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Now, besore I proceed to the method here laid down, I would offer you some scriptural prooss of the doctrine. That Christ willingly engaged himself herein, is evident,
1. From his accepting of the work and office; "When sacrissice and offering would not, then said he, Lo I come," Stc.Psal. xl. 7,8. compared with Heb. x. 5, 6,7.
2. From his reckoning it his glory and honour, that he hath taken this ossice upon him at his Father's call; sis is plain from that expression, Heb. v. 4, 5. '* No man takes thi3 honour to himself, but he that is called of God as was Aaron: So Christ glorisied not himself, to be made an Higb-priest; but he that said to him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee: Thou art a Priest for ever." .»
3. From his promising to depend on his Father for his help and assistance in the work; Isa. xlix. 5. "Tho' Israel be not gathered, says Christ, yet snail I be glorious in the eyes of the Lord, and my God mall be my strength. Isa. 1. 7. The Lord God will help me, therefore stial! I not be confounded; theresore will I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed." Hence it was, that he endured the cross, and despised the ihame. 4 I will put my trust in him,'saysChrist,Heb.ii.i3.
4. For his promising subjection to his Father's will, in bearing reproaches, and laying down his lise for those that were given to him; Isa. 1. 5. 9. "I was not rebellious, neither turned away back. 1 gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my sace from shame and spitting." And John x, 17. "I lay down my lise; and this commandment have I received of my Father." And,
5. According as he promised, so did he accomplish the promise: His heart was set upon the work in the hardest part thereof; "I have a baptism to be baptized with, and how am I straitened till all be accomplished?" And never did he rest, till he could say, "It is sinished: 1 have glorisied thee on earth, I have sinished the work which thou gavest me to do," John xvii,. 4.-—Thus he sulsilled the engagement he came under. And then,
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6. He expects the glory promised to him, and the accomplishment of the glorious promise that was made to him upon his iuthliing his engagements; "I have glorisied thee on earth: and now, O Father, glori.y thou me with thine own self, with the glory which I hid with thee besore the world was," John xvii. 4, j. Yea, he challenges it as his due every way, verse 24. '' Father, I will that those whom thou hast given me, be with me, where I am, that they may behold my glory whicn thou hast given me: for thou halt loved me before the foundation of the world."—And thus in all these things you see the truth of the doctrine cleared; and so we proceed to the illustraiion ot the general method.
I. The First thing T-promised, was, To shew what a wondertul person this is, that engages his heart to approach unio God; as is pointed out by the question, "Who is this?" There are these following things wondersul in this person engaging.
1. "Who is this?" I answer. Who but the eternal Son of the eternal Father, one God with him and the eternal Spirit; even the King eternal and immortal, who is said to be, "Over all, God blessed for ever, Amen," Rom. ix. 5. Amen, says the apoftle; and Amen let your hearts say to it, by putting the crown of absolute divine Sovereignty and supreme Deity upon the head of our Lord Jesus this day, in opposition to the damnable error of Arianism, that is like to take deep root in Britain and Ireland, and spread like a gangrene, and eat like a cancer. Who is he as to his person? He is the Son of God: and who is he as to his t nature and essence? He is • the same in substance, • equal in power and glory with the Father and the 'Holy Ghost.' He is " God over all, blessed for ever;'' and cursed is the communicant that shall not say, Amen. Under the great seal of the sacrament of the Lord's supper, we make the apostle's consection of saith, 1 John v. 20. That is anv alk, "Who is this?" We answer, "This isthe true God, and eternal lise." This glorious engager, the Lord Jesus, whose death we commemorate, is, with respect to his divine nature, the true God; and
hs hath upon his vesture and upon his thigh written this name, u Kin;' of kings, and Lord of lords." This is the eternal Word, that was made flesh; he took upon him our nature, and became man, that he might appease God. The insinitely great quality of the person does highly, commend his loving undertaking and engagement. But,
2. "Who is this?" It is One, " Who, though he was in the form of God, and thought it no robbery to be equal with God, yet took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of man; and being found in sashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obidient unto death, even the death of the cross," PnU. ii. 6, 7, 8. It is he, who, though his generation cannot be declared, his goings forth having been from of old, from everlasting; yet engaged to be made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem '. them that are under the law, and was cut off out of the land of the living. It is he, who, though he was the Prince of the kings of the earth, and the King of kings, yet engaged to become a servant of servants, and accordingly girds himself to serve them, and wash their seet, John xiii. 4, 5. It is he, who, though he be admirable in his sovereignty, his kingdom boing over al!, yet is matchless in his condescendency.