Imágenes de páginas


adapted, in point of compass, for mere dream. Ch. II. v. 2. The star the perusal of young divines, I appearing to the Magi, is transbelieve that the work of Rosen. formed into a comet, sent for no müller is in very general use. Its peculiar purpose, which they, plan indeed and its size are ex.

from their superstitious notions, tremely well adapted for this parti- imagined to portend the birth of cular purpose; for it professes to the promised Redeemer. Ver. 13. collect the opinions of ihe most ce. The miraculous warning to Joseph lebrated writers on each text, and to fly into Egypt is explained by this is a point of great importance, saying, that the Magi had certaiuly as it is obviously impossible for the told Joseph the threats of Herod, majority of the younger Clergy to and that he therefore resolved to fly, buy those important but voluminous and dreamt that he was to go into Commentaries, with the substance Egypt. Verses 16 and 17 are thus of which, however, they ought to be admirably interpreted. “The bea. acquainted. I do not think, in- vens were opened," means that “it deed, that in this respect, expecta- lightened;" the Spirit of God detion is answered by Rosenmüller's scending like a dove, was not a perwork, because, although the opi. son of the Trinity, (for local mo. nions of a great varicty of minor tion cannot be attributed to an German divines, are brought for- omnipresent being) but it was a ward, we look in vain in many places bodily and fiery appearance, defor those of the greater writers scending on Christ, as a sign that even of that country, and with our excellent gifts were given by Godstandard authors, Lightfoot, Mede, and as to its being like a dove, that and others, Rosenmüller seems al. means that the lightening did not most wholly unacquainted. But that move quickly, but gently, as a dove is not the point to which I wish now does. See Virg. Æn. V. 217. The to direct the attention of your rea. voice from Heaven means thunder ; ders, but to one of much greater for the Hebrews, like the Greeks importance, viz. the dreadful bias and Romans, reckoned thunder a to Unitarian opinions which a young sign from God, and judged of events mind can hardly fail to receive from by it! The word saying merely his writings, unless presented to

quæ indicabat, declarahim with the strongest admonition bat;" so that the whole meaning and caution, as to the danger lurk- of the words, “ And lo! a voice ing in them. To set this matter in from Heaven saying, This is my the clearest light, I have run through beloved Son, in whom I am well his Commentary on St. Matthew's pleased,” is, that there was some Gospel, and beg briefly to present thunder and lightening at the bap. your readers with the gleanings tism of Christ, from which the specI have made from it, that they may tators understood that the newly judge for themselves.

baptized person was the Redeemer!! Ch. I. At verse 18, the person. Iu Ch. IV. the devil is merely some ality of the Holy Ghost is set aside, bad person, probably sent by the as in every subsequent note in this Pharisees, under the pretence of Gospel where the words trupa aysor friendship, to mislead our Saviour, occur. At v. 20, the angel appear- who had retired to fortify his mind ing in the dream, is lowered into a for his approaching ministry. Christ

did not really fast for forty days, out of many subjects of enquiry, and only but merely made use of such food a limited time can consequently be given

as could be found in the wilderness, to it, I should be sorry to think that any and his “ Clergyman could be satisfied with the mea

being hungered” at last, gre and superficial information to be col- means that he longed for bread. lected from this work.

The different temptations did not


take place at the same period, but impiety, at all events, of requiring at intervals. At one time, the false the same respect as tributary princes friend took Jesus as his companion pay to their

superiors? These are into the city, and they went toge the fruits of coming to the Scripther to the temple. What part the tures with a mind pre-occupied by pinnacle is, is not easy to say; but human systems ! it is quite clear that it “ was pot Iu Ch. VIII. the explanation of miraculously, but merely for the the casting out of the devils, and sake of a walk and conversation, allowing them to go into the herd of that the false friend led Jesus to the swine, is beyond all comprehension. top of one of the porticoes. All of Of course, Rosenmüller begios with these were so constructed, that men saying that the possest were mad might eat, drink, and sleep on them, people merely; and he adds, that as on all oriental roofs." It is cu. he himself has seen a mad woman, rious to observe how extremely who said she was a devil! Thes Rosenmüller is discomfited by the the question of the possest to Jeverses in which the Tempter is re- sus~" What baye we do with thee, lated to have taken our Saviour to Jesus, thou Son of God ?" &c. i the top of a high mountain. His explained after Wetstein's notions, note deserves to be given entire. " that the madmen remeinbered the Ver. 9. “Tapoo xureñv is not here strictly tortures they had undergone in the to adore, or address prayer to, but hands of the physicians, bleeding, “ in sensu civili," to supplicate, to living by rule, and taking nauseous fall on one's knees for the sake of and purgative medicines, and thai showing respect to ! The Tempter they deprecated a repetition of the seems to have persuaded Jesus to treatment." Their request that they use royal power and dignity, and at might be allowed to go into the the very outset of his office, to take herd of swine, is thus lucidly interpossession of his empire. For which preted. “ The dæmons are said to purpose perhaps he offered his as- have asked leave to go into the herd sistance. I will give you,' says of swine ; but by the dæmons afe he, all these kingdoms, i. e. by meant the lunatics, whose fixed idea my advice and effectual co-opera- was that they were devils. These tion, I will cause you to possess not are therefore the words of the lunaonly Judæa, but all other countries, tics, who thought that they could

