« AnteriorContinuar »
Instruction.---Boys who are put to school also should aske pains to learn, and after school hours they should try to be useful to their parents. Some men knit their own stockings, darn them, and mend their own clothes and shoes; bors shoald learn to do these things if they can, which will enable them to make a neat and tidy appearance at little expense. Many a nice dish of garden stuff inight smoke upon a poor man's table, if bis boys would make it their amusement to turn a little bit of ground to the best account, instead of wasting their hours in idleniess, which is properly called the root of all evil, for the devil is always upon the watch, to tempi (bose who are idle into every kind of wickedness. * **
Questions. --Is not learning a good thing when it can be had? [Ans. Yes.) What should boys and girls da then who are put 10 school? [ Ans. Try to learn.] Is it right for great. boys to go idling about, while their poor parents are slaving and toiling to support them? [Ans. No.] Can good children bear the thoughts of wearing out the strength of their parents, when they are able to ease their burden ? [ Ans. No.] · Instruction. -Those who lead idle lives usually earploy partof their time in gaining. Boys who are suffered to ramale ahout the streets, meet with others who easily persuade them to play at maibles, and other games, at which they cheat one another, tell lies, and say bad words; and very frequen ly they go with their idle companions to rob firids and gardens they are then prepared for furtber temptation, and are easily prevailed upon by wicked men, to pick pockets, steal things from shop windows, and to commit other kinds of peetv ikerts as they are called. When a boy is caught at these sad tricks, he is taken up, and after he has been tried, he is sent ia a prison for a time, where he is put to haid labour, or -whipped; but liere he meets with a set of villains who try to bardéen bis heart against shame and amendment, hy turinn ing every thing relative to the penalties of the law into sidi. cuie. They call prisons, and chains, and hailers, by capt Dames, and have cant phrases tor robbing on the highway's hoese-breaking, &c. They tell him how they themselves have contrived to get off sonictines, and make hiin believe there is no danger of being hanged or transported, if he is. but clever at his wicked work, and thus they draw hini into game and drink, and teach him to use the most blasphemous language; here also the young pilferer meets with sone:et those abandoned women who are given.up to vice and infamy, wbo laugh him out of all sense of decency, and.ubes,
he is set at liberty, he is prepared to go on in the path of wickedness worse than before.
Questions. Is it not sbockiog to think what idleness leads to ? [Ans. Yes.] Who look out for idle boys to help them in their wicked works ? [Ans. Thieves.] Is it not a very mean thing to go sneaking about in crowds to pick people's pockets ? [Ans. Yes.] Is it not a bard thing opon honest folks, that they cannot go about without being in danger of losing their property Ans. Yes.] Is it not also very hard that people who gain a' maintenance for themselves and families cannot keep their goods safe in their own houses ? [Ans. Yes. Can'a pickpocket or a shoplifter go about publicly and say what he is ? (Ans. No.] Should any one take up a way of living which he is afraid or ashamed to own? [ins. No.]
Instruction.- In some prisons the prisoners are kept in solitary continement, that is, each prisoner is locked up in a little cell, entirely by himself; he has work given bim to do, but no one speaks to him excepting the man who carries him his bread and water, and some good clergymau who gives him advice, which if he follows by repenting of his crimes, and resolving to forsake a wicked course of life, God will pardon him, and good people will pity bim. Solitary confinement is dreadful to the wicked, but to those who behave properly it is a blessing, and it has proved the means of sasing many a one fron the gallows.
Questions. Which is best, solitary confinement, or to be amongst a set of abandoned wretches ? [Ans. Solitary confinement.] Wliich had you rather have, the best lot that is to be found in prisons, or poverty out of it? [Ans. Poverty out of it.) Which is best, to be poor and honest, or even to gain riches by roguery? [Ans. To be poor and honest.]
Instruction. --Some poor boys are brought up in dishonesty by their parents; they know no better : frequently these wicked parents are hanged or transported, and then their children are in a dreadful state ; but there is in London á very excellent charitable institution for such poor children; it is called the Philanthropic Society. When the governors know of any children in this condicion, tbey take cliarge of them, and put them to the school, where they have victuals and drink, and clothes, found them for nothing, and learning given them that they may be able to read good books; they are also taught some useful trade, at which they may work as journeymen, or go to service when they have served an
apprenticeship. If a poor boy or girl should happen at any time to be distressed on account of the ill conduct of their parents, whether living or dead, they should apply for ad-mittance at the Philanthropic School, in St George's Fields, instead of joining with'thieves and robbers.
Questions. What is the name of the charity for the a children of those who bave been hanged or transported ? +-- [Ans. The Philanthropic School.] Where is it kept? [Ans. In St. George's Fields.]
