easiness, and Obliging-
ness of Temper to those they have to do with,
even the meanest and the poorest, as if they
stood with them upon the famc Level.

And

And with very great Reafon hath St. Paul *] given this Caution to rich Men. For by the

Experience of the World, it" hath been always found, that Wealth is apt to puff up, to make Men look big, and to breed in them a Contempt of others; but what little Ground there is for this, is easily seen by any that will give themselves leave to consider.

For what doth any of these worldly Goods (which make us keep at diftance) really add to a Man in point of true Worth' and Value?

Do they either recommend him more to God > or to wise Men, or even to himself if he have

a Grain of Senfe in him, than if he was with

out them ? Certainly they do not. For that Sfor which either God approves us, or wise

Men esteem us, or we can speak Peace and Content to ourselves, is not any Thing without us, any Thing that Fortune hath given to us; but something that we may more truly call our own; fomething that we were neither born with, nor could any Body hin. der us of, nor can be taken from us ; that is to say, the Riches of our Minds, our vertuous and commendable Qualities.

A Man' is no more a fit Object of Esteem, merely for being rich; than the Beast he rides on (if I may use the old Comparison) is of Commendation for the costly Trappings he wears.

Secondly, Another Caution given to those that are rich in this World, is, that they should not 'trust in uncertain Riches. This likewise is a Temptation to which they are exposed, and

our

our Saviour hath very lively set it forth to use in the Parable of the Rich Man in the Gospel, h, i who having got mighty Possessions, and filled new

his Barns, thought of nothing farther ; but I Luke 12. presently faith to himself, Soul, take thy Ealé, Latin 16, ớt. :

eat, drink, and be merry, for thou hast Goods
laid up for, many Years : But the Conclusion of sth
that Parable doth sufficiently shew the Vanity tests
and Ridiculousness of this trusting in our Riches; G
for a Message comes to him from God, Thouch
Fool, this Night shall thy Soul be required of thee inds
and then whose.Jhall all these Things be that those of
haft provided? It is the greatest Madness in the the
World to please, or speak Peace to ourselves te
upon Account of that, which we are not sure is
to enjoy a Day, but we may, for any things
we know, bę snatch'd away the next Moment hly
into another World, and so must leave the Joỳ ať.
and Pride of our Hearts-tó we know not imu
whoni.
< But supposing we had fome Certainty of our big
Lives, and could promise ourselves, that we hon
hould not leave our Wealth for some compe-
tent Time, yet we have no Certainty that our
Wealth will not leave us. How prosperous
foever our present Circumstances be, yet we
cannot ensure the Continuance of them, there
are a Thousand Accidents may, happen eyery
Day, which may strip is as naked as when
we came into the World ; and we may be
reduced to the Extremities of those who are
now the greatest Objects of our Compassion
and Charity; and this is that which St. Paul
in the Text insinuates , when he calls theni

llicèrtain

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