will pay me the honour which not find any fitter abode after the minor kings pay to greater ones.” graves, than the swine."'.-" Then The first observation alone makes they went and rushed on the swipe, nonsense of the whole passage ; for not into their bodies ; for who could unless the Tempter required wor- see the devils going into the bodies ship to be paid to himself, what of the swine ? The sense is—these would be the meaning of Christ's mad men runping across the fields, reply, that God alone is to be wor- drove the swine down the precipice." shipped * ? But besides this, how Let us now look to the whole story could a man of Rosenmüller's un according to Rosenmüller's version. derstanding ever suppose that a pri. There were some mad men who vate Jew could persuade Jesus that lived in the tombs, and faucied they he could make him master of the were devils. On sering Jesus, they whole world? And where was the were afraid of being caught and

put into the physicians' hands, and * Kuinoel, who (be it observed) agrees begged Jesus to allow them to run in all Rosenmüller's opinions on the points after a herd of swine, and drive them alluded to, quietly gets rid of this diffi

into the sea.

He culty by observing, that we must assigo

gave them leave to #popkuvew in ver. 10 a different sense they did so, and were thus healed! from that in ver. 9.

Another of these German dicines,

if you

Eichhorn, entirely to do away judging the twelve tribes of Israel,
with any semblance of a miracle is of course only metaphorical,
here, säys, that Jesus finding and means that after the death and
that the mad man (for only one resurrection of Jesus, the Apostles
is mentioned in St. Luke) fan- were to be the successors of his
cied himself a legiou of devils, and power in the Church. The peculiar
that he should be thereforé tortured phrase is only used, because there
by Christ and sent to hell, humour. were as many Apostles as there were
ed his fancy, in order to cure him, tribes in Israel. What an excellent
and ordered him to run after the reason !
swine, in order tliat when they had In Ch. XXI, v. 3. where Jesus
perished, he might fancy that the sends his disciple for the ass, Rosen-
legion of devils had gone out of him müller states that it is quite clear
into them!

that Jesus was known to the mas. la Ch. XIV. With regard to ters of the beasts, and that that was the miracle of the loaves and the only reason for their sending fishes, Rosenmüller states the ex- them. planation of Paul of Jena, to the I cannot but observe on this effect that many of the people had place, that Rosenmüller was wholly brought food with them, and that ignorant of Mede's learned explawhen Jesus said—“ Give ye them nation of verses 15 and 16, from the, to eat;" (ver. 16) he addressed those 8th Psalm. who had provisious, and desired In the history of our Lord's them to divide them among the death, we have many examples of people, so that no miracle was Rosenmüller's propensities. The worked. Of this Rosenmüller dis- darkness described in ver. 45 of approves ; but in Ch. XV. where Ch. XXVII. is said to have been the the similar miracle is recorded, he sort of dark vapour usually atten. refers to this explanation with the dant on an earthquake, and remarkwords “ Novam Paulli explicati- ed probably for nine or ten miles. önem aliis examinandam relinqui- A whole host of rational opinions is mus,” signifying, at all events, his given on ver. 52, while after menopinion that it is worth attention. tioning that most writers believe the

On the transfiguration, in Ch. veil of the temple to have been miXVII. after mentioning Paullus's raculously rent, (ver. 52.) be reopinion that the disciples had been marks, that if it was made of thin asleep, and that on waking, as the materials, it would be rent asunder sun happened to shine bright, and by the earthquake without any mithey saw Jesus walking with two raclé. In Ch. XXVIII. v. 2, 3. afpersovs unknown to them, they ter observing that many think the called them Moses and Elias; and angel is mentioned here only because Gabler's still more delectable no- the Jews commonly referred any tion, that all this was a dream of events of which they did not know Peter's, and that (as is usually the the cause to angels or invisible becase) on the first moment of 'wak. ings, he adds as his own opinion, ing, he still saw tlie objects of his that Matthew is here only relating dream dancing before his eyes; our what he liad heard perhaps from author quietly says, " De bac (ul. some soldier or Jewish senator, af. tima) conjecturâ quid statuendam, terwards converted. As there was alii viderint. Qui plura desiderat, an earthquake, which is frequently adeat Kuinoelii commentarium. attended by a storm, the stone was Nos nihil definimus."

