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when' we reprove, those that do: amiss; in a Word, all our Attempts and- Endeavours, in what Way foever, to reclaim from Vice, and to bring them to Wisdom and Sobriety, is a Charity to their Souls; and whether our Designs succeed or not, we shall be rewarded as those that have done Ģood in the World. - Secondly, All the Acts of Beneficence and Kindness, nay, even of Civility and Goodnature, are to be accounted amoog the InItanees of doing Good. A Man doth Good, not only by Acts of Charity properly fo called, but by every Courtesy that he doth to ano, ther; he doth Good, by showing his Respect and good Will to all about him, by reconciling Differences among Neighbours, and promoţing Peace:,, Friendship and Society, as much as he cant;. by being Generous and Liberal and Hospitablc, according to his Abili; ty'; by, forgiving Injuries, and, if it be possible, making Friends of those that did them; by, being cafy of Access, and sweet and obliging in his Carriage z by complying with the Infira mitics of those he converseth with; and, in a Word, by contributing any way to make the lives of others more easy and comfortable to them. • , "'... ;.,?.
Thirdly, A Man also doth Good, when he makes life of that Acquaintance or Friendship or Intercft that he hath with others, to stis. them up to the doing of that, Good, which he by: the Narrowness of his Condition, or for want of Opportunity cannot do lumself. This is a very considerable Initance of doing Good,
how slight foever it may seem'; the Man that exercises himself this way is doubly a Bene? factor ; for he is not only an Instrument of Good to the Perfon or Persons for whom he begg'd the Kindness or the Charity ; but he does also a real Kindnefs to the Man himself, whom he puts upon the Benefaction; for God will not less reward his good Will for being excited by another.: 1 . ... .
Fourthly, Another way to do Good, is to be careful and diligent, and conscientious in the Discharge of all those Publick Offices, which we are called upon to execute in the Place where we live. How burthensome foever these be, and how much foever of our Time they rob us of, yet God, by calling us to them, hath put a Prize into our Hands; (as the Wise Man speaks) to do much Good; if we have Hearts to make use thereof. Ibir..di.no
Fiftbly, We do Good when being in a private Capacity, we so carry ourselves in all the Relations in which we stand as the Nature of the Relation requireth. As for. Instance, when being Subjects, we conscientiously obey the Laws of the Kingdom, and submit to our Governours, and promote what we can the publick Peace both of Church and State. When being Masters of Families, we take care of those under our Chargé, making sufficient Provision both for their Souls and Bodies. When being Husbands or Wives, we discharge faithfully all the Conjugal Duties : When being Parents we love our Children, and bring them up in the Fear and Nurture of the
Lord. When being Children, we obey our Parents in all Things. When being Servants, we do our Work in Singleness of Heart, not as Men-pleafers, but as those that account they have a Master in Heaven. When having contracted Friendships, we are secret and faithful, and prudent in the Maintaining and Preserving of them; and proportionably in all the other Relations that we stand in. All these Things, tho’ they appear little, yet are they in their Degree a real Good and Benefit to Mankind, and fo necessary, that there is no living tolerably without them.
Sixthly, We also do Good by an honest and a diligent Pursuit of our Calling and Employment. There is no Art or Trade that we are bred to, but if it be a lawful one, it may be of great Use to the Publick, and by well minding it, and fairly managing it, we may render ourselves very profitable Members of the Common-wealth.
Seventhly and Lastly, We may do a great deal of Good by our good Examples, by being to others Patterns of Piety and Prudence, of Diligence and Industry, of Peaceableness and Loyalty, of Humility, and Meekness, and Temperance. In a World, every Man that will make himfelf eminent in any Virtue, will be a Light to the World, his Life will be a constant Sermon, and he will often prove as effcctual a Benefactor to those about him by his Example, as others are by their Counfels and Exhortations.
The Third Sermon.' And now all these Things considered, who is there among us in such deplorable Circuma stances that he can reasonably pretend to want Ability or Opportunity to do Good in his Life.? Sure I am, he mult live in a Delart, and have no Communication with Mankind, that cannot fome or other of these Ways be useful and beneficial to them. And thus much of our Second Head of Discourse.
I now come, in the Third and Last Place, to make some Application of what hath been spoken. · And Firs, since every Man is so highly concern'd, as we have seen, to do Good in his Life, let us all be perswaded seriously and heartily to apply our Minds hereunto, Let us look upon it, not as a By-work, a Thing to be done now and then, as there is Occafion, after our own Turns are served : But let us lay out ourselves upon it, let us propose it to ourselves as the great Business of our Lives. Let us take all Opportunities for it, let us contrive and manage all our Affairs fo, that they may some way or other be subfervient to the carrying on this great Work.
Let this be the End of our gathering Riches, and the Measure of our expending them. To heap up Riches that we may be rich, or to throw them away upon our Lufts, are both equally intolerable; it is the doing Good with them, that fanctifies both the getting and the fpending them.
Let this be the Compass to steer and direct us in our Pursuit after Knowledge, in our
learning Arts and Sciences, in the Managery of our Trades and Employments; in a Word; in the Choice and in the Prosecution of every Design that is proposed to us. In all these
Things, the great Enquiry is to be, What · Good will they tend to? How shall we be
rendred more useful to the World, if our Designs and Endeavours, as to thefe Matters, do take Effect ?
Let this bę 'the great Rule by which we proceed in the Education of our Children and Relations, and the Provisions we make for i them in the World. Let it be our first Care to poffefs them with a deep Sense of the Duty they owe to the Publick, and to furnish them with such Qualities, as will render them profitable Members of it, and to put them into such Professions and Employments, as may afford them fair Scope for the Exercise of those Qualities. If we thus provide for them, though we otherwise leave them never fó small an Estate, yet with the Blessing of God, they have a good Portion..: . · Lastly, Let this Design of doing Good, influence our very Offices of Religion. When we make our Applications to the Throne of Grace, let us be sure to have the Publick always in mind; and even when we pray for ourselves, let it be with this Design and Resolution, that as God in Mercy bestows upon us the Blessings and the Grace we pray for, we will employ them for the Good of others. . .
o that we would thus seriously concern ourselves in doing Good! ( that we would