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LECTURES

ON THE

PRACTICE OF RELIGIOUS AND MORAL DUTIES,

FOUNDED ON THE EXPLANATION OF OUR DUTY TO GOD

AND OUR NEIGHBOURS, IN THE CHURCH CATECHISM.

LECTURE 1.

Instruction. By duties are meant those things which we are bound to perforın, because God, who is our great Lord and Governor, has commanded them. Our duties are divided into two principal parts, called our duty to God and our duty to our neighbour, What these duties are we learn from the seriptures, which contain all the comnandınents God has given to mankind. In order to incline us to keep these commandments, i hose who can read and understand should study the scriptures diligently; those who cannot read; or are too young to understand, should attend to the iostruction of their teachers. You have already been taoght your duty in a general way; the lectures which you are going to hear will explain it more fully: but before we begin upou them, let me see whether you have right notions of God your creator; and whether you know who you are to consider as your neighbour.

Questions.-How many Go:ls are there? [Ans. One.) What is God? [rins. A spirit. Why is God called Al. mighty? (Ans. Because he can do all things.]. How long has there been a God? į rins, Always.] Will there ever come a time when there will be no God ? (Ans. Nou] Has God bodily parts as we have ? [Ans. No.] Is pot God full of goodness? [Aus. Yes.] Who does God provide for ? [Ans. All his creatures.] Does pot God love the creatures he has made ? (Ans. Yes.] To whom do the world and all things in it belong? [Ans. To God.] Why do all things belong to God? [cns. Because God created them..

] Who is the great Lord and Governor of all thivgs? [Ans. God.) Should not all his creatures who are endued with sense and understanding serv, and obey him ? (Ans. Yes.] Has God

given any commandinents to mankind ? [Ans. Yes.] Where: are they to be found ? ( Ans. In the scriptures.] What book contains the scriptures ? [Ans. The Bible.) What are meant by duties ? [Ans. Those things we are bound to do as God's creatures.) Why are we bound to keep God's commandments? [Ans. Because he is our great Lord and Governor.] Has God given commandments to beasts, birus, fishes, and insects ? [Ans. No.] Why not?' ['Ans. Because they could not understand them.] Who are the only creatures in this world that understand God's commandments ? [ins. M.10kind.) What will God do in respect to those who keep his commandments ? [Ans. Reward then.) What will he do to those who break them ? [Ans. Punish them.] Who is our neighbour ? [Ans. All mankind.]

Instruction.- You have been taught that it is your duty to believe in God. If we look about us in the world, and take notice what a number of different things it contains, and observe how wonderfully they are made and preserved, we shall surely be ready to believe ihat there is a God, and that be is almighty.

The numbers of good things that are prorided for all living creatures, and for mokind in particular, nay, lite itself, shew that God must certainly be not only very powerful, but very good. The preserving and taking care of all these things farther prove that God must be very good. The wonderful manner in which the world anıt all things in it are made and preserved, shews that God must be all-wise.

Questions. Do you think seriously and truly in your heart that there is a God? [ Ans. Yes.] Do you think that without a Creator there could have been any creatures ? [Ans. No.] Do you believe that God is almighty? [Ans. Yes.) Could any but an almighty and all-wise being create what the world contains [Ans. No.] Could any but an alınighty and all-wise being provide for, and preserve all things? [ Aus. No.) Where do you believe God to be present? [Ans. Every where.) What do you believe God knows? Lins. All things.] Who do you think can equal him ? (Ans. None.] Who alone is worthy to be the Lord and Governor of all things ? [ ins. God.]

Instruction.--It is our duty also' to fear God. To frar God signifies to be afraid of offending him, lest we lose his favour and expose ourselves to punishment, as a dutiful child is fearful of losing the love of a tender pareat. It is the

want of this fear that occasions so niany people to commit. bad actions, which at last brinġ lhem to a miserable end. So far from making our lives unhappy, it will increase our happiness very much to have the fear of God always before us, because it will keep us from doing ihose things which usually bring uneasiness and misery upon those who commit them. Whatever is our duty agrees with our happiness, God has made it our duty to fear him for that very reason.

Questions. Is it a duty to fear God: [Ans. Yes.] What kind of a fear should we bave of God ? (Ans. Such as a good child has of a tender father.] Is not God the best of fatbers to us? (Ans. Yes,] What should we obey then? [ Ans. His commandments.] What should we be afraid of? (Ans. Offending God.] What is it that causes many people to do bad things ? [Ans. Not fearing God.] Will the fear of God make our lives unhappy if we keep his commandments? Ans. No.]