—Though he is one that could never have been known, unless he had made himself known; yet he hath shown himself to be one that is mighty in word and deed, saying, " It is I that speak in righteousness, mighty tosave," Isa. lxiii.i. It is he, who tho' he be the only Son, and dearly Beloved of God, yet engages to quit his Father's company, and take on his wrath and indignation. If it had been a simple privation of his Father's countenance for a little, it had been more than all the Tons of men were worth; for he was daily from eternity his Father's delight, rejoicing always besore him, Prov. viii. 30. But it must be more: he engages to take on our sin and guilt, and to bear our griess; and, which is still more, to undergo his Father's wrath; insomuch, that tho' the Father's delight in him was never changed or altered, yet he engaged to become sach a strange object of his delight, as that he should
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delight to bruise htm, and take pleasure in making him a sacrisice; Isaiah liii. 10. "It pleased the Lord to bruise him:" he took pleasure in bruising him in the mortar of his insinite vengeance, till he bruised his blood out of his heart and veins, and his foul out of his body; for he swate great drops of blood in the garden; yea, bled to death on the cross, and then gave up the ghost. "Who is this?" Who but he who was the pleasant object of God's insinite love? Christ was loved of the rather in his dying, and for his dying in our room: ha loves him in himself, and loves him as a sacrisice; for it was a sacrisice of a sweet smelling savour unto God, F.ph. v. 2. But, O dear bought to Christ, was this love!
3. "Who is this?" Who but that glorious One, Whom we have insinitely disobliged by our sin, and had. disengaged to do us any savour, by our revolt from him, by breaking our engagements in the covenant of works, and by continual rebellion against him, and vexing his Holy Spirit, Isaiah lxiii. 10. 'i Who is this:" Even he whom the party that he engages for on the one side, does most loath and despise; for, "He is despised and rejected of men: we hid as it were our saces from him: he was despised, and we esteemed him not;" and yet he engages for these that were in actual opposition and enmity to him: for, while we were yet enemies, he engages for us; He died for the ungodly," Rom. v.6. And, "God commends his love towards us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us," ver. 8. And, "When we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son," ver. 10. He loved them, that loathed him. Again,
4. "Who is this?" He is one that stood in no need of us, being insinitely happy in himself, and had lost nothing, though all mankind had perished for ever; and yet, besore we were not happy, he would expose himself to the greatest misery, resolving - that he would not bs happy without us. He would rather come and endure the contradiction of sinners against himself, reproach, blasphemy, and all manner of indignities: "Though he was rich, yet for our sake he became poor;" and though he was exalted to the highest, yet he would, be humbled to the lowest. Let all the excellencies of heaven a'hd earth be put together; let all the persections that ever the world heard of, and insinitely more; let them be all gathered together, and insinity added to them, and all shining in One person, and that is Christ, O how fieh! How glorious! And yet this person engages to die for vile worms, whom he might have trampled under his seet for ever.
5. "Who is this?" Why, he is one that ceald .lay his hand upon both parties that were at variance, God and man; and so lay hold on both, and bring them together in himself, though at an insinite distance from one another; " He hath made peace by the blood of his cross, and reconciled heaven and earth," Col. i. lo, 21. He is one, that was able not only to remove the partition betwixt Jews and Gentiles, man and man, but to take down the partition-wall betwixt God and man, to bring the sinner to God, and God to the sinner; "Christ hath once suffered for sin, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God," 1 Pet. iii. 18. "God in Christ, reconciling the world to himself:" And so he is one that brings both together, by his almighty arm; " This man shall be the peace;" this God-man is our peace, being a friend to both parties: being God, he is such a friend to God, that he would let him want nothing of his due; he will give justice every sarthing, and retrieve the whole glory that sin desaced: and being man, he is such a friend to man,' that he will pay all our debt, recover all our loss, yea, and gain much more to us than ever we loll;
6. "Who is this?" He is one whose name is called WOs-derfut., Isa. ix. 6. But, who can tell the wonders' ef bis person, the wonders of his persections, the wonders of his ossices, relations, appearances^ births lise* death, resurrection, ascension, and intercession? the wonders of his righteousnessj the wonders of h\S purchase, the wonders of his love* in its height and derjth? length and breadth; in its eternity, esssicacy, and con* stancy? He is otie whose name rS Wonderful, whose followers, that bear his name, are for signs and wonders Isa. viii. 18. "Behold I and the children which thdu
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