probably split by lightning. When Iu Ch. XIX. v. 28. the promise the guards saw on the top of the that the Apostles should sit on stonte formam candidam et corus. twelve thrones in the Resurrection, cam," they immediately fancied it

2, he

was an angel. What Rosenmüller mind a bias to turn from and reject bere means by “ forma candida et all the more exalted and spiritual corusca," I do not exactly compre. doctrines of Christianity, which, in hend, for in ver.

says, that as fact, will take away the substance the soldiers were frightened, they of religion, and leave only an extermight easily mistake lightning for nal form and an empty name. an heavenly form.

I am, Sir, your's, &c. I have passed over much that is

R. objectionable in other parts of Ro-' senmüller's Commentary; but what I have adduced is amply sufficient to the Editor of the Remembrancer. to prove that his work is neither a

SIR, safe nor a proper one to be put into the hands of young men preparing I TRANSMIT to you certain emen. themselves for orders. At their dations, made by my own judgment, age, from the great developement or by conjecture if you please, in which has so lately taken place on going through some of the Volumes their faculties, and the wouderful of the New Edition of the Works of progress in knowledge and power Bishop Jeremy Taylor. They may which they have made, the natural be acceptable perhaps, though pride of the human heart tends to comewhat mortifying, to such of make them believe that nothing is your readers as are possessed of too difficult for them, and to revolt that edition. In return, I should against all which is beyond their esteem it a great favour to receive understanding. The system then from you, or from any of your corwhich explains away miracles into respondents, the emendation of cerfacts of ordinary occurrence, and tain passages, which I apprehend simplifies doctrines, by quiety re- can only be made by collation; the jecting whatever is beyond the means of which are not within my powers of man's mind to under reach. You will observe, that at stand, will find at that particular present, I only go through Volumes period a ready reception--and even II. III. and IV. from the fear of if passing years and maturer know. being troublesome. ledge eradicate its falsehoods and

I am your's truly,
errors, it

still leave in the

X. Y.
VOL. II. Life of Christ.
Page Line


Read 428 33 sincerely

insincerely 437 6 from bottom intention

intension VOL. III. Life of Christ. 44 29 contracts

contacts 56 14 tender

slender 79 10 proportion

proportion'd to 90 2 formerly

formally 103 5 183 29 inadmissible

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inamissible 204 last but one persom

person 213 31

It also

; it also 333 32 priests

priest 351 27 fath

faith 300 13 them

then 403 Note χαριζεσθαι


go less

grow less

at peace

all peace


spirit of

spirit in

dele we

VOL. III. Contemplations on the State of Man. 455 last but four principle

principal 476 23 terror

the terror 503 18 537 33 stink

sink VOL. IV. Rule and Exercises of Holy Living. 47 24 his people

the people 77 13 useful

sinful 109 24

noon 112 24 bounty

beauty 113 14 born

not born 119 13 when

where 120 8 therefore

not therefore 120 33 colts of

colts or 132 18 to starve

starve 143 24 179 6 from bottom gives us understanding gives up the understanding 193 last but 3 in love

in God 207 1

accounted; for accounted for, 221 25 225 24 opportunity

importunity 241 30 by use

by us 213 23 hath

bath it 244 28

fan them together: they fan it: together they 247 Note μανθανων

μανθανω 259 Note οικον μιαν

οικονομιαν 273 22 resurrection

resurrection, Rule and Exercises of Holy Dying. 378 29


of which 414 last but 3 designation

resignation The

passages of which emendation is requested, by collation with former editions, are the following:

VOL. III. Page 165, line 20: the passage beginning, “And this I shall do yet farther, by considering, &c."

Page 437, line 24: the sentence beginning, « Out of this life I can carry nothing but my good works, &c."

Page 441, line 7: the sentence beginning, “ In the time of the plague we may change places, &c.”

Page 505, line last but 3: the sentence beginning, “Men shall have the glory of their bodies, and joy of their senses, &c.”

Page 527, line 3: the sentence beginning, "What groans, what sighs, will they pour out, &c."

Page 529, line 28. “smell nothing but the rotten stink of their bodies.”

Page 540, line 21: The sentence beginning, “ The manner also of sinning aggravates the sin."

Page 542, line 12: the sentence beginning, “ Pliny admires the force of lightning."

VOL. IV. Page 244, line 1: the sentence beginning, “ For if his neighbour be made miserable, &c."

Page 410, line 2: " beating upon her crystal and pure mirror from the fancies of strength and beauty, &c.” REMEMBRANCER, No. 46.

4 H

many of which,

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