Instruction. It is also our duty to love God, and to love him with all our heart, with all our soul, and with all our strength; that is, as much as we possibly can. To desire liis favour above all things í to wish to draw ncar to him, and dwell in his glorious presence for ever. To be pleased with doing what we know will please God, to be heartily sorry when we know we have offended him, to be ready to suffer any thing rather than displease him; to endeavour to be as like him as possible, by doing all the good we can to every creature we know, for his sake. If we love God in this manner, we shall pass happily through this mortal life, and shall hereafter be admitted to his glorious presence in heaven. God has promised great blessings to those who love him.

Questions.-How should we love God? [Ans. With all our heart, with all our soul, and with all our strength.] Whom should we love above all things ? [ Ans. God.] What will those who love God delight in doing ? [Ans. Wbat will please God.] What will ihey take care not to do? [ Ans. What will offend God.) How will they be when they know they, have offended God! (Aris. Very sorry.] What will they beg of God to do? [dnsTo forgive them.] How will those who love God be, in this life? [Ans, Happy! Where will they be admitted to hereafter ? [Ans. Heaven.] What has God promised to those who love liim (Ans. All manner of good things.]. Do you wish to go to heaven, to Lo 9,174 u istilos

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see" God, and adveir in his glorious presence ? [uns. Yes.] Do you think God will receive you into heaven if you do not love him? [2lns. No:]

Instruction. - It is our duty to worship God, that is, to honour hins as the Lord; to praise him as the greatest and best of beings; ; to pray to him for what we stand in neca of ; to thank him for what he bestows upon us. This wor. ship must be paid both in private and public. Private worship is that which we pay by ourselves'; public worship is that in which we jom with a congregation of peopie at church,

Questions. What is meant by worshipping God ? [2018. Honouring him as the Lord.] If we consider God as the greatest and best of beings, what sliall we be ready to do ? [ Ans. To praise him.) If we consider that all things come from God, and that we stand in constant need of his gifts, what shall we be ready to do? [Ans. To pray to 'bim.] When we consider the many good things God has bestowed tipon us, and the care he takes of us, what shall we be ready 10 du? (Ans. To thank bin.]. Where must we worship God? (Ans. In private and in public.] What is private worship? [Ans. Worshippiing: God by ourselves.] What is public worship? [Ans. Worshipping God with other people at church.)

Instruction. In order to worship God in private, we should retire by ourselves, and kneeling down upon out knees, we should put all worldly thoughts out of our heads, and addressing ourselves to God, we should praise him, pray to bim, and thank him. Few people are capable of addressing God properly in their own words, therefore our Lord Jesus Christ taught his disciples the Lord's Prayer, which is in the Scriptures; and there are many goo prayers which have been written by learned and pious persons, so that no one ireed be at a loss for words to make rise of in worshipping God; but in order 10 make these prayers our own, our hearts must go along with our lips when we use them. We should worship God in private, morning and evening at the least: wild's

Questions:--- What must we do when we wou?d worship God in private? (Ans. Retire by curselves.] In wħar pokture should we worship God? Ans. Kneeliig "What should we påt out of our heads? [fois. All wotaly thoughts ] To whom then should we lift our hearts a Toris7. Gód: 1 How often at the least should we worship

God in private (ins. Morning and evening. Should we fail to praise God

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every morning and evening? [Ans. No. Do not we stand in need of many things which God only can bestow every day of our lives ? [ Ans. Yes.] Ought we not to thank God every morning for taking care of us, and preserving us during the night? ( Ans. Yes.] Ought we not to thank him at night for the blessings of the day past ? [Ans. Yes) Ought we not to pray to him to take care of us while we sleep? [Ans. Yes.] Who has taught us how to pray? [ Ans. Our Lord Jesus Christ.) What is his prayer called ? Ans. The Lord's Prayer.] Is it not very comfortable to have prayers ready prepared ? (rins Yes.] What must go along with your lips when you make use of prayers ? [Ans. Your heart.] If you pray with your heart as well as your lips, whose prayer will it be? (Ans. Your prayer.]

LECTURE II.

On our Duty to God, Public Worship, and the Sabbath.

Instruction.-- As all mavkind partake of the blessings which God bestows, it is their duty to assemble and meet together to honour the Lord their God, by worshipping him in public.

it is not possible for all the people in the world to meet together in one place to worship God in public, therefore God has taught them to assemble in congregations. By a congregation is meant a number of people gathered together. God also allows us to have buildings set apart for the pur. pose of public worship, for congregations to meet in; these buildings are called churches, and God permits us to call a church his house, and has graciously promised that he will be present in his house to receive the prayers of his faitbful people. The first house of God was the tabernacle viade by Moses in the wilderness, and Solomon's temple was called the house of the Lord, who sliewed forth bis glory there, but the Lord does not so now, yet we may be sure he is present there, because he has promised it in the Scriptures, thongh he hides his glory..

Questions.- What sort of worship is that in which a number of people join together? [Ans' Public worship. ] What is a congregation ? [ Ans. A number of people assen bled 10gether.] What are the places usually called in which con

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