Instruction.-Some people prefer a beggar's life to working; they dress themselves in dirty rags, and make them. selves look as deplorable as they can, and then invent some false tale or another to deceive charitable people, who give to them under a notion that they are objects of compassion. These beggars are a kind of thieves ; for they cheat people out of their money under false pretences, and take that to support them in idleness which, if they had not got hold of, would most likely have been given to some industrious person in real distress ; so that beggars may be said to commit a double robbery, for they rob both rich and poor. Beggars
cannot live comfortable lives; they seldom have a good home 1: to go to, but travel about from place to place, and weary
themselves as much with lounging or transping as honest workmen do at hard work : and the money they get by begging seldom does them any good; they spend it among idle people, like themselves, in drinking and rioting; and when real misfortunes happen to them, or old age comes on, they have not a farthing to keep them, or a friend in the world, and they very often perish in a most miserable manner;
while those who are known to be industrious when they have C. lealth and strength, are sure to meet with friends in the day
of distress. So that honest and industrious people have very mueb the advantage of beggars in point of comfort.
Questions. --Can it be comfortable to go about in dirty rags ? [Ans. No.] Who do beggars deceive? (Ans. Charitable people.] Who do they rob? [xrs. The real poor.] Are they not a kind of thieves ? [Ans. Yes.] Should you,
when able to work, like to put a halfpenny in your pocket, it which you know was designed to relieve distress? [Ans. No.]
Is it not very wicked in those who are in health to sham sickness, or pretend to be lame ? [Ans. Yes. What is the meanest employment in the world ? (Ans. Begging:] Does money which beggars gain do them any real good ? [Ans. No.] What often becomes of beggars in times of sickdess,
distress, or old age? [Ans lhey perish for want } Is this the case wiib the industrious poor? [-Ans. No.] Who is ready at all times to lielp them ? [Ans. Charitable people.} Who lead the most confortab'e lives, those who beg, or those who live by honest industry? [:195. Those who live by bonest industry.]
instruction. It is certainly a very good thing to be able to read, for reading oils įp time, which people are often at a loss to know what to do with ; such as the bours after church on Sunday evenings, and on those days on which they are out of work.-- It is very tiresome lo sit and do nothing; and it is still worse to do mischict.-5ct learning is worth nothing if it does not help to make those who have it goed. People had better te without learning Iban to make an ilì use of it: renjember, iberefore, the proper use of reading is to learn how to serve God; to do good to our fellow-creatures ; and, by these means, to gain happiness for ourselves.
It is no uncommon thing to see persons who can read well, setting themselves up above that station in life in which it baih pleased God to place them ; or doing as bad actions, and using as bad words, as the most ignorant poor .creatures in the world. It very frequently happens also that .children who can read well, and repeat a nun:ber of things by heart, fancy themselves very clever, though they do not understand the meaning of those things which they read and repeal ary move than a parrot would do.
Questions -- Is it not a very useful thing to learn to read? [ Ans. Yes.] Are all people who can read good ? [Ans. No.] Should people who can read grow proud, and be above going 10 cart and plough and conimon services ? (Ans. No.) May not reading be very useful to people who follow such occupations ? [ Ans. Yes.] Who may we by reading learn to serre? [Ans. God.] Who may we learn to do good to? [ons. Our fellow-creatures.] Do not you think that if you were sick or lame at any time, it would be very comfortable to you to be able to read to amuse yourself? lans. Yes! Suppose you were old and past labour, would not you be glad to sit and read ? [Ans. Yes ) Do you net often know people who are sick and Jame who cannot read ? [Ans. Yes.] Suppose you were able to read well, how could you comfori such people ? [Ans. By reading to the m.] Should not you learn those things which will enable you to comfort the sick and the aged? (vins. Yes.]
Instruction. There are a great many good books-wljich instruct us in our duty, particularly the Biblo ; but there are also many bad books, which teach people to be wickcal; and there are numbers of foolish onis, that serve only.io divert the mind without doing any good-at all: these should be carefuily avoided; for those who have but lille time for reading, should employ thal, little well ; and ihuse who are not capable of judging for themselves what books are proper, should ask advice of those who are good judges. Bad books. are as dangerous as bad company, for they will corrupt the mind at least as much.
Many of these books are written on purpose to make people çliscontented with the King and Government, that they may be ready to join in riots; but every one who is persuaded by them finds to his cost, ibai he had better have kept true to his King, and been contented under the Govern. ment. All the bloodshed which there has been in France and other places, has been occasioned, in a great measure, by bad books, which have turned people's heads, so that they could not tell right from wrong, when at the same time they fancied, tbemselves the wisest people in the world But no people can be reckoned truly wise but those who. fear God and honour the king, and who do unto all men as they would they should do unto them.
Questions.-- What books should not be read ? [Ans. Bad books.] Are not those bad books which set people against the King and Government? [ Ans. Yes.] Which is besi, to. live in peace and quietness with your neighbours, or to join in riois and mobs ? [Ans. To live peaceably.] Are those people friends to the poor who would set then upon mischief? (Ans. No.] Whon should we fear? [Ans. God.] Winona should we honour? (Ans. The King.) What should we do, to all men ? [Ans. As we would they should do to us.]
INSTRUCTIONS CONCERNING THE FABLES IN THE CHARITY-SCHOOL SPELLING-BOOK,
DIRECTIONS FOR THE TEACHER.
These Fablưs may be read occasionally to such children as cannot read themselves; or the Questions alone put to those who are able to read the Fables.