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PSALM VI. This psalm maist bave been composed in some fevere affliction, both of mind and body. It is the first of those psalms called penitential.

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JEHOVAH! in thine ire reprove me not,
nor in thy warm wrath chastise me.
Pity me, JEHOVAH ! for weak I am:
heal me, Jehovah! for troubled are my bones ;
and troubled, exceedingly, is my soul :
how long, JEHOVAH! wilt thou delay to help?
return, JEHOVAH ! relieve my soul :
save me for thy goodness' fake.
For there is no remembrance of thee in death :
who in Hades shall sing thy praise?

I am quite exhausted by my sighs :
every night I bedew my bed;
with my tears I deluge my couch!
wasted with forrow are my looks ;
|| I am worn out, amidst all mine enemies!

Be gone from me, all ye workers of iniquity;
for Jehovah hath heard my lamentation :
Jehovah hath listened to my request :
Jehovah hath accepted my prayer.

bashed and confounded shall be all my foes; they shall retreat, and be suddenly put to shame.






NOTES, Ver. 6. Hadés, the mansion of departed fouis.- Ver. 8. || I prefer the reading of the antient versions; which make David the nominative to worn out. In the present Heb. looks or eye is the nomi, Rative. It is of little importance which reading be followed.

foes :

PSALM VII. This psalm is, in its title, said to have been composed, on account of the words of Club, a Benjaminite. But wbo was Chusb? We read not of fucb a pe fon in the whole history of David. The Jenis interpreters tell us that Saul is called Cbus; tb it is, an Ætbopiin, on account of bis black Ætbiopic deeds! Others, with more probability, refer it to Shimei: but still why is Sbimei called Cbus ? I believe that Chuf bere is not a proper name; but an appeliative, denoting refroacb; and I bave rendered the title accordingly. AN ELEGY OF DAVID, WHICH HE SANG TO I JEHOVAH, ON ACCOUNT OF THE REPROACH

FUL WORDS OF A BENJAMINITE. JEHOVAH! my God! in thee I trust; save and deliver me from all

my left, like a lion, they bereave me of life,

3 ll while there is none to save and deliver. JEHOVAH ! my God! if this I have done

4 if in my hands be iniquity : if I have repaid friendship with evil,

5 or molested even my

causeless foe : may the enemy pursue and overtake me;

6 my life may he trample to the ground; ; and my glory may he lay in the dust! JEHOVAH ! arise in thine indignation :

7 stand up against the outrages of my foes; and exert, in my favour, the judgment thou haft prescribed. The people in crowds will then furround thee:

8 on their account be thou seated on high : to the p ople let JEHOVAH do justice.

9 Judge me, Jehovah! acording to my righteousness; according to my real integrity. May evil consume the wicked !


but establish thou the righteous :
for a just God art thou,

the searcher of hearts and reins. II My refuge is in JEHOVAH,

who preferveth the upright of heart; I2 a God who judgeth justly,

and is never wroth without a cause. 13 But for the unconverted he whets his sword;

he hath bent and prepared his bow, 14 and hath fitted to it instruments of death :

his shafts he hath tempered with burning coals. 15 Lo! the wicked-one hath conceived iniquity,

and is pregnant with oppression :

but an abortion he shall bring forth. 16 A pit he hath opened, and deep hath dug it:

but he shall tumble into the hole he hath made : 17 on his own head his iniquity shall revert,

and on his own crown shall his violence fall. 18 I will then praise the LORD for his justice, and fing psalms to the name of Jehovah, the most high.

NOTES. Ver. 3. || I follow the reading of Chald. and Syr. The present Hebrew has tearing, and none to deliver.-Ver. 4. if this I have done. He seems to allude to the reproach of Shimei, who had called him a bloody, lawless man. See 2 Sam. 16.7.--Ver. 5. The first line of this verse

may be referred to Jonathan ; the second to Saul, whoni David had more than once in his power to kill.-Ver. 7. the judgment tbou baft prescribed; i. e. the rules of judgınent laid down in the law.Ver. 8. A picture of human judicatories. The judge is seated on an elevated bench; and the people surround him to hear and receive judgment. - Ver. 12. is never wroth without a cause. lit. is not wroth every day. So read almost all the antient interpreters ; but the present text, from a change of points, must be rendered a God wroib every day; i. e. fay commentators, against the wicked: and so our public version. But I cannot think that this could be the pfalmift's meaning. For the rest, I thought an equipollency was here better than a literal rendering.

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PSALM VIII. Wben tbis beautiful psalm was composed, it is uncertain. The title gives it to David: but this is no sure criterion. The Gitbitb, or Gatbitb, is jupposed to bave been a musical instrument invented a Gatb.

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A PSALM OF DAVID. JEHOVAH! our God! how illustrious thy name through the whole earth; which resoundeth thy praise to the heavens ! from the mouths even of babes and sucklings

3 thou derivest force against thy foes : so as to filence the foe, and the self-avenger.

When I look at the heavens, the work of thy fingers, 4 at the moon and the stars, which thou hast formed : “ What is man, I say, that thou art mindful of him? 5 " What the son of man, that for him thou carest ?" Little less than a God thou hast made him,

6 and hast crowned him with glory and honour ! over the works of thine hands

17 thou hast given him dominion, and subjected every thing to his power : flocks and herds ; nay, the beasts of the forest; 8 the birds of the air; and the fishes of the sea

9 that traverse the paths of the waters ! JEHOVAH ! our God !

IQ how illustrious thy name through the whole earth!

NOTES, Ver. 2. which resoundeth, &c. This line has been greatly misunderstood : I am persuaded I have given the true meaning.-Ver. 3. force, i. e, a strong and solid argument against the atheist.

PSALM IX. This psalm appears to be a general thanksgiving song; and is thought to bave been composed after the wars mentioned in the 8th

ch. of 2 Sam. I would rather place it after be suppression of the
two rebel ions of Absbalom and of Sbebab : If, indeed, it belong not
to a much later period.

I WILL praise Jehovah with my whole heart:

all his wonderful deeds I will rehearse.
3 In thee, JehovAH! I will rejoice and exult;

and celebrate thy name, thou Most High ! 4 fince my foes, driven back, have stumbled ;

and perished before thy face. 5 For thou hast supported my righteous plea;

haft fat on the throne as a just judge : 6 the nations thou hast checked ;

the wicked thou hast undone;

their name thou hast for ever effaced ! 7.

complete defolation has consumed the foe;
their cities thou hast destroyed,

their remembrance is lost!
8 but JeHOVAH remaineth for ever.

Preparing his thronę for judgment,
9 with justice he will judge the world,

and with equity doom the peoples.
JEHOVAH is the protector of the weak;
a protector in the time of tribulation;
they shall trust in thee, who acknowledge thy





for those who seek thee, thou never forsakest.

Sing psalms to Jehovah, who dwelleth in Zion; among the people celebrate his deeds ; since, inquesting blood, he hath remembered them, and hath not forgotten the cries of the afflicted.

On me Jehovah hath had compaflion : seeing mine affliction from those who hated me;



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