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the way of the Red sea, as the battle: for I will not give thee of LORD spake unto me: and we their land for a possession; becompassed mount Seir many days. cause I have given Ar unto the 2 And the LORD spake unto me,

children of Lot for a possession. saying,

10 (The Emims dwelt therein 3 Ye have compassed this mount- in times past, a people great, and ain long enough ; turn ye north- many, and tall as the Anakims $; ward.

11 Which also were accounted 4 And command thou the people, giants, as the Anakims; but the saying, Ye are to pass through the Moabites call them Emims. coast of your brethren the children 12 The Horims also dwelt in of Esau *, which dwell iq Seir; and Seir before-time; but the children they shall be afraid of you : take of Esau succeeded them when ye good heed unto yourselves they had destroyed them from therefore.

before them, and dwelt in their 5 Meddle not with them : for I stead; as Israel did unto the land will not give you of their land, no of his possession, which the LORD not so much as a foot-breadth; gave unto them.) because I have given mount Seir 13 Now rise up, said I, and get unto Esau for a possession.

ye over the brook Zered: and we 6 Ye shall buy meat of them for went over the brook Zered. money, that ye may eat; and ye 14 And the space in which we shall also buy water of them for came from Kadesh-barnea, until money, that ye may drink.

we were come over the brook 7 For the LORD thy God hath Zered, wus thirty and eight years; blessed thee in all the works of until all the generation of the men thy hand : he kroweth thy walk- of war were wasted out, from ing through this great wilderness : among the host, as the LORD sware these forty years the LORD thy unto them. God hath been with thee; thou 15 For indeed the hand of the hast lacked nothing.

LORD was against them, to destroy 8 And when we passed by from them from among the host, until our brethren the children of Esau, they were consumed, which dwelt. in Seir, through the 16 So it came to pass, when all way of the plain, from Elath, and the men of war were consumed from Ezion-gaber, we turned and · and

dead from among the people, passed by the way of the wilderness 17 That the LORD spake unto of Moab.

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me, saying, 9 And the LORD said unto 18 | Thou art to pass over me, Distress not the Moabites, through Ar, the coast of Moab, neither contend with them in

this day.

For as Jacob and Esau were both the sons of Isaac, they were called brethren, and supposed to be in amity together; yet nevertheless they may be afraid of you; I therefore command you that you take heed unto yourselves, that ye meddle not

with tlien, for I will not give you of their land, &c. because I have given Mount Seir unto Esau for a possession. And thus also we find verse 9. “ Distress not the Moabites," the same, ver. 19.

« And when thou comest nigh over against the children of Ammon, distress them not, &c. All these admonitions Moses was under the necessity of informing of at present, lest they should be diffident of receiving their inheritance, by observing that those nations which they had passed had not been.conquered, he therefore informed them, that God did not intend to give them those lapds, because he had given them to Esau, and to the children of Lot for a possession; and in like manner will he bring you to the land of your possession,

Anukim in this and the following verse also means giants; but Rephaim was the ancient name of the Emmim, which last name was given them by the Moabites, meaning terrible, frightful. That Rephaim was the name of an ancient nation, appears from Genesis, chap. xiv ver. 5.

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: טיטוף כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהח אֵל; וַיָּסָב אֶת־הַר שֵׂעִיר חמישי יָמִים רַבִּים :

2 וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֵלַי לֵאמֹר: 3 רַב־לָכֶם סֵב אֶת־הָהָר הַזֶּה פְּנָוּ לָכֶם צָפְנָה: 4 וְאֶת־ הָעָם צו לֵאמר אַתֶּם עֹבְרִים בִּנְבוּל אֲחֵיכֶם בְּנֵי־עֵשָׂו הַיֹּשְׁבִים בְּשָׂעֶיךָ וְיִירְאוּ מִכֶּם וְנִשְׁמַרְתֶּם מְאֹד: 5אֵל־ תִּתְגָּרוּ בָם כִּי לֹא־אֶתֵּן לָכֶם מֵאַרְצָם עֶר מִדְרָךְ כַּף־רֶגֶל

-יִרְשָׁה לְעֵשָׂו נָתַתִּי אֶת־הַר שֵׂעִיף : 6 אֹכֶל תִּשְׁבְּרָוּ מֵאִתָּם בַּכָּסֶף וַאֲכַלְתֶּם וְגַם־־מַיִם תִּכְרִי מֵאִתָּם בַּכָּסֶף

וּשְׁתִיתֵם: ו כִּי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בֵּרַכְךָ בְּכל מַעֲשָׂה . יָדֶךְ יָדָע לֶכְתְּךָ אֶת־הַמִּדְבָּר הַגָּדֹל הַזֶה וְהֵי אַרְבָּעִים

