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PSALM LXII.-al. LXI.
I think this psalm must have been composed much about the
same time with the former. The title is : I FOR THE FIRST MUSICIAN, IEDUTHIN: A'
PSALM OF DAVID. ON God alone my soul reposeth: from him must come my salvation : He alone is my rock and my fafety : while he is my fafe-guard, I shall not much . totter.
How long will ye plot against a single man? will all of you conspire to batter hiin, like a tottering wall, or a broken fence ? They study how to tumble him from his eminence: they delight in falsehood, and, while they bless with their mouths,
in their inmost hearts they curse.
for from him is all mine expectation.
Put not your confidence in extortion,
When riches increase, fet not your hearts on them.
God hath once spokenTwice have I heard it said That power belongeth to God, and bounty to thee, JEHOVAH ! and that thou wilt render to man, according to his deeds.
PSALM LXIII.--al. LXII. The title of this psalm is suitable to the sulije&t. It must bave been composed by David, not when be was persecuted by Saul in tbe wilderness of Zipb, to wbicb period our concordancewriters refer us; but in bis flight from Absbalom, after bis crossing tbe Jordan. The wilderness of Judab extended much furtber than that river.
A PSALM OF DAVID ; WHEN HE WAS IN THE
WILDERNESS OF JUDAH.
O GOD! my strength art thou : I seek thee early. After thee my soul thirsteth; for thee my felh yearneth, like a dry, droughty, waterless land ! Hence, in purity of mind, toward thee I look; to see thy strength and thy glory; for better is thy bounty than any thing in life; therefore, thee my tongue shall celebrate. Thus will I bless thee, through life; in thy name will I lift up mine hands : as if with fat and marrow my soul were satisfied,.. thee with joyful lips my mouth shall praise : when on my bed I call thee to mind, and think of thee at every watch-hour. Because thou hast ever been my helper, in the shadow of thy wings I will rejoice.
9 To thee my soul fast-cleaveth :
thy right hand holdeth me up:
shall go down to the lower parts of the earth. II By the sword they shall fall :
for jackals a prey they shall be: 12 But the king shall rejoice in God:
by whom who is besworn may exult, 13 while the mouths of liars shall be stopt up.
NOTES. Ver. 2. My firengto Others, my God. Ib. like a dry, &c. So Syr. Sym. and five mss. The rest, in a diy, &c. Ver. 3. in purity of mind- lit. in boliness commonly rendered in the fan&iuary: but how the word can have that meaning here, I confess I see not. See my C. R.–Ver. 12. by whom who is besworn. It is not easy to ex. press the full force of the Heb. The meaning seems to be : That they who have taken God to be the witness of their veracity, have cause to glory.
PSALM LXIV.-al. LXIII. This psalm is by some supposed to bave been written by David when be was at the court of Saul, against his calumniators. I am inclined to think it was composed during the rebellion of Abshalom.
FOR THE FIRST MUSICIAN: A PSALM OF
DAVID. WHEN I pray, O God! hear my voice : from the dreadful foe preserve my life. Hide me from the plots of the malignant, from the insults of the workers of iniquity : who whet their tongues, like a sword; and, like arrows, aim poisonous words, to shoot, secretly, at the innocent! Unawarely they shoot, while they are not seen : they encourage themselves in this evil deed ; they contrive how to hide their snares;
they say: Who shall perceive them ?
But God will shoot an arrow at them :
Then shall all men revere, and proclaim the work of God, when they understand it to be of his doing. In Jehovah the just Mall rejoice and trust : and all the upright of heart in him Thall glory.
Ver. 5. While they are not seen. I follow, with Houbigant and Street, the reading of Syr. and 12 Mss. The rest : and they fear not.Ver. 6. Instead of perceive them ; Syr. Arab. and 1 ms, have perceive us.Ver. 7. In order to make any convenient sense of this verse, which has so much puzzled commentators, I have been obliged to change a letter in the original, and remove that letter to the preceding word. See C. R. David seems here to allude to the eagerness of his enemies to find out imaginary guilt in him. It had been infinuated by Abíhalom, that his father neglected the administration of justice. See 2 Sain. 15. 3, 4. This is the observation of Dimoek. Ver. 9. Their calumny, lit. their tongue : but tongue is here, and ellewhere, taken for its calumnious bitter speeches.
PSALM LXV.-al. LXIV. There is n: thing in this psalm to guide us to the time or occasion of its composition : but iis beauties are truly striking.
FOR THE FIRST MUSICIAN; A SONG OF
DAVID. PRAISE awaiteth thee, O God! in Zion: . · and to thee shall vows be performed:
to thee, who hearest a prayer, shall all flesh apply.
Happy is he whom thou selectest,
Terribly, but justly, thou dealest with us,
and the hills are begirt with joy. 14 The rams fecundate the flocks: