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Deat, xix, 14.

lected from the following commence" Thou shalt not remove thy neigh

ment of one of Alciphon's Epis. bour's land-mark."

tles* :-“ Not even they who had

defaced land-marks, or profaned Joshua xy, 6. and xviii. 17. “ The border went up to the stone of

the Eleusynian mysteries, could have Bohan."

so much to dread as I had, having

fallen, Oye gods ! into the hands Numa introduced deities, under of that accursed Phanomacba, since the nature of termini, or bounda- she found that ber husband was atries. In Romulus's time, neither the tached to that Ionian girl, who plays Roman territories in general, nor tricks with balls and the lamps, she the estates of private persons, had has suspected that I was accessary any fixed limits; Numa therefore to the intrigue." ordered stones dedicated to Jupiter In the Institutes of Menu, which terminalis to be placed on the bor- are supposed to have been written der of the Roman state, to mark the in the twelfth century before Christ, just extent of it. The same was we find, amongst other laws, that done with regard to the lands of the destroyers of known land-marks private property; and these land- must suffer such corporal punishmarks became a kind of deities. To ment as will distigure them; as, for remove them was deemed a sacrilege instance, depriving them of their of so heinous a nature, that any eyes or hands.--Maurice's India Ant. man might with impunity slay the vol. vi. 395. transgressor; and, in order to ren. Not far from Tawarasakka are der the law yet more inviolable, two bound stones, to separate the Numa instituted a festival, called dominions of Fisen and Omura ; the Terminalia, in honour of the Dii first of these bound stones, though Termini, (which in his time were it stood lower than the other, by nothing more than square stones or reason of the way going up hill, yet posts, to which a religious honour it was much higher, to signify that was paid; afterwards they were the dominions of the prince of Fisen adorned with statues representing are also much larger than those of human figures, were crowned with the prince of Omura.-Kæmpher's flowers, and rubbed with perfumes.) Japan, vol. ii. p. 56 The owners of lands met on the

Mark v. 2, 3. confines of their estates, and there

" There met him out of the tombs a made their offerings of loaves and

man with an unclean spirit, who bad his the first gatherings of their fruits and dwelling among the tombs.” harvests. Hooker's Roman His.

Isaiah xxii. 16. tory, vol. i. p. 127.-D. Hal. b.ü.

“ What hast thou here, and whom hast p. 133, 134. - Plut. p. 71.

thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out a A large stone, set upright, marks sepulchre here; as he that heweth him each man's property, in out a sepulchre on high, and that graveth places, in others only a few sticks; an liabitation for bimself in a rock." as no man ever thinks of removing

Matt. xxvii, 60. his neighbour's land-mark.-Par

" And laid it in a sepulchre, which he son's Travels in Asia and Africa, had hewn ont of a rock."

To the north of the city (Lata. That this offence was considered in a very serious light, may be col.


* B. iii. Let. 72.

P. 36.

chia, the ancient Laodicea) more down from Heaven on this day. than a mile of the country is cover- One priest of each sect goes down ed with ruins of sepulchres of hewn into the Holy Sepulchre at 2 o'clock. stones, with inscriptions and foliages The Greek priest goes into the inengraved on one side of most of nermost apartment, and the others them. They are entirely open, and into another chapel, behind that dug out of the solid rock. — Par- apartment belonging to the Cop: son's Travels, p. 25.

tites; they there say prayer by

themselves, and to those the com2 Maccabees i, 19.

mon people ascribe the coming of « Wbep our Fathers were led into Persia

the fire...... At 4 o'clock all the the priests that were then devout took the three nations began a procession, fire of the altar privily and hid it in a and a little while after a lamp was hollow place of a pit without water, where brought out of the grave, which they kept it sure, so that the place was

they believed to have been lighted unknown to all men."

at the sacred fire. There was such In the margin of an old Bible, a fighting with torches and flamonce in the possession of Milton, beaux, because every one was deand now the property of a respect. sirous of lighting his at the sacred able clergyman in Yorkshire, are fire... The Franks, or Latins, several notes in MSS. by the Poet: look with disdain on this superstion the above passage he observes, tion, and those who think rationally “ Perhaps the reason why the Per- do the same, but here the stupid sians worship fire to this day.” vulgar must be kept in the super

See further account of these pas- stitious imagination they have long sages in the Gentleman's Magazine, had; besides, it is certain, that of vol. lxii. part 2, p. 615.

one thousand pilgrims who now Hasselquist, p. 136, mentions the yearly arrive, not ten would come superstitious veneration which the were it not for the sacred fire. To modern Greeks and Armenians, still let it go over their faces, and the have for this sacred fire,

women over their breasts, to let "At 2 o'clock (at Jerusalem) in the some of their whiskers and beards afternoon, we went to see the fa- be burnt in order to sanctify themmous sacred fire, one of the most selves." remarkable rites to be seen at any Mariti, in describing the same place of divine worship. All the scene, gives their reasons for thus Christians of these denominations exposing themselves to the flame, believe that on Easter Eve a super- and burning their flesh, hoping that natural fire comes up out of the it will thereby sanctify more efficaHoly Sepulchre, and this they call ciously their hearts, their minds, holy or sacred. They believe that and their souls. Mariti's Travels, their priests by a miracle, call it vol. ii. p. 384.

He says,


To the Editor of the Remembrancer. verse can point out to me any one

authentic and important passage of Sir,

the New Testament, which has been The Rector of Scawton, as I stated equally passed over in silence by all in my former letter, has given the the Greek and Latin fathers, I will following test of the authenticity of acquiesce in the reasonableness of 1 John v. 7. “ If the advocates of the admitting the whole verse into the sacred canon," I have produced It was my object to prove, by a laone such passage in my former let- boured induction, that as the Greek ter. I will now add another, the and Latin Churches, were the first celebrated verse of St. Paul, 1 Tim. depositories, they were the natural iii. 16. of which Sir Isaac Newton guardians of the sacred trust, and says, (speaking of the writers of the that their testimony to its integrity first five centuries, both Greeks and was irresistibly conclusive. Latins.) “In all their discourses to As subsidiary to this paramount prove the Deity of the Son, they never object, I endeavoured to shew, that, allege this text*.” The two passages to whatever account the testimony which I bave produced, have been of other Churches might be turned, more than equally passed over in si- in the classification of manuscripts, lence by the ancient fathers; and yet their evidence ou any contested docthere is no doubt of their authen- trival point, was wholly undeserving ticity; and, as such, are fully ade- of credit; and that the principle quate to satisfy the learned Rector's which gave weight to that testimony, test.

as far as it rested on the assumpThe Rector has given another tion, that the witnesses were ancient clear and determinable test of au- and separate, supplied every person thenticity: “ If the advocates of who was but moderately versed in the verse can adduce from any genu. the history of the Sacred Text, with ioe voucher of the first four bundred meet subject of derision. years of the Christian Church the It is, I hope, at present unneceswords, There are three that bear re

sary to enter particularly into a subcord in heaven, &c. I will acquiesce, ject, which is elsewhere handled in &c." Sufficient evidence of this detail, and which is now mentioned criterion may be adduced; but, as principally with a view to stating, the two tests are independent of that from ihe comparative testimony each other, if the Rector acquiesces of the two Churches, who were the in the admissibility of the contro- accredited vouchers for the inspired verted verse, on the ground of the Word, the defence of the Heavenly passages before quoted, I need not Witnesses had arisen. I should need encroach further on your valuable a little of that fondness for repetipages.

tion, with which your patienoe has

T. M. been latterly tried, to enable me to March 16.

recapitulate, gravely and methodi. cally, all the particulars,arising from

their comparative testimony, which TEXT OF THE HEAVENLY

led to the confirmation of the dis. WITNESSES.

puted passage. I shall again venture

to believe, it is only necessary to state, To the Editor of the Remembrancer. that having attained, in support of the Sir,

contested verse the direct testimony When I undertook the defence of of one of the vouchers, and having the Received Text, of which the found, that the entire weight of the Heavenly Witnesses form so remark- internal evidence confirmed its tes able a part, it was my endeavour to timony, while it neutralized the separate from the confused mass of evidence of the other wituesses, all

that could be deemed necessary to evidence by which I found it condemned, the genuine testimony by the perfect defence of the contested which it was properly supported. verse might be comprised in two

particulars. If, in fact, the posiLetters to Le Clerc, p. 85. ed. 1754.

tive testimony of the Latin version


could be sufficiently confirmed by Greek and Latin Church on the the concurring testimony of the subject of the disputed passage ; Latin Fathers; and if the negative the one giving a direct evidence in testimony of the Greek Text could its favour, the other apparently nebe satisfactorily accounted for, and gativing it, by its silence. In the an adequate cause assigned for the choice of difficulties which the consilence of the Greek Fathers : no troversy presents, for when the evi. plea could be advanced of sufficient dence of the Latins is disposed of, weight to warrant a proscription ofthe that of the Greeks internally posHeavenly Witnesses, or justify their sesses enough to exercise the skill exclusion from Canonical Scripture. of the objector, his force is directed