שָׁנָה יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ עַמָּךְ לֹא חָסַרְתָּ דָּבָר: 8 ובַּעֲבר מֵאֵת אַחֵינוּ בְנֵי־עֵשָׂו הַיֹּשְׁבִים בְּשֵׁעִיר מָדֶרֶךְ הָעֲרָבָה מאֵילַת וּמַעֲנִין בָּבֶר ס; וַבְּפֶן וַבַּעֲבֹר דֶרֶךְ מִדְבַּרמוֹאָב: 9 וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֵלַי אַל־תֵּצֵר אֶת־מוֹאָב וְאַל־תִּתְגָּר בָּם מִלְחָמָה כִּי לֹא־אֶתֵּן לְךְ מֵאַרְצוֹ יְרשה כִּי לִבְנֵי־־לוֹט נָתַתִּי אֶת־עֶר יְרָשָׁה: 10 הָאֲמִים לְפָנִים יָשְׁבוּ בָהּ עַם גָדוֹל וְרָב וָרֶס כַּעֲנָקִים: 11 רְפָאִים יֵחָשְׁבוּ אַף־־חֶם כענקים וְהַמְאָבִים יִקְרְאוּ לָהֶם אֵמִים : 12 וּבְשֵׁעִיר יִשְׁבוּ הַחֹרִים לְפָנִים וּבְנֵי עֵשָׂו יִירָשׁוּם וַיִּשְׁמִידוּם מִפְּנֵיהֶם וַיִּשְׁבוּ תַּחְתָּם כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה יִשְׂרָאֵל לְאֶרֶץ יִרְשָׁתוֹ אֲשֶׁר־נָתַן יְהוָה לָחֶם: 13 עַתָּה קָמר וְעִבְרוּ לָכֶם אֶת־־נַחַל זֶרֶד וַבַּעֲבֹר אֶת־־נַחַל זֶרֶד : 14 וְהַיָּמִים אֲשֶׁר־הָלַכְנוּי מִקְדֶש בַּרְגַע עֶר אֲשֶׁר־עָבַרְנוּ אֶת־נַחַל זֶרֶד שְׁלֹשִׁים וּשְׁמוֹנֶה שָׁנָה עַד־־תם כָּל־הַדור אַנְשֵׁי הַמִּלְחָמָה מֵקֶרֶב הַמַּחֲנֶה כַּאֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּע יְהוָת להם: 15 וְגַם יַד־יְהוָה הָיְתָה בָּם לְהמָּם מִקְרֶב הַמַּחֲנֶה עֶר תְּמָם: 16 וַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר־תַּפּוּ כָּל־אַנְשֵׁי הַמִלְחָמָה לָמוּת מַקְרֶב הָעָם :

17 וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה לֵאמֹר: 18 אַתָּה עֹבֵר הַיוֹם אֶת־גְּבוּל מוֹאָב אֶת־עֶר :




did for you in Egypt before your... 40 But as for you, turn ye, and eyes.

take your journey into the wilder31 And in the wilderness, where ness by the way of the Red sea.. thou hast seen how that the LORD 41 | Then ye answered and thy God bare thee as a man doth said unto me, We have sinned bear his son, in all the way that against the LORD: we will go up ye went, until ye came into this and fight, according to all that place,

the Lord our God commanded us. 32 Yet in this thing ye did not . And whep ye had girded on every believe the LORD your God, man his weapons of war, ye were

33 Who went in the way before ready I to go up into the hill. you to search you out a place to 42 And the LORD said unto me, pitch your tents in, in fire by night Say unto them, Go not up, neither to shew you by what way ye should fight; for I am not among you; go, and in a cloud by day. lest, ye be smitten before your

34 And the Lord heard the enemies. voice of your words, and was 43 So I spake unto you; and wroth, and sware, saying,

ye would not hear, but rebelled 35 Surely there shall not one of against the commandment of the these men of this evil generation * LORD, and went presumptuously see that good land, which I sware, up into the hill.. to give unto your fathers;

44 And the Amorites which 36 Save Caleb the son of Je- dwelt in that mountain came out phunneh; he shall see it, and to againt you, and chased you as him will I give the land that he bees do, and destroyed you in hath trodden upon, and to his Seir, even unto Hormah., children, because he hath wholly 45 And ye returned and wept followed the LORD.

before the LORD; but the LORD 37 Also the LORD was angry would not hearken to your voice, with me for your sakes, saying,' nor give ear unto you. Thou also shalt not go in thither s.

46 So ye abode in Kadesh many 38 But Joshua the son of Nun, . days, according unto the days that which standeth before thee, he ye abode there. shall go in thither, encourage bim:: for he shall cause Israel to inherit

CH'A P.' II it.

39 Moreover, your little ones, 1 The story is continued touching which ye said should be a prey, the Edomites, 9 the Moabites, 18 and your children, which in that the Ammonites, 24 and Sihon the day had no knowledge between Amorite. good and evil, they shall go in thither, and unto them will I give

THEN we turned, and took our it, and they shall possess it. journey into the wilderness, by

• In this sentence the Priests and Levites were not included, as appears in Numbers, chap. xiv, ver. 29.

$ By this it appears as if it had been determined, that Moses should not conduct them into their inheritance, ever since their rebellion, on account of the spies, by which, it seems, they had forfeited that favor.

The verb., bere used, doth not occur any where else in Scripture. Rashi and Aben Ezra derive it from ajn, behold, meaning to express, (what the English translator renders ye were ready,) -- and ye said, behold, here we are," which is not unlikely; for, we find, in Numbers, chap. xiv. ver. 40, that they made that expression, viz. behold, here we are.

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