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and raising me from the gates of death : that I might rehearse, Jehovah ! all thy praises 15 in the gates of the city of Zion : and might exult on being faved by thee.
The nations have funk into the pit they had made: 16 in the snare which they had laid hath their own foot been entangled. The LORD is recognised in the exercise of judgment : in the works of his own hand hath the wicked been ensnared.
To the pit shall the wicked hasten : all the nations unmindful of God! For the poor shall not for ever be forgotten; nor the hope of the afflicted be for ever frustrated.
Arise, JE KOVAH ! let not man prevail : be the nations judged by thee alone: place, Jehovah ! a master over them; and let the nations know they are but men.
NOTES Ver. 13. inquefling blood. I have ventured a new word, the better - to express the original, without a paraphrase. The meaning is, that
God will make a judicial inquiry concerning the blood of the oppressed, and avenge it on their enemies. -Ver. 17. At the end of this verse, there is a SELAH accompanied by another word HIGAION; the precise meaning of which is not known.-Ver. 21. place a master over them. This comma is commonly rendered put fear on them; from a different reading in the original : but the other is the better and more apposite reading
PSALM X.-al. IX. This psalm is supposed to bave been written on the same occafion with the preceding one; to wbicb in most of the antient versions, and 3 of Dr. Kennicott's MSS. it is joined: bence a different order in the numbers takes place as far as psalm 147; wbick
being divided into two, makes the numbers again correspond to the end of the psalter. The teneb psalm bas no title. I WHY, Jehovah! standest thou aloof?
concealest thou thyself in the time of trouble ? 2 through the pride of the wicked the weak is distressed;
is caught in devices which the other contriveth !
The wicked glorieth in the completion of his wishes;
The wicked despiseth Jehovah !
oppression and iniquity are under his tongue ! 8 In the ambushment of hedges he fitteth;
in lurking-holes he murdereth the innocent!
His eyes secretly mark the miserable : 9 like a lion in his den, he lieth in wait
lieth in wait to seize on the forlorn. 10 He seizeth by dragging him into his net ;
he croucheth and compresseth himself,
until the miserable fall into his toil ! II In his heart he faith : 6 God hath forgotten
6 he is hood-winked-he will never see.” 12 Arise, JEHOVAH, God ! exert thy power :
forget not t for ever, the forlorn. 13 Why should the wicked despise God?
should he think that thou wilt not make inquest? 14 Thou providest for the protection of the forlorn :
because thou hast seen his trouble and forrow.
To thee the miserable committeth his cause :
O JEHOVAH !
ear; to do justice to the helpless and the oppressed: 18 that no man, henceforth, be expelled from the land.
NOTES. My translation of this psalm differs in so many places from the common versions, that my readers will possibly be astonished: but I can assure them that I have used no violence to the text, nor admitted a single change or conjectural emendation ; save the addition in ver. 12. which is inserted on the authority of the Arabic version. The text in. deed is throughout highly metaphorical : and some of the metaphors appear harsh in our modern idioms. I have endeavoured to foften them, without altering the meaning ; and I trust the whole psalm is perfectly intelligible. —Ver. 16. It is clear, I think, from this and ver. 18, that the psalm must have been composed after the remigration froin Babylon: consequently, if it ever belonged to the preceding psalm, the title of that psalm which ascribes it to David must be a false title--and indeed little stress is to be laid on any of the titles.
PSALM XI.--al. X. This psalm seems to bave been composed by David, either during his perfecution by Saul, or in the time of Albalom's rebellion. Its title is, FOR THE FIRST MUSICIAN: A PSALM OF DAVID. I
IN JEHOVAH I trust :-why say ye to me: “ Escape, like a birdling, to the mountains ; “ for lo! the wicked have bent the bow,
“ have fitted their arrow to the string,
the dispositions of the sons of man.
but the wicked and violent his soul detesteth.
NOTES. Ver. 1. Escape, &C. This is the advice of David's timid friends, which is continued to the end of ver. 3. The Hebrew text is here evidently corrupted : but almost all the antient versions have pri served the true reading. - Ver. 4. David's reply is abrupt, but beautifully poetical.-Ib. bis eyebrows examine. This is a bold metaphor, but by no means unnatural: when we examine anything seriously, the eyebrows are sensibly affected, and visibly exerted. Ver. 6. a tremendous tempelli, or blast. He alludes, most probably, to the burning wind called the fmum, or famiel; which is often fatal to the unguarded traveller.
PSALM XII.-al. XI. Composed, I think, during the rebellion of Abfb:lom. Its title is, FOR THE FIRST MUSICIAN; ON THE OCTA
CHORD:. A PSALM OF DAVID. 2 SAVE thou, Jehovah! for gone are the com
passionate; the fincere have ceased to be among the sons of man! 3 Dissemblingly they speak, each one to his fellow;
speak with flattering lips, but with a double heart !
Cut off, JEHOVAH! every flattering lip;
every tongue that uttereth boastful things : of those who say: “ By our tongue we shall prevail - 5 “ our lips are our own-who is lord over us?”
“ For the misery of the afflicted, 6 for the anguish of the miserable, “ I myself (faith JEHOVAH) will instantly arise, s6 and place them in safety from their insulters.”
The words of JEHOVAH are words fincere, filver tried in an earthen crucible; seven-times refined ! JEHOVAH, then, will be their guardian; will preserve them for ever from this race of men ; when the wicked stalk every where around, and the vilest of mankind are exalted.
NOTES. There are great beauties in this psalm, which disappear in a dry prosaic theological version. The transitions are as bold as those of Pindar, and more emphatical. In ver. 8. are some various readings, which I notice nothere; as I think the common readings are preferable.
PSALM XIII.-al. XII. This psalm is generally referred to Saul's persecution of David: but from ver. 5 one is inclined to think that it was composed during the rebellion of Absbalom. Its title is, FOR THE FIRST MUSICIAN: A PSALM OF DAVID. I
HÓW long, JEHOVAH! wilt thou me forget? 2 how long hide from me thy countenance ? how long shall I be uneasy in mind?
3 be all day grieved in my heart ? how long shall my foe be exalted above me?
Be favourable, hear me, JEHOVAH! my God! 4 · enlighten mine eyes, lest I Neep the sleep of death;
lest mine enemy say : “ I have prevailed :" : 5 left my foe exult on my being removed.