A late correspondent in your against the positive argument, in Journal, however he may agree with subversion of which two witnesses me in principle, stands at issue with are accordingly summoned. By the me in the conclusion. I willingly assistance of Facuudus the testi. consider his observations in this mony of the Latin Fathers, comprizlight, as it is my wish to diminishing that of the African Church, is the differences which appear to be soon annihilated. And they being between us; and I console myself fairly placed out of the dispute, the with the belief, that they are really assistance of Vigilius, backed by less than may be at first imagined. Fulgentius, is easily converted to When his pains are employed, as I the purpose of proving the corrupmust observe, they commonly are, tion of the Latin Version. in contending for that, which no With respect to that of Facundus, person is now disposed to contest, to which the first place is assigned, Í am necessarily prepared to grant it is rather inauspicious, that on the the utmost which he can require. first glance, it should exhibit a de. If his purpose be that alone which viation from what the objector conI can conceive, the desire of mak- ceives the test and standard of ing a display of his reading ; I am truth. In the testimony of this Faforward to admit that learning loses ther, from which he derives such nothing of its intrinsic weight, from important results, the context of the consideration of the source from the disputed verse is quoted with an whence it is derived : and I know unlucky interpolation, which fully that I may sadly err in supposing, reveals the extent of Facundus's that by its last transfusion it has knowledge, respecting the original. become diluted and vapid, and In every manuscript of this Father's brings little credit where it is stolen works, the attendant Witnesses, are or borrowed. But however we may thus cited, “tres sunt qui testifidiffer on these points, or stand at cantur IN TERRA, Spiritus, aqua issue on the main conclusion, I am et sanguis, et hi tres unum sunt;" at least resolved, that he shall have and this interpolation, of IN TERRA, no reasonable ground of objection which is acknowledged by no manusto the mode in which all that is in cript of the Greek or Latin, that dispute shall be finally settled. If, does not retain the Heavenly Wit. in fact, the argument which he has nesses, is six times repeated in revived may be subverted, and its Facundus's context. upholder put down, by the testi- The value of the testimony of a mony of the witnesses, to whom he witness who, states more than the appeals in its support, he can surely truth, even the vulgar reader is able take no just exception to the method to appreciate. It is only from such of reply by which he is answered. keen observers as the objector that

The cardinal points on which the we can hope to learn its entire im. controversy turns, are, as { con- portance; and, to give him his due, ceive, the testimony borne by the by his acute observation on the omission of the identical terms, observation bestowed, by way of “ in earth," by Gutbier, we are episode, on that of Eucherius, may taught the full value of this various not bę wholly misapplied; as the reading in Facundus. If the force want of the disputed verse in his of the objector's remark is at all copy is, in the objector's opinion, admitted, it is thence only to be sufficient to lay the question of its inferred, that in the text from which authenticity at rest. As we are not Facundus quoted, the complete an- favoured with the mode of induction tithesis, which turns upon the terms by which he infers, from the ab. “ in heaven” and “ in earth,” was sence of the verse in Eucherius's preserved, and consequently, that the works, that it was omitted in Eucopy from which he quoted, dif- cherius's Bible, we are precluded fered in nothing from that used by the opportunity of passing upon it his African brethren. Of the advo. any remark; though it may be cate who bears this unwilling testi- binted to him by the way, if he mony to the existence of the dis- does not learn from the case of puted passage, by a partial quota- Facundus, he may be soon taught tion, a further use may be made. by that of Vigilius, that the disThe zeal which he manifests, in puted verse might have retained its labouring to weaken its force, and situation in the one place, while it subvert its authority, furnishes abun- nissed an introduction into the dant proof of the true light in which other. But not to insist any further the text was regarded, by the po- on this point, if we may be allowed lemics of the same period, by whom to take the safer course, and, adoptit is expected, that it shall be pro- ing the converse of the proposition, duced, on every controversial emer- may conclude, from the existence of gency.

the verse in Eucherius's works, that The true influence of the first- it existed in his Bible; we have sufcited witness on the point at issue, ficient authority for the assumption is therefore, I believe, simply as in the printed and manuscript cofollows. His testimony is either so pies of his writings. By one decifar corrupted as to be entitled to no sive objection, at least in the estirespect; or if it is unsophisticated, mation of Dr. Griesbach, who is the (as the whole tenor and object of real mover of the difficulties with the controversy in which it is of- which I contend, the true character fered irrefragably prove,) it entities of his testimony is, however, pyt out its author to his proper place, among of dispute. In a passage, adduced those Fathers of the African Church from his Questions on the Old and who have referred to the contested New Testament, observes this obpassage. While it thus subverts jector, Eucherius sums up the texts the object for which it is adduced, by which the doctrine of the Trinity by the objector to the Text of the is proved, and omits all mention of Heavenly Witnesses; it somewhat the Heavenly Witnesses. But this curiously confirms the positive and decisive evidence of his ignorance of negative argument, which its advo- the disputed passage unfortunately cate advances in its favour. It cor- fails in one important respect; while roborates the positive testimony of it omits the Heavenly, it uncautithe Latin Church, by an accidental ously overlooks the Earthly Witquotation of part of the disputed nesses, from which the doctrine of text; and accounts for the negative the Trinity is not merely proved by testimony of the Greek Church, by Eucherius, but proved in the passage an intentional suppression of the of his writings which is at present in remainder.

dispute. Whether the deficiency in Before we proceed to the conside- the passage, with which his testiration of Vigilius's testimony, an mony to the verse is confronted, is

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