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all his advantages, as the eye upon a Sudden transition from the open sun-shine into the deep shade of a forest, cannot at once perceive distinctly the objects before it, yet, as he grew accustomed to his situation, and gradually acquired a proper knowledge of his resources, he might find the wilderness to become a fruitful field, and streams to flow in the desert.

There are few situations among those that come under the description of a devotional retirement, which seem, on the whole, to be more eligible than that of a pious clergyman, called to minister to a plain and serious people, in some sequestered part of the country; and whose time is divided between his closet, his church, and his parochial visits. This succession of duties must render each of them the more pleasing and usesul; the devotions of the closet will be a happy preparation for public worship; which, in its turn will make way for more personal counsels and admonitions in his private interviews; and these will supply him with fresh matter for his own prayers and meditations, and direct him in his addresses from the pulpit. Such a course of piety, private and public, amongst a people separated from the bustle and fashions of the world, and seriously disposed to receive instruction, as it could not fail to produce the happiest effects, must to a good man who is so engaged, be a source of unspeakable satisfaction. If it is pleasing to the farmer, for his grounds continually to improve under his care, while some are taken from the waste, and converted into good arable and pasture, and the rest ameliorated and made more productive; it must be still more pleasing to the moral cultivator, to see the fruit of his labours in the conversion of sinners, and the edification of the righteous; to see the human field whiten to the harvest; while he himself fully partakes in the genera progress. And, lastly, if to this concordance of private devotion with external duties and their happy fruits, there is add

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ed the comfort of domestic life, little is wanting to fill up that measure of human felicity so elegantly described by the author of The Seasons :

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Oh, speak the joy, ye whom the sudden tear
Surprises often, while ye look around,
And nothing meets your eye but sights of bliss'
A moderate sufficiency, content,
Retirement, rural quiet, friendship, books,
Ease and alternate labour, useful life,

Progressive virtue, and approving heaven

RURAL PHILOSOPHY.

PART IV.

IN which A com Mon objecTIon AGAINST A LIFE OF RETIREMENT, NAMELY, THAT IT DESTROYS OR DIMINIS HES USEFU LN ess, Is PART1cu LARLY conSIDE RED.

SECTION I.

Containing some Remarks on the Utility arising from Public Station. - * .

That to withdraw from the world is the way to become less serviceable, if not absolutely useless, is a notion which carries so much appearance of truth, that we ought not to wonder, if men who venture upon such a step usually incur the censure of those who still maintain their post in. society. To moderate